November 29, 2020

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Developments in Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Civil Engineering

Developments in Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Civil Engineering
Author : Nasim Uddin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials has had a dramatic impact on civil engineering techniques over the past three decades. FRPs are an ideal material for structural applications where high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios are required. Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and their applications in civil engineering. Part one outlines the general developments of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) use, reviewing recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials. Part two outlines particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers and covers their use in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications, including their use in disaster-resistant buildings, strengthening steel structures and bridge superstructures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of civil engineering and industries such as bridge and building construction. Outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their applications in civil engineering Reviews recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials Covers the use of particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering
Author : M. Dawood
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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This chapter summarizes the recent advances in the use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) materials for repair, rehabilitation, and strengthening of steel structures. Conventional methods of strengthening and repairing steel structures are presented. The advantages and limitations of using FRP materials are summarized. Topics presented include strengthening of flexural members, strengthening with prestressed FRP materials, stress-based and fracture mechanics-based approaches to evaluating bond behavior, repair of cracked steel members, and strengthening of slender members subjected to compression forces. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of future trends in this field and a summary of other resources for further information.

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering
Author : N. Uddin,M.A. Mousa,F.H. Fouad
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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The low velocity impact response of plain autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) and FRP/AAC sandwich panels has been investigated. The structural sandwich panels composed of a FRP/AAC combination have shown excellent characteristics in terms of high strength and high stiffness-to-weight ratios. In addition to having adequate flexural and shear properties, the behavior of FRP/AAC sandwich panels needs to be investigated when subjected to impact loading. During service, the structural members in the building structures are subjected to impact loading that varies from object-caused impact, blast due to explosions, to high velocity impact of debris during tornados, hurricanes, or storms. Low velocity impact (LVI) testing serves as a means to quantify the allowable impact energy that the structure is able to withstand and to assess the typical failure modes encountered during this type of loading. The objectives of this chapter are: to study the response of plain AAC and CFRP/AAC sandwich structures to low velocity impact and to assess the damage performance of the panels; to study the effect of FRP laminates on the impact response of CFRP/AAC panels; to study the effect of the processing method (hand layup versus VARTM) and panel stiffness on the impact response of the hybrid panels. Impact testing was conducted using an Instron drop-tower testing machine. Experimental results showed a significant influence of CFRPs laminates on the energy absorbed and peak load of the CFRP/AAC panels. Further, a theoretical analysis was conducted to predict the energy absorbed by the CFRP/AAC sandwich panel using the energy balance model, and the results found were in good accordance with the experimental ones.

Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Infrastructure Applications

Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Infrastructure Applications
Author : Ravi Jain,Luke Lee
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-01-02
Category : Science
Total pages :280
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This book examines current issues of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in civil infrastructure. The contents of this book are divided into two parts. The first part engages topics related to durability and service life of FRP composites and how they contribute to sustainability. The second part highlights implementation and applications of the FRP composites with an emphasis on bridge structures. An introductory chapter provides an overview of FRP composites and its role in a sustainable built environment highlighting the issues of durability and service life followed by a current review of sustainability in infrastructure design.​

Advances in FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

Advances in FRP Composites in Civil Engineering
Author : Lieping Ye,Peng Feng,Qingrui Yue
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-02-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1100
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"Advances in FRP Composites in Civil Engineering" contains the papers presented at the 5th International Conference on Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites in Civil Engineering in 2010, which is an official conference of the International Institute for FRP in Construction (IIFC). The book includes 7 keynote papers which are presented by top professors and engineers in the world and 203 papers covering a wide spectrum of topics. These important papers not only demonstrate the recent advances in the application of FRP composites in civil engineering, but also point to future research endeavors in this exciting area. Researchers and professionals in the field of civil engineering will find this book is exceedingly valuable. Prof. Lieping Ye and Dr. Peng Feng both work at the Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, China. Qingrui Yue is a Professor at China Metallurgical Group Corporation.

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering
Author : Manoochehr Zoghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-09-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :706
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Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become an integral part of the construction industry because of their versatility, enhanced durability and resistance to fatigue and corrosion, high strength-to-weight ratio, accelerated construction, and lower maintenance and life-cycle costs. Advanced FRP composite materials are also emerging for a wide range of civil infrastructure applications. These include everything from bridge decks, bridge strengthening and repairs, and seismic retrofit to marine waterfront structures and sustainable, energy-efficient housing. The International Handbook of FRP Composites in Civil Engineering brings together a wealth of information on advances in materials, techniques, practices, nondestructive testing, and structural health monitoring of FRP composites, specifically for civil infrastructure. With a focus on professional applications, the handbook supplies design guidelines and standards of practice from around the world. It also includes helpful design formulas, tables, and charts to provide immediate answers to common questions. Organized into seven parts, the handbook covers: FRP fundamentals, including history, codes and standards, manufacturing, materials, mechanics, and life-cycle costs Bridge deck applications and the critical topic of connection design for FRP structural members External reinforcement for rehabilitation, including the strengthening of reinforced concrete, masonry, wood, and metallic structures FRP composites for the reinforcement of concrete structures, including material characteristics, design procedures, and quality assurance–quality control (QA/QC) issues Hybrid FRP composite systems, with an emphasis on design, construction, QA/QC, and repair Quality control, quality assurance, and evaluation using nondestructive testing, and in-service monitoring using structural health monitoring of FRP composites, including smart composites that can actively sense and respond to the environment and internal states FRP-related books, journals, conference proceedings, organizations, and research sources Comprehensive yet concise, this is an invaluable reference for practicing engineers and construction professionals, as well as researchers and students. It offers ready-to-use information on how FRP composites can be more effectively utilized in new construction, repair and reconstruction, and architectural engineering.

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering
Author : O. Gunes
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials have been increasingly used in civil engineering applications in the past two decades. Their wide ranging use, however, is still not realized due to a few fundamental issues including high material costs, relatively short history of applications and the gaps in the development of established standards. Design safety requires that all possible modes and mechanisms of failure are identified, characterized, and accounted for in the design procedures. This chapter provides a review of the failure types encountered in structural engineering applications of FRP and the preventive methods and strategies that have been developed to eliminate or delay such failures. As part of preventive measures, various non-destructive testing (NDT) and structural health monitoring (SHM) methods used for monitoring FRP applications are discussed with illustrative examples.

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering
Author : R. Liang,G. Hota
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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This chapter presents dozens of select environmental engineering applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials with emphasis on their environmental benefits, followed by discussions on durability of composites. Significance of design codes and specifications in promoting and advancing the applications of FRP composites is addressed. With ever increasing attention toward a sustainable built environment, FRP composites have potential to be selected as a material of choice because of the performance and design advantages of FRPs.

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering
Author : S. Moy
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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This chapter deals with the uses of advanced composite materials in the construction industry. After considering the advantages of using composites and methods of fabrication, it outlines the surprisingly wide range of applications of composites. Examples are given from around the world of components and complete buildings and bridges, railway and other infrastructure, geotechnical applications and pipes for the water sector. Finally a number of more unusual or future possibilities are presented.

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering
Author : Y. Gowayed
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-05-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :558
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In fiber reinforced plastics (FRP), as a special type of polymer matrix composite, fibers provide the stiffness and strength while the surrounding plastic matrix transfers the stress between fibers and protects them. In this chapter, the role of fibers in FRP is delineated, their types and properties are discussed and the fabric forms in which they can be formed and used to reinforce FRP are presented. A special focus is given to the effect of the chemical structure of fibers on the stability and the level of anisotropy of their mechanical response. Furthermore, the effect of assembling these fibers into yarns and fabrics on the response of the FRP is presented as basis for further readings.

Advanced Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Structural Applications

Advanced Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Structural Applications
Author : J Bai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-09-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :928
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Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have become essential materials for the building of new structures and for the repair of existing infrastructure. Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas. Part one introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resins. Part two goes on to explore the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes chapters on prepreg processing and filament winding processes. Part three highlights properties of advanced FRP composites and explores how performance can be managed and tested. Applications of advanced FRP composites, including bridge engineering, pipe rehabilitation in the oil and gas industry and sustainable energy production, are discussed in part four. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advanced fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for structural applications is a technical resource for researchers and engineers using advanced FRP composites, as well as professionals requiring an understanding of the production and properties of advanced FRP composites, and academics interested in this field. Provides an overview of different advanced FRP composites and the use of these materials in a variety of application areas Introduces materials used in the creation of advanced FRP composites including polyester, vinylester and epoxy resins Explores the processing and fabrication of advanced FRP composites and includes chapters on prepreg processing and filament winding processes

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author : L. Tong,A.P. Mouritz,M. Bannister
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2002-11-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :254
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Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are used in almost every type of advanced engineering structure, with their usage ranging from aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft through to boats, ships and offshore platforms and to automobiles, sports goods, chemical processing equipment and civil infrastructure such as bridges and buildlings. The usage of FRP composites continues to grow at an impessive rate as these materials are used more in their existing markets and become established in relatively new markets such as biomedical devices and civil structures. A key factor driving the increased applications of composites over the recent years is the development of new advanced forms of FRP materials. This includes developments in high performance resin systems and new styles of reinforcement, such as carbon nanotubes and nanoparticles. This book provides an up-to-date account of the fabrication, mechanical properties, delamination resistance, impact tolerance and applications of 3D FRP composites. The book focuses on 3D composites made using the textile technologies of weaving, braiding, knitting and stiching as well as by z-pinning.

FRP Composites in Civil Engineering

FRP Composites in Civil Engineering
Author : Jin-Guang Teng
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2001-11-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1798
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This Proceedings contains the papers presented at the International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering, held in Hong Kong, China, on 12-15 December 2001. The papers, contributed from 24 countries, cover a wide spectrum of topics and demonstrate the recent advances in the application of FRP (Fibre-reinforced polymer) composites in civil engineering, while pointing to future directions of research in this exciting area.

Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic (FRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structures

Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic (FRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structures
Author : David A Hensher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-01-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :459
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The use of fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) composites for prestressed and non-prestressed concrete reinforcement has developed into a technology with serious and substantial claims for the advancement of construction materials and methods. Research and development is now occurring worldwide. The 20 papers in this volume make a further contribution in advancing knowledge and acceptance of FRP composites for concrete reinforcement. The articles are divided into three parts. Part I introduces FRP reinforcement for concrete structures and describes general material properties and manufacturing methods. Part II covers a three-continent perspective of current R&D, design and code implementations, and technical organizations' activities. Part III presents an in-depth description of commercially-available products, construction methods, and applications. The work is intended for engineers, researchers, and developers with the objective of presenting them with a world-wide cross-section of initiatives, representative products and significant applications.

Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites

Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites
Author : Vistasp M. Karbhari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-03-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are becoming increasingly popular as a material for rehabilitating aging and damaged structures. Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites explores the use of fiber-reinforced composites for enhancing the stability and extending the life of metallic infrastructure such as bridges. Part I provides an overview of materials and repair, encompassing topics of joining steel to FRP composites, finite element modeling, and durability issues. Part II discusses the use of FRP composites to repair steel components, focusing on thin-walled (hollow) steel sections, steel tension members, and cracked aluminum components. Building on Part II, the third part of the book reviews the fatigue life of strengthened components. Finally, Part IV covers the use of FRP composites to rehabilitate different types of metallic infrastructure, with chapters on bridges, historical metallic structures and other types of metallic infrastructure. Rehabilitation of Metallic Civil Infrastructure Using Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites represents a standard reference for engineers and designers in infrastructure and fiber-reinforced polymer areas and manufacturers in the infrastructure industry, as well as academics and researchers in the field. Looks at the use of FRP composites to repair components such as hollow steel sections and steel tension members Considers ways of assessing the durability and fatigue life of components Reviews applications of FRP to infrastructure such as steel bridges