June 20, 2021

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Effects of Climate Change on Forests

Effects of Climate Change on Forests
Author : Fabrizio D'Aprile,Piermaria Corona
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-12-15
Category : Nature
Total pages :220
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Effects of Climate Change on Forests presents concepts, case studies and application of theories about forest management under climate change. The reader will gain an understanding on how forest planning and management ties into the ecological functioning and resilience of the forest, by following the variability in growth (or other processes) over time, a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning. This shift in focus has significant benefits, not only better incorporating the services provided by forests but opens up for better adaptation planning to help temperate forests to not only survive but thrive in the face of climate change. Real world case studies demonstrate how to effectively manage temperate forests under climate change, using evidence-based research results Outlines innovative tools to evaluate and assess forest management plans Provides guidelines and criteria for forest planning, sustainability and management to adapt to climate change Assists the reader to develop comprehensive forest management plans, complete with sylvicultural interventions, which account for the uncertainties of climate change Ties directly into A for Climate project from the EU Commission as part of Horizon 2020

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems
Author : Adam Markham
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
Category : Science
Total pages :463
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Climate change represents one of the most alarming long-term threats to ecosystems the world over. This new collection of papers provides, for the first time, an overview of the potentially serious impact that climate change may have on tropical forests. The authors, a multi-disciplinary group of leading experts in climatology, forestry, ecology and conservation biology, present a state-of-knowledge snapshot of how tropical forests are likely to react to the changes being wrought on our planet's atmosphere and climate. Tropical forests represent extraordinary harbours for biological diversity, and yet as deforestation and degradation continue apace, they are under greater pressure from human impacts than ever before. Climate change adds yet another threat to these valuable ecosystems, and this volume demonstrates just how significant a problem this may really be. The authors identify certain types of forest, including tropical montane cloud forest that may be particularly vulnerable. They also show the strong likelihood of global warming aggravating problems in already fragmented forest areas.

The Greenhouse Effect, Climate Change, and U.S. Forests

The Greenhouse Effect, Climate Change, and U.S. Forests
Author : William E. Shands,John Steven Hoffman
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :304
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Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change

Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change
Author : Felipe Bravo,Valerie LeMay,Robert Jandl,Klaus Gadow
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-05-20
Category : Science
Total pages :340
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Climate changes, particularly warming trends, have been recorded around the globe. For many countries, these changes in climate have become evident through insect epidemics (e.g., Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in Western Canada, bark beetle in secondary spruce forests in Central Europe), water shortages and intense forest fires in the Mediterranean countries (e.g., 2005 droughts in Spain), and unusual storm activities (e.g., the 2004 South-East Asia Tsunami). Climate changes are expected to impact vegetation as manifested by changes in vegetation extent, migration of species, tree species composition, growth rates, and mortality. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has included discussions on how forests may be impacted, and how they may be used to mitigate the impacts of changes in climate, to possibly slow the rate of change. This book provides current scientific information on the biological and economical impacts of climate changes in forest environments, as well as information on how forest management activities might mitigate these impacts, particularly through carbon sequestration. Case studies from a wide geographic range are presented. This information is beneficial to managers and researchers interested in climate change and impacts upon forest environments and economic activities. This volume, which forms part of Springer’s book series Managing Forest Ecosystems, presents state-of-the-art research results, visions and theories, as well as specific methods for sustainable forest management in changing climatic conditions.

Managing Boreal Forests in the Context of Climate Change

Managing Boreal Forests in the Context of Climate Change
Author : Seppo Kellomaki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-02-03
Category : Nature
Total pages :365
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In many places in the world, forests dominate landscapes and provide various products. Future climate change could profoundly alter the productivity of forest ecosystems and species composition. Until now, climate impact research has primarily focused on the likely impacts of rise in temperature, increased atmospheric CO2 concentration, and varying precipitation on unmanaged forests. The issue that now needs to be addressed is how to sustainably manage climate change for timber production and biomass. Though climate change is a global issue, impacts on forests depend on local environmental conditions and management methods, so this book will look at the issue under varying local contexts.

Handbook of Climate Change and Biodiversity

Handbook of Climate Change and Biodiversity
Author : Walter Leal Filho,Jelena Barbir,Richard Preziosi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-08-28
Category : Science
Total pages :408
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This book comprehensively describes essential research and projects on climate change and biodiversity. Moreover, it includes contributions on how to promote the climate agenda and biodiversity conservation at the local level. Climate change as a whole and global warming in particular are known to have a negative impact on biodiversity in three main ways. Firstly, increases in temperatures are detrimental to a number of organisms, especially those in sensitive habitats such as coral reefs and rainforests. Secondly, the pressures posed by a changing climate may lead to sets of responses in areas as varied as phenology, range and physiology of living organisms, often leading to changes in their lifecycles (especially but not only in reproduction), losses in productivity or even death. In some cases, the very survival of very sensitive species may be endangered. Thirdly, the impacts of climate change on biodiversity will be felt in the short term with regard to some species and ecosystems, but also in the medium and long term in many biomes. Indeed, if left unchecked, some of these impacts may be irreversible. Many individual governments, financial institutes and international donors are currently spending billions of dollars on projects addressing climate change and biodiversity, but with little coordination. Quite often, the emphasis is on adaptation efforts, with little emphasis on the connections between physio-ecological changes and the lifecycles and metabolisms of fauna and flora, or the influence of poor governance on biodiversity. As such, there is a recognized need to not only better understand the impacts of climate change on biodiversity, but to also identify, test and implement measures aimed at managing the many risks that climate change poses to fauna, flora and micro-organisms. In particular, the question of how to restore and protect ecosystems from the impact of climate change also has to be urgently addressed. This book was written to address this need. The respective papers explore matters related to the use of an ecosystem-based approach to increase local adaptation capacity, consider the significance of a protected areas network in preserving biodiversity in a changing northern European climate, and assess the impacts of climate change on specific species, including wild terrestrial animals. The book also presents a variety of case studies such as the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative, the effects of climate change on the biodiversity of Aleppo pine forest in Senalba (Algeria), climate change and biodiversity response in the Niger Delta region, and the effects of forest fires on the biodiversity and the soil characteristics of tropical peatlands in Indonesia. This is a truly interdisciplinary publication, and will benefit all scholars, social movements, practitioners and members of governmental agencies engaged in research and/or executing projects on climate change and biodiversity around the world.

Climate Change, Forests and Forest Management

Climate Change, Forests and Forest Management
Author : William M. Ciesla
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1995
Category : Carbon cycle (Biogeochemistry)
Total pages :128
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Climate Change Forests and Forest Management: An Overview

Climate Change Forests and Forest Management: An Overview
Author : William M. Ciesta
Publisher : Daya Books
Release Date : 1998
Category :
Total pages :128
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This publication presents a review of the current state of knowledge of global climate change, as it applies to forest and forest management, in question and answer format. It addresses the dynamic nature of the earth s climate, the greenhouse effect, predicted effects of climate change, the global carbon cycle, trees and forests as sources and sinks of carbon, possible effects of climate change on forests, means of helping forests adapt to climate change and how forests can mitigate predicted effects of climate change. Contents: Chapter 1: The Earth s Climate: A Dynamics Entity; How Are Weather and Climate Defines?, To What Extent Has the Earth s Climate Changed During the Course of Geologic History?, What Changes Have Occured in the Earth s Climate Since the Beginning of Recorded Human History?, What Factors Can Cause Changes in the Earth s Climate?, Chapter 2: The Greenhouse Effect; What is the Greenhouse Effect and How Does it Influence the Earth s Climate?, Which Gases are Considered to be GHGS and What are the Sources of These Gases?, What is the Significance of Human Sources of GHGS?, Do All GHGS have an Equal Warming Effect?, What Evidence Exists to Support the Idea that GHG Levels in the Atmosphere are Increasing?, Which Countries Presentaly Make the Greatest Contribution to Elevated Levels of GHGS?, How Can Aerosols Counteract the Effects of GHGS, Chapter 3: Predicted Changes in the Earth s Climate and Expected Effects; In General, What are the Predicted Effects of Increased Levels of GHGS on the Earth s Climate?, How are Changes in the Earth s Climate Predicted?, How Reliable are Present Predictions of Climate Change?, What Changes in Climate are Predicted with a Doubling of CO2 from Pre-Industrial Revolution Levels?, Is the Climate of Some Regions of the World Expected to Change to a Greater Degree than Others?, What Changes in the Levle of the Oceans are Expected Due to Climate Change?, How Will Plants, Including Trees, be Influenced by Changes in the Levels of GHGS in the Earth s Atmosphere and Resultant Changes in Temperature and Precipitation?, How Might Soils be Affected by Changes in Climate?, Is There Any Evidence Which Indicates That Climate Changes May Have Already Occurred Due to Increase in GHG Levels?, Chapter 4: The Global Carbon Cycle; What Processes Exist for the Exchange of Carbon Between the Atmosphere, the Oceans and the Land?, How are Exchanges of Carbon Expressed?, What is the Present Levle of Carbon Exchange Between the Atmosphere, the Oceans and the Land?, Chapter 5: Trees and Forests as Sources and Sinks of Carbon; How Much of the Earth s Surface is Presently Covered by Forests and Other Woody Vegetation?, What Processes Occur in Trees and Forests Which Contribute to Changes in Levels of GHGS in the Earth s Atmosphere?, How Much Carbon is Released and How Much is Taken up Annually by Forests?, Do Different Forest Ecosystems Vary in their Capacity to Absorb and Store Carbon?, Do Trees and Forests Remove Carbon from the Earth s Atmosphere at Different Rates During Different Stages in their Lives?, Which Human Activities in Forests and Woodlands Contribute to Increases in the Levels of GHGS?, What are the Current Rates of Deforestation in the World s Forests?, How are Forest Soils Affected by Deforestation?, Chapter 6: Possible Effects of Climate Change on Forests; What Changes in Growth and Yield of Trees and Forests Can be Expected as a Result of Climate Change?, What Changes Can be Expected in the Natural Ranges of Tree Species and Plant Communities Due to Climate Change?, What is the Likelihood that Climate Change Could Threaten Some Species or Plant Communities with Extinction?, How Might Climate Change Influence the Incidence and Intensity of Wildfires?, What are the Expected Effects of Climate Change on Forest Health Including Susceptibility to Pests and Disease or Decline?, Chapter 7: Helping Forests Adapt to Climate Change; How Can we Respond to Predicted Climate Change?, Do Natural Processes Exist Which Can Help Trees and Forests Adapt to a Changing Climate?, How Can Forest Management Help Forests Adapt to Climate Change?, What Can be Done to Help Forests Adapt to Increased Hazards of Wildfire and (or) Pest and Disease Outbreaks Which Could Result from Climate Change?, Chapter 8: The Role Forests in Mitigating the Effects of Climate Change; What Opportunities Do Forests and Forest Management Offer for Mitigating the Effects of Predicted Climate Change?, What Features Should Characterize Actions Taken to Mitigate Potential Effects of Climate Change?, What Additional Research is Needed to More Fully Understand the Potential Effects of Climate Change on Trees and Forests and Forestry and to Develop Adaptation and Mitigation Tactics?, Do International Agreements Exist Which Encourage Development and Protection of Forests to Enhance their Ability to Mitigate the Effects of Climate Change?, How Can the Tropical Forests action Programme (TFAP) Assist in Developing Forest Sector Programmes to Help Mitigate Effects of Climate Change?, Chapter 8A: Reducing Sources of Greenhouse Gases; What Actions Can be Taken to Reduce the Current Rates of Tropical Deforestation and How Might this Affect Emissions of GHGS from Forests?, What Can be Done to Reduce the Frequency and Scale of Forests and Savanna Woodland Consumed by Biomass Burnning?, How Can Increasing the Efficiency of Burning Fuel Wood and Other Biofuels Reduce Emissions of GHGS?, How Cane Use of Wood and Other Biofuels in Place of Fossil Fuels Help Reduce the Levels of GHGS in the Atmosphere?, How Can More Efficient Timber Harvesting Operations Reduce Emissions of GHGS from Forests?, Chapter 8B: Maintaining Existing Sinks of Greenhouse Gases; How Can Management and Conservation of Natural Forests Enhance their Capacity to Fix and Store Carbon?, What Uses of Forests and Forest Products are Most Desirable the Standpoint of Long Term Carbon Storage?, Chapter 8C: Expanding Sinks of Greenhouse Gases; How Much Carbon Can be Fixed in Wood and Soil on a Per Hectare Basis in Forest Plantations in Boreal, Temperate and Tropical Zones?, How Much Additional Area of Forest Plantations Would be Required to Fully Offset Present Annual Increases in GHG Levels from All Sources?, To What Extent are Suitable Lands Available for Afforestation and Reforestation? Where are They?, Other Than Availability of Land, What Other Constraints are there to Large Scale Afforestation Initiatives?, What Assistance is Available to Support Afforestation and Reforestation, Particularly at the International Level?, How Can Agroforestry and Urban Tree Plantings Contribute to the Mitigation of Climate Change?, Is the Planting of Trees Solely for CO2 Absorption a Sound Policy Considering Other Needs for Available Land?, What Forest Policies Should be Considered at the Country Level to Address the Threat of Climate Change?

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

Effects of Climate Change on Forests
Author : Fabrizio D'Aprile,Piermaria Corona
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-09-01
Category : Nature
Total pages :220
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Effects of Climate Change on Forests: An Evidence-Based Primer for Sustainable Management of Temperate and Mediterranean Forests presents concepts, case studies and application techniques for theories on forest management under climate change. Readers will gain an understanding on how forest planning and management ties into the ecological functioning and resilience of forests by following variability in growth (or other processes) over time, a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning. This shift in focus has significant benefits, not only in better incorporating the services provided by forests, but also in opening up better adaptation planning. Outlines innovative tools to evaluate and assess forest management plans Provides guidelines and criteria for forest planning, sustainability and management techniques for adapting to climate change Helps the reader develop comprehensive forest management plans— complete with sylvicultural interventions—which account for uncertainties in climate change Ties directly into A for Climate project from the EU Commission as part of Horizon 2020

Impacts of a Potential Climate Change on Forests of the Czech Republic

Impacts of a Potential Climate Change on Forests of the Czech Republic
Author : Bohuslav Vinš
Publisher : Cesky Hydrometeorologicky Ustav
Release Date : 1997
Category :
Total pages :141
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Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change

Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change
Author : Felipe Bravo,Valerie LeMay,Robert Jandl
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-06-09
Category : Science
Total pages :452
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Climate change shaped the political agenda during the last decade with three issues as hot topics: commonly making the headlines: carbon budgets, impact and mitigation of climate change. Given the significant role that forests play in the climate system – as sources, sinks, and through carbon trading – this book update the current scientific evidences on the relationships between climate, forest resources and forest management practices around the world. By including the forest scientists’ expertise from around the world, the book presents and updates a depth analysis of the current knowledge, and a series of case studies focused on the biological and the economic impacts of climate change in forest ecosystems in Africa, Asia, Europe and North and South America. The book will form a valuable resource for researchers and advanced students dealing with sustainable forestry, climate change issues and the effects of climate change on natural resource management.

Productivity of America's Forests and Climate Change

Productivity of America's Forests and Climate Change
Author : Richard A. Birdsey
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release Date : 1995
Category : Carbon sequestration
Total pages :70
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Analyzes the impacts of elevated carbon dioxide & climate change on forested ecosystems, & the economic feedbacks on harvest patterns & vegetation change on private timberlands in the U.S. Used as a framework linking general circulation model output, an ecosystem model (TEM), models of the forest sector, & a carbon accounting model. Future climates are described with output from the different models. The strong demand for wood products in the future dampens any positive growth effects on forests, for all but the maximum scenario. Charts, tables & maps.

Forests & Global Climate Change

Forests & Global Climate Change
Author : H. H. Shugart,Roger A. Sedjo,Brent L. Sohngen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :52
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Managing Forest Carbon in a Changing Climate

Managing Forest Carbon in a Changing Climate
Author : Mark S. Ashton,Mary L. Tyrrell,Deborah Spalding,Bradford Gentry
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-01-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :414
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The aim of this book is to provide an accessible overview for advanced students, resource professionals such as land managers, and policy makers to acquaint themselves with the established science, management practices and policies that facilitate sequestration and allow for the storage of carbon in forests. The book has value to the reader to better understand: a) carbon science and management of forests and wood products; b) the underlying social mechanisms of deforestation; and c) the policy options in order to formulate a cohesive strategy for implementing forest carbon projects and ultimately reducing emissions from forest land use.

Assessing Potential Biophysical and Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate Change on Forest-based Communities

Assessing Potential Biophysical and Socioeconomic Impacts of Climate Change on Forest-based Communities
Author : T. B. Williamson
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :136
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This report presents methods for assessing the potential biophysical and socioeconomic impacts of climate change at scales relevant to forest-based communities. The methods are tested and demonstrated by estimating such impacts for the community of Vanderhoof, British Columbia. First, spatially referenced climate histories and climate scenarios are developed for a 200 km 200 km study area surrounding Vanderhoof. Second, these climate data are linked to new models and methods for projecting changes in productivity, species, and wildfire risk under conditions of climate change. Third, methods for linking changes in productivity to potential changes in harvest rate and then to potential changes in aggregate household income are developed and applied. Finally, an approach for linking, presenting, and comparing the results from the various methods is presented. This approach takes account of both climate change and parallel socioeconomic changes occurring in a communitys external environment and acknowledges the inherent uncertainty in climate and socioeconomic scenarios. The approach is based on the development of multitiered scenario radar maps, which are then compressed into a single radar map providing a concise summary of potential climate impacts on a particular community. The assessment of community vulnerability tends to be specific to a particular location. Nevertheless, the Vanderhoof case study highlights areas where forest-based communities may be uniquely exposed, sensitive, and therefore potentially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Climate change may increase fire risk in forests surrounding communities. It is also likely to affect timber supplies (positively, negatively, or both), thereby causing changes in local economic activity and increasing instability and uncertainty. Moreover, these responses may be variable and nonlinear over time. The Vanderhoof experience with the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) shows that climate change has the potential to affect natural capital near other forestbased communities. Reduction of the natural capital asset base supporting any community will ultimately result in negative socioeconomic impacts. Governments (municipal, provincial, and federal) could use the approaches described here to identify locations where natural capital is at greatest risk. This information is needed to develop strategies for either protecting existing natural capital, replacing lost capital, or transforming exposed natural capital to alternative types of assets that are less sensitive to climate change.