April 13, 2021

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Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials

Degradation Rate of Bioresorbable Materials
Author : F J Buchanan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2008-09-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :424
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Bioresorbable materials are extensively used for a wide range of biomedical applications from drug delivery to fracture fixation, and may remain in the body for weeks, months or even years. Accurately predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of these materials is critical to their performance and the controlled release of bioactive agents. Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials provides a comprehensive review of the most important techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of polymer, ceramic and composite based biomaterials. Part one provides an introductory review of bioresorbable materials and the biological environment of the body. Chapters in Part two address degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials such as polymers and ceramics. This is followed by chapters on bioresorption test methods and modelling techniques in Part three. Part four discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation, porosity and host response. The final section reviews current clinical applications of bioresorbable materials. With its distinguished editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials: prediction and evaluation provides a unique and valuable reference for biomaterials scientists, engineers and students as well as the medical community. Comprehensively reviews the most pertinent techniques in safely predicting and evaluating the degradation rate of bioresorbable materials Addresses degradation mechanisms of commonly used materials Discusses factors influencing bioresorbability such as sterilisation and host response

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers
Author : Xiang Cheng Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-09-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :476
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Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Biodegradation

Biodegradation
Author : Rolando Chamy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-06-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :380
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This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.

Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Biodegradable Systems in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Author : Rui L. Reis,Julio San Román
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2004-11-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :592
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Conventional materials technology has yielded clear improvements in regenerative medicine. Ideally, however, a replacement material should mimic the living tissue mechanically, chemically, biologically and functionally. The use of tissue-engineered products based on novel biodegradable polymeric systems will lead to dramatic improvements in health

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications
Author : Giuseppe Perale,Jöns Hilborn
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-08-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :628
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Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
Author : Susai Rajendran,Tuán Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Yongxin Li,Mahdi Yeganeh
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020-03-12
Category : Corrosion and anti-corrosives
Total pages :600
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Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale.

Biodegradation

Biodegradation
Author : Rolando Chamy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-06-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :486
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This book contains a collection of different research activities where several technologies have been applied to the optimization of biodegradation processes. The book has three main sections: A) Hydrocarbons biodegradation, B) Biodegradation and anaerobic digestion, and C) Biodegradation and sustainability.

Polymers for Tissue Engineering

Polymers for Tissue Engineering
Author : M. Molly S. Shoichet,Jay Abel Hubbell
Publisher : VSP
Release Date : 1998-01-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :434
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The articles included in this text highlight the important advances in polymer science that impact tissue engineering. The breadth of polymer science is well represented with the relevance of both polymer chemistry and morphology emphasized in terms of cell and tissue response.

Polymer Photodegradation

Polymer Photodegradation
Author : J.F. Rabek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :664
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During the last two decades, the production of polymers and plastics has been increasing rapidly. In spite of developing new polymers and polymeric materials, only 40~60 are used commercially on a large scale. It has been estimated that half of the annual production of polymers is employed outdoors. The photochemical instability of most polymers limits their outdoor application as they are photodegraded quickly over periods from months to a few years. To the despair of technologists and consumers alike, photodegradation and environmental ageing of polymers occur much faster than can be expected from knowledge collected in laboratories. In order to improve polymer photostability there has been a very big effort during the last 30 years to understand the mechanisms involved in photodegradation and environmental ageing. This book represents the author's attempt, based on his 25 years' experience in research on photodegradation and photo stabilization, to collect and generalize a number of available data on the photodegradation of polymers. The space limitation and the tremendous number of publications in the past two decades have made a detailed presentation of all important results and data difficult. The author apologizes to those whose work has not been quoted or widely presented in this book. Because many published results are very often contradictory, it has been difficult to present a fully critical review of collected knowledge, without antagonizing authors. For that reason, all available theories, mechanisms and different suggestions have been presented together, and only practice can evaluate which of them are valid.

Degradation of Implant Materials

Degradation of Implant Materials
Author : Noam Eliaz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-08-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :516
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This book reviews the current understanding of the mechanical, chemical and biological processes that are responsible for the degradation of a variety of implant materials. All 18 chapters will be written by internationally renowned experts to address both fundamental and practical aspects of research into the field. Different failure mechanisms such as corrosion, fatigue, and wear will be reviewed, together with experimental techniques for monitoring them, either in vitro or in vivo. Procedures for implant retrieval and analysis will be presented. A variety of biomaterials (stainless steels, titanium and its alloys, nitinol, magnesium alloys, polyethylene, biodegradable polymers, silicone gel, hydrogels, calcium phosphates) and medical devices (orthopedic and dental implants, stents, heart valves, breast implants) will be analyzed in detail. The book will serve as a broad reference source for graduate students and researchers studying biomedicine, corrosion, surface science, and electrochemistry.

Degradation of Poly (lactide)--based Biodegradable Materials

Degradation of Poly (lactide)--based Biodegradable Materials
Author : Hideto Tsuji
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 2008-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :76
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Poly (lactide), i.e., poly (lactic acid) (PLA) is a biodegradable polyester produced from renewable resources. Due to its high mechanical performance and very low toxicity, PLA is utilised for biomedical, pharmaceutical, ecological, industrial, and commodity applications. PLA is susceptible to various types of degradation, such as hydrolytic degradation in the human body and the environment, biodegradation and photodegradation in the environment, and thermal degradation during processing. In biomedical and pharmaceutical applications, the hydrolytic degradation mechanism and rate are crucial factors for determining its performance. In contrast, in most of the environmental, industrial, and commodity applications, an accurate adjustment of the degradation rate as accurate as in biomedical and pharmaceutical applications is not required, or degradation during use can cause a reduction in material performance. However, for recycling PLA to its monomers, information on the mechanism and rate of hydrolytic degradation and thermal degradation at elevated temperatures is indispensable. This book deals with the hydrolytic degradation, biodegradation, thermal degradation, and photodegradation of PLA-based materials with different material factors and degradation conditions or environments.

Environmentally Degradable Materials Based on Multicomponent Polymeric Systems

Environmentally Degradable Materials Based on Multicomponent Polymeric Systems
Author : Cornelia Vasile,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov
Publisher : BRILL
Release Date : 2009-12-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :654
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Environmentally Degradable Materials (EDPs) should replace petroleum-based plastics where recycling is not viable for logistic or labor cost reason. This book discusses the general background of obtaining such systems, compatibilization methodologies, control of the rate of degradation and final products after degradation, life time assessment, toxicological aspects, applications and market aspects. This book is a complete guide to the subject of biodegradable materials based on multi-component polymeric systems, mainly such as hydrogels, and interpenetrating polymeric networks. This book is a complete guide to the subject of biodegradable materials based on multicomponent polymeric systems such as mainly hydrogels, interpenetrating polymeric networks.

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers
Author : Sangamesh Kumbar,Cato Laurencin,Meng Deng
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2014-01-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :420
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Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Bioresorbable Scaffolds

Bioresorbable Scaffolds
Author : Yoshinobu Onuma,Patrick W.J.C. Serruys
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-10-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :533
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This book focuses on the coronary bioresorbable scaffold, a new interventional treatment for coronary artery disease, differentiated from a permanent metallic stent. The book provides an overview of the technology including non-clinical studies and clinical evidences in order to help clinicians understand the appropriate application of the technology and the optimal techniques of implantation. It covers the basics of bioresorbable scaffolds; bench test results; preclinical studies; clinical evidences; and tips and tricks of implantation.

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers
Author : Catia Bastioli
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2020-03-09
Category : Science
Total pages :572
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This handbook covers characteristics, processability and application areas of biodegradable polymers, with key polymer family groups discussed. It explores the role of biodegradable polymers in different waste management practices including anaerobic digestion, and considers topics such as the different types of biorefineries for renewable monomers used in producing the building blocks for biodegradable polymers.