November 29, 2020

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Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
Author : Ronald W. McLeod
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2015-03-21
Category : Science
Total pages :422
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Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Designing for Human Reliability

Designing for Human Reliability
Author : Ronald W. McLeod
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2015-04-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :422
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Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some 'hard truths' of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between 'fast' and 'slow' styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment

Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics

Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics
Author : Neville A. Stanton,Mark S. Young,Catherine Harvey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-06-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :140
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Packed with illustrations and practical examples, Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics: Designing for Human Use, Second Edition provides a concise introduction to ergonomics methods in a straightforward manner that helps you conduct an ergonomics analysis of a product in development. It details the execution of 12 ergonomics methods that can be appli

Human Factors for Engineers

Human Factors for Engineers
Author : Carl Sandom,Roger S. Harvey
Publisher : IET
Release Date : 2004
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :361
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The book discusses human factors integration methodolgy and reviews the issues that underpin consideration of key topics such as human error, automation and human reliability assesment.

Human Reliability

Human Reliability
Author : K.S. Park
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-06-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :346
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The objectives of Human Reliability are to build reliability into the job, into the machine, and into the environment, and to let man perform naturally. In this book the author shows how these objectives can be achieved by concentrating on human reliability issues during the design stage. This is done by illustrating the relationships between various design features and some aspect of human performance, e.g. human errors. The book is designed as a practical guide to the daily performance of tasks in Human Reliability as well as a general reference and tutorial introduction to the field. It is therefore both practical and theoretical: the first four chapters focus on principles and ramifications relevant to human error prevention; the latter four are primarily concerned with human reliability analysis and prediction methodology. Throughout the book there are extensive references, numerous ready-to-use recommendations, formulas and mathematical models, and computer programs for human reliability work for analyzing, predicting and preventing human errors in a variety of situations. Though some of the material requires undergraduate training in engineering, the more difficult mathematical expositions can be omitted without loss of continuity, but are available for the reader who needs a more complete understanding of the relevant theory.

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics

Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics
Author : Gavriel Salvendy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-05-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1752
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The fourth edition of the Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomicshas been completely revised and updated. This includes allexisting third edition chapters plus new chapters written to covernew areas. These include the following subjects: Managing low-back disorder risk in the workplace Online interactivity Neuroergonomics Office ergonomics Social networking HF&E in motor vehicle transportation User requirements Human factors and ergonomics in aviation Human factors in ambient intelligent environments As with the earlier editions, the main purpose of this handbookis to serve the needs of the human factors and ergonomicsresearchers, practitioners, and graduate students. Each chapter hasa strong theory and scientific base, but is heavily focused on realworld applications. As such, a significant number of case studies,examples, figures, and tables are included to aid in theunderstanding and application of the material covered.

Design Reliability

Design Reliability
Author : B.S. Dhillon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-06-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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As engineering systems become more and more complex, industry has recognized the importance of system and product reliability and places ever increasing emphasis on it during the design phase. Despite its efforts, however, industry continues to lose billions of dollars each year because of unexpected system failures. Therefore, it becomes increasingly important for designers and engineers to have a solid grounding in reliability engineering and keep abreast of new developments and research results.

Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation

Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation
Author : B. S. Dhillon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2014-01-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :188
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Human reliability, error, and human factors in the area of power generation have been receiving increasing attention in recent years. Each year billions of dollars are spent in the area of power generation to design, construct/manufacture, operate, and maintain various types of power systems around the globe, and such systems often fail due to human error. This book compiles various recent results and data into one volume, and eliminates the need to consult many diverse sources to obtain vital information. It enables potential readers to delve deeper into a specific area, providing the source of most of the material presented in references at the end of each chapter. Examples along with solutions are also provided at appropriate places, and there are numerous problems for testing the reader’s comprehension. Chapters cover a broad range of topics, including general methods for performing human reliability and error analysis in power plants, specific human reliability analysis methods for nuclear power plants, human factors in control systems, and human error in power plant maintenance. They are written in such a manner that the potential reader requires no previous knowledge to understand their contents. “Human Reliability, Error, and Human Factors in Power Generation” will prove useful to many individuals, including engineering professionals working in the power generation industry, researchers, instructors, and undergraduate and graduate students in the field of power engineering.

A Guide To Practical Human Reliability Assessment

A Guide To Practical Human Reliability Assessment
Author : B. Kirwan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :587
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Human error is here to stay. This perhaps obvious statement has a profound implication for society when faced with the types of hazardous system accidents that have occurred over the past three decades. Such accidents have been strongly influenced by human error, yet many system designs in existence or being planned and built do not take human error into consideration.; "A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment" is a practical and pragmatic guide to the techniques and approaches of human reliability assessment HRA. lt offers the reader explanatory and practical methods which have been applied and have worked in high technology and high risk assessments - particularly but not exclusively to potentially hazardous industries such as exist in process control, nuclear power, chemical and petrochemical industries. A Guide to Practical Human Reliability Assessment offers the practitioner a comprehensive tool-kit of different approaches along with guidance on selecting different methods for different applications. It covers the risk assessment and the HRA process, as well as methods of task analysis, error identification, quantification, representation of errors in the risk analysis, followed by error reduction analysis, quality assurance and documentation. There are also a number of detailed case studies from nuclear, chemical, offshore, and marine HRA'S, exemplfying the image of techniques and the impact of HRA in existing and design-stage systems.

Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety-critical Digital Control Systems

Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety-critical Digital Control Systems
Author : Poong-Hyun Seong
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-11-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :304
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“Reliability and Risk Issues in Large Scale Safety-critical Digital Control Systems” provides a comprehensive coverage of reliability issues and their corresponding countermeasures in the field of large-scale digital control systems, from the hardware and software in digital systems to the human operators who supervise the overall process of large-scale systems. Unlike other books which examine theories and issues in individual fields, this book reviews important problems and countermeasures across the fields of software reliability, software verification and validation, digital systems, human factors engineering and human reliability analysis. Divided into four sections dealing with software reliability, digital system reliability, human reliability and human operators in large-scale digital systems, the book offers insights from professional researchers in each specialized field in a diverse yet unified approach.

Designing Human-machine Cooperation Systems

Designing Human-machine Cooperation Systems
Author : Patrick Millot
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-07-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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This book, on the ergonomics of human−machine systems, isaimed at engineers specializing in informatics, automation,production or robotics, who are faced with a significant dilemmaduring the conception of human−machine systems. On the onehand, the human operator guarantees the reliability of the systemand has been known to salvage numerous critical situations throughan ability to reason in unplanned, imprecise and uncertainsituations; on the other hand, the human operator can beunpredictable and create disturbances in the automated system. The first part of the book is dedicated to the methods ofhuman-centered design, from three different points of view, thevarious chapters focusing on models developed by human engineersand functional models to explain human behavior in theirenvironment, models of cognitive psychology and models in thedomain of automobile driving. Part 2 develops the methods of evaluation of thehuman−machine systems, looking at the evaluation of theactivity of the human operator at work and human error analysismethods. Finally, Part 3 is dedicated to human−machine cooperation,where the authors show that a cooperative agent comprises aknow-how and a so-called know-how-to-cooperate and show the way todesign and evaluate that cooperation in real industrialcontexts.

Human Reliability and Safety Analysis Data Handbook

Human Reliability and Safety Analysis Data Handbook
Author : David I. Gertman,Harold S. Blackman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 1993-11-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :472
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Takes into account the human element as well as the classical aspects of mechanical, electrical and chemical designs that contribute to risk. Features a significant amount of data essential for risk analysis not normally available. Contains numerous examples of authentic applications and case studies.

Reliability of Instrumentation Systems for Safeguarding & Control

Reliability of Instrumentation Systems for Safeguarding & Control
Author : L. Boullart,J.P. Jansen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-05-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :188
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Presents and discusses the various reliability aspects of modern instrumentation systems for industrial processes, with special emphasis given to the influence of human behaviour on systems reliability. Subject areas covered include: the mathematical tools available to assess the reliability of instrumentation systems, their applications and limitations; the way in which theory is put into practice during the design of equipment; the quality control aspects of both hardware and software, and the availability of integrated systems in the field as compared with the design criteria. Actual data, test criteria and maintenance strategies are also included.

Designing for Humans

Designing for Humans
Author : Jan Noyes
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2002-09-26
Category : Psychology
Total pages :232
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Jan Noyes provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of human-machine interaction and the design of environments at work.

Rail Human Factors

Rail Human Factors
Author : Nastaran Dadashi,Anita Scott,John R Wilson,Ann Mills
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2017-06-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :762
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The rail human factors/ergonomics community has grown quickly and extensively, and there is much increased recognition of the vital importance of ergonomics/human factors by rail infrastructure owners, rail operating companies, system developers, regulators and national and trans-national government. This book, the fourth on rail human factors, is