December 5, 2020

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Distributed Computing Through Combinatorial Topology

Distributed Computing Through Combinatorial Topology
Author : Maurice Herlihy,Dmitry Kozlov,Sergio Rajsbaum
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-11-30
Category : Computers
Total pages :336
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Distributed Computing Through Combinatorial Topology describes techniques for analyzing distributed algorithms based on award winning combinatorial topology research. The authors present a solid theoretical foundation relevant to many real systems reliant on parallelism with unpredictable delays, such as multicore microprocessors, wireless networks, distributed systems, and Internet protocols. Today, a new student or researcher must assemble a collection of scattered conference publications, which are typically terse and commonly use different notations and terminologies. This book provides a self-contained explanation of the mathematics to readers with computer science backgrounds, as well as explaining computer science concepts to readers with backgrounds in applied mathematics. The first section presents mathematical notions and models, including message passing and shared-memory systems, failures, and timing models. The next section presents core concepts in two chapters each: first, proving a simple result that lends itself to examples and pictures that will build up readers' intuition; then generalizing the concept to prove a more sophisticated result. The overall result weaves together and develops the basic concepts of the field, presenting them in a gradual and intuitively appealing way. The book's final section discusses advanced topics typically found in a graduate-level course for those who wish to explore further. Named a 2013 Notable Computer Book for Computing Methodologies by Computing Reviews Gathers knowledge otherwise spread across research and conference papers using consistent notations and a standard approach to facilitate understanding Presents unique insights applicable to multiple computing fields, including multicore microprocessors, wireless networks, distributed systems, and Internet protocols Synthesizes and distills material into a simple, unified presentation with examples, illustrations, and exercises

Distributed Computing Through Combinatorial Topology

Distributed Computing Through Combinatorial Topology
Author : Maurice Herlihy,Dmitriĭ Nikolaevich Kozlov,Sergio Rajsbaum
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release Date : 2014-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :319
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Distributed Computing Through Combinatorial Topology describes techniques for analyzing distributed algorithms based on award winning combinatorial topology research. The authors present a solid theoretical foundation relevant to many real systems reliant on parallelism with unpredictable delays, such as multicore microprocessors, wireless networks, distributed systems, and Internet protocols. Today, a new student or researcher must assemble a collection of scattered conference publications, which are typically terse and commonly use different notations and terminologies. This book provides a self-contained explanation of the mathematics to readers with computer science backgrounds, as well as explaining computer science concepts to readers with backgrounds in applied mathematics. The first section presents mathematical notions and models, including message passing and shared-memory systems, failures, and timing models. The next section presents core concepts in two chapters each: first, proving a simple result that lends itself to examples and pictures that will build up readers' intuition; then generalizing the concept to prove a more sophisticated result. The overall result weaves together and develops the basic concepts of the field, presenting them in a gradual and intuitively appealing way. The book's final section discusses advanced topics typically found in a graduate-level course for those who wish to explore further. Named a 2013 Notable Computer Book for Computing Methodologies by Computing Reviews Gathers knowledge otherwise spread across research and conference papers using consistent notations and a standard approach to facilitate understanding Presents unique insights applicable to multiple computing fields, including multicore microprocessors, wireless networks, distributed systems, and Internet protocols Synthesizes and distills material into a simple, unified presentation with examples, illustrations, and exercises

The Art of Multiprocessor Programming

The Art of Multiprocessor Programming
Author : Maurice Herlihy,Nir Shavit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012
Category : Computers
Total pages :508
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Revised and updated with improvements conceived in parallel programming courses, The Art of Multiprocessor Programming is an authoritative guide to multicore programming. It introduces a higher level set of software development skills than that needed for efficient single-core programming. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the new principles, algorithms, and tools necessary for effective multiprocessor programming. Students and professionals alike will benefit from thorough coverage of key multiprocessor programming issues. This revised edition incorporates much-demanded updates throughout the book, based on feedback and corrections reported from classrooms since 2008 Learn the fundamentals of programming multiple threads accessing shared memory Explore mainstream concurrent data structures and the key elements of their design, as well as synchronization techniques from simple locks to transactional memory systems Visit the companion site and download source code, example Java programs, and materials to support and enhance the learning experience

Combinatorial Algebraic Topology

Combinatorial Algebraic Topology
Author : Dimitry Kozlov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-01-08
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :390
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This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of combinatorial algebraic topology in book form. The first part of the book constitutes a swift walk through the main tools of algebraic topology. Readers - graduate students and working mathematicians alike - will probably find particularly useful the second part, which contains an in-depth discussion of the major research techniques of combinatorial algebraic topology. Although applications are sprinkled throughout the second part, they are principal focus of the third part, which is entirely devoted to developing the topological structure theory for graph homomorphisms.

Programming Distributed Computing Systems

Programming Distributed Computing Systems
Author : Carlos A. Varela
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 2013-05-31
Category : Computers
Total pages :296
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An introduction to fundamental theories of concurrent computation and associated programming languages for developing distributed and mobile computing systems. Starting from the premise that understanding the foundations of concurrent programming is key to developing distributed computing systems, this book first presents the fundamental theories of concurrent computing and then introduces the programming languages that help develop distributed computing systems at a high level of abstraction. The major theories of concurrent computation—including the π-calculus, the actor model, the join calculus, and mobile ambients—are explained with a focus on how they help design and reason about distributed and mobile computing systems. The book then presents programming languages that follow the theoretical models already described, including Pict, SALSA, and JoCaml. The parallel structure of the chapters in both part one (theory) and part two (practice) enable the reader not only to compare the different theories but also to see clearly how a programming language supports a theoretical model. The book is unique in bridging the gap between the theory and the practice of programming distributed computing systems. It can be used as a textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in computer science or as a reference for researchers in the area of programming technology for distributed computing. By presenting theory first, the book allows readers to focus on the essential components of concurrency, distribution, and mobility without getting bogged down in syntactic details of specific programming languages. Once the theory is understood, the practical part of implementing a system in an actual programming language becomes much easier.

Impossibility Results for Distributed Computing

Impossibility Results for Distributed Computing
Author : Hagit Attiya,Faith Ellen
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2014-05-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :162
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To understand the power of distributed systems, it is necessary to understand their inherent limitations: what problems cannot be solved in particular systems, or without sufficient resources (such as time or space). This book presents key techniques for proving such impossibility results and applies them to a variety of different problems in a variety of different system models. Insights gained from these results are highlighted, aspects of a problem that make it difficult are isolated, features of an architecture that make it inadequate for solving certain problems efficiently are identified, and different system models are compared. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments / Introduction / Indistinguishability / Shifting and Scaling / Scenario Arguments / Information Theory Arguments / Covering Arguments / Valency Arguments / Combinatorial Arguments / Reductions and Simulations / Bibliography / Authors' Biographies

Structural Information and Communication Complexity

Structural Information and Communication Complexity
Author : Magnús M. Halldórsson
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-07-16
Category : Computers
Total pages :372
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21st International Colloquium on Structural Information and Communication Complexity, SIROCCO 2014, held in Takayama, Japan, in July 2014. The 24 full papers presented together with 5 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 51 submissions. The focus of the colloquium is on following subjects Shared Memory and Multiparty Communication, Network Optimization, CONGEST Algorithms and Lower Bounds, Wireless networks, Aggregation and Creation Games in Networks, Patrolling and Barrier Coverage, Exploration, Rendevous and Mobile Agents.

Introduction to Distributed Algorithms

Introduction to Distributed Algorithms
Author : Gerard Tel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2000-09-28
Category : Computers
Total pages :596
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Introduction : distributed systems - The model - Communication protocols - Routing algorithms - Deadlock-free packet switching - Wave and traversal algorithms - Election algorithms - Termination detection - Anonymous networks - Snapshots - Sense of direction and orientation - Synchrony in networks - Fault tolerance in distributed systems - Fault tolerance in asynchronous systems - Fault tolerance in synchronous systems - Failure detection - Stabilization.

Dependable Computing

Dependable Computing
Author : Andrea Bondavalli,Francisco Brasileiro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-09-12
Category : Computers
Total pages :236
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third Latin-American Symposium on Dependable Computing, LADC 2007, held in Morelia, Mexico, in September 2007. The 14 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited talks, and outlines of 3 tutorials and 2 panel sessions, were carefully reviewed and selected from 37 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on fault-tolerant algorithms, software engineering of dependable systems, networking and mobile computing, experimental dependability evaluation, as well as intrusion tolerance and security.

Digital Geometry

Digital Geometry
Author : Reinhard Klette,Azriel Rosenfeld
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-09-04
Category : Computers
Total pages :672
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Digital geometry is about deriving geometric information from digital pictures. The field emerged from its mathematical roots some forty-years ago through work in computer-based imaging, and it is used today in many fields, such as digital image processing and analysis (with applications in medical imaging, pattern recognition, and robotics) and of course computer graphics. Digital Geometry is the first book to detail the concepts, algorithms, and practices of the discipline. This comphrehensive text and reference provides an introduction to the mathematical foundations of digital geometry, some of which date back to ancient times, and also discusses the key processes involved, such as geometric algorithms as well as operations on pictures. *A comprehensive text and reference written by pioneers in digital geometry, image processing and analysis, and computer vision *Provides a collection of state-of-the-art algorithms for a wide variety of geometrical picture analysis tasks, including extracting data from digital images and making geometric measurements on the data *Includes exercises, examples, and references to related or more advanced work

Impossibility Results for Distributed Computing

Impossibility Results for Distributed Computing
Author : Hagit Attiya,Faith Ellen
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2014-05-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :162
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To understand the power of distributed systems, it is necessary to understand their inherent limitations: what problems cannot be solved in particular systems, or without sufficient resources (such as time or space). This book presents key techniques for proving such impossibility results and applies them to a variety of different problems in a variety of different system models. Insights gained from these results are highlighted, aspects of a problem that make it difficult are isolated, features of an architecture that make it inadequate for solving certain problems efficiently are identified, and different system models are compared. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments / Introduction / Indistinguishability / Shifting and Scaling / Scenario Arguments / Information Theory Arguments / Covering Arguments / Valency Arguments / Combinatorial Arguments / Reductions and Simulations / Bibliography / Authors' Biographies

LATIN 2016: Theoretical Informatics

LATIN 2016: Theoretical Informatics
Author : Evangelos Kranakis,Gonzalo Navarro,Edgar Chávez
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-03-21
Category : Computers
Total pages :714
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th Latin American Symposium on Theoretical Informatics, LATIN 2016, held in Ensenada, Mexico, in April 2016. The 52 papers presented together with 5 abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from 131 submissions. The papers address a variety of topics in theoretical computer science with a certain focus on algorithms (approximation, online, randomized, algorithmic game theory, etc.), analytic combinatorics and analysis of algorithms, automata theory and formal languages, coding theory and data compression, combinatorial algorithms, combinatorial optimization, combinatorics and graph theory, complexity theory, computational algebra, computational biology, computational geometry, computational number theory, cryptology, databases and information retrieval, data structures, formal methods and security, Internet and the web, parallel and distributed computing, pattern matching, programming language theory, and random structures.

Configuration Spaces

Configuration Spaces
Author : Filippo Callegaro,Frederick Cohen,Corrado De Concini,Eva Maria Feichtner,Giovanni Gaiffi,Mario Salvetti
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-08-27
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :379
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This book collects the scientific contributions of a group of leading experts who took part in the INdAM Meeting held in Cortona in September 2014. With combinatorial techniques as the central theme, it focuses on recent developments in configuration spaces from various perspectives. It also discusses their applications in areas ranging from representation theory, toric geometry and geometric group theory to applied algebraic topology.

Cyber Security in Parallel and Distributed Computing

Cyber Security in Parallel and Distributed Computing
Author : Dac-Nhuong Le,Raghvendra Kumar,Brojo Kishore Mishra,Jyotir Moy Chatterjee,Manju Khari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-04-16
Category : Computers
Total pages :294
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The main objective of this book is to explore the concept of cybersecurity in parallel and distributed computing along with recent research developments in the field. It also includes various real-time/offline applications and case studies in the fields of engineering and computer science and the modern tools and technologies used. Information on cybersecurity technologies is organized in the fifteen chapters of this book. This important book cover subjects such as: Research and solutions for the problem of hidden image detection Security aspects of data mining and possible solution techniques A comparative analysis of various methods used in e-commerce security and how to perform secure payment transactions in an efficient manner Blockchain technology and how it is crucial to the security industry Security for the Internet of Things Security issues and challenges in distributed computing security such as heterogeneous computing, cloud computing, fog computing, etc. Demonstrates the administration task issue in unified cloud situations as a multi-target enhancement issue in light of security Explores the concepts of cybercrime and cybersecurity and presents the statistical impact it is having on organizations Highlights some strategies for maintaining the privacy, integrity, confidentiality and availability of cyber information and its real-world impacts such as mobile security software for secure email and online banking, cyber health check programs for business, cyber incident response management, cybersecurity risk management Security policies and mechanisms, various categories of attacks (e.g., denial-of-service), global security architecture, along with distribution of security mechanisms Security issues in the healthcare sector with existing solutions and emerging threats.

Distributed Network Systems

Distributed Network Systems
Author : Weijia Jia,Wanlei Zhou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-06-14
Category : Computers
Total pages :513
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Both authors have taught the course of “Distributed Systems” for many years in the respective schools. During the teaching, we feel strongly that “Distributed systems” have evolved from traditional “LAN” based distributed systems towards “Internet based” systems. Although there exist many excellent textbooks on this topic, because of the fast development of distributed systems and network programming/protocols, we have difficulty in finding an appropriate textbook for the course of “distributed systems” with orientation to the requirement of the undergraduate level study for today’s distributed technology. Specifically, from - to-date concepts, algorithms, and models to implementations for both distributed system designs and application programming. Thus the philosophy behind this book is to integrate the concepts, algorithm designs and implementations of distributed systems based on network programming. After using several materials of other textbooks and research books, we found that many texts treat the distributed systems with separation of concepts, algorithm design and network programming and it is very difficult for students to map the concepts of distributed systems to the algorithm design, prototyping and implementations. This book intends to enable readers, especially postgraduates and senior undergraduate level, to study up-to-date concepts, algorithms and network programming skills for building modern distributed systems. It enables students not only to master the concepts of distributed network system but also to readily use the material introduced into implementation practices.