December 1, 2020

Download Ebook Free Electrochemical Power Sources, Fundamentals, Systems, And Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications
Author : Jürgen Garche,Klaus Brandt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-09-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :670
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Safety of Lithium Batteries describes how best to assure safety during all phases of the life of Lithium ion batteries (production, transport, use, and disposal). About 5 billion Li-ion cells are produced each year, predominantly for use in consumer electronics. This book describes how the high-energy density and outstanding performance of Li-ion batteries will result in a large increase in the production of Li-ion cells for electric drive train vehicle (xEV) and battery energy storage (BES or EES) purposes. The high-energy density of Li battery systems comes with special hazards related to the materials employed in these systems. The manufacturers of cells and batteries have strongly reduced the hazard probability by a number of measures. However, absolute safety of the Li system is not given as multiple incidents in consumer electronics have shown. Presents the relationship between chemical and structure material properties and cell safety Relates cell and battery design to safety as well as system operation parameters to safety Outlines the influences of abuses on safety and the relationship to battery testing Explores the limitations for transport and storage of cells and batteries Includes recycling, disposal and second use of lithium ion batteries

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications
Author : Hajime Arai,Jurgen Garche,Luis C. Colmenares
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :270
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Metal-air is a promising battery system that uses inexpensive metals for its negative electrode while unlimited, free and non-toxic oxygen is used for its positive electrode, however, only primary systems have been commercialized so far. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives offers a comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries as well as the solutions to the issues for overcoming the related difficulties of the secondary (rechargeable) system. Although metal-air batteries are widely studied as low-cost high-energy systems, their commercialization is limited to primary ones due to currently limited cycle life and insufficient reliability. For realization of the secondary systems, this book offers comprehensive understanding of metal-air batteries, including the details of both electrodes, electrolyte, cell/system, modelling and applications. Electrochemical Power Sources: Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications – Metal–Air Batteries: Present and Perspectives provides researchers, instructors, and students in electrochemistry, material science and environmental science; industry workers in cell manufacturing; and government officials in energy, environmental, power supply, and transportation with a valuable resource covering the most important topics of metal-air batteries and their uses. Outlines the general characteristics of metal-air compared with conventional batteries Offers a comprehensive understanding of various metal-air, featuring zinc, and lithium Contains comparisons and issues among various metal-air batteries and research efforts to solve them Includes applications and market prospects

Advanced Industrial Lead-Acid Batteries

Advanced Industrial Lead-Acid Batteries
Author : Eduardo Cattaneo,Bernhard Riegel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-08-31
Category : Science
Total pages :462
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Advanced Industrial Lead-Acid Batteries, written for technologists and engineers, presents a detailed account of the different types of reserve and motive power industrial lead-acid batteries, also including recent developments and new applications. Lead-acid batteries (LAB) for reserve and motive power applications have, in recent years, undergone an evolutionary process triggered by novel developments in telecommunication, information technology, material handling, and renewable energy applications. This book details those advances, giving users the latest information on this rapidly advancing field. Presents a complete description and deployment of industrial batteries Gives a detailed account of all the components of industrial batteries and their functions Covers the most common service-life limiting factors of industrial batteries Includes a comprehensive list of battery testing methods, i.e., capacity and self-discharge tests Lists the usual parameters in battery management systems necessary for correct field function Provides details on all manufacturing techniques of LAB

Electrochemical Power Sources, Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications

Electrochemical Power Sources, Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications
Author : Tom Smolinka,Jurgen Garche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-03-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :312
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Electrochemical Power Sources, Fundamentals, Systems, and Applications: Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis offers a comprehensive overview about different hydrogen production technologies, including their technical features, development stage, recent advances, and technical and economic issues of system integration. Allied processes such as regenerative fuel cells and sea water electrolysis are also covered. For many years hydrogen production by water electrolysis was of minor importance, but research and development in the field has increased significantly in recent years, and a comprehensive overview is missing. This book bridges this gap and provides a general reference to the topic. Hydrogen production by water electrolysis is the main technology to integrate high shares of electricity from renewable energy sources and balance out the supply and demand match in the energy system. Different electrochemical approaches exist to produce hydrogen from RES (Renewable Energy Sources). Covers the fundamentals of hydrogen production by water electrolysis Reviews all relevant technologies comprehensively Outlines important technical and economic issues of system integration Includes commercial examples and demonstrates electrolyzer projects

Electrochemical Power Sources

Electrochemical Power Sources
Author : Vladimir S. Bagotsky,Alexander M. Skundin,Yurij M. Volfkovich
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-01-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :400
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Electrochemical Power Sources (EPS) provides in a concise way the operational features, major types, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Details the design, operational features, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Covers improvements of existing EPSs and the development of new kinds of EPS as the results of intense R&D work • Provides outlook for future trends in fuel cells and batteries • Covers the most typical battery types, fuel cells and supercapacitors; such as zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline manganese dioxide batteries, mercury-zinc cells, lead-acid batteries, cadmium storage batteries, silver-zinc batteries and modern lithium batteries

Energy Sources

Energy Sources
Author : Balasubramanian Viswanathan
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2016-08-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :408
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Energy Sources: Fundamentals of Chemical Conversion Processes and Applications provides the latest information on energy and the environment, the two main concerns of any progressive society that hopes to be sustainable in the future. Continuous efforts have to be exercised in both these areas by any of the developing communities, as concern over energy conversion continues to evolve due to various ecological imbalances, including climate change. This book provides the fundamentals behind all energy conversion processes, identifies future research needs, and discusses the potential application of each process in a clear-and-concise manner. It is a valuable source for both chemists and chemical engineers who are working to improve current and developing future energy sources, and is a single reference that deals with almost all energy sources for these purposes, reviewing the fundamentals, comparing the various processes, and suggesting future research directions. Compiles, in a single source, all energy conversion processes, enabling easy evaluation and selection Explains the science behind each conversion process and facilitates understanding Contains many illustrations, diagrams, and tables, enabling a clear and comprehensible understanding of the pros and cons of the various processes Includes an exhaustive glossary of all terms used in the conversion processes Presents current status and new direction, thus enabling the planning process for future research needs Provides a concise and comprehensive overview of all energy sources

Metal-Air Batteries

Metal-Air Batteries
Author : Xin-bo Zhang
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release Date : 2018-12-17
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :432
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A comprehensive overview of the research developments in the burgeoning field of metal-air batteries An innovation in battery science and technology is necessary to build better power sources for our modern lifestyle needs. One of the main fields being explored for the possible breakthrough is the development of metal-air batteries. Metal-Air Batteries: Fundamentals and Applications offers a systematic summary of the fundamentals of the technology and explores the most recent advances in the applications of metal-air batteries. Comprehensive in scope, the text explains the basics in electrochemical batteries and introduces various species of metal-air batteries. The author-a noted expert in the field-explores the development of metal-air batteries in the order of Li-air battery, sodium-air battery, zinc-air battery and Mg-O2 battery, with the focus on the Li-air battery. The text also addresses topics such as metallic anode, discharge products, parasitic reactions, electrocatalysts, mediator, and X-ray diffraction study in Li-air battery. Metal-Air Batteries provides a summary of future perspectives in the field of the metal-air batteries. This important resource: -Covers various species of metal-air batteries and their components as well as system designation -Contains groundbreaking content that reviews recent advances in the field of metal-air batteries -Focuses on the battery systems which have the greatest potential for renewable energy storage Written for electrochemists, physical chemists, materials scientists, professionals in the electrotechnical industry, engineers in power technology, Metal-Air Batteries offers a review of the fundamentals and the most recent developments in the area of metal-air batteries.

Electrochemical Science and Technology

Electrochemical Science and Technology
Author : Keith Oldham,Jan Myland,Alan Bond
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-11-21
Category : Science
Total pages :424
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Electrochemistry is a discipline of wide scientific and technological interest. Scientifically, it explores the electrical properties of materials and especially the interfaces between different kinds of matter. Technologically, electrochemistry touches our lives in many ways that few fully appreciate; for example, materials as diverse as aluminum, nylon, and bleach are manufactured electrochemically, while the batteries that power all manner of appliances, vehicles, and devices are the products of electrochemical research. Other realms in which electrochemical science plays a crucial role include corrosion, the disinfection of water, neurophysiology, sensors, energy storage, semiconductors, the physics of thunderstorms, biomedical analysis, and so on. This book treats electrochemistry as a science in its own right, albeit resting firmly on foundations provided by chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Early chapters discuss the electrical and chemical properties of materials from which electrochemical cells are constructed. The behavior of such cells is addressed in later chapters, with emphasis on the electrodes and the reactions that occur on their surfaces. The role of transport to and from electrodes is a topic that commands attention, because it crucially determines cell efficiency. Final chapters deal with voltammetry, the methodology used to investigate electrode behavior. Interspersed among the more fundamental chapters are chapters devoted to applications of electrochemistry: electrosynthesis, power sources, “green electrochemistry”, and corrosion. Electrochemical Science and Technology is addressed to all who have a need to come to grips with the fundamentals of electrochemistry and to learn about some of its applications. It will constitute a text for a senior undergraduate or graduate course in electrochemistry. It also serves as a source of material of interest to scientists and technologists in various fields throughout academia, industry, and government – chemists, physicists, engineers, environmentalists, materials scientists, biologists, and those in related endeavors. This book: Provides a background to electrochemistry, as well as treating the topic itself. Is accessible to all with a foundation in physical science, not solely to chemists. Is addressed both to students and those later in their careers. Features web links (through www.wiley.com/go/EST) to extensive material that is of a more tangential, specialized, or mathematical nature. Includes questions as footnotes to support the reader’s evolving comprehension of the material, with fully worked answers provided on the web. Provides web access to Excel® spreadsheets which allow the reader to model electrochemical events. Has a copious Appendix of relevant data.

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing
Author : Patrick T. Moseley,Jürgen Garche
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2014-10-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :492
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Electricity from renewable sources of energy is plagued by fluctuations (due to variations in wind strength or the intensity of insolation) resulting in a lack of stability if the energy supplied from such sources is used in ‘real time’. An important solution to this problem is to store the energy electrochemically (in a secondary battery or in hydrogen and its derivatives) and to make use of it in a controlled fashion at some time after it has been initially gathered and stored. Electrochemical battery storage systems are the major technologies for decentralized storage systems and hydrogen is the only solution for long-term storage systems to provide energy during extended periods of low wind speeds or solar insolation. Future electricity grid design has to include storage systems as a major component for grid stability and for security of supply. The technology of systems designed to achieve this regulation of the supply of renewable energy, and a survey of the markets that they will serve, is the subject of this book. It includes economic aspects to guide the development of technology in the right direction. Provides state-of-the-art information on all of the storage systems together with an assessment of competing technologies Features detailed technical, economic and environmental impact information of different storage systems Contains information about the challenges that must be faced for batteries and hydrogen-storage to be used in conjunction with a fluctuating (renewable energy) power supply

Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery

Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery
Author : Aiping Yu,Victor Chabot,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-04-09
Category : Science
Total pages :373
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Although recognized as an important component of all energy storage and conversion technologies, electrochemical supercapacitators (ES) still face development challenges in order to reach their full potential. A thorough examination of development in the technology during the past decade, Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to the ES from technical and practical aspects and crystallization of the technology, detailing the basics of ES as well as its components and characterization techniques. The book illuminates the practical aspects of understanding and applying the technology within the industry and provides sufficient technical detail of newer materials being developed by experts in the field which may surface in the future. The book discusses the technical challenges and the practical limitations and their associated parameters in ES technology. It also covers the structure and options for device packaging and materials choices such as electrode materials, electrolyte, current collector, and sealants based on comparison of available data. Supplying an in depth understanding of the components, design, and characterization of electrochemical supercapacitors, the book has wide-ranging appeal to industry experts and those new to the field. It can be used as a reference to apply to current work and a resource to foster ideas for new devices that will further the technology as it becomes a larger part of main stream energy storage.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
Author : Supramaniam Srinivasan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-05-05
Category : Science
Total pages :662
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This concise sourcebook of the electrochemical, engineering and economic principles involved in the development and commercialization of fuel cells offers a thorough review of applications and techno-economic assessment of fuel cell technologies, plus in-depth discussion of conventional and novel approaches for generating energy. Parts I and II explain basic and applied electrochemistry relevant to an understanding of fuel cells. Part III covers engineering and technology aspects. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students and scientists interested in fuel cells. Unlike any other current book on fuel cells, each chapter includes problems based on the discussions in the text.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Technologies

Carbon Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Technologies
Author : Shuhui Sun,Xueliang Sun,Zhongwei Chen,Yuyu Liu,David P. Wilkinson,Jiujun Zhang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-11-20
Category : Science
Total pages :313
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This book offers comprehensive coverage of carbon-based nanomaterials and electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen generation and storage, as well as the latest material and new technology development. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, challenges, and strategies. With in-depth discussions ranging from electrochemistry fundamentals to engineering components and applied devices, this all-inclusive reference offers a broad view of various carbon nanomaterials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices.

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources

Nanotechnology in Advanced Electrochemical Power Sources
Author : S. R. S. Prabaharan,M. Siluvai Michael
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-10-24
Category : Science
Total pages :380
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The challenge of providing adequate power on an indefinite basis without causing long-term damage to the environment requires a versatile means of energy conversion and storage. As such, electrical energy storage is becoming more vital today than at any time in human history. Electrochemical systems, such as batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and photoelectrochemical cells, can help meet this objective. Future generations of rechargeable lithium batteries will be required to power portable electronic devices, store electricity from renewable sources, and serve as a vital component to pursuing electric mobility in the future to reduce fossil fuel demand and mitigate environmental issues. In this context, engineering of new materials, especially at the nanoscale, has become imperative to achieve enhanced energy and power density to meet the future challenges of energy storage. This book outlines the state of the art of nanoscale aspects of advanced energy storage devices, such as lithium-ion batteries, including microbatteries and electrochemical supercapacitors. It focuses on various fundamental issues related to device performance of various positive and negative electrode materials, with special reference to their nanoscale advantages. It also includes fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, physical, and electrochemical properties, and applications of nanoscale materials pertaining to advanced electrochemical power sources. A variety of advanced nanomaterials, such as transition metal oxides, phosphates, silicates, and conversion electrodes, together with some special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, nanorods, and mesoporous carbons are discussed by many notable authorities in the field.

Battery Systems Engineering

Battery Systems Engineering
Author : Christopher D. Rahn,Chao-Yang Wang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-01-25
Category : Science
Total pages :256
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A complete all-in-one reference on the important interdisciplinary topic of Battery Systems Engineering Focusing on the interdisciplinary area of battery systems engineering, this book provides the background, models, solution techniques, and systems theory that are necessary for the development of advanced battery management systems. It covers the topic from the perspective of basic electrochemistry as well as systems engineering topics and provides a basis for battery modeling for system engineering of electric and hybrid electric vehicle platforms. This original approach gives a useful overview for systems engineers in chemical, mechanical, electrical, or aerospace engineering who are interested in learning more about batteries and how to use them effectively. Chemists, material scientists, and mathematical modelers can also benefit from this book by learning how their expertise affects battery management. Approaches a topic which has experienced phenomenal growth in recent years Topics covered include: Electrochemistry; Governing Equations; Discretization Methods; System Response and Battery Management Systems Include tables, illustrations, photographs, graphs, worked examples, homework problems, and references, to thoroughly illustrate key material Ideal for engineers working in the mechanical, electrical, and chemical fields as well as graduate students in these areas A valuable resource for Scientists and Engineers working in the battery or electric vehicle industries, Graduate students in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering.

Energy Storage

Energy Storage
Author : Robert Huggins
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-08-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :406
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Introduction Energy is necessary for a number of reasons, the most basic and obvious involve the preparation of food and the provision of heat to make life comfortable, or at least, bearable. Subsequently, a wide range of technological uses of energy have emerged and been developed, so that the availability of energy has become a central issue in society. The easiest way to acquire useful energy is to simply ?nd it as wood or a hydrocarbon fossil fuel in nature. But it has often been found to be advantageous to convert what is simply available in nature into more useful forms, and the processing and conversion of raw materials, especially petrochemicals have become a very large industry. Wood Wood has been used to provide heat for a great many years. In some cases, it can be acquired as needed by foraging, or cutting, followed by simple collection. When it is abundant there is relatively little need for it to be stored. However, many societies have found it desirable to collect more wood than is immediately needed during warm periods during the year, and to store it up for use in the winter, when the needs are greater, or its collection is not so convenient. One can still see this in some locations, such as the more remote communities in the Alps, for example. One might think of this as the oldest and simplest example of energy storage.