November 24, 2020

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Earth's Oldest Rocks

Earth's Oldest Rocks
Author : Martin J. Van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Elis Hoffmann
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-09-26
Category : Science
Total pages :1112
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Earth’s Oldest Rocks, Second Edition, is the only single reference source for geological research of early Earth. This new edition is an up-to-date collection of scientific articles on all aspects of the early history of the Earth, from planetary accretion at 4.567 billion years ago (Ga), to the onset of modern-style plate tectonics at 3.2 Ga. Since the first edition was published, significant new advances have been made in our understanding of events and processes on early Earth that correspond with new advances in technology. The book includes contributions from over 100 authors, all of whom are experts in their respective fields. The research in this reference concentrates on what is directly gleaned from the existing rock record to understand how our planet formed and evolved during the planetary accretion phase, formation of the first crust, the changing dynamics of the mantle and style of tectonics, life’s foothold and early development, and mineral deposits. It is an ideal resource for academics, students and the general public alike. Advances in early Earth research since 2007 based primarily on evidence gleaned directly from the rock record More than 50% of the chapters in this edition are new and the rest of the chapters are revised from the first edition, with more than 700 pages of new material Comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere from all over the world, and of crust-forming processes New chapters on early solar system materials, composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and overviews of the oldest evidence of life on Earth, and modeling of early Earth tectonics

Earth's Oldest Rocks

Earth's Oldest Rocks
Author : Martin J. van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Hugh R.H. Smithies
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-10-26
Category : Science
Total pages :1330
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Earth’s Oldest Rocks provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of early Earth, from planetary accretion through to development of protocratons with depleted lithospheric keels by c. 3.2 Ga, in a series of papers written by over 50 of the world's leading experts. The book is divided into two chapters on early Earth history, ten chapters on the geology of specific cratons, and two chapters on early Earth analogues and the tectonic framework of early Earth. Individual contributions address topics that range from planetary accretion, a review of Earth meteorites, significance and composition of Hadean protocrust, composition of Archaean mantle and deep crust, all aspects of the geology of Paleoarchean cratons, composition of Archean oceans and hydrothermal environments, evidence and geological settings of early life, early Earth analogues from Venus and New Zealand, and a tectonic framework for early Earth. * Contains comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere on Earth, of planetary accretion processes, and of meteorites * Focuses on specific aspects of early Earth, including oldest putative life forms, evidence of the composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and the oldest evidence for subduction-accretion * Presents an overview of geological processes and model of the tectonic framework on early Earth

Siluria

Siluria
Author : Sir Roderick Impey Murchison
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1872
Category : Geology
Total pages :566
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Siluria

Siluria
Author : Sir Roderick Impey Murchison
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1867
Category : Geology
Total pages :566
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The Age of the Earth

The Age of the Earth
Author : G. Brent Dalrymple
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release Date : 1994
Category : Science
Total pages :474
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A synthesis of all that has been postulated and is known about the age of the Earth

Encyclopedia of Space and Astronomy

Encyclopedia of Space and Astronomy
Author : Joseph A. Angelo
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release Date : 2009-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :753
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Presents a comprehensive reference to astronomy and space exploration, with articles on space technology, astronauts, stars, planets, key theories and laws and more.

The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks

The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks
Author : Donald R. Prothero
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release Date : 2018-01-02
Category : Science
Total pages :354
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Every rock is a tangible trace of the earth’s past. The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks tells the fascinating stories behind the discoveries that shook the foundations of geology. In twenty-five chapters—each about a particular rock, outcrop, or geologic phenomenon—Donald R. Prothero recounts the scientific detective work that shaped our understanding of geology, from the unearthing of exemplary specimens to tectonic shifts in how we view the inner workings of our planet. Prothero follows in the footsteps of the scientists who asked—and answered—geology’s biggest questions: How do we know how old the earth is? What happened to the supercontinent Pangea? How did ocean rocks end up at the top of Mount Everest? What can we learn about our planet from meteorites and moon rocks? He answers these questions through expertly chosen case studies, such as Pliny the Younger’s firsthand account of the eruption of Vesuvius; the granite outcrops that led a Scottish scientist to theorize that the landscapes he witnessed were far older than Noah’s Flood; the salt and gypsum deposits under the Mediterranean Sea that indicate that it was once a desert; and how trying to date the age of meteorites revealed the dangers of lead poisoning. Each of these breakthroughs filled in a piece of the greater puzzle that is the earth, with scientific discoveries dovetailing with each other to offer an increasingly coherent image of the geologic past. Summarizing a wealth of information in an entertaining, approachable style, The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks is essential reading for the armchair geologist, the rock hound, and all who are curious about the earth beneath their feet.

Young Sun, Early Earth and the Origins of Life

Young Sun, Early Earth and the Origins of Life
Author : Muriel Gargaud,Hervé Martin,Purificación López-García,Thierry Montmerle,Robert Pascal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-01-11
Category : Science
Total pages :301
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- How did the Sun come into existence? - How was the Earth formed? - How long has Earth been the way it is now, with its combination of oceans and continents? - How do you define “life”? - How did the first life forms emerge? - What conditions made it possible for living things to evolve? All these questions are answered in this colourful textbook addressing undergraduate students in "Origins of Life" courses and the scientifically interested public. The authors take the reader on an amazing voyage through time, beginning five thousand million years ago in a cloud of interstellar dust and ending five hundred million years ago, when the living world that we see today was finally formed. A chapter on exoplanets provides an overview of the search for planets outside the solar system, especially for habitable ones. The appendix closes the book with a glossary, a bibliography of further readings and a summary of the Origins of the Earth and life in fourteen boxes.

Physical Geology

Physical Geology
Author : Steven Earle
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Electronic books
Total pages :807
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"Physical Geology is a comprehensive introductory text on the physical aspects of geology, including rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, glaciation, groundwater, streams, coasts, mass wasting, climate change, planetary geology and much more. It has a strong emphasis on examples from western Canada, especially British Columbia, and also includes a chapter devoted to the geological history of western Canada. The book is a collaboration of faculty from Earth Science departments at Universities and Colleges across British Columbia and elsewhere"--BCcampus website.

History of Life

History of Life
Author : Richard Cowen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-01-22
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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This text is designed for students and anyone else with an interest in the history of life on our planet. The author describes the biological evolution of Earth’s organisms, and reconstructs their adaptations to the life they led, and the ecology and environment in which they functioned. On the grand scale, Earth is a constantly changing planet, continually presenting organisms with challenges. Changing geography, climate, atmosphere, oceanic and land environments set a stage in which organisms interact with their environments and one another, with evolutionary change an inevitable result. The organisms themselves in turn can change global environments: oxygen in our atmosphere is all produced by photosynthesis, for example. The interplay between a changing Earth and its evolving organisms is the underlying theme of the book. The book has a dedicated website which explores additional enriching information and discussion, and provides or points to the art for the book and many other images useful for teaching. See: www.wiley.com/go/cowen/historyoflife.

Rock Formations and Unusual Geologic Structures

Rock Formations and Unusual Geologic Structures
Author : Jon Erickson,Ernest Hathaway Muller
Publisher : Infobase Publishing
Release Date : 2009-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :337
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Praise for the previous edition: ...refreshingly clear...will entertain the reader with the wonders of the rock world, and will enhance an understanding of the natural environment... Recommended for all audiences, from high school upward. -- CHOICE Clearly written and illustrated

Ancient Earth, Ancient Skies

Ancient Earth, Ancient Skies
Author : G. Brent Dalrymple
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :247
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Planet Earth and the other bodies of the Solar System are 4.5 billion years old. They reside in a galaxy (the Milky Way Galaxy) that is 12-14 billion years old, and are part of a universe that is 13-15 billion years old. In Ancient Earth, Ancient Skies, G. Brent Dalrymple, a geologist and widely recognized expert on the age of Earth, reviews the evidence that has led scientists to these conclusions and describes the methods by which this evidence has been gathered.

Earth History and Palaeogeography

Earth History and Palaeogeography
Author : Trond H. Torsvik,L. Robin M. Cocks
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2017
Category : Science
Total pages :317
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This book provides a complete Phanerozoic story of palaeogeography, using new and detailed full-colour maps, to link surface and deep-Earth processes.

Advances in Stromatolite Geobiology

Advances in Stromatolite Geobiology
Author : Joachim Reitner,Nadia-Valérie Quéric,Gernot Arp
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-22
Category : Science
Total pages :560
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Stromatolites are the most intriguing geobiological structures of the entire earth history since the beginning of the fossil record in the Archaean. Stromatolites and microbialites are interpreted as biosedimentological remains of biofilms and microbial mats. These structures are important environmental and evolutionary archives which give us information about ancient habitats, biodiversity, and evolution of complex benthic ecosystems. However, many geobiological aspects of these structures are still unknown or only poorly understood. The present proceedings highlight the new ideas and information on the formation and environmental setting of stromatolites presented at the occasion of the Kalkowsky Symposium 2008, held in Göttingen, Germany.