December 3, 2020

Download Ebook Free Desulphurization And Denitrification Of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids

Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil Using Ionic Liquids
Author : Tamal Banerjee,Anantharaj Ramalingam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-04-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :342
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Desulphurization and Denitrification of Diesel Oil using Ionic Liquids: Experiments and Quantum Chemical Predictions discusses how quantum chemical calculations are applied to investigate the fundamental nature of the IL-sulphur-nitrogen systems at atomic and molecular levels. The book will help readers understand the nature of the structural relationship between molecules such as ionic liquid + aromatic sulphur + aromatic nitrogen system(s). In addition, COSMO-RS (Conductor Like Screening Model for Real Solvents) predictions and subsequent experimentation are discussed to evaluate the performance of ionic liquids for desulphurization and denitrification of diesel oil. Provides current research on green solvents, such as ionic liquids, used in desulphurization and denitrification of fuels Discusses the COSMO-RS model in predicting the properties of ionic liquids to aid in the design of separation processes Includes real-world applications of desulphurization and denitrification using ionic liquids

ICGSCE 2014

ICGSCE 2014
Author : Md Amin Hashim
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-06-15
Category : Science
Total pages :421
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This book includes selected papers from the ICGSCE 2014 with focus on the current trends of global resources used to meet the growing demands to improve life style coupled with environmental and social problems related to the resource consumption with emphasize to move towards sustainable development. It provides a platform for scientists and academicians from local and international universities and industries to promote, share and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of Chemical Engineering with respect to global sustainability. Under the sustainability umbrella the topics covered are; alternative energy sources, alternative feedstock for energy and chemicals, alternative raw materials for household commodity, green process with minimal environmental impact, process intensification, waste minimization, recycling of wastes and providing quality water, food and medicines. Other topics covered include: 1. Oil and gas, Biofuel, Fuel cell, Renewable energy 2. Green technology, Sustainability, Environmental, Carbon sequestration, Carbon footprint, Natural resources 3. Chemical processes, Separation technology, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Food technology, Particle technology, Corrosion, Pharmaceutical, Phytochemical, Oleochemical 4. Process modeling, Process Simulation, Process control 5. Advanced material, Polymer, Catalyst, Enzyme 6. Policy, Regulations, Strategy and implementation, Safety, Management of science, Engineering education 7. Process Safety and Loss Prevention, Environmental and chemical risk assessment, Transportation risk analysis, Inherent safety.

Deep Eutectic Solvents

Deep Eutectic Solvents
Author : Yizhak Marcus
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-12-05
Category : Science
Total pages :200
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This is one of the first books fully dedicated to the rapidly advancing and expanding research area of deep eutectic solvents. Written by the internationally recognized expert in solution chemistry, it supplies full information regarding preparation of these new eco-friendly solvents, their properties and applications. The current and potential applications of deep eutectic solvents as organic reaction media, catalytic system, in biomass processing, nanotechnology and metal finishing industry, as well as for extraction and separation are extensively discussed.This highly informative and carefully presented book will appeal to practicing chemists (organic chemists, polymer chemists, biochemists) as well as chemical engineers and environmental scientists.

Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes

Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes
Author : Héctor Rodríguez
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-16
Category : Science
Total pages :233
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This book discusses capital separation processes of industrial interest and explores the potential for substantial improvement offered by a promising class of substances: ionic liquids. These low melting point salts, with their unique characteristics, have been gaining relevance in the field of separation through a variety of approaches. The chapters are structured from an application perspective, and cover the utilisation of ionic liquids in different unit operation contexts (distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and solid-liquid extraction), giving an idea of their remarkable versatility. The final chapters focus on the use of ionic liquids in analytical applications based on separation procedures. This volume combines the review of the main advances to date with the analysis of the potential future use of ionic liquids in separation processes across a variety of fields, ranging from enhancement of state-of-the-art technologies to a revolution in the technological bases currently in use. It provides a valuable resource for engineers and scientists working in the field of separation, as well as for all readers generally interested in ionic liquids, in particular from an application standpoint. Héctor Rodríguez is a faculty member of the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Biodesulfurization in Petroleum Refining

Biodesulfurization in Petroleum Refining
Author : Nour Shafik El-Gendy,Hussein Mohamed Nabil Nassar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-11-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1200
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Petroleum refining and process engineering is constantly changing. No new refineries are being built, but companies all over the world are still expanding or re-purposing huge percentages of their refineries every year, year after year. Rather than building entirely new plants, companies are spending billions of dollars in the research and development of new processes that can save time and money by being more efficient and environmentally safer. Biodesulfurization is one of those processes, and nowhere else it is covered more thoroughly or with more up-to-date research of the new advances than in this new volume from Wiley-Scrivener. Crude oil consists of hydrocarbons, along with other minerals and trace elements. Sulfur is the most abundant element after carbon and hydrogen, then comes after it nitrogen, and they usually concentrated in the higher boiling fractions of the crude oil. The presence of sulfur compounds causes the corrosion of refining facilities and catalysts poisoning. Moreover, the presence of nitrogen-compounds directly impacts the refining processes via; poisoning the cracking catalysts and inhibiting the hydrodesulfurization catalysts. In addition, both have bad impacts on the environment, throughout the sulfur and nitrogen oxide emissions. Removing this sulfur and nitrogen from the refining process protects equipment and the environment and creates a more efficient and cost-effective process. Besides the obvious benefits to biodesulfurization, there are new regulations in place within the industry with which companies will, over the next decade or longer, spend literally tens, if not hundreds, of billions of dollars to comply. Whether for the veteran engineer needing to update his or her library, the beginning engineer just learning about biodesulfurization, or even the student in a chemical engineering class, this outstanding new volume is a must-have. Especially it covers also the bioupgrading of crude oil and its fractions, biodenitrogenation technology and application of nanotechnology on both bio-desulfurization and denitrogenation technologies.

Phase Equilibria in Ionic Liquid Facilitated Liquid-Liquid Extractions

Phase Equilibria in Ionic Liquid Facilitated Liquid-Liquid Extractions
Author : Anand Bharti,Debashis Kundu,Dharamashi Rabari,Tamal Banerjee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-03-31
Category : Science
Total pages :222
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of ionic liquid based separation techniques. The glimpse of thermodynamic predictive models along with global optimization techniques will help readers understand the separation techniques at molecular and macroscopic levels. Experimental and characterization techniques are coupled with model based predictions so as to provide multicomponent data for the scientific community. The models will focus more on the a-priori based predictions which gives higher emphasis on hydrogen-bonded systems. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique will also eventually help the readers to apply optimization technique to an extraction process. The overriding goal of this work is to provide pathways for leading engineers and researchers toward a clear understanding and firm grasp of the phase equilibria of Ionic Liquid systems.

Advances in Chemical Engineering II

Advances in Chemical Engineering II
Author : Zi Li Liu,Feng Peng,Xiao Guo Liu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2012-07-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :2894
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These are the proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials (CEAM 2012). The conference provided a forum for the discussion of new developments, recent progress and innovations in chemical engineering and advanced materials, and addressed all aspects of these fields. Emphasis was placed on current and future challenges in research and development for both academia and industry; especially long-term fundamental research aimed at discovering novel phenomena, processes and tools.

Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis

Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis
Author : Mihkel Koel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2008-10-09
Category : Science
Total pages :448
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An Overview of a Rapidly Expanding Area in Chemistry Exploring the future in chemical analysis research, Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis focuses on materials that promise entirely new ways to perform solution chemistry. It provides a broad overview of the applications of ionic liquids in various areas of analytical chemistry, in

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Author : E. N. Pistikopoulos,M. C. Georgiadis,A. C. Kokossis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-05-26
Category : Science
Total pages :2029
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The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of Computer Aided Process Engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well-being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges", described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies".

Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents

Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents
Author : Robin D. Rogers,Kenneth R. Seddon,American Chemical Society. Meeting
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release Date : 2003-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :599
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Annotation FollowingIonic Liquids: Industrial Applications to Green Chemistry, SS #818, by the same editors, this book focuses on exciting new developments in ionic liquids.

Biodiesel

Biodiesel
Author : Meisam Tabatabaei,Mortaza Aghbashlo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-11-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :239
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This book presents in-depth information on the state of the art of global biodiesel production and investigates its impact on climate change. Subsequently, it comprehensively discusses biodiesel production in terms of production systems (reactor technologies) as well as biodiesel purification and upgrading technologies. Moreover, the book reviews essential parameters in biodiesel production systems as well as major principles of operation, process control, and trouble-shooting in these systems. Conventional and emerging applications of biodiesel by-products with a view to further economize biodiesel production are also scrutinized. Separate chapters are dedicated to economic risk analysis and critical comparison of biodiesel production systems as well as techno-economical aspects of biodiesel plants. The book also thoroughly investigates the important aspects of biodiesel production and combustion by taking advantage of advanced sustainability analysis tools including life cycle assessment (LCA) and exergy techniques. In closing, the application of Omics technologies in biodiesel production is presented and discussed. This book is relevant to anyone with an interest in renewable, more sustainable fuel and energy solutions.

Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis

Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-02-02
Category : Science
Total pages :368
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Introduces the reader to the production of the products in arefinery • Introduces the reader to the types of test methodsapplied to petroleum products, including the need forspecifications • Provides detailed explanations for accuratelyanalyzing and characterizing modern petroleum products • Rewritten to include new and evolving testmethods • Updates on the evolving test methods and new testmethods as well as the various environmental regulations arepresented

CHEMOMETRICS: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN (SET PRICE OF 34 BOOKS)

CHEMOMETRICS: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN (SET PRICE OF 34 BOOKS)
Author : Ed Morgan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-09-24
Category :
Total pages :296
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This book explores experimental design and its use in statistical analysis. Divided into five parts, it covers the statistical methods used in experimental design; introduces randomization, replication and blocking; explores designs with more than one factor focusing chiefly on two-level designs; examines fractional factorial designs; and discusses response surface methodology. Written by some of the foremost lecturers in analytical chemistry and designed for those who wish to study in a more flexible way than possible in traditional institutional learning.

Handbook of Heterocyclic Chemistry

Handbook of Heterocyclic Chemistry
Author : Alan R. Katritzky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-01-31
Category : Science
Total pages :568
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Provides a one-volume overall picture of the largest of the classical divisions of organic chemistry, suitable for the graduate or advanced undergraduate student, as well as for research workers, both specialists in the field and those engaged in another discipline and requiring knowledge of heterocyclic chemistry. It represents Volume 9 of Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry and utilizes the general chapters which appear in the 8-volume work. The highly systematic coverage given to the subject makes this the most authoritative one-volume account of modern heterocyclic chemistry available.

Organic Sonochemistry

Organic Sonochemistry
Author : Jean-Marc Lévêque,Giancarlo Cravotto,François Delattre,Pedro Cintas
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-10-11
Category : Science
Total pages :123
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This book provides informative, useful, and stimulating reading on the topic of organic sonochemistry – the core of ultrasound-based applications. Given the increasing interest in new and improved technologies, allied to their green and sustainable character (not always a valid premise), there is a great attraction for organic chemists to apply these protocols in synthesis and process chemistry. Unfortunately, as with other enabling technologies, many researchers new to the field have received a simple and dishonest message: just switch on! Therefore a significant portion of sonochemical syntheses lack reproducibility (surprisingly cavitation control and/or ultrasonic parameters are omitted) and the actual role of sonication remains uncertain. While this book does not provide a detailed description of fundamentals, the introductory remarks highlight the importance of cavitational effects and their experimental control. It presents a number of concepts of sonochemical reactivity and empirical rules with pertinent examples, often from classical and recent literature. It then focuses on scenarios of current interest where organic chemistry, and synthesis in particular, may benefit from sonication in terms of both chemical and mechanical activation. The “sustainable corner” of this field is largely exemplified through concepts like atom economy, renewable sources, wasteless syntheses, and benign solvents as reaction media. This book is useful for both researchers and graduate students, especially those familiar with the field of sonochemistry and applications of ultrasound in general. However, it is also of interest to a broader audience as it discusses the fundamentals, techniques, and experimental skills necessary for scientists wishing to initiate the use of ultrasound in their domain of expertise.