November 29, 2020

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Dust Explosion Dynamics

Dust Explosion Dynamics
Author : Russell A. Ogle
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2016-09-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :686
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Dust Explosion Dynamics focuses on the combustion science that governs the behavior of the three primary hazards of combustible dust: dust explosions, flash fires, and smoldering. It explores the use of fundamental principles to evaluate the magnitude of combustible dust hazards in a variety of settings. Models are developed to describe dust combustion phenomena using the principles of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, and chemical kinetics. Simple, tractable models are described first and compared with experimental data, followed by more sophisticated models to help with future challenges. Dr. Ogle introduces the reader to just enough combustion science so that they may read, interpret, and use the scientific literature published on combustible dusts. This introductory text is intended to be a practical guide to the application of combustible dust models, suitable for both students and experienced engineers. It will help you to describe the dynamics of explosions and fires involving dust and evaluate their consequences which in turn will help you prevent damage to property, injury and loss of life from combustible dust accidents. Demonstrates how the fundamental principles of combustion science can be applied to understand the ignition, propagation, and extinction of dust explosions Explores fundamental concepts through model-building and comparisons with empirical data Provides detailed examples to give a thorough insight into the hazards of combustible dust as well as an introduction to relevant scientific literature

Dynamic Aspects of Explosion Phenomena

Dynamic Aspects of Explosion Phenomena
Author : A. L. Kuhl
Publisher : AIAA
Release Date : 1993
Category : Combustion
Total pages :572
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Industrial Dust Explosions

Industrial Dust Explosions
Author : Kenneth L. Cashdollar,Martin Hertzberg
Publisher : ASTM International
Release Date : 1987
Category : Calibration
Total pages :363
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Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :328
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Methods in Chemical Process Safety, Volume Three, addresses the most important challenges, recent advancements and contributions in chemical process safety. The work helps researchers and professionals obtain guidance on the selection and practice of chemical process safety methods. Chapters in the book cover Experimental Methods, Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, Safety Measures, Regulations, Guidelines and Standards, Emerging/Unique Scenarios, and more. Users will find a complete guide that presents tactics in process safety management that are now globally recognized as the primary approach for establishing a high level of safety in operations. As process safety is now a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes handling hazardous substances, and because continued occurrence of major losses have had a significant impact on the industry’s approaches to modern process safety, this book is a must have for those in the industry. Acquaints the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of process safety Provides the most recent advancements and contributions in each topic from a practical point-of-view Gives readers the views/opinions of experts on each topic

Dust Explosions

Dust Explosions
Author : Jean Cross,Donald Farrer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :260
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The interest of the media in dust explosions increased considerably following two major grain-elevator disasters in the United States in 1979. However, these were not isolated incidents and were statistically unusual only in the high loss of life involved. Any oxidizable material that is dispersed in fine powder form may be explosive, and ignition sources with sufficient energy to ignite a dust cloud are easily produced in normal industrial processing. Dust fires and minor incidents are not uncommon in many industries, but fortunately the combination of events and circumstances that must coincide for a large-scale explosion arise only rarely. Nevertheless, this is often more by luck than by good management and many potentially hazardous situations are common in industry. An explosive dust cloud and the circumstances in which it can ignite are not as simple to define as the equivalent situation in gases or flammable vapors. A large number of definitions and experimental tests have been devised to characterize the explosibility of dusts and ignition sources. The aim of this book is to provide a guide describing conditions in industry that could lead to dust explosions and the means to avoid them. Ignition sources and the way in which they can arise in powder processing are discussed and illustrated by case histories of reported incidents. The methods by which the potential hazards of a process or product can be evaluated are described, with special attention paid to the interpretation of the results of the different experimental methods.

Dust Explosions in the Process Industries

Dust Explosions in the Process Industries
Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003-07-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :719
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Unfortunately, dust explosions are common and costly in a wide array of industries such as petrochemical, food, paper and pharmaceutical. It is imperative that practical and theoretical knowledge of the origin, development, prevention and mitigation of dust explosions is imparted to the responsible safety manager. The material in this book offers an up to date evaluation of prevalent activities, testing methods, design measures and safe operating techniques. Also provided is a detailed and comprehensive critique of all the significant phases relating to the hazard and control of a dust explosion. An invaluable reference work for industry, safety consultants and students. A completely new chapter on design of electrical equipment to be used in areas containing combustible/explosible dust A substantially extended and re-organized final review chapter, containing nearly 400 new literature references from the years 1997-2002 Extensive cross-referencing from the original chapters 1-7 to the corresponding sections of the expanded review chapter

Handbook of Explosion Prevention and Protection

Handbook of Explosion Prevention and Protection
Author : Martin Hattwig,Henrikus Steen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-01-08
Category : Science
Total pages :718
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The new definitive reference in the field. Between them, the renowned team of editors and authors have amassed unparalleled experience at such institutes as BAM, PTB, Pittsburgh National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, BASF AG, and the University of Göttingen. In this work -- the first of its kind for 35 years -- they describe in detail those measures that prevent or limit industrial explosions and the damage so caused. They cover various preventative methods, as well as the current state of technology combined with data gained through experimentation. This handbook offers operational, planning, design and safety engineers working in industry, government agencies and professional associations in-depth knowledge of the scientific and technical basics, allowing them to apply explosion protection according to any given situation.

Thermo-Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion

Thermo-Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion
Author : Boris E. Gelfand,Mikhail V. Silnikov,Sergey P. Medvedev,Sergey V. Khomik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-02-13
Category : Science
Total pages :326
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The potential of hydrogen as an important future energy source has generated fresh interest in the study of hydrogenous gas mixtures. Indeed, both its high caloricity and reactivity are unique properties, the latter underscoring safety considerations when handling such mixtures. The present monograph is devoted to the various aspects of hydrogen combustion and explosion processes. In addition to theoretical and phenomenological considerations, this work also collates the results of many experiments from less well known sources. The text reviews the literature in this respect, thereby providing valuable information about the thermo-gas-dynamical parameters of combustion processes for selected experimental settings in a range of scientific and industrial applications.

Encyclopedia of Explosives and Related Items

Encyclopedia of Explosives and Related Items
Author : Basil Timothy Fedoroff
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1960
Category : Explosives
Total pages :129
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Dynamics of Heterogeneous Combustion and Reacting Systems

Dynamics of Heterogeneous Combustion and Reacting Systems
Author : A. L. Kuhl
Publisher : AIAA
Release Date : 1993
Category : Combustion
Total pages :450
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Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications
Author : Arnab Chakrabarty,Sam Mannan,Tahir Cagin
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2015-11-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :444
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Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications is a new reference demonstrating the implementation of multiscale modeling techniques on process safety applications. It is a valuable resource for readers interested in theoretical simulations and/or computer simulations of hazardous scenarios. As multi-scale modeling is a computational technique for solving problems involving multiple scales, such as how a flammable vapor cloud might behave if ignited, this book provides information on the fundamental topics of toxic, fire, and air explosion modeling, as well as modeling jet and pool fires using computational fluid dynamics. The book goes on to cover nanomaterial toxicity, QPSR analysis on relation of chemical structure to flash point, molecular structure and burning velocity, first principle studies of reactive chemicals, water and air reactive chemicals, and dust explosions. Chemical and process safety professionals, as well as faculty and graduate researchers, will benefit from the detailed coverage provided in this book. Provides the only comprehensive source addressing the use of multiscale modeling in the context of process safety Bridges multiscale modeling with process safety, enabling the reader to understand mapping between problem detail and effective usage of resources Presents an overall picture of addressing safety problems in all levels of modeling and the latest approaches to each in the field Features worked out examples, case studies, and a question bank to aid understanding and involvement for the reader

Process Safety Calculations

Process Safety Calculations
Author : Renato Benintendi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :662
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Process Safety Calculations is an essential guide for process safety engineers involved in calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. This book provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards. Standards such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP are covered, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics. Includes realistic engineering models with validation from CFD modeling and/or industry testing Provides an introduction into basic principles that govern process relationships in modern industry Helps the reader find and apply the right principles to the specific problem being solved, mitigated or validated

Prevention of Hazardous Fires and Explosions

Prevention of Hazardous Fires and Explosions
Author : V.E. Zarko,V. Weiser,N. Eisenreich,A.A. Vasil'ev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :360
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Besides its obvious destructive potential, military R&D also serves to protect human lives, equipment and facilities against the effects of weapons. Concepts have therefore been developed that improve safety of stationary and mobile facilities against pressure waves, thermal radiation and fire. Effective, fast fire extinguishing equipment has been designed for tank compartments and motors. Closed buildings are demolished and landmines are removed with gas and dust explosions. Stringent safety requirements have been developed for the production of ammunition and explosives. Military and related industries have accumulated a vast knowledge and sophisticated experience that are very valuable in a variety of civil applications. The knowledge is based on theoretical and experimental research work, the origin of which sometimes dates back many centuries. It has often been classified and therefore has remained unknown to the civilian population, until now.

International Symposium on Grain Elevator Explosions, July 11-12, 1978

International Symposium on Grain Elevator Explosions, July 11-12, 1978
Author : Anonim
Publisher : National Academies
Release Date : 1978
Category : Dust explosion
Total pages :129
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Dynamics of Explosions

Dynamics of Explosions
Author : J. Raymond Bowen,J.-C. Leyer,Rem Ivanovich Soloukhin
Publisher : Amer Inst of Aeronautics &
Release Date : 1986
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :664
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