June 15, 2021

Download Ebook Free Enhancing Disaster Preparedness

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness
Author : A. Nuno Martins,Mahmood Fayazi,Faten Kikano,Liliane Hobeica
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-07
Category : Science
Total pages :298
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Enhancing Disaster Preparedness: From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience relates to the fourth priority of the UNDRR’s Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Taking a wide understanding of disaster preparedness, the book deals with resilient responses and building capacities related to hazardous events, bringing some practical experiences and theoretical insights in this regard. Mostly based on field research conducted in the Global South by architects and other built-environment professionals, the book covers both post-disaster interventions (rebuilding and recovery) and development-related processes. Its three parts address the interlinkages between humanitarian design, community resilience, and inclusive governance, which are crucial for fostering effective disaster preparedness. Part I discusses the changing roles of architects and urban designers involved in the humanitarian sphere. Part II concentrates on resilience as a socioecological capacity to enhance preparedness within community-based spatial processes. Focused on global dynamics, Part III covers topics emphasizing the link between the management of crises, whether political or economic, at different levels of governance, and the vulnerability of communities and structures on the national and local scales. As such, the book approaches rising global priorities and brings timely lessons to support building a more equitable, safe, and resilient environment in a rapidly urbanized world. Explores Sendai’s fourth priority through a spatial lens Examines the role of humanitarian design in building resilience Critically revisits concepts such as incremental housing and building back better Provides examples of methodological tools for community engagement in resilience-building processes

Enhancing Disaster and Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Through Evaluation

Enhancing Disaster and Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Through Evaluation
Author : Liesel Ashley Ritchie,Wayne MacDonald
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-07-13
Category : Psychology
Total pages :128
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Enhancing Disaster Preparedness in the Caribbean

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness in the Caribbean
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2000
Category :
Total pages :129
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Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience

Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience
Author : A. Nuno Martins,Jose Manuel Mendes,Jo Rose,Gonzalo Lizarralde,Temitope Egbelakin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-05-15
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Successful applications in the field of disaster risk reduction require interdisciplinary, coordinated action. Current literature focuses on comprehensive understandings of processes critical to risk reduction but lack in-depth discussions that put this accumulated knowledge into actionable tools for decision-making. Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience is based on the third principle of the Sendai Framework. The UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR (disaster risk reduction) 2015-2030 is a recently adopted global agreement focused on reducing disaster risk. The Sendai Framework emphasizes that the State holds the primary responsibility in reducing risk but argues for the additional involvement of relevant stakeholders to address challenges in the policy and practice of building resilience strategies. The framework has four key principles: Understanding disaster risk Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction This book discusses specific aspects of the third principle, including both public and private investment in disaster risk prevention/reduction through structural and non-structural measures. By presenting these multilevel investment strategies, the book offers methods for increasing the resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages for poor, migrating, or displaced populations during post humanitarian crises. This emphasis of increasing resilience of heritage and culture is unique compared to the current literature. Follows the global frameworks for disaster risk reduction and sustainability, specifically the UNISDR Sendai Framework for DRR, 2015-2030 Addresses ways to increase resilience in humanitarian crises after disasters Provides considerations for resilience of cultural landscapes and heritages Presents methodologies dealing with risk uncertainty, ambiguity, and complexity

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia
Author : Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-10-13
Category : Nature
Total pages :524
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Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Exploring Natural Hazards

Exploring Natural Hazards
Author : Darius Bartlett,Ramesh Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-04-09
Category : Science
Total pages :358
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The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 has identified four priority areas for Disaster Risk Reduction: understanding disaster risk; strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response; and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Although tremendous progress has been made in recent decades in understanding the workings of the Earth systems and, in particular, its impacts on and responses to human actions, there remains a continuing and pressing need for knowledge that will allow society to simultaneously reduce exposure to global environmental hazards, while also meeting economic development goals. Exploring Natural Hazards: A Case Study Approach, contributes to the knowledge showcasing advanced practices for the monitoring of natural hazards. Through each case study, the book examines mainly hazards arising from processes within the hydrosphere and atmosphere, triggered or exacerbated by inputs to and transfers of energy between environmental components. It discusses the causes of these phenomena, and ways in which improved policy making, sometimes coupled with the application of appropriate modern technologies, can help to reduce people’s exposure to harm. Discussing challenges, lessons learned and recommendations, this book provides a snapshot of issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, lightning as a hazard and the need for alert systems. It is a valuable resource for practitioners and professionals alike, for researchers, students and others who work at the intersection between environmental hazards, sustainable development and social justice.

Enhancing Resilience Among High Risk Populations to Maximize Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery

Enhancing Resilience Among High Risk Populations to Maximize Disaster Preparedness, Response and Recovery
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2013
Category :
Total pages :129
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Exploring Natural Hazards

Exploring Natural Hazards
Author : Darius Bartlett,Ramesh Singh
Publisher : Chapman & Hall/CRC
Release Date : 2018
Category : Hazard mitigation
Total pages :358
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This book addresses natural hazards from a scientific and applied engineering perspective. It provides information on the physics and physical processes of a range of natural phenomena that pose hazards to human society, including tropical cyclones, droughts, floods, and lightning. It highlights the current state of research on hazards discussed and deals primarily with their understanding, monitoring, and risk mitigation. Emphasis is on prediction techniques and accuracy, assessments and recent improvements in early warning systems. Using examples and case studies from around the world, the authors present environmental issues in a way that is accessible to readers working in the field.

GI for Disaster Management

GI for Disaster Management
Author : Orhan Altan,Tullio Joseph Tanzi,,Madhu Chandra
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2021-01-20
Category : Science
Total pages :160
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Each year, disasters such as storms, floods, fires, volcanoes, earthquakes, and epidemics cause thousands of casualties and tremendous damage to property around the world, displacing tens of thousands of people from their homes and destroying their livelihoods. The majority of these casualties and property loss could be prevented if better information were available regarding the onset and course of such disasters. Several remote sensing technologies, such as meteorological and Earth observation satellites, communication satellites, and satellite-based positioning, supported by geoinformation technologies, offer the potential to contribute to improved prediction and monitoring of potential hazards, risk mitigation, and disaster management which, in turn, would lead to sharp reductions in losses to life and property. This book explores most of the scientific issues related to spatially supported disaster management and its integration with geographical information system technologies in different disaster examples and scales. Dealing with disasters over space and time represents a long-lasting theme, now approached by means of innovative techniques and modelling approaches. Several priorities for actions are outlined toward preventing new and reduce existing disaster risks, including understanding disaster risk, strengthening disaster risk governance for management of disaster risk, investing in disaster reduction for resilience, and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response. This book presents ideas to address the challenges facing different components of spatial patterns related to ecological processes, and the published articles extended versions of selected presentations from the Gi4DM Conference in 2019 in Prague.

Building & Enhancing Interorganizational Relationships for Disaster Preparedness and Response Capacity

Building & Enhancing Interorganizational Relationships for Disaster Preparedness and Response Capacity
Author : Donata Christiane Nilsen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category :
Total pages :292
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Background: Despite significant resources allocated to disaster preparedness and response capabilities nationally, preparedness and response for vulnerable and special needs populations is still largely lacking. Public health agencies could not possibly meet the disaster preparedness and response needs of all vulnerable and special needs populations especially in inner cities where populations are often quite diverse. As a result, increased attention has been given to innovative and unique approaches to strengthen community-based organizations' (CBOs) capacities as partners in emergency preparedness, response and recovery. Just as preparedness and response strategies play key roles in agencies responding to public health emergencies and natural disasters, CBOs must have enough capacity for disaster preparedness and response that allows them to continue operations before, during and after crises and disasters. Capacity for disaster preparedness and response is rarely within the scope of most struggling nonprofit organizations; however, the relationships they have formed to meet the needs of their vulnerable clients may contribute to this capacity. Purpose: This study explored the relationship between the number and types of interorganizational relationships that CBOs use to serve clients, their disaster preparedness and response capacities. How these relationships may be leveraged is also explored as part of the strategy of enhancing the overall level of an organizations capacity for preparedness and response. Methods: Mixed methods were employed to investigate the potential number and type of interorganizational relationships, organizational capacities and communication mechanisms associated with and influencing the disaster preparedness and response capacities of CBOs serving the homeless. The percent potential leverage, an organization's potential for using interorganizational relationships for disaster preparedness and response related activities, is determined for each organization. Findings: Factors that contributed to disaster preparedness and response capacity for CBOs serving the homeless included: types of organizations CBOs had relationships with, leadership at the organization, evidence of a culture of preparedness, working with/support from external organizations, a tendency of continual improvement and proximity of collaborators and resources. A summary of survey results is provided. Conclusions: In the struggle to incorporate disaster preparedness and response activities into the organizational structure and functioning of CBOs serving vulnerable populations, CBOs may find it useful to look at their interorganizational relationships more closely to determine which ones may also be used for disaster preparedness and response activities. The results of this study offer opportunities for public health to build relationships with CBOs serving vulnerable populations before, during and after crises and likewise for CBOs to tap into many of the services provided by public health to build relationships that are more meaningful.

Enhancing Disaster Management

Enhancing Disaster Management
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category :
Total pages :11
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Children under the age of five constitute around 7% of the total U.S. population and represent a segment of the population, which is totally dependent on others for day-to-day activities. A significant proportion of this population spends time in some form of day care arrangement while their parents are away from home. Accounting for those children during emergencies is of high priority, which requires a broad understanding of the locations of such day care centers. As concentrations of at risk population, the spatial location of day care centers is critical for any type of emergency preparedness and response (EPR). However, until recently, the U.S. emergency preparedness and response community did not have access to a comprehensive spatial database of day care centers at the national scale. This paper describes an approach for the development of the first comprehensive spatial database of day care center locations throughout the USA utilizing a variety of data harvesting techniques to integrate information from widely disparate data sources followed by geolocating for spatial precision. In the context of disaster management, such spatially refined demographic databases hold tremendous potential for improving high resolution population distribution and dynamics models and databases.

Exploring Natural Hazards

Exploring Natural Hazards
Author : Darius Bartlett,Ramesh Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-07-02
Category :
Total pages :376
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The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 has identified four priority areas for Disaster Risk Reduction: understanding disaster risk; strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response; and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Although tremendous progress has been made in recent decades in understanding the workings of the Earth systems and, in particular, its impacts on and responses to human actions, there remains a continuing and pressing need for knowledge that will allow society to simultaneously reduce exposure to global environmental hazards, while also meeting economic development goals. Exploring Natural Hazards: A Case Study Approach, contributes to the knowledge showcasing advanced practices for the monitoring of natural hazards. Through each case study, the book examines mainly hazards arising from processes within the hydrosphere and atmosphere, triggered or exacerbated by inputs to and transfers of energy between environmental components. It discusses the causes of these phenomena, and ways in which improved policy making, sometimes coupled with the application of appropriate modern technologies, can help to reduce people's exposure to harm. Discussing challenges, lessons learned and recommendations, this book provides a snapshot of issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, lightning as a hazard and the need for alert systems. It is a valuable resource for practitioners and professionals alike, for researchers, students and others who work at the intersection between environmental hazards, sustainable development and social justice.

An Inclusive Approach for Enhancing Disaster Risk Reduction

An Inclusive Approach for Enhancing Disaster Risk Reduction
Author : Joshua Hawkins
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category : Disaster relief
Total pages :170
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Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a framework that aims to minimise the threat, occurrence or impacts of disaster events at the local level (i.e. the community). DRR aims to reduce these factors in three ways: directly influencing the hazard, decreasing the exposure of people and assets to hazards, and enhancing the capacities of the local community which aid the ability to cope in response to a disaster. Capacities are knowledge-sets, skills and resources of individuals that can be used to respond to impacts from a hazard event. Present-day DRR is typically reliant on a top-down approach. A top-down approach includes external intervention where capacities are provided. This emphasises structural solutions to local problems, creating and reinforcing the notion that people affected by disasters are ‘victims’. As a result, outside actors such as scientists, governments and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) justify their intervention through emergency management activities. Although a top-down approach has its benefits, DRR should focus on building a bottom-up approach that utilises local capacities and resources. This is because disasters are a local issue, therefore only the community themselves fully understand the opportunities and risks associated with a hazard event. Local capacities and resources can then be further enhanced by the inclusion of top-down capacities and resources. Gaillard and Mercer (2012) suggest that the inclusion of both top-down and bottom-up approaches is one way towards enhancing local DRR. Participation of the local community in developing DRR is essential to achieve an inclusive approach to DRR that utilises both top-down and bottom-up actors. Gaventa and Cornwall (2006) highlight that knowledge, action and consciousness are required to achieve participation. These components are interlinked and essential towards achieving participation. If one of these components are not present, then the participation of a stakeholder may be compromised. This investigation focusses on a case study in New Zealand. New Zealand’s DRR policies rely upon the Civil Defence Emergency Management to work with communities in their region, in guiding them through the planning process. Therefore, New Zealand is an example of where local DRR may be enhanced by including top-down and bottom-up stakeholders in the planning process. One example of a bottom-up stakeholder in New Zealand communities are Marae. If utilised in the DRR planning process, Marae could provide a unique range of benefits to the current state of local DRR.

Building Community Disaster Resilience Through Private-Public Collaboration

Building Community Disaster Resilience Through Private-Public Collaboration
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Geographical Sciences Committee,Committee on Private-Public Sector Collaboration to Enhance Community Disaster Resilience
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2011-03-17
Category : Science
Total pages :142
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Natural disasters--including hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and floods--caused more than 220,000 deaths worldwide in the first half of 2010 and wreaked havoc on homes, buildings, and the environment. To withstand and recover from natural and human-caused disasters, it is essential that citizens and communities work together to anticipate threats, limit their effects, and rapidly restore functionality after a crisis. Increasing evidence indicates that collaboration between the private and public sectors could improve the ability of a community to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters. Several previous National Research Council reports have identified specific examples of the private and public sectors working cooperatively to reduce the effects of a disaster by implementing building codes, retrofitting buildings, improving community education, or issuing extreme-weather warnings. State and federal governments have acknowledged the importance of collaboration between private and public organizations to develop planning for disaster preparedness and response. Despite growing ad hoc experience across the country, there is currently no comprehensive framework to guide private-public collaboration focused on disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. Building Community Disaster Resilience through Private-Public Collaboration assesses the current state of private-public sector collaboration dedicated to strengthening community resilience, identifies gaps in knowledge and practice, and recommends research that could be targeted for investment. Specifically, the book finds that local-level private-public collaboration is essential to the development of community resilience. Sustainable and effective resilience-focused private-public collaboration is dependent on several basic principles that increase communication among all sectors of the community, incorporate flexibility into collaborative networks, and encourage regular reassessment of collaborative missions, goals, and practices.