November 24, 2020

Download Ebook Free Dimensionless Physical Quantities In Science And Engineering

Dimensionless Physical Quantities in Science and Engineering

Dimensionless Physical Quantities in Science and Engineering
Author : Josef Kuneš
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012
Category : Science
Total pages :441
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Dimensionless quantities, such as ?, e, and ? are used in mathematics, engineering, physics, and chemistry. In recent years the dimensionless groups, as demonstrated in detail here, have grown in significance and importance in contemporary mathematical and computer modeling as well as the traditional fields of physical modeling. This book offers the most comprehensive and up to date resource for dimensionless quantities, providing not only a summary of the quantities, but also a clarification of their physical principles, areas of use, and other specific properties across multiple relevant fields. Presenting the most complete and clearly explained single resource for dimensionless groups, this book will be essential for students and researchers working across the sciences. Includes approximately 1,200 dimensionless quantities Features both classic and newly developing fields Easy to use with clear organization and citations to relevant works

Similarity and Modeling in Science and Engineering

Similarity and Modeling in Science and Engineering
Author : Josef Kuneš
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-04-05
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :442
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The present text sets itself in relief to other titles on the subject in that it addresses the means and methodologies versus a narrow specific-task oriented approach. Concepts and their developments which evolved to meet the changing needs of applications are addressed. This approach provides the reader with a general tool-box to apply to their specific needs. Two important tools are presented: dimensional analysis and the similarity analysis methods. The fundamental point of view, enabling one to sort all models, is that of information flux between a model and an original expressed by the similarity and abstraction Each chapter includes original examples and applications. In this respect, the models can be divided into several groups. The following models are dealt with separately by chapter; mathematical and physical models, physical analogues, deterministic, stochastic, and cybernetic computer models. The mathematical models are divided into asymptotic and phenomenological models. The phenomenological models, which can also be called experimental, are usually the result of an experiment on an complex object or process. The variable dimensionless quantities contain information about the real state of boundary conditions, parameter (non-linearity) changes, and other factors. With satisfactory measurement accuracy and experimental strategy, such models are highly credible and can be used, for example in control systems.

Applied Dimensional Analysis and Modeling

Applied Dimensional Analysis and Modeling
Author : Thomas Szirtes
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2007-04-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :856
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Applied Dimensional Analysis and Modeling provides the full mathematical background and step-by-step procedures for employing dimensional analyses, along with a wide range of applications to problems in engineering and applied science, such as fluid dynamics, heat flow, electromagnetics, astronomy and economics. This new edition offers additional worked-out examples in mechanics, physics, geometry, hydrodynamics, and biometry. Covers 4 essential aspects and applications: principal characteristics of dimensional systems, applications of dimensional techniques in engineering, mathematics and geometry, applications in biosciences, biometry and economics, applications in astronomy and physics Offers more than 250 worked-out examples and problems with solutions Provides detailed descriptions of techniques of both dimensional analysis and dimensional modeling

25 Problems for STEM Education

25 Problems for STEM Education
Author : Valery Ochkov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-01-31
Category : Computers
Total pages :374
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25 Problems for STEM Education introduces a new and emerging course for undergraduate STEM programs called Physical-Mathematical Informatics. This course corresponds with the new direction in education called STE(A)M (Science, Technology, Engineering, [Art] and Mathematics). The book focuses on undergraduate university students (and high school students), as well as the teachers of mathematics, physics, chemistry and other disciplines such as the humanities. This book is suitable for readers who have a basic understanding of mathematics and math software. Features Contains 32 interesting problems (studies) and new and unique methods of solving these physical and mathematical problems using a computer as well as new methods of teaching mathematics and physics Suitable for students in advanced high school courses and undergraduates, as well as for students studying Mathematical Education at the Master’s or PhD level One of the only books that attempts to bring together ST(E)AM techniques, computational mathematics and informatics in a single, unified format

Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry

Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry
Author : E Richard Cohen,Tom Cvitas,Jeremy G Frey,Bertil Holström,Kozo Kuchitsu,Roberto Marquardt,Ian Mills,Franco Pavese,Martin Quack,Jüergen Stohner,Herbert L Strauss,Michio Takami,Anders J Thor
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2007-10-31
Category : Science
Total pages :248
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The first IUPAC Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units (the Green Book) of which this is the direct successor, was published in 1969, with the object of 'securing clarity and precision, and wider agreement in the use of symbols, by chemists in different countries, among physicists, chemists and engineers, and by editors of scientific journals'. Subsequent revisions have taken account of many developments in the field, culminating in the major extension and revision represented by the 1988 edition under the simplified title Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. This 2007, Third Edition, is a further revision of the material which reflects the experience of the contributors with the previous editions. The book has been systematically brought up to date and new sections have been added. It strives to improve the exchange of scientific information among the readers in different disciplines and across different nations. In a rapidly expanding volume of scientific literature where each discipline has a tendency to retreat into its own jargon this book attempts to provide a readable compilation of widely used terms and symbols from many sources together with brief understandable definitions. This is the definitive guide for scientists and organizations working across a multitude of disciplines requiring internationally approved nomenclature.

Dimensional Analysis of Food Processes

Dimensional Analysis of Food Processes
Author : Guillaume Delaplace,Karine Loubière,Fabrice Ducept,Romain Jeantet
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-09-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :356
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This book deals with the modeling of food processing using dimensional analysis. When coupled to experiments and to the theory of similarity, dimensional analysis is indeed a generic, powerful and rigorous tool making it possible to understand and model complex processes for design, scale-up and /or optimization purposes. This book presents the theoretical basis of dimensional analysis with a step by step detail of the framework for applying dimensional analysis, with chapters respectively dedicated to the extension of dimensional analysis to changing physical properties and to the use of dimensional analysis as a tool for scaling-up processes. It includes several original examples issued from the research works of the authors in the food engineering field, illustrating the conceptual approaches presented and strengthen the teaching of all. Discusses popular dimensional analysis for knowledge and scaling-up tools with detailed case studies Emphasises the processes dealing with complex materials of a multiphase nature Introduces the concept of chemical or material similarity and a framework for analysis of the functional forms of the propoerty

A Mathematics Companion for Science and Engineering Students

A Mathematics Companion for Science and Engineering Students
Author : Jerome R. Breitenbach
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2008
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Total pages :468
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Designed for undergraduate students, A Mathematics Companion for Science and Engineering Students provides a valuable reference for a wide variety of topics in precalculus mathematics. The presentation is precise, accurate, and complete, with helpful comments throughout.

Unit Operations in Food Processing

Unit Operations in Food Processing
Author : R. L. Earle
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :216
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This long awaited second edition of a popular textbook has a simple and direct approach to the diversity and complexity of food processing. It explains the principles of operations and illustrates them by individual processes. The new edition has been enlarged to include sections on freezing, drying, psychrometry, and a completely new section on mechanical refrigeration. All the units have been converted to SI measure. Each chapter contains unworked examples to help the student gain a grasp of the subject, and although primarily intended for the student food technologist or process engineer, this book will also be useful to technical workers in the food industry

Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering

Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering
Author : Mattias Blennow
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-01-03
Category : Science
Total pages :736
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Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, this new textbook contains an introduction to the mathematical concepts used in physics and engineering. The entire book is unique in that it draws upon applications from physics, rather than mathematical examples, to ensure students are fully equipped with the tools they need. This approach prepares the reader for advanced topics, such as quantum mechanics and general relativity, while offering examples, problems, and insights into classical physics. The book is also distinctive in the coverage it devotes to modelling, and to oft-neglected topics such as Green's functions.

Scaling of Differential Equations

Scaling of Differential Equations
Author : Hans Petter Langtangen,Geir K. Pedersen
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-06-15
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :138
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The book serves both as a reference for various scaled models with corresponding dimensionless numbers, and as a resource for learning the art of scaling. A special feature of the book is the emphasis on how to create software for scaled models, based on existing software for unscaled models. Scaling (or non-dimensionalization) is a mathematical technique that greatly simplifies the setting of input parameters in numerical simulations. Moreover, scaling enhances the understanding of how different physical processes interact in a differential equation model. Compared to the existing literature, where the topic of scaling is frequently encountered, but very often in only a brief and shallow setting, the present book gives much more thorough explanations of how to reason about finding the right scales. This process is highly problem dependent, and therefore the book features a lot of worked examples, from very simple ODEs to systems of PDEs, especially from fluid mechanics. The text is easily accessible and example-driven. The first part on ODEs fits even a lower undergraduate level, while the most advanced multiphysics fluid mechanics examples target the graduate level. The scientific literature is full of scaled models, but in most of the cases, the scales are just stated without thorough mathematical reasoning. This book explains how the scales are found mathematically. This book will be a valuable read for anyone doing numerical simulations based on ordinary or partial differential equations.

Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures

Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures
Author : François Cardarelli
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :848
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Mankind has a fascination with measurement. Down the centuries we have produced a plethora of incompatible and duplicatory systems for measuring everything from the width of an Egyptian pyramid to the concentration of radioactivity near a nuclear reactor and the value of the fine structure constant. With the introduction first of the metric system and of its successor the Système International d'Unités (SI), the scientific community has established a standard method of measurement based on only seven core units. The Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures converts the huge variety of units from all over the world in every period of recorded history into units of the SI. Featuring: - An A - Z of conversion tables for over 10,000 units of measurements. - Tables of the fundamental constants of nature with their units. - Listings of professional societies, and national standardization bodies for easy reference. - An extensive bibliography detailing further reading on the multifarious aspects of measurement and its units. This huge work is simply a "must have" for any reference library frequented by scientists of any discipline or by those with historical interests in units of measurement such as archaeologists.

Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers

Mathematical Handbook for Scientists and Engineers
Author : Granino A. Korn,Theresa M. Korn
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release Date : 2013-04-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1152
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Convenient access to information from every area of mathematics: Fourier transforms, Z transforms, linear and nonlinear programming, calculus of variations, random-process theory, special functions, combinatorial analysis, game theory, much more.

The Constants Of Nature

The Constants Of Nature
Author : John D. Barrow
Publisher : Random House
Release Date : 2010-07-06
Category : Science
Total pages :368
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The constants of nature are the numbers that define the essence of the Universe. They tell us how strong its forces are, and what its fundamental laws can do: the strength of gravity, of magnetism, the speed of light, and the masses of the smallest particles of matter. They encode the deepest secrets of the Universe and express at once our greatest knowledge and our greatest ignorance about the cosmos. Their existence has taught us the profound truth that Nature abounds with unseen regularities. Yet, while we have become skilled at measuring the values of these constants, our frustrating inability to explain or predict their values shows how much we still have to learn about the inner workings of the Universe. What is the ultimate status of these constants of Nature? Are they truly constant? Could life have evolved and persisted if they were even slightly different? And are there other Universes where they are different? These are some of the issues that this book grapples with. It looks back to the discoveries of the first constants of Nature and the impact they had on scientists like Einstein. This book also tells the story of a tantalising new development in astronomy. For the first time astronomical observations are suggesting that some of the constants of Nature were different when the Universe was younger. So are our laws of Nature slowly changing? Is anything about our Universe immune from the ravages of time? Are there any constants of Nature at all?

A First Course in Dimensional Analysis

A First Course in Dimensional Analysis
Author : Juan G. Santiago
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 2019-10-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :184
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An introduction to dimensional analysis, a method of scientific analysis used to investigate and simplify complex physical phenomena, demonstrated through a series of engaging examples. This book offers an introduction to dimensional analysis, a powerful method of scientific analysis used to investigate and simplify complex physical phenomena. The method enables bold approximations and the generation of testable hypotheses. The book explains these analyses through a series of entertaining applications; students will learn to analyze, for example, the limits of world-record weight lifters, the distance an electric submarine can travel, how an upside-down pendulum is similar to a running velociraptor, and the number of Olympic rowers required to double boat speed. The book introduces the approach through easy-to-follow, step-by-step methods that show how to identify the essential variables describing a complex problem; explore the dimensions of the problem and recast it to reduce complexity; leverage physical insights and experimental observations to further reduce complexity; form testable scientific hypotheses; combine experiments and analysis to solve a problem; and collapse and present experimental measurements in a compact form. Each chapter ends with a summary and problems for students to solve. Taken together, the analyses and examples demonstrate the value of dimensional analysis and provide guidance on how to combine and enhance dimensional analysis with physical insights. The book can be used by undergraduate students in physics, engineering, chemistry, biology, sports science, and astronomy.

Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers

Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers
Author : David Yevick,Hannah Yevick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-11-21
Category : Science
Total pages :464
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Provides a concise overview of the core undergraduate physics and applied mathematics curriculum for students and practitioners of science and engineering Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers summarizes college and university level physics together with the mathematics frequently encountered in engineering and physics calculations. The presentation provides straightforward, coherent explanations of underlying concepts emphasizing essential formulas, derivations, examples, and computer programs. Content that should be thoroughly mastered and memorized is clearly identified while unnecessary technical details are omitted. Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers is an ideal resource for undergraduate science and engineering students and practitioners, students reviewing for the GRE and graduate-level comprehensive exams, and general readers seeking to improve their comprehension of undergraduate physics. Covers topics frequently encountered in undergraduate physics, in particular those appearing in the Physics GRE subject examination Reviews relevant areas of undergraduate applied mathematics, with an overview chapter on scientific programming Provides simple, concise explanations and illustrations of underlying concepts Succinct yet comprehensive, Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers constitutes a reference for science and engineering students, practitioners and non-practitioners alike.