January 24, 2021

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Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers

Durability and Reliability of Medical Polymers
Author : Mike Jenkins,Artemis Stamboulis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-08-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :296
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Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians. Comprehensively examines the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers Discusses the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications, before reviewing the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers Explores the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers and discusses wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules

Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules
Author : Hsinjin Edwin Yang,Roger French,Laura Bruckman
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2019-04-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :250
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Durability and Reliability of Polymers and Other Materials in Photovoltaic Modules describes the durability and reliability behavior of polymers used in Si-photovoltaic modules and systems, particularly in terms of physical aging and degradation process/mechanisms, characterization methods, accelerated exposure chamber and testing, module level testing, and service life prediction. The book compares polymeric materials to traditional materials used in solar applications, explaining the degradation pathways of the different elements of a photovoltaic module, including encapsulant, front sheet, back sheet, wires and connectors, adhesives, sealants, and more. In addition, users will find sections on the tests needed for the evaluation of polymer degradation and aging, as well as accelerated tests to aid in materials selection. As demand for photovoltaics continues to grow globally, with polymer photovoltaics offering significantly lower production costs compared to earlier approaches, this book will serve as a welcome resource on new avenues. Provides comprehensive coverage of photovoltaic polymers, from fundamental degradation mechanisms, to specific case studies of durability and materials failure Offers practical, actionable information in relation to service life prediction of photovoltaic modules and accelerated testing for materials selection Includes up-to-date information and interpretation of safety regulations and testing of photovoltaic modules and materials

Biomaterials in Plastic Surgery

Biomaterials in Plastic Surgery
Author : W Peters,H Brandon,K L Jerina,C Wolf,V L Young
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-07-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :240
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Employed for both cosmetic and reconstructive purposes, breast implants are one of the most widely-used and controversial prostheses available. The development of safe, reliable products is vital to the future of this important field of surgery. Biomaterials in plastic surgery reviews the history, materials and safety issues associated with breast implants. Beginning with an introduction to the history of biomaterials used for breast augmentation, Biomaterials in plastic surgery goes on to discuss development issues. It then discusses the chemistry and physical properties of biomedical silicones before reviewing cohesive gel and polyurethane foam implants. The book concludes by analysing the epidemiological evidence on the safety issues relating to breast implants, followed by a review of retrieval and analysis of breast implants emphasizing strength, durability and failure mechanisms. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Biomaterials in plastic surgery is an important guide for surgeons, manufacturers and all those researching this important field. Comprehensively examines the history, materials and safety issues associated with breast implants Provides an overview of the history of biomaterials used for breast augmentation and goes on to discuss the development and chemical and physical properties of biomedical silicones Reviews cohesive gel breast implants and polyurethane foam breast implants

Advanced Polymer Concretes and Compounds

Advanced Polymer Concretes and Compounds
Author : Oleg Figovsky,Dmitry Beilin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-12-11
Category : Science
Total pages :267
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One way of improving performance attributes of building structures is to use a new class of materials—polymer composites. They have unique properties that combine high strength with features of non-metallic materials. Polymer concretes (PC) appear to offer many possibilities for producing new materials with desired physical and mechanical characteristics, such as improved mechanical strength, low permeability, and greater chemical resistance. Advanced Polymer Concretes and Compounds presents the results of theoretical and experimental research on efficient building material composites based on advanced polymer binders. This book examines the composition and properties of two new polymer concretes that have potential to solve various construction issues: rubber concrete based on a polybutadiene binder and silicate polymer concrete with an organo-silicate matrix. It examines the physical, mechanical, and technological properties of these PCs as well as their behavior in harsh environments and durability and reliability issues. The authors describe a new environmentally friendly polymer for monolithic industrial floor coverings and coatings—nonisocyanate polyurethanes. They also discuss advanced crack-resistant coatings based on water dispersion of chlorosulfonated polyethylene, which can be used on concrete, metal, and plastic for various industrial uses such as aircraft, automobiles, paint, and in shipbuilding and civil engineering. The book covers a new type of epoxy composition with nano-heterogenic structure with potential for better mechanical properties and chemical resistance, acid-resistant building materials based on a nanostructured binder, and an advanced environmentally friendly and weather-resistant fire-protective coating for indoor and outdoor application to flammable substrates. With a focus on novel concretes and protective compounds for a variety of environments, this book reflects the newest developments in the rapidly growing field of building materials engineering.

Polymers for the Medical Industry

Polymers for the Medical Industry
Author : Anonim
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release Date : 2001-12-31
Category :
Total pages :128
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Medical Device Materials IV

Medical Device Materials IV
Author : Jeremy Gilbert
Publisher : ASM International
Release Date : 2008-01-01
Category : MEDICAL
Total pages :250
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"Proceedings from the only conference on medical devices that brings together scientists and product, research, design and development engineers from around the globe to present the latest developments in materials, processes, product performance and new technologies for medical/dental devices." "This volume includes contributions from the world's foremost experts from academia, industry, and national laboratories involved in cardiac, vascular, neurological, and orthopaedic implants, dental devices, and surgical instrumentation/devices." "Materials addressed include biomedical alloys (stainless steels, titanium alloys, cobalt-chromium alloys, nickel-titanium alloys, noble and refractory metals) biopolymers, bioceramics, surface coatings, and nanomaterials." "Topics covered include: degradation, wear fracture, corrosion, processing, biomimetics, biocompatibility, bioelectric phenomena and electrode behavior, surface engineering, and cell-material interactions."--BOOK JACKET.

Durability of Fiber-Reinforced Polymers

Durability of Fiber-Reinforced Polymers
Author : Yasushi Miyano,Masayuki Nakada
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-01-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :192
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The result of the authors' 40 years of experience in durability testing, this book describes the advanced testing methodology based on the viscoelasticity of matrix polymer. After a short introduction to the viscoelastic behavior of fiber-reinforced plastics, the text goes on to review in detail the concepts of static, fatigue and creep strengths in polymer composites. An application-oriented approach is adopted such that the concepts developed in the book are applied to real-life examples. Indispensable information for materials scientists and engineers working in those industrial sectors is concerned with the development and safe use of polymer composite-based products.

Catalog of Polymer Science and Engineering Programs, Including Computer Programs

Catalog of Polymer Science and Engineering Programs, Including Computer Programs
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1980
Category : Polymerization
Total pages :129
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Polymers: Biomaterials and Medical Applications

Polymers: Biomaterials and Medical Applications
Author : Jacqueline I. Kroschwitz
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release Date : 1989-07-25
Category : Medical
Total pages :555
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Comprises all of the original, complete articles related to biomedical applications of polymers found in the 19-volume Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering. Articles provide detailed information on properties, uses and methods of manufacture of polymers with biomedical applications. There are approximately 20 main entries, averaging 12,000 words in length, prepared by 30 leading authorities from industry, academia and research laboratories. Coverage includes drug delivery systems, prosthetic devices, contact lenses, medical packaging, dental applications, skin replacement and more, all supported by standards and specifications for materials.

Plastics and Rubber International

Plastics and Rubber International
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Plastics
Total pages :129
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Weathering of Plastics

Weathering of Plastics
Author : George Wypych,Plastics Design Library
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 1999
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :320
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In spite of extensive efforts, material weathering testing still requires improvement. This book presents findings and opinions of experts in material degradation testing. The aim is to improve testing methods and procedures. Materials are presented to show that photochemical degradation rate depends on a combination of environmental factors such as UV radiation, temperature, humidity, rain, stress, and concentration of reactive pollutants. The potential effect of each parameter of degradation on data gathered is discussed based on known results from a long experience in testing. This book contains data obtained in laboratories of the largest manufacturers of UV stabilizers and chemical companies that manufacture durable materials. The book gives details of testing procedures and choice of parameters of exposure which are crucial for obtaining laboratory results correlating with environmental performance of materials. In addition to exposure conditions, the book contains many suggestions on sample preparation and post-exposure testing. The effective use of these methods shortens testing time of materials and determines acceleration rate of testing. The book also gives examples of complete, well-designed weathering experiments which may be used as patterns for selection of parameters and techniques for new studies. The areas of research that still require more attention in future studies are clearly indicated.

Mechanical Behaviour of Polymeric Materials

Mechanical Behaviour of Polymeric Materials
Author : Jaroslav Kahovec
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release Date : 1999
Category : Science
Total pages :267
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The conference has provided a forum for both academia and industry experts in the mechanical behaviour of solid polymers, both synthetic and natural. Special emphasis will be put on structural understanding of macroscopic mechanical behaviour.

Durability of Composite Systems

Durability of Composite Systems
Author : Kenneth Reifsnider
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-08-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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Durability of Composite Systems meets the challenge of defining these precepts and requirements, from first principles, to applications in a diverse selection of technical fields selected to form a corpus of concepts and methodologies that define the field of durability in composite material systems as a modern discipline. That discipline includes not only the classical rigor of mechanics, physics and chemistry, but also the critical elements of thermodynamics, data analytics, and statistical uncertainty quantification as well as other requirements of the modern subject. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the field, suited to both reference and instructional use. It will be essential reading for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists and engineers and all those working in the design, analysis and manufacture of composite material systems. Makes essential direct and detailed connections to modern concepts and methodologies, such as machine learning, systems controls, sustainable and resilient systems, and additive manufacturing Provides a careful balance between theory and practice so that presentations of details of methodology and philosophy are always driven by a context of applications and examples Condenses selected information regarding the durability of composite materials in a wide spectrum of applications in the automotive, wind energy, civil engineering, medical devices, electrical systems, aerospace and nuclear fields

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Ad Hoc Panel on Polymer Science and Engineering
Publisher : National Academies
Release Date : 1981
Category : Polymerization
Total pages :219
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Conference Proceedings

Conference Proceedings
Author : Society of Plastics Engineers. Technical Conference
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1999
Category : Plastics
Total pages :129
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