November 29, 2020

Download Ebook Free Effects Of Climate Change On Forests

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

Effects of Climate Change on Forests
Author : Fabrizio D'Aprile,Piermaria Corona
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-09-01
Category : Nature
Total pages :220
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Effects of Climate Change on Forests: An Evidence-Based Primer for Sustainable Management of Temperate and Mediterranean Forests presents concepts, case studies and application techniques for theories on forest management under climate change. Readers will gain an understanding on how forest planning and management ties into the ecological functioning and resilience of forests by following variability in growth (or other processes) over time, a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning. This shift in focus has significant benefits, not only in better incorporating the services provided by forests, but also in opening up better adaptation planning. Outlines innovative tools to evaluate and assess forest management plans Provides guidelines and criteria for forest planning, sustainability and management techniques for adapting to climate change Helps the reader develop comprehensive forest management plans— complete with sylvicultural interventions—which account for uncertainties in climate change Ties directly into A for Climate project from the EU Commission as part of Horizon 2020

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

Effects of Climate Change on Forests
Author : Fabrizio D'Aprile,Piermaria Corona
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-12-15
Category : Nature
Total pages :220
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Effects of Climate Change on Forests presents concepts, case studies and application of theories about forest management under climate change. The reader will gain an understanding on how forest planning and management ties into the ecological functioning and resilience of the forest, by following the variability in growth (or other processes) over time, a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning. This shift in focus has significant benefits, not only better incorporating the services provided by forests but opens up for better adaptation planning to help temperate forests to not only survive but thrive in the face of climate change. Real world case studies demonstrate how to effectively manage temperate forests under climate change, using evidence-based research results Outlines innovative tools to evaluate and assess forest management plans Provides guidelines and criteria for forest planning, sustainability and management to adapt to climate change Assists the reader to develop comprehensive forest management plans, complete with sylvicultural interventions, which account for the uncertainties of climate change Ties directly into A for Climate project from the EU Commission as part of Horizon 2020

Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America

Climate Change Impacts on Tropical Forests in Central America
Author : Aline Chiabai
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2015-09-25
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :220
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The loss of biodiversity is a major environmental problem in nearly every terrestrial ecosystem on Earth. This loss is accelerating driven by climate change, as well as by other causes including agricultural exploitation, fragmentation and degradation triggered by land use changes. The crucial issue under debate is the impact on the welfare of current and future population, and the role of humans in the exploitation of natural resources. This is of particular importance in Central America, which it is amongst the richest and most threatened biodiversity regions on the Earth, and where the loss of ecosystems strongly affects its socio-economic vulnerability. This book addresses the impacts of climate and land-use change on tropical forest ecosystems in this important region, and assesses the expected economic costs if no policy action is taken, under different future scenarios and for different geographical scales. This innovative collection utilises both theoretical approaches and empirical results to provide a conceptual framework for an integrated analysis of climate and land-use change impacts on forest ecosystems and related economic effects, offering insight into the complex relationship between ecosystems and benefits to humans. This important contribution to forest ecosystems and climate change provides invaluable reading for students and scholars in the fields of environmental and ecological economics, environmental science and forestry, natural resource management, agriculture and climate change.

Climate Change and United States Forests

Climate Change and United States Forests
Author : Peterson David L.,James M. Vose,Toral Patel-Weynand
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-12-19
Category : Science
Total pages :261
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This volume offers a scientific assessment of the effects of climatic variability and change on forest resources in the United States. Derived from a report that provides technical input to the 2013 U.S. Global Change Research Program National Climate Assessment, the book serves as a framework for managing U.S. forest resources in the context of climate change. The authors focus on topics having the greatest potential to alter the structure and function of forest ecosystems, and therefore ecosystem services, by the end of the 21st century. Part I provides an environmental context for assessing the effects of climate change on forest resources, summarizing changes in environmental stressors, followed by state-of-science projections for future climatic conditions relevant to forest ecosystems. Part II offers a wide-ranging assessment of vulnerability of forest ecosystems and ecosystem services to climate change. The authors anticipate that altered disturbance regimes and stressors will have the biggest effects on forest ecosystems, causing long-term changes in forest conditions. Part III outlines responses to climate change, summarizing current status and trends in forest carbon, effects of carbon management, and carbon mitigation strategies. Adaptation strategies and a proposed framework for risk assessment, including case studies, provide a structured approach for projecting and responding to future changes in resource conditions and ecosystem services. Part IV describes how sustainable forest management, which guides activities on most public and private lands in the United States, can provide an overarching structure for mitigating and adapting to climate change.

Climate Change Forests and Forest Management: An Overview

Climate Change Forests and Forest Management: An Overview
Author : William M. Ciesta
Publisher : Daya Books
Release Date : 1998
Category :
Total pages :128
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This publication presents a review of the current state of knowledge of global climate change, as it applies to forest and forest management, in question and answer format. It addresses the dynamic nature of the earth s climate, the greenhouse effect, predicted effects of climate change, the global carbon cycle, trees and forests as sources and sinks of carbon, possible effects of climate change on forests, means of helping forests adapt to climate change and how forests can mitigate predicted effects of climate change. Contents: Chapter 1: The Earth s Climate: A Dynamics Entity; How Are Weather and Climate Defines?, To What Extent Has the Earth s Climate Changed During the Course of Geologic History?, What Changes Have Occured in the Earth s Climate Since the Beginning of Recorded Human History?, What Factors Can Cause Changes in the Earth s Climate?, Chapter 2: The Greenhouse Effect; What is the Greenhouse Effect and How Does it Influence the Earth s Climate?, Which Gases are Considered to be GHGS and What are the Sources of These Gases?, What is the Significance of Human Sources of GHGS?, Do All GHGS have an Equal Warming Effect?, What Evidence Exists to Support the Idea that GHG Levels in the Atmosphere are Increasing?, Which Countries Presentaly Make the Greatest Contribution to Elevated Levels of GHGS?, How Can Aerosols Counteract the Effects of GHGS, Chapter 3: Predicted Changes in the Earth s Climate and Expected Effects; In General, What are the Predicted Effects of Increased Levels of GHGS on the Earth s Climate?, How are Changes in the Earth s Climate Predicted?, How Reliable are Present Predictions of Climate Change?, What Changes in Climate are Predicted with a Doubling of CO2 from Pre-Industrial Revolution Levels?, Is the Climate of Some Regions of the World Expected to Change to a Greater Degree than Others?, What Changes in the Levle of the Oceans are Expected Due to Climate Change?, How Will Plants, Including Trees, be Influenced by Changes in the Levels of GHGS in the Earth s Atmosphere and Resultant Changes in Temperature and Precipitation?, How Might Soils be Affected by Changes in Climate?, Is There Any Evidence Which Indicates That Climate Changes May Have Already Occurred Due to Increase in GHG Levels?, Chapter 4: The Global Carbon Cycle; What Processes Exist for the Exchange of Carbon Between the Atmosphere, the Oceans and the Land?, How are Exchanges of Carbon Expressed?, What is the Present Levle of Carbon Exchange Between the Atmosphere, the Oceans and the Land?, Chapter 5: Trees and Forests as Sources and Sinks of Carbon; How Much of the Earth s Surface is Presently Covered by Forests and Other Woody Vegetation?, What Processes Occur in Trees and Forests Which Contribute to Changes in Levels of GHGS in the Earth s Atmosphere?, How Much Carbon is Released and How Much is Taken up Annually by Forests?, Do Different Forest Ecosystems Vary in their Capacity to Absorb and Store Carbon?, Do Trees and Forests Remove Carbon from the Earth s Atmosphere at Different Rates During Different Stages in their Lives?, Which Human Activities in Forests and Woodlands Contribute to Increases in the Levels of GHGS?, What are the Current Rates of Deforestation in the World s Forests?, How are Forest Soils Affected by Deforestation?, Chapter 6: Possible Effects of Climate Change on Forests; What Changes in Growth and Yield of Trees and Forests Can be Expected as a Result of Climate Change?, What Changes Can be Expected in the Natural Ranges of Tree Species and Plant Communities Due to Climate Change?, What is the Likelihood that Climate Change Could Threaten Some Species or Plant Communities with Extinction?, How Might Climate Change Influence the Incidence and Intensity of Wildfires?, What are the Expected Effects of Climate Change on Forest Health Including Susceptibility to Pests and Disease or Decline?, Chapter 7: Helping Forests Adapt to Climate Change; How Can we Respond to Predicted Climate Change?, Do Natural Processes Exist Which Can Help Trees and Forests Adapt to a Changing Climate?, How Can Forest Management Help Forests Adapt to Climate Change?, What Can be Done to Help Forests Adapt to Increased Hazards of Wildfire and (or) Pest and Disease Outbreaks Which Could Result from Climate Change?, Chapter 8: The Role Forests in Mitigating the Effects of Climate Change; What Opportunities Do Forests and Forest Management Offer for Mitigating the Effects of Predicted Climate Change?, What Features Should Characterize Actions Taken to Mitigate Potential Effects of Climate Change?, What Additional Research is Needed to More Fully Understand the Potential Effects of Climate Change on Trees and Forests and Forestry and to Develop Adaptation and Mitigation Tactics?, Do International Agreements Exist Which Encourage Development and Protection of Forests to Enhance their Ability to Mitigate the Effects of Climate Change?, How Can the Tropical Forests action Programme (TFAP) Assist in Developing Forest Sector Programmes to Help Mitigate Effects of Climate Change?, Chapter 8A: Reducing Sources of Greenhouse Gases; What Actions Can be Taken to Reduce the Current Rates of Tropical Deforestation and How Might this Affect Emissions of GHGS from Forests?, What Can be Done to Reduce the Frequency and Scale of Forests and Savanna Woodland Consumed by Biomass Burnning?, How Can Increasing the Efficiency of Burning Fuel Wood and Other Biofuels Reduce Emissions of GHGS?, How Cane Use of Wood and Other Biofuels in Place of Fossil Fuels Help Reduce the Levels of GHGS in the Atmosphere?, How Can More Efficient Timber Harvesting Operations Reduce Emissions of GHGS from Forests?, Chapter 8B: Maintaining Existing Sinks of Greenhouse Gases; How Can Management and Conservation of Natural Forests Enhance their Capacity to Fix and Store Carbon?, What Uses of Forests and Forest Products are Most Desirable the Standpoint of Long Term Carbon Storage?, Chapter 8C: Expanding Sinks of Greenhouse Gases; How Much Carbon Can be Fixed in Wood and Soil on a Per Hectare Basis in Forest Plantations in Boreal, Temperate and Tropical Zones?, How Much Additional Area of Forest Plantations Would be Required to Fully Offset Present Annual Increases in GHG Levels from All Sources?, To What Extent are Suitable Lands Available for Afforestation and Reforestation? Where are They?, Other Than Availability of Land, What Other Constraints are there to Large Scale Afforestation Initiatives?, What Assistance is Available to Support Afforestation and Reforestation, Particularly at the International Level?, How Can Agroforestry and Urban Tree Plantings Contribute to the Mitigation of Climate Change?, Is the Planting of Trees Solely for CO2 Absorption a Sound Policy Considering Other Needs for Available Land?, What Forest Policies Should be Considered at the Country Level to Address the Threat of Climate Change?

The Impacts of Climate Change on Ontario's Forests

The Impacts of Climate Change on Ontario's Forests
Author : Stephen J. Colombo,Ontario Forest Research Institute
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1998
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :50
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Reviews literature concerning the effects of global climate change on forest plants and communities, and provides opinions on the potential impacts that climate change may have on Ontario forests. Sections of the review discuss the following: the climate of Ontario in the 21st century as predicted by climate models; forest hydrology in relation to climate change; insects and climate change; impacts on fungi in the forest ecosystem; impacts on forest fires and their management; plant physiological responses; genetic implications of climate change; forest vegetation dynamics; the use of models in global climate change studies; and forest management responses to climate change.

Climate Change and Forest Ecosystems

Climate Change and Forest Ecosystems
Author : Silvia Lac,Mark P. McHenry
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 2014-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :153
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This book focuses on climate change and forest ecosystems (impacts, mitigation, vulnerability and adaptation), and includes work from various international institutions that consider forests as part of the solution to address climate change. The book aims to increase the understanding of forest ecosystems dynamics in response to a changing climate; to address deforestation; and maximise carbon sequestration in forests and forest products. Community and political issues involved at various project and ecosystem scales are discussed in detail. By advancing and exchanging knowledge that is complimentary to the UNFCCC-IPCC framework, our team of editors and authors hope to add a valuable contribution to address global climate change in relation to forestry and forest ecosystems in vulnerable locations. It includes work from various institutions and international contributors. Book chapters include a wide variety of topics on climate change impacts, mitigation, vulnerability and adaptation of forests. Our team of editors, reviewers, and authors are honoured to be part of this project; truly an example of international co-operation and articulation within the climate change community.

Why Forests? Why Now?

Why Forests? Why Now?
Author : Frances Seymour,Jonah Busch
Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
Release Date : 2016-12-27
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :429
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Tropical forests are an undervalued asset in meeting the greatest global challenges of our time—averting climate change and promoting development. Despite their importance, tropical forests and their ecosystems are being destroyed at a high and even increasing rate in most forest-rich countries. The good news is that the science, economics, and politics are aligned to support a major international effort over the next five years to reverse tropical deforestation. Why Forests? Why Now? synthesizes the latest evidence on the importance of tropical forests in a way that is accessible to anyone interested in climate change and development and to readers already familiar with the problem of deforestation. It makes the case to decisionmakers in rich countries that rewarding developing countries for protecting their forests is urgent, affordable, and achievable.

Forests and Global Change

Forests and Global Change
Author : David A. Coomes,David F. R. P. Burslem,William D. Simonson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-02-20
Category : Nature
Total pages :129
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Forests hold a significant proportion of global biodiversity and terrestrial carbon stocks and are at the forefront of human-induced global change. The dynamics and distribution of forest vegetation determines the habitat for other organisms, and regulates the delivery of ecosystem services, including carbon storage. Presenting recent research across temperate and tropical ecosystems, this volume synthesises the numerous ways that forests are responding to global change and includes perspectives on: the role of forests in the global carbon and energy budgets; historical patterns of forest change and diversification; contemporary mechanisms of community assembly and implications of underlying drivers of global change; and the ways in which forests supply ecosystem services that support human lives. The chapters represent case studies drawn from the authors' expertise, highlighting exciting new research and providing information that will be valuable to academics, students, researchers and practitioners with an interest in this field.

Water, Climate Change, and Forests

Water, Climate Change, and Forests
Author : Michael J. Furniss
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 2010
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :75
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This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Water from forested watersheds provides irreplaceable habitat for aquatic and riparian species and supports our homes, farms, industries, and energy production. Yet population pressures, land uses, and rapid climate change combine to seriously threaten these waters and the resilience of watersheds in most places. Forest land managers are expected to anticipate and respond to these threats and steward forested watersheds to ensure the sustained protection and provision of water and the services it provides. Contents of this report: (1) Intro.; (2) Background: Forests and Water; Climate Change: Hydrologic Responses and Ecosystem Services; (3) Moving Forward: Think; Collaborate; Act; (4) Closing; (5) Examples of Watershed Stewardship. Illus.

Tropical Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change

Tropical Forests and Adaptation to Climate Change
Author : Carmenza Robledo,Markku Kanninen,Lucio Pedroni
Publisher : CIFOR
Release Date : 2005-01-01
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :186
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Forests, the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change

Forests, the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :1
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Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks

Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks
Author : Gillian Cerbu,Marc Hanewinkel,Giacomo Gerosa,Robert Jandl
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-08-28
Category : Science
Total pages :396
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Climate scenarios suggest that current forest stands will face radically different temperature and precipitation conditions in the future. Developing future strategies for forest management in the face of uncertain and highly variable forecasts of future site conditions is a great challenge. Here we have analyzed transnational case studies dealing with different manifestations of climate change effects. We intend to stimulate the discussion on management strategies to adapt forests in the Alps to climate change risks. The presented results are derived from the INTERREG project "Management Strategies to Adapt Alpine Space Forests to Climate Change Risks" that was implemented within the framework of the European Territorial Cooperation "Alpine Space Programme" 2007-2013.

Forestry and Climate Change

Forestry and Climate Change
Author : Peter H. Freer-Smith,Mark S.J. Broadmeadow,Jim M. Lynch
Publisher : CABI
Release Date : 2007-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :253
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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges we face - both in terms of its potential impact on our societies and the earth, and the scale of international co-operation that is needed to confront it. Emerging as a component of the international dialogue on the environment and climate, the role of forests in influencing earth systems will need to be assessed. Drawing together perspectives from researchers and policy makers, this book explores how forests will interact with the physical and natural world, and with human society as the climate changes. Also considered is how the world's forests can be managed to contribute to the mitigation of climate change and to maximize the full range of economic and non-market benefits. Providing an examination of the science, a detailed consideration of the science policy interface and the international frameworks and conventions, this book is valuable reading for all those interested in sustainable forest management, climate change and the associated environmental sciences.

Biological Invasions

Biological Invasions
Author : Wolfgang Nentwig
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-02-13
Category : Science
Total pages :446
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This new volume on Biological Invasions deals with both plants and animals, differing from previous books by extending from the level of individual species to an ecosystem and global level. Topics of highest societal relevance, such as the impact of genetically modified organisms, are interlinked with more conventional ecological aspects, including biodiversity. The combination of these approaches is new and makes compelling reading for researchers and environmentalists.