December 1, 2020

Download Ebook Free Enhancing Disaster Preparedness

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness
Author : A. Nuno Martins,Mahmood Fayazi,Faten Kikano,Liliane Hobeica
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-07
Category : Science
Total pages :298
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Enhancing Disaster Preparedness: From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience relates to the fourth priority of the UNDRR’s Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Taking a wide understanding of disaster preparedness, the book deals with resilient responses and building capacities related to hazardous events, bringing some practical experiences and theoretical insights in this regard. Mostly based on field research conducted in the Global South by architects and other built-environment professionals, the book covers both post-disaster interventions (rebuilding and recovery) and development-related processes. Its three parts address the interlinkages between humanitarian design, community resilience, and inclusive governance, which are crucial for fostering effective disaster preparedness. Part I discusses the changing roles of architects and urban designers involved in the humanitarian sphere. Part II concentrates on resilience as a socioecological capacity to enhance preparedness within community-based spatial processes. Focused on global dynamics, Part III covers topics emphasizing the link between the management of crises, whether political or economic, at different levels of governance, and the vulnerability of communities and structures on the national and local scales. As such, the book approaches rising global priorities and brings timely lessons to support building a more equitable, safe, and resilient environment in a rapidly urbanized world. Explores Sendai’s fourth priority through a spatial lens Examines the role of humanitarian design in building resilience Critically revisits concepts such as incremental housing and building back better Provides examples of methodological tools for community engagement in resilience-building processes

Enhancing Disaster and Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Through Evaluation

Enhancing Disaster and Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Through Evaluation
Author : Liesel Ashley Ritchie,Wayne MacDonald
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-07-13
Category : Psychology
Total pages :128
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Enhancing Individual and Community Disaster Preparedness: Individuals with Disabilities and Others with Access and Functional Needs

Enhancing Individual and Community Disaster Preparedness: Individuals with Disabilities and Others with Access and Functional Needs
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :129
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Abstract: Preparedness planning is essential to minimizing the impact of disasters on communities and individuals. Attention to the needs of people with disabilities is vital as they have additional needs before, during and after a disaster that are specific to the disabling condition. In this Commentary, we emphasize national guidelines on disability inclusion in emergency preparedness. We examine some potential areas of planning and response that need attention as suggested by preparedness data for people with self-reported disabilities (also referred to as access and functional needs) and highlight selected resources (e.g., tools, trainings, and online webinars) to enhance whole community preparedness and disability inclusion efforts. This Commentary intends to bridge the gap between those various facets of preparedness, at all levels of government and among individuals, with the aim of ensuring that the whole community is prepared to adapt, withstand and rapidly recover from disruptions due to disasters.

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience
Author : A. Nuno Martins,Jose Manuel Mendes,Jo Rose,Gonzalo Lizarralde,Temitope Egbelakin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-05-15
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Successful applications in the field of disaster risk reduction require interdisciplinary, coordinated action. Current literature focuses on comprehensive understandings of processes critical to risk reduction but lack in-depth discussions that put this accumulated knowledge into actionable tools for decision-making. Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience is based on the third principle of the Sendai Framework. The UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR (disaster risk reduction) 2015-2030 is a recently adopted global agreement focused on reducing disaster risk. The Sendai Framework emphasizes that the State holds the primary responsibility in reducing risk but argues for the additional involvement of relevant stakeholders to address challenges in the policy and practice of building resilience strategies. The framework has four key principles: Understanding disaster risk Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction This book discusses specific aspects of the third principle, including both public and private investment in disaster risk prevention/reduction through structural and non-structural measures. By presenting these multilevel investment strategies, the book offers methods for increasing the resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages for poor, migrating, or displaced populations during post humanitarian crises. This emphasis of increasing resilience of heritage and culture is unique compared to the current literature. Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Addresses ways to increase resilience in humanitarian crises after disasters Provides considerations for resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages Presents methodologies dealing with risk uncertainty, ambiguity, and complexity

Disaster Preparedness

Disaster Preparedness
Author : United States. Office of Emergency Preparedness
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1972
Category : Disaster relief
Total pages :129
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Summary of a Workshop on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management

Summary of a Workshop on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management
Author : National Research Council,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2005-10-03
Category : Computers
Total pages :39
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Section 214 of the E-government Act of 2002 called on the Administrator of the Office of Electronic Government in the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), to "ensure that a study is conducted on using information technology to enhance crisis preparedness, response, and consequence management of natural and manmade disasters." The section cited as a goal "to improve how information technology is used in coordinating and facilitating information on disaster preparedness, response, and recovery, while ensuring the availability of such information across multiple access channels." In early 2005, FEMA, via a subcontract through Battelle Memorial Institute, asked the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Research Council (NRC) to undertake a two-phase study on these issues. Summary of a Workshop on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management culminates phase 1 of the project. CSTB established the Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management, and a public workshop was held under the committee's auspices on June 22-23, 2005. The committee's goal for the workshop was to establish a base of information for its study by hearing about present and future uses of IT from the perspective of federal, state, and local disaster management officials and users together with a sampling of relevant IT research and development activities. A variety of representatives of federal, state, and local government agencies, private industry, and the research community participated. Panelists at the workshop presented a range of views on the present state of the art and practice and future opportunities to harness information technology to aid in the management of natural and human-made disasters. This report summarizes some of the key points made by workshop participants. This report also contains the workshop agenda and includes biographical information for committee members and staff. In phase 2 of its study, the committee will supplement the inputs received at the workshop with information gathered at several site visits and a series of additional briefings. Phase 2 will culminate in a final report, expected in spring 2006, which provides findings and recommendations on requirements for effective use of information technology for disaster management, research and development needs and opportunities, and related research management and technology transition considerations.

Building & Enhancing Interorganizational Relationships for Disaster Preparedness and Response Capacity

Building & Enhancing Interorganizational Relationships for Disaster Preparedness and Response Capacity
Author : Donata Christiane Nilsen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category :
Total pages :292
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Background: Despite significant resources allocated to disaster preparedness and response capabilities nationally, preparedness and response for vulnerable and special needs populations is still largely lacking. Public health agencies could not possibly meet the disaster preparedness and response needs of all vulnerable and special needs populations especially in inner cities where populations are often quite diverse. As a result, increased attention has been given to innovative and unique approaches to strengthen community-based organizations' (CBOs) capacities as partners in emergency preparedness, response and recovery. Just as preparedness and response strategies play key roles in agencies responding to public health emergencies and natural disasters, CBOs must have enough capacity for disaster preparedness and response that allows them to continue operations before, during and after crises and disasters. Capacity for disaster preparedness and response is rarely within the scope of most struggling nonprofit organizations; however, the relationships they have formed to meet the needs of their vulnerable clients may contribute to this capacity. Purpose: This study explored the relationship between the number and types of interorganizational relationships that CBOs use to serve clients, their disaster preparedness and response capacities. How these relationships may be leveraged is also explored as part of the strategy of enhancing the overall level of an organizations capacity for preparedness and response. Methods: Mixed methods were employed to investigate the potential number and type of interorganizational relationships, organizational capacities and communication mechanisms associated with and influencing the disaster preparedness and response capacities of CBOs serving the homeless. The percent potential leverage, an organization's potential for using interorganizational relationships for disaster preparedness and response related activities, is determined for each organization. Findings: Factors that contributed to disaster preparedness and response capacity for CBOs serving the homeless included: types of organizations CBOs had relationships with, leadership at the organization, evidence of a culture of preparedness, working with/support from external organizations, a tendency of continual improvement and proximity of collaborators and resources. A summary of survey results is provided. Conclusions: In the struggle to incorporate disaster preparedness and response activities into the organizational structure and functioning of CBOs serving vulnerable populations, CBOs may find it useful to look at their interorganizational relationships more closely to determine which ones may also be used for disaster preparedness and response activities. The results of this study offer opportunities for public health to build relationships with CBOs serving vulnerable populations before, during and after crises and likewise for CBOs to tap into many of the services provided by public health to build relationships that are more meaningful.

Disaster Management and Private Sectors

Disaster Management and Private Sectors
Author : Takako Izumi,Rajib Shaw
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-02-13
Category : Nature
Total pages :342
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This book draws upon case studies and practices of different types of DRR involvement by the private sector from all over the world. The book comprises two parts, Part I: Overview and Regional Cases; and Part II: Country Cases. The regional cases include those from Africa, Asia, Europe, and Central America, and the country cases include ones from India, Japan, the United States, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and Nepal. DRR at the international level is discussed from the perspective of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). The perspective of the Asia–Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) is presented in the discussion of DRR at the societal level. The private sector is becoming more active in disaster management and plays an important role in distributing relief items and sending search and rescue teams in the response phase. However, once the response stage is over, private sector involvement tends to fade. While a number of disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives by the private sector are documented, they remain limited. The private sector can contribute enormously to DRR by developing business continuity plans, innovating technology for early warning systems, and providing and sharing technical knowledge, skills, and resources in the field of disaster preparedness. To strengthen DRR capacity, it is crucial to involve the private sector as major actors in DRR. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of disaster management and DRR studies. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply the collective knowledge from this work to policy and decision making. The book provides an overview of the current research trends and furnishes basic knowledge on this important topic.

Exploring Natural Hazards

Exploring Natural Hazards
Author : Darius Bartlett,Ramesh Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-04-09
Category : Science
Total pages :358
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The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 has identified four priority areas for Disaster Risk Reduction: understanding disaster risk; strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response; and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Although tremendous progress has been made in recent decades in understanding the workings of the Earth systems and, in particular, its impacts on and responses to human actions, there remains a continuing and pressing need for knowledge that will allow society to simultaneously reduce exposure to global environmental hazards, while also meeting economic development goals. Exploring Natural Hazards: A Case Study Approach, contributes to the knowledge showcasing advanced practices for the monitoring of natural hazards. Through each case study, the book examines mainly hazards arising from processes within the hydrosphere and atmosphere, triggered or exacerbated by inputs to and transfers of energy between environmental components. It discusses the causes of these phenomena, and ways in which improved policy making, sometimes coupled with the application of appropriate modern technologies, can help to reduce people’s exposure to harm. Discussing challenges, lessons learned and recommendations, this book provides a snapshot of issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, lightning as a hazard and the need for alert systems. It is a valuable resource for practitioners and professionals alike, for researchers, students and others who work at the intersection between environmental hazards, sustainable development and social justice.

Enhancing the Effectiveness of the U.S. Government's Foreign Disaster Assistance Program

Enhancing the Effectiveness of the U.S. Government's Foreign Disaster Assistance Program
Author : United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Hunger
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1986
Category : Disaster relief
Total pages :18
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Public Sociologies Reader

Public Sociologies Reader
Author : Judith Blau,Keri E. Iyall Smith
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release Date : 2006-07-13
Category : Social Science
Total pages :378
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At an earlier time, sociologists C. Wright Mills, W. E. Du Bois, and Jane Addams loudly protested injustices and inequities in American society, provided critiques and analyses of systems of oppression, and challenged sociologists to be responsible critics and constructive commentators. These giants of American sociology would have applauded the 2004 meetings of the American Sociological Association. The theme of the meetings, Public Sociology, presided over by President Michael Burawoy, sparked lively debate and continues to be a spur for research and theory, and a focal point of ongoing discussions about what sociology is and should be. This volume advances these discussions and debates, and proposes how they can be further sharpened and developed. Some authors in this volume clarify the distinctive roles that Public Sociologists can play in the discipline, in the classroom, and in larger society. Others provide critical analyses, focusing, for example, on aspects of American society and institutions, global corporate actors, sweatshop practices, international neoliberal organizations, migration policies, and U.S. environmental policies. Others advance new ways of thinking about global interdependencies that include indigenous groups, peasants, as well as societies in industrialized and developing states, and international organizations. Still others propose visions of transformative processes and practices that are progressively affirmative, even activist —- in the spirit of 'A Better World is Possible!!' This volume provides an overview of some of the major debates in sociology today and places emphasis on the importance of human rights in the 'One (globalized) World' we live in today. Authors engage these debates with spirited enthusiasm and write exceptionally clearly about those topics that may be new to American readers.

Improving Disaster Management

Improving Disaster Management
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2007-05-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :192
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Information technology (IT) has the potential to play a critical role in managing natural and human-made disasters. Damage to communications infrastructure, along with other communications problems exacerbated the difficulties in carrying out response and recovery efforts following Hurricane Katrina. To assist government planning in this area, the Congress, in the E-government Act of 2002, directed the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to request the NRC to conduct a study on the application of IT to disaster management. This report characterizes disaster management providing a framework for considering the range and nature of information and communication needs; presents a vision of the potential for IT to improve disaster management; provides an analysis of structural, organizational, and other non-technical barriers to the acquisition, adoption, and effective use of IT in disaster; and offers an outline of a research program aimed at strengthening IT-enabled capabilities for disaster management.

Improving Disaster Management

Improving Disaster Management
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2007-06-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :192
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Information technology (IT) has the potential to play a critical role in managing natural and human-made disasters. Damage to communications infrastructure, along with other communications problems exacerbated the difficulties in carrying out response and recovery efforts following Hurricane Katrina. To assist government planning in this area, the Congress, in the E-government Act of 2002, directed the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to request the NRC to conduct a study on the application of IT to disaster management. This report characterizes disaster management providing a framework for considering the range and nature of information and communication needs; presents a vision of the potential for IT to improve disaster management; provides an analysis of structural, organizational, and other non-technical barriers to the acquisition, adoption, and effective use of IT in disaster; and offers an outline of a research program aimed at strengthening IT-enabled capabilities for disaster management.

A Safer Future

A Safer Future
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,U.S. National Committee for the Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1991-02-01
Category : Science
Total pages :76
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Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United Nations, are contained in this volume. It focuses on seven issues: hazard and risk assessment; awareness and education; mitigation; preparedness for emergency response; recovery and reconstruction; prediction and warning; learning from disasters; and U.S. participation internationally. The committee presents its philosophy of calls for broad public and private participation to reduce the toll of disasters.