November 29, 2020

Download Ebook Free Eco-Efficient Concrete

Eco-Efficient Concrete

Eco-Efficient Concrete
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,João Labrincha,V M John
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

Eco-efficient concrete is a comprehensive guide to the characteristics and environmental performance of key concrete types. Part one discusses the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete, before part two goes on to consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Concrete with non-reactive wastes is the focus of part three, including municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) concrete, and concrete with polymeric, construction and demolition wastes (CDW). An eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation is also reviewed, followed by an investigation in part four of future alternative binders and the use of nano and biotech in concrete production. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Eco-efficient concrete is a technical guide for all professionals, researchers and academics currently or potentially involved in the design, manufacture and use of eco-efficient concrete. The first part of the book examines the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete Chapters in the second part of the book consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials, including properties and performance Reviews the eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Jamal Khatib,Francesco Colangelo,Rabin Tuladhar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-21
Category : Architecture
Total pages :492
GET BOOK

Use of Recycled Plastics in Eco-efficient Concrete looks at the processing of plastic waste, including techniques for separation, the production of plastic aggregates, the production of concrete with recycled plastic as an aggregate or binder, the fresh properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, the shrinkage of concrete with plastic aggregates, the mechanical properties of concrete with plastic aggregates, toughness of concrete with plastic aggregates, modulus of elasticity of concrete with plastic aggregates, durability of concrete with plastic aggregates, concrete plastic waste powder with enhanced neutron radiation shielding, and more, thus making it a valuable reference for academics and industrial researchers. Describes the main types of recycled plastics that can be applied in concrete manufacturing Presents, for the first time, state-of-the art knowledge on the properties of conventional concrete with recycled plastics Discusses the technological challenges for concrete manufactures for mass production of recycled concrete from plastic waste

Eco-efficient concrete

Eco-efficient concrete
Author : B.L. Damineli,R.G. Pileggi,V.M. John
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

This chapter discusses strategies for mitigating CO2 emissions from the concrete chain. Current strategies, which focus on cement production processes such as clinker replacement, kiln efficiency, fuel substitution and CO2 capture, among others, are not effective enough to compensate for the increase in production that is expected to occur in the future. Binder use efficiency is therefore a crucial strategy for decreasing environmental impacts. Exploratory data from literature, real market and lab research indicates that the potential for decreasing emissions from the concrete chain is very high, and will require changes to the formulation and processing of concrete, as well as the production of aggregates, cement and fillers.

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete
Author : Jorge de Brito,Francisco Agrela
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-16
Category : Architecture
Total pages :632
GET BOOK

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete describes different recycled materials that have been used in eco-efficient concrete, reviewing previous publications to identify the most effective recycled materials to be applied in concrete manufacture. New trends on eco-efficient concrete are presented, filling a gap in the market. Sections cover various recycled materials applied in concrete production, present the latest on the lifecycle analysis of recycled aggregate concrete, detail new trends in recycled aggregate concrete research, and finally, present updates on upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete and structural reliability. Focuses on new trends in recycled aggregate concrete and its applications (rather than the more subjective ‘sustainability’ aspects) Contains very important contributions from researchers in eco-efficient concrete, including Chi Sun Poon, Jorge de Brito, Valeria Corinaldesi, Francisco Agrela, etc. Presents a ‘one stop’ reference for a graduate course on sustainable construction

Eco-efficient concrete

Eco-efficient concrete
Author : F. Pacheco-Torgal,S. Miraldo,J.A. Labrincha,J. De Brito
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

Carbonation is a major cause of concrete structure deterioration, leading to expensive maintenance and conservation operations. The eco-efficient construction agenda favors the increase of the use of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) to reduce Portland cement's consumption and also the use of recycled aggregates concrete (RAC) in order to reduce the consumption of primary aggregates and to avoid landfill disposal of concrete waste. A wide range of literature has been published in the field of concrete carbonation related to the use of SCMs and/or RCA. Fowever, the different conditions used limit comparison, and in some cases contradictory findings are noted. Besides, since most investigations are based on the use of the phenolphthalein indicator, which provides a poor estimate of the real concrete carbonation depth, there is a high probability that past research could have underestimated the corrosion potential associated with concrete carbonation. This chapter reviews current knowledge on concrete carbonation addressing carbonation depth measurement and the use of SCMs and RAC.

Eco-efficient concrete

Eco-efficient concrete
Author : M.A.G. Aranda,A.G. De la Torre
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

Yeelimite-containing, Ca4Al3O12(SO4), cements are attracting considerable interest for their inherently low CO2 emissions during fabrication, and also because they offer the possibility of tailored properties and performances in the resulting mortars and concretes. Here, we initially disentangle the nomenclature and compositions of these cements and, chiefly, distinguish between yeelimite-rich calcium sulfoaluminate cements (CSA, Al2O3 content ranging between 30 and 40wt%) and belite-rich yeelimite-intermediate (BCSAF, Al2O3 content ~15wt%) cements, also known as sulfobelite. Belite-active BCSAF cement may become an alternative to Portland cement for large-scale structural applications, although more research is still needed. Clinkering, hydration and durability issues of pastes, mortars and concretes derived from yeelimite-containing cements, and their blended cements, are discussed.

Eco-efficient concrete

Eco-efficient concrete
Author : B. Uzal
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

This chapter focuses on the materials and properties of high-volume natural pozzolan (HVNP) concrete. The characteristics of natural pozzolans used in high-volume pozzolan mixtures are discussed, together with the fresh and hardened properties of HVNP cementitious systems, their hydration characteristics and their microstructures.

Eco-efficient concrete

Eco-efficient concrete
Author : İ.B. Topçu
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) is a by-product of the iron-making process and because of its high calcium silicate content it has excellent cementious content and has been used in the construction industry for years as a replacement for ordinary Portland cement (OPC). GGBFS is also routinely used to limit the temperature rise in large concrete pours and is therefore a desirable material to use in mass concrete placements where control of temperatures is an issue. The more gradual hydration of GGBS cement generates both lower peak and less total overall heat than OPC. GGBFS was approved for use at a 70% replacement even though it is only allowed to use a maximum 25% instead of cement. It has a higher proportion of the strength-enhancing calcium silicate hydrates (CSH) than concrete made with only OPC, and a reduced content of free lime, which does not contribute to concrete strength.

Eco-efficient concrete

Eco-efficient concrete
Author : K. Zheng
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

The chapter begins by introducing sources of waste glass and ways of recycling waste glass in concrete. It then summarizes fresh properties and mechanical properties of recycled glass concrete and discusses how recycled waste glass affects these properties. The chapter elaborates on durability of recycled glass concrete, especially on alkali-silica reactivity since this is the main concern for recycled glass concrete. Finally, the chapter presents suggestions for further studies on recycled glass concrete, and proposes future trends of using recycled glass in concrete in more economic and eco-efficient ways.

Eco-efficient concrete

Eco-efficient concrete
Author : M.S. Konsta-Gdoutos
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-02-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

This chapter discusses the development of a materials science approach with an application to nanotechnology to optimize the processing and micro/nanoscale structure of cement-based materials reinforced with nanosized fibers and carbon nanotubes. The dispersion of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) for use in cementitious composites and specifically the effect of ultrasonication energy are discussed in detail. The nanomechanical properties of the CNT/ CNF cementitious nanocomposites are examined through nanoindentation experiments. Additionally, the excellent reinforcing ability of both the MWCNTs and CNFs is demonstrated. Finally, the effect of the addition of silica nanoparticles on the degradation by calcium leaching is discussed and explained.

Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures

Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Robert Melchers,Nele de Belie,Xianming Shi,Kim Van Tittelboom,Andres Saez Perez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-11-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :632
GET BOOK

Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures provides an updated state-of-the-art review on eco-efficient repair and rehabilitation of concrete infrastructure. The first section focuses on deterioration assessment methods, and includes chapters on stress wave assessment, ground-penetrating radar, monitoring of corrosion, SHM using acoustic emission and optical fiber sensors. Other sections discuss the development and application of several new innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, including geopolymer concrete, sulfoaluminate cement-based concrete, engineered cementitious composites (ECC) based concrete, bacteria-based concrete, concrete with encapsulated polyurethane, and concrete with super absorbent polymer (SAPs), amongst other topics. Final sections focus on crucial design aspects, such as quality control, including lifecycle and cost analysis with several related case studies on repair and rehabilitation. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists, civil and structural engineers, architects, structural designers and contractors working in the construction industry. Delivers the latest research findings with contributions from leading international experts Provides fully updated information on the European standard on materials for concrete repair (EN 1504) Includes an entire sections on the state-of-the-art in NDT, innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, as well as LCC and LCA information

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Luisa F. Cabeza,Joao Labrincha,Aldo Giuntini de Magalhaes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2014-02-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :624
GET BOOK

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials. Part one discusses the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology to building materials as well as eco-labeling. Part two includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building. Part three includes case studies applying LCA methodology to particular structures and components. Reviews ways of assessing the environmental impact of construction and building materials Provides a thorough overview, including strengths and shortcomings, of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and eco-labeling of eco-efficient construction and building materials Includes case studies showing the application of LCA methodology to different types of building material, from cement and concrete to wood and adhesives used in building

Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,M V Diamanti,A Nazari,C Goran-Granqvist
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-04-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :458
GET BOOK

As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry. Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-01-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
GET BOOK

Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks

Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Paulo B. Lourenco,Joao Labrincha,P Chindaprasirt,S Kumar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2014-11-27
Category : Architecture
Total pages :548
GET BOOK

Masonry walls constitute the interface between the building’s interior and the outdoor environment. Masonry walls are traditionally composed of fired-clay bricks (solid or perforated) or blocks (concrete or earth-based), but in the past (and even in the present) they were often associated as needing an extra special thermal and acoustical insulation layer. However, over more recent years investigations on thermal and acoustical features has led to the development of new improved bricks and blocks that no longer need these insulation layers. Traditional masonry units (fired-clay bricks, concrete or earth-based blocks) that don’t offer improved performance in terms of thermal and acoustical insulation are a symbol of a low-technology past, that are far removed from the demands of sustainable construction. This book provides an up-to-date state-of-the-art review on the eco-efficiency of masonry units, particular emphasis is placed on the design, properties, performance, durability and LCA of these materials. Since masonry units are also an excellent way to reuse bulk industrial waste the book will be important in the context of the Revised Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC which states that the minimum reuse and recycling targets for construction and demolition waste (CDW) should be at least 70% by 2020. On the 9th of March 2011 the European Union approved the Regulation (EU) 305/2011, known as the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) and it will be enforced after the 1st of July 2013. The future commercialization of construction materials in Europe makes their environmental assessment mandatory meaning that more information related to the environmental performance of building materials is much needed. Provides an authoritative guide to the eco-efficiency of masonry units Examines the reuse of waste materials Covers a range of materials including, clay, cement, earth and pumice