February 27, 2021

Download Ebook Free DNA Repair In Cancer Therapy

DNA Repair in Cancer Therapy

DNA Repair in Cancer Therapy
Author : Mark R. Kelley,Melissa L. Fishel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :464
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DNA Repair and Cancer Therapy: Molecular Targets and Clinical Applications, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and timely reference that focuses on the translational and clinical use of DNA repair as a target area for the development of diagnostic biomarkers and the enhancement of cancer treatment. Experts on DNA repair proteins from all areas of cancer biology research take readers from bench research to new therapeutic approaches. This book provides a detailed discussion of combination therapies, in other words, how the inhibition of repair pathways can be coupled with chemotherapy, radiation, or DNA damaging drugs. Newer areas in this edition include the role of DNA repair in chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy, radiation DNA damage, Fanconi anemia cross-link repair, translesion DNA polymerases, BRCA1-BRCA2 pathway for HR and synthetic lethality, and mechanisms of resistance to clinical PARP inhibitors. Provides a comprehensive overview of the basic and translational research in DNA repair as a cancer therapeutic target Includes timely updates from the earlier edition, including Fanconi Anemia cross-link repair, translesion DNA polymerases, chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy, and many other new areas within DNA repair and cancer therapy Saves academic, medical, and pharma researchers time by allowing them to quickly access the very latest details on DNA repair and cancer therapy Assists researchers and research clinicians in understanding the importance of the breakthroughs that are contributing to advances in disease-specific research

DNA Repair and Cancer

DNA Repair and Cancer
Author : Srinivasan Madhusudan,David M. Wilson III
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-01-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :718
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DNA repair is a rapidly advancing field in biology and these systems represent a major defense mechanism against environmental and intracellular damaging agents such as sunlight, ionizing radiation, and reactive oxygen species. With contributions from eminent researchers, this book explores the basics and current trends in this critical field. Topics include carcinogenesis as a predictive and/or prognostic biomarker for cancer therapy, nucleotide excision repair, and tumor genetics and personalized medicine. The contributions provide essential information to scientists, pharmaceutical investigators, and clinicians interested in cancer therapy.

New Research Directions in DNA Repair

New Research Directions in DNA Repair
Author : Clark Chen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-05-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :674
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This book is intended for students and scientists working in the field of DNA repair. Select topics are presented here to illustrate novel concepts in DNA repair, the cross-talks between DNA repair and other fundamental cellular processes, and clinical translational efforts based on paradigms established in DNA repair. The book should serve as a supplementary text in courses and seminars as well as a general reference for biologists with an interest in DNA repair.

Targeting the DNA Damage Response for Anti-Cancer Therapy

Targeting the DNA Damage Response for Anti-Cancer Therapy
Author : John Pollard,Nicola Curtin
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-05-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :401
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Over the past decade a complex role for DNA damage response (DDR) in tumorigenesis has emerged. A proficient DDR has been shown to be a primary cause for cellular resistance to the very many DNA damaging drugs, and IR, that are widely used as standard-of-care across multiple cancer types. It has also been shown that defects in this network, predominantly within the ATM mediated signaling pathway, are commonly observed in cancers and may be a primary event during tumorigenesis. Such defects may promote a genomically unstable environment, facilitating the persistence of mutations, any of which may provide a growth or survival advantage to the developing tumor. In addition, these somatic defects provide opportunities to exploit a reliance on remaining repair pathways for survival, a process which has been termed synthetic lethality. As a result of all these observations there has been a great interest in targeting the DDR to provide anti-cancer agents that may have benefit as monotherapy in cancers with high background DNA damage levels or as a means to increase the efficacy of DNA damaging drugs and IR. In this book we will review a series of important topics that are of great interest to a broad range of academic, industrial and clinical researchers, including the basic science of the DDR, its role in tumorigenesis and in dictating response to DNA damaging drugs and IR. Additionally, we will focus on the several proteins that have been targeted in attempts to provide drug candidates, each of which appear to have quite distinct profiles and could represent very different opportunities to provide patient benefit.

Advances in DNA Repair

Advances in DNA Repair
Author : Clark Chen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-11-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :496
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This book edition is intended to provide a concise summary for select topics in DNA repair, a field that is ever-expanding in complexity and biologic significance. The topics reviewed ranged from fundamental mechanisms of DNA repair to the interface between DNA repair and a spectrum on cellular process to the clinical relevance of DNA repair in oncologic paradigms. The information in this text should provide a foundation from which one can explore the various topics in depth. The book serve as a supplementary text in seminar courses with focus on DNA repair as well as a general reference for scholars with an interest in DNA repair.

DNA Repair, Genetic Instability, and Cancer

DNA Repair, Genetic Instability, and Cancer
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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DNA Repair of Cancer Stem Cells

DNA Repair of Cancer Stem Cells
Author : Lesley A Mathews,Stephanie M Cabarcas,Elain Hurt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-07-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :180
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The existence of ‘cancer stem cells’ (CSCs) has been a topic of heated debate for the last few years within the field of cancer biology. Their continuous characterization in a variety of solid tumors has lead to an abundance of evidence supporting their existence. CSCs are believed to be responsible for resistance against conventional treatment regimes of chemotherapy and radiation, ultimately, leading to metastasis and patient demise. To help aid clinicians, pharmaceutical companies and academic labs investigating how to better kill these highly aggressive cells we have summarized the DNA repair mechanism(s) and their role in the maintenance and regulation of both normal and cancer stem cells. Our book represents a comprehensive investigation into the highly effective DNA repair mechanisms of CSCs and what we need to understand in order to develop more advanced therapies to eradicate them from patients. Currently, there are no other published works entirely on DNA repair and Cancer Stem Cells. In addition, our book provides a comprehensive overview of CSC isolation and characterization from a variety of solid tumor types.

DNA Damage, DNA Repair and Disease

DNA Damage, DNA Repair and Disease
Author : Miral Dizdaroglu,R Stephen Lloyd
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2020-11-19
Category : Science
Total pages :480
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The DNA of all organisms is constantly being damaged by endogenous and exogenous sources. Oxygen metabolism generates reactive species that can damage DNA, proteins and other organic compounds in living cells. Exogenous sources include ionizing and ultraviolet radiations, carcinogenic compounds and environmental toxins among others. The discovery of multiple DNA lesions and DNA repair mechanisms showed the involvement of DNA damage and DNA repair in the pathogenesis of many human diseases, most notably cancer. These books provide a comprehensive overview of the interdisciplinary area of DNA damage and DNA repair, and their relevance to disease pathology. Edited by recognised leaders in the field, this two-volume set is an appealing resource to a variety of readers including chemists, chemical biologists, geneticists, cancer researchers and drug discovery scientists.

Gene Therapy of Cancer

Gene Therapy of Cancer
Author : Stanton L. Gerson,Edmund C. Lattime
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2002-04-04
Category : Science
Total pages :534
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The Second Edition of Gene Therapy of Cancer provides crucial updates on the basic science and ongoing research in this field, examining the state of the art technology in gene therapy and its therapeutic applications to the treatment of cancer. The clinical chapters are improved to include new areas of research and more successful trials. Chapters emphasize the scientific basis of gene therapy using immune, oncogene, antisense, pro-drug activating, and drug resistance gene targets, while other chapters discuss therapeutic approaches and clinical applications. This book is a valuable reference for anyone needing to stay abreast of the latest advances in gene therapy treatment for cancer. Key Features * Provides in-depth description of targeted systems and treatment strategies * Explains the underlying cancer biology necessary for understanding a given therapeutic approach * Extensively covers immune therapeutics of vaccines, cytokines, and peptide-induced responses * Presents translational focus with emphasis on requirements for clinical implementation * Incorporates detailed illustrations of vectors and therapeutic approaches ideal for classroom presentations and general reference

Ubiquitination Governing DNA Repair

Ubiquitination Governing DNA Repair
Author : Effrossyni Boutou,Horst-Werner Stürzbecher
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-08-01
Category : Science
Total pages :220
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DNA damage response (DDR) and lesion repair are vital processes ensuring genome integrity through various pathways depending mainly on the nature of DNA injury and cell cycle stage. DDR is finely regulated at many levels in co-ordination with other ongoing processes as is genome replication and cell cycle progression. Posttranslational modifications (PTMs), affecting both protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions, play a crucial role in finely tuning all processes involved in the restoration of genome lesions. Regarding damaged chromatin, PTMs serve in many cases as recruitment platforms for DNA repair mechanisms by facilitating binding sites or regulating interactions between involved proteins. Ubiquitination, the addition of ubiquitin moieties on a target protein, apart from controlling protein availability through degradation, is also involved, together with partner small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO), in controlling many pathways involved in DDR by modifying the structure-function relationship and thus interacting with partner molecules. The aim of this book is to cover a broad spectrum of current topics in ubiquitination and to a lesser extent SUMOylation involvement in regulation of DDR and repair in health and disease. This book is intended for pre- and postgraduate students and young scientists in this field. Members of both academic and research institutions, actively involved in the field, have described their current understanding of major mechanisms involved, highlighted key events, described ongoing applications in both developmental diseases and cancer and provided hints for future potential applications.

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy

Epigenetic Cancer Therapy
Author : Steven Gray
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-07-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :748
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Epigenetic Cancer Therapy unites issues central to a translational audience actively seeking to understand the topic. It is ideal for cancer specialists, including oncologists and clinicians, but also provides valuable information for researchers, academics, students, governments, and decision-makers in the healthcare sector. The text covers the basic background of the epigenome, aberrant epigenetics, and its potential as a target for cancer therapy, and includes individual chapters on the state of epigenome knowledge in specific cancers (including lung, breast, prostate, liver). The book encompasses both large-scale intergovernmental initiatives as well as recent findings across cancer stem cells, rational drug design, clinical trials, and chemopreventative strategies. As a whole, the work articulates and raises the profile of epigenetics as a therapeutic option in the future management of cancer. Concisely summarizes the therapeutic implications of recent, large-scale epigenome studies, including the cancer epigenome atlas Discusses targeted isoform specific versus pan-specific inhibitors, a rational drug design approach to epigenetics relevant to pharmacoepigenetic clinical applications Covers new findings in the interplay between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance, demonstrating that epigenetic machinery is a candidate target for the eradication of these CSCs

PARP Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy

PARP Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy
Author : Nicola J. Curtin,Ricky A. Sharma
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2015-06-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :591
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PARP Inhibitors for Cancer Therapy provides a comprehensive overview of the role of PARP in cancer therapy. The volume covers the history of the discovery of PARP (poly ADP ribose polymerase) and its role in DNA repair. In addition, a description of discovery of the PARP family, and other DNA maintenance-associated PARPs will also be discussed. The volume also features a section on accessible chemistry behind the development of inhibitors. PARP inhibitors are a group of pharmacological inhibitors that are a particularly good target for cancer therapy. PARP plays a pivotal role in DNA repair and may contribute to the therapeutic resistance to DNA damaging agents used to treat cancer. Researchers have learned a tremendous amount about the biology of PARP and how tumour-specific defects in DNA repair can be exploited by PARPi. The “synthetic lethality” of PARPi is an exciting concept for cancer therapy and has led to a heightened activity in this area.

Chemically-Induced DNA Damage, Mutagenesis, and Cancer

Chemically-Induced DNA Damage, Mutagenesis, and Cancer
Author : Ashis K. Basu, Takehiko Nohmi
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2018-08-27
Category : Science
Total pages :274
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue " Chemically-Induced DNA Damage, Mutagenesis, and Cancer" that was published in IJMS

DNA Damage, DNA Repair and Disease

DNA Damage, DNA Repair and Disease
Author : Miral Dizdaroglu,R Stephen Lloyd
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2020-11-19
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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The DNA of all organisms is constantly being damaged by endogenous and exogenous sources. Oxygen metabolism generates reactive species that can damage DNA, proteins and other organic compounds in living cells. Exogenous sources include ionizing and ultraviolet radiations, carcinogenic compounds and environmental toxins among others. The discovery of multiple DNA lesions and DNA repair mechanisms showed the involvement of DNA damage and DNA repair in the pathogenesis of many human diseases, most notably cancer. These books provide a comprehensive overview of the interdisciplinary area of DNA damage and DNA repair, and their relevance to disease pathology. Edited by recognised leaders in the field, this two-volume set is an appealing resource to a variety of readers including chemists, chemical biologists, geneticists, cancer researchers and drug discovery scientists.

Progress in Cell Cycle Research

Progress in Cell Cycle Research
Author : Laurent Meijer,Silvana Guidet,Lee Vogel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Medical
Total pages :284
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Now in its second year, Progress in Cell Cycle Research was conceived to serve as an up to date introduction to various aspects of the cell division cycle. Although an annual review in any field of scientific investigation can never be as current as desired, especially in the cell cycle field, we hope that this volume will be helpful to students, to recent graduates considering a de1liation in subject and to investigators at the fringe of the cell cycle field wishing to bridge frontiers. An instructive approach to many subjects in biology is often to make comparisons between evolutionary distant organisms. If one is willing to accept that yeast represent a model primitive eukaryote, then it is possible to make some interesting comparisons of cell cycle control mechanisms between mammals and our little unicellular cousins. By and large unicellular organisms have no need for intracellular communication. With the exception of the mating phenomenon in S. cerevisiae and perhaps some nutritional sensing mechanisms, cellular division of yeast proceeds with complete disregard for neighbourly communication. Multicellular organisms on the other hand, depend entirely on intracellular communication to maintain structural integrity. Consequently, elaborate networks have evolved to either prevent or promote appropriate cell division in multicellular organisms. Yet, as described in chapter two the rudimentary mechanisms for fine tuning the cell division cycle in higher eukaryotes are already apparent in yeast.