June 20, 2021

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Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health
Author : Bruce W. Clements,Julie Casani
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2016-02-23
Category : Social Science
Total pages :538
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Disasters and Public Health: Planning and Response, Second Edition, examines the critical intersection between emergency management and public health. It provides a succinct overview of the actions that may be taken before, during, and after a major public health emergency or disaster to reduce morbidity and mortality. Five all-new chapters at the beginning of the book describe how policy and law drive program structures and strategies leading to the establishment and maintenance of preparedness capabilities. New topics covered in this edition include disaster behavioral health, which is often the most expensive and longest-term recovery challenge in a public health emergency, and community resilience, a valuable resource upon which most emergency programs and responses depend. The balance of the book provides an in-depth review of preparedness, response, and recovery challenges for 15 public health threats. These chapters also provide lessons learned from responses to each threat, giving users a well-rounded introduction to public health preparedness and response that is rooted in experience and practice. Contains seven new chapters that cover law, vulnerable populations, behavioral health, community resilience, preparedness capabilities, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, and foodborne threats Provides clinical updates by new MD co-author Includes innovative preparedness approaches and lessons learned from current and historic public health and medical responses that enhance clarity and provide valuable examples to readers Presents increased international content and case studies for a global perspective on public health

The Public Health Consequences of Disasters

The Public Health Consequences of Disasters
Author : Eric K. Noji
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 1996-11-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :488
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Natural and man-made disasters--earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, industrial crises, and many others--have claimed more than 3 million lives during the past 20 years, adversely affected the lives of at least 800 million people, and caused more than 50 billion dollars in property damages. A major disaster occurs almost daily in some part of the world. Increasing population densities in flood plains, along vulnerable coastal areas, and near dangerous faults in the earth's crust, as well as the rapid industrialization of developing economies are factors likely to make the threat posed by natural disasters much bigger in the future. Illustrated with examples from recent research in the field, this book summarizes the most pertinent and useful information about the public health impact of natural and man-made disasters. It is divided into four sections dealing with general concerns, geophysical events, weather-related problems, and human-generated disasters. The author starts with a comprehensive discussion of the concepts and role of surveillance and epidemiology, highlighting general environmental health concerns, such as sanitation, water, shelter, and sewage. The other chapters, based on a variety of experiences and literature drawn from both developing and industrialized countries, cover discrete types of natural and technological hazards, addressing their history, origin, nature, observation, and control. Throughout the book the focus is on the level of epidemiologic knowledge on each aspect of natural and man-made disasters. Exposure-, disease-, and health-event surveillance are stressed because of the importance of objective data to disaster epidemiology. In addition, Noji pays particular attention to prevention and control measures, and provides practical recommendations in areas in which the public health practitioner needs more useful information. He advocates stronger epidemiologic awareness as the basis for better understanding and control of disasters. A comprehensive theoretical and practical treatment of the subject, The Public Health Consequences of Disasters is an invaluable tool for epidemiologists, disaster relief specialists, and physicians who treat disaster victims.

Public Health Management of Disasters

Public Health Management of Disasters
Author : Linda Young Landesman
Publisher : American Public Health Association
Release Date : 2005
Category : Medical
Total pages :446
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This book can serve as a quick reference for either public health practitioners or public safety personnel who need quick information about disaster response for natural, man-made, and weapons of mass destruction. In addition, it identifies the public health role in each aspect of disaster activity, something that no other book has done. It also organizes morbidity and mortality concerns by disaster so that these negative outcomes can be referred to quickly.

Public Health Humanitarian Responses to Natural Disasters

Public Health Humanitarian Responses to Natural Disasters
Author : Emily Ying Yang Chan
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-02-10
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :260
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The pressure of climate change, environmental degradation, and urbanisation, as well as the widening of socio- economic disparities have rendered the global population increasingly vulnerable to the impact of natural disasters. With a primary focus on medical and public health humanitarian response to disasters, Public Health Humanitarian Responses to Natural Disasters provides a timely critical analysis of public health responses to natural disasters. Using a number of case studies and examples of innovative disaster response measures developed by international agencies and stakeholders, this book illustrates how theoretical understanding of public health issues can be practically applied in the context of humanitarian relief response. Starting with an introduction to public health principles within the context of medical and public health disaster and humanitarian response, the book goes on to explore key trends, threats and challenges in contemporary disaster medical response. This book provides a comprehensive overview of an emergent discipline and offers a unique multidisciplinary perspective across a range of relevant topics including the concepts of disaster preparedness and resilience, and key challenges in human health needs for the twenty-first century. This book will be of interest to students of public health, disaster and emergency medicine and development studies, as well as to development and medical practitioners working within NGOs, development agencies, health authorities and public administration.

Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness and Response to Disasters

Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness and Response to Disasters
Author : Landesman Consulting Visiting Lecturer School of Public Health University of Massachusetts Amherst Amherst Massachusetts Linda Y Landesman,Linda Y. Landesman,Isaac B. Weisfuse
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release Date : 2013-08-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :384
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From extreme weather events such as Superstorm Sandy, man-made tragedies like the Madrid train bombings, the threat of bioterrorism, and emerging infections such as the H1N1 pandemic flu, disasters are creating increasingly profound threats to health of populations around the globe. Through a presentation of 16 case studies, the authors examine the broad range of public health scenarios through the lens of emergency preparedness and planning. Designed for students across a wide spectrum of health and safety disciplines, this text uniquely demonstrates the application of public health preparedness competencies established by the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH). Key Features: -Presents 16 case studies on preparedness, from natural disasters to pandemic infection. -Demonstrates the application of the ASPH Public Health Preparedness competencies. -Makes an ideal complement to any text on disaster preparedness or public health leadership, or can be used as a standalone text. "Case Studies in Public Health Preparedness is written by some of the best emergency preparedness and response professionals in the business; it is a must read for anyone who needs to prepare for or respond to an emergency. Michael Osterholm Ph.D, MPH, Professor and Director, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota"

Natural Disasters and Public Health

Natural Disasters and Public Health
Author : Virginia M. Brennan
Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
Release Date : 2009-06-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :328
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This volume is a valuable resource for public policymakers, health care agencies, providers who plan for large-scale emergencies, academics teaching disaster relief courses, and professionals working in this field.

The Law of Emergencies

The Law of Emergencies
Author : Nan D. Hunter
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2017-09-01
Category :
Total pages :408
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The Law of Emergencies: Public Health and Disaster Management, Second Edition introduces the American legal system as it interacts with disaster management, public health and civil unrest issues. Nan Hunter shows how the law in this area plays out in the context of real life emergencies where individuals often have to make split-second decisions. This book covers the major legal principles underlying emergency policy and operations and analyzes legal authority at the federal, state and local levels, placing the issues in historical context but concentrating on contemporary questions. The book includes primary texts, reader-friendly expository explanation and sample discussion questions in each chapter, as well as scenarios for each of the three major areas to put the concepts in to action. Prior knowledge of the law is not necessary in order to use and understand this book, and it satisfies the need of professionals in a wide array of fields related to emergency management to understand both what the law requires and how to analyze issues for which there is no clear legal answer. The book features materials on such critical issues as how to judge the extent of Constitutional authority for government to intervene in the lives and property of American citizens. At the same time, it also captures bread-and-butter issues such as responder liability and disaster relief methods. No other book brings these components together in a logically organized, step by step fashion. Features eight all-new chapters, including a new section on civil unrest Provides a full update, reorganized by type of emergency Includes a section on cross-cutting issues and a new disaster scenario to test concepts Includes a glossary of legal terms to assist those in emergency management programs, as well as a guide to web sites for legal research

Evaluating International Public Health Issues

Evaluating International Public Health Issues
Author : Mbuso Precious Mabuza
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-09-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :334
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This book makes an original contribution in addressing contemporary critical discussions and reflections on international health policies, strategies, programmes, systems, diseases, disasters, and public health issues. It includes reflections on how levels of governance, development and technical assistance affect countries’ disaster readiness and health systems. In addressing inequalities between the rich and the poor, and unpacking how this affects public health services, policies, strategies and their collective implementation, the book aspires to improve standards of public health and quality of life for sustainable development globally. It provides a comprehensive overview of international health policies and aid structures, and pays particularly close attention to policies on HIV/AIDS in the workplace, discussing how HIV/AIDS has overshadowed non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as hypertension and stroke, which are on the rise. This book will be of great benefit to students and researchers, as well as policymakers in governmental and non-governmental organisations, who have an interest in achieving greater sustainability and improved health for populations in low-, middle- and high-income countries. It will be an indispensable book for students in Public Health programmes, and related courses.

Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health
Author : Bruce W. Clements
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2009
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :314
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From the San Diego wildfires to multi-drug-resistant strains of bacteria, communities are facing an ever-growing list of potential disasters. This handbook guides emergency managers and planners in preventing tragedies by most effectively preparing and responding when disaster strikes.

Disaster Epidemiology

Disaster Epidemiology
Author : Jennifer A. Horney
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-10-31
Category : Medical
Total pages :212
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Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product. Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters. Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course. Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology

Disaster Public Health and Older People

Disaster Public Health and Older People
Author : Emily Ying Yang Chan
Publisher : Routledge Humanitarian Studies
Release Date : 2019-09-05
Category : Disaster medicine
Total pages :234
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"Disaster Public Health and Older People introduces professionals, students and fieldworkers to the science and art of promoting health and well-being, preventing diseases and prolonging life among the elderly in the context of humanitarian emergencies, with a particular focus on low and middle-income country settings. This book aims to make lessons learnt from previous disasters available and comprehensible to those working in disaster medicine, disaster public health, humanitarian studies, gerontology and geriatrics, empowering them to take the actions necessary at the individual, community and national levels to reduce the health risk to the elderly posed by disasters"--

Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters
Author : Pan American Health Organization
Publisher : Pan American Health Org
Release Date : 2000
Category : Nature
Total pages :119
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Includes statistics.

Disasters and Public Health

Disasters and Public Health
Author : Michel F. Lechat
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1979
Category :
Total pages :7
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Disaster Management and Human Health Risk IV

Disaster Management and Human Health Risk IV
Author : S.M. Sener,C.A. Brebbia,O. Ozcevik
Publisher : WIT Press
Release Date : 2015-05-20
Category : Nature
Total pages :360
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As human population has continued to concentrate in urban areas, the number of people and the value of property affected by disasters, both natural and human-generated, have grown as well. Earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, cyclones, tornadoes, and forest fires have all taken their toll so have such anthropogenic disasters as pipeline failures, industrial spills, and terrorist attacks. The contents of this volume consist of papers presented at the fourth in a series of conferences convened to assess the potential risk from various disasters and discuss ways to prevent or mitigate damage. The papers have been contributed by experts on public health, security, and disaster management from academia, industry, and government. Topics covered include Disaster Analysis; Disaster Monitoring and Mitigation; Emergency Preparedness; Risk Mitigation; Risk and Security; Safety and Resilience; Socio-economic Issues; Health Risk; Human Factors; Multi-hazard Risk Assessment; Case Studies.

Public Health and Disasters

Public Health and Disasters
Author : Emily Ying Yang Chan,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-24
Category : Nature
Total pages :343
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This book presents the health emergency and disaster risk management (H-EDRM) research landscape, with examples from Asia. In recent years, the intersection of health and disaster risk reduction (DRR) has emerged as an important interdisciplinary field. In several landmark UN agreements adopted in 2015–2016, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Paris climate agreement, and the New Urban Agenda (Habitat III), health is acknowledged as an inevitable outcome and a natural goal of disaster risk reduction, and the cross-over of the two fields is essential for the successful implementation of the Sendai Framework. H-EDRM has emerged as an umbrella field that encompasses emergency and disaster medicine, DRR, humanitarian response, community health resilience, and health system resilience. However, this fragmented, nascent field has yet to be developed into a coherent discipline. Key challenges include redundant research, lack of a strategic research agenda, limited development of multisectoral and interdisciplinary approaches, deficiencies in the science–policy–practice nexus, absence of standardized terminology, and insufficient coordination among stakeholders. This book provides a timely and invaluable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, scholars, and frontline practitioners as well as policymakers from across the component domains of H-EDRM.