December 5, 2020

Download Ebook Free Entropy Principle For The Development Of Complex Biotic Systems

Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems

Entropy Principle for the Development of Complex Biotic Systems
Author : Ichiro Aoki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012
Category : Science
Total pages :107
GET BOOK

The concept of entropy in thermodynamics is a complex one, though it is fundamental in understanding physics, the workings of the mind, and biology. Entropy is the measure of the quality of energy, and it can also refer to the turn from order to disorder or randomness in isolated systems. In open systems, such as biology, entropy is formulated in terms of production and energy flow. This book establishes a novel view of complex biological systems and the earth using this concept of entropy, encompassing the interdisciplinary area of biology, ecology and physics. This book considers the development over time of a range of biologically complex systems such as plants, animals, humans, and ecosystems, describing them in terms of the second law of thermodynamics, entropy. With its broad coverage of biological systems, this book will be useful for students of environmental science as well as students in biology and physics. Includes discussion of multiple complex systems including the earth and biological systems within it. Suitable for those with little physics background who wish to learn how the laws of physics apply to ecological systems. Clearly organized by system, making information easy to access.

The Sustainable City IX

The Sustainable City IX
Author : N. Marchettini,C.A. Brebbia,R. Pulselli,S. Bastianoni
Publisher : WIT Press
Release Date : 2014-09-23
Category : Architecture
Total pages :1766
GET BOOK

Containing the proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability this book addresses the multi-disciplinary aspects of urban planning; a result of the increasing size of cities; the amount of resources and services required and the complexity of modern society. Most of earth’s population now lives in cities and the process of urbanisation still continues generating many problems deriving from the drift of the population towards them. These problems can be resolved by cities becoming efficient habitats, saving resources in a way that improves the quality and standard of living. The process however, faces a number of major challenges, related to reducing pollution, improving main transportation and infrastructure systems. New urban solutions are required to optimise the use of space and energy resources leading to improvements in the environment, i.e. reduction in air, water and soil pollution as well as efficient ways to deal with waste generation. These challenges contribute to the development of social and economic imbalances and require the development of new solutions. Large cities are probably the most complex mechanisms to manage. However, despite such complexity they represent a fertile ground for architects, engineers, city planners, social and political scientists, and other professionals able to conceive new ideas and time them according to technological advances and human requirements. The challenge of planning sustainable cities lies in considering their dynamics, the exchange of energy and matter, and the function and maintenance of ordered structures directly or indirectly, supplied and maintained by natural systems. Topics covered include: Urban strategies; Planning, development and management; Urban conservation and regeneration; The community and the city; Eco-town planning; Landscape planning and design; Environmental management; Sustainable energy and the city; Transportation; Quality of life; Waterfront development; Case studies; Architectural issues; Cultural heritage issues; Intelligent environment and emerging technologies; Planning for risk; Disaster and emergency response; Safety and security; Waste management; Infrastructure and society; Urban metabolism.

Ecological Modeling

Ecological Modeling
Author : Hsiao-Hsuan Wang,W. E. Grant
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-08-14
Category : Science
Total pages :302
GET BOOK

Ecological Modeling: An Introduction to the Art and Science of Modeling Ecological Systems, Volume 31, presents the skills needed to appropriately evaluate and use ecological models. Illustrated throughout with practical examples, the book discusses ecological modeling as both an art and a science, balancing the qualitative (artistic) side, with its foundations in common sense and modeling practice, against the quantitative (scientific) aspects of the modeling process. This book draws on the authors’ extensive experience in both teaching and using these techniques to provide readers with a practical, user-friendly guide that supports and encourages the appropriate, effective use of these tools. Provides readers with a commonsense understanding of the systems perspective and its foundations in general system theory Highlights the importance of a solid understanding of the qualitative aspects of the modeling process Facilitates the ability to appropriately evaluate and use ecological models Supports learning with a variety of simple examples to instill the desire and confidence to embark upon the modeling experience

Models of the Ecological Hierarchy

Models of the Ecological Hierarchy
Author : Ferenc Jordán,Sven Erik Jorgensen
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012
Category : Nature
Total pages :562
GET BOOK

"Based on selected papers covering the presentations at the 7th European Conference on Ecological Modelling, organized by ISEM and hosted by The Microsoft Research--University of Trento Center for Computational and Systems Biology from 30 May to 2 June, 2011 in Riva del Garde, Italy"--P. xi.

Numerical Ecology

Numerical Ecology
Author : P. Legendre,Loic F J Legendre
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-07-21
Category : Science
Total pages :1006
GET BOOK

The book describes and discusses the numerical methods which are successfully being used for analysing ecological data, using a clear and comprehensive approach. These methods are derived from the fields of mathematical physics, parametric and nonparametric statistics, information theory, numerical taxonomy, archaeology, psychometry, sociometry, econometry and others. An updated, 3rd English edition of the most widely cited book on quantitative analysis of multivariate ecological data Relates ecological questions to methods of statistical analysis, with a clear description of complex numerical methods All methods are illustrated by examples from the ecological literature so that ecologists clearly see how to use the methods and approaches in their own research All calculations are available in R language functions

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1998
Category : Physics
Total pages :129
GET BOOK

ArchæoZoologia

ArchæoZoologia
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Animal remains (Archaeology)
Total pages :129
GET BOOK

Vols. for 1987- contain proceedings of the 5th- International Conferences of Archaeozoology.

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy
Author : Axel Kleidon,Ralph D. Lorenz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-11-18
Category : Science
Total pages :264
GET BOOK

The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy
Author : Axel Kleidon,Ralph D. Lorenz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-11-18
Category : Science
Total pages :264
GET BOOK

The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.

Entropy and Bioeconomics

Entropy and Bioeconomics
Author : European Association for Bioeconomic Studies. International Conference
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1993
Category : Conservation of natural resources
Total pages :552
GET BOOK

Global & Regional Ecological Problems

Global & Regional Ecological Problems
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Ecology
Total pages :555
GET BOOK

A New Ecology

A New Ecology
Author : Soeren Nors Nielsen,Brian D. Fath,Simone Bastianoni,Joao C. Marques,Felix Muller,Bernard D. Patten,Robert E. Ulanowicz,Sven Erik Jørgensen,Enzo Tiezzi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-08-30
Category : Science
Total pages :270
GET BOOK

A New Ecology: Systems Perspective, Second Edition, gives an overview of the commonalities of all ecosystems from a variety of properties, including physical openness, ontic openness, directionality, connectivity, a complex dynamic for growth and development, and a complex dynamic response to disturbances. Each chapter details basic and characteristic properties that help the reader understand how they can be applied to explain a wide spectrum of current ecological research and environmental management applications. Contains revised, updated or redeveloped chapters that include the most current research and technology Reviews universal traits of ecosystems from multiple perspectives, giving the reader a complete overview of the systems perspective of ecology Offers broad examples of ecology as a systems science, from the history of science, to philosophy and the arts Brings together the systems perspective in a framework of four columns for greater understanding, including thermodynamics, network theory, hierarchy theory and biochemistry Contains new chapter on the application of the theory to environmental management

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems

Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems
Author : S.E. Jorgensen,Y.M. Svirezhev,I︠U︡. M. Svirezhev,Yuri M. Svirezhev
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2004-07-20
Category : Nature
Total pages :366
GET BOOK

The book presents a consistent and complete ecosystem theory based on thermodynamic concepts. The first chapters are devoted to an interpretation of the first and second law of thermodynamics in ecosystem context. Then Prigogine's use of far from equilibrium thermodynamic is used on ecosystems to explain their reactions to perturbations. The introduction of the concept exergy makes it possible to give a more profound and comprehensive explanation of the ecosystem's reactions and growth-patterns. A tentative fourth law of thermodynamic is formulated and applied to facilitate these explanations. The trophic chain, the global energy and radiation balance and pattern and the reactions of ecological networks are all explained by the use of exergy. Finally, it is discussed how the presented theory can be applied more widely to explain ecological observations and rules, to assess ecosystem health and to develop ecological models.

Evolution, Development and Complexity

Evolution, Development and Complexity
Author : Georgi Yordanov Georgiev,John M. Smart,Claudio L. Flores Martinez,Michael E. Price
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-25
Category : Science
Total pages :454
GET BOOK

This book explores the universe and its subsystems from the three lenses of evolutionary (contingent), developmental (predictable), and complex (adaptive) processes at all scales. It draws from prolific experts within the academic disciplines of complexity science, physical science, information and computer science, theoretical and evo-devo biology, cosmology, astrobiology, evolutionary theory, developmental theory, and philosophy. The chapters come from a Satellite Meeting, "Evolution, Development and Complexity" (EDC) hosted at the Conference on Complex Systems, in Cancun, 2017. The contributions have been peer-reviewed and contributors from outside the conference were invited to submit chapters to ensure full coverage of the topics. This book explores many issues within the field of EDC such as the interaction of evolutionary stochasticity and developmental determinism in biological systems and what they might teach us about these twin processes in other complex systems. This text will appeal to students and researchers within the complex systems and EDC fields.

Indian Journal of Power and River Valley Development

Indian Journal of Power and River Valley Development
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Water resources development
Total pages :129
GET BOOK