December 4, 2020

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Epigenetics and Dermatology

Epigenetics and Dermatology
Author : Qianjin Lu,Christopher C. Chang,Bruce C. Richardson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-02-16
Category : Science
Total pages :520
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Epigenetics and Dermatology explores the role of epigenetics in the pathogenesis of autoimmune-related skin diseases and skin cancer. Leading contributors cover common and uncommon skin conditions in which extensive epigenetic research has been done. They explain how environmental exposures (chemicals, drugs, sunlight, diet, stress, smoking, infection, etc.) in all stages of life (from a fetus in-utero to an elderly person) may result in epigenetic changes that lead to development of some skin diseases in life. They also discuss the possibilities of new and emergent epigenetic treatments which are gradually being adopted in management of various skin diseases. Chapters follow a conventional structure, covering fundamental biology of the disease condition, etiology and pathogenesis, diagnosis, commonly available treatments, and epigenetic therapy where applicable. Discusses the basic biology of skin diseases and skin cancers induced or aggravated by aberrant epigenetic changes Evaluates how to approach autoimmune-related skin diseases from a therapeutic perspective using the wealth of emergent epigenetic clinical trials Offers a coherent and structured table of contents with basic epigenetic biology followed by discussion of the spectrum of rheumatologic through neoplastic skin diseases, finally ending with a discourse on epigenetic therapy

Personalized, Evolutionary, and Ecological Dermatology

Personalized, Evolutionary, and Ecological Dermatology
Author : Robert A. Norman
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-09-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :142
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This book discusses the exciting potential for dermatology to embrace developments to enhance the profession’s valuable pattern recognition, diagnostic, and treatment skills. Personalized medicine (PM) and genomics are easily accessible and enable the customization of healthcare using molecular analysis to influence medical decisions, practices, and therapies for the individual patient. The evolution of the skin, and the manner in which dermatological conditions are described and managed, reveals the need to consider many aspects on a personal level. New research data are based on the use of evolutionary medicine and genomics to highlight how we can become more successful at finding the most efficacious types of antibiotic or therapy and dosage for a particular disease or pathogen and build a competitive edge by prevention and risk management against invasive viruses, bacteria, or wrongly administered drugs. As more is understood about what grows on us and how it all interacts, along with how the introduction of new antibiotics, biologics, and other therapies affect our skin’s ecological balance, this book aims to create a heightened sense of the importance and offerings of ecological dermatology.

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-09-12
Category : Medical
Total pages :444
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Epigenetics and Reproductive Health, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, provides a thorough overview and discussion of epigenetics in reproduction and implications for reproductive medicine. Twenty international researchers discuss epigenetic mechanisms operating during the formation of male and female gametes, fertilization and subsequent embryo and placental development, particularly in mammals and transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. This volume also addresses aberrant epigenetic changes influencing male and female infertility, pregnancy related disorders, and those potentially linked to therapeutic manipulations and assisted reproductive technologies. Emphasis is placed on identifying biomarkers for early detection of aberrant epigenetic mechanisms. Later chapters examine the possibility of correcting these epigenetic dysfunctions, as well as current challenges and next steps in research, enabling new translational discoveries and efforts towards developing therapeutics. Thoroughly examines the influence of aberrant epigenetics during gametogenesis and embryogenesis, affecting parents, gametes and embryos, offspring and future generations Explores health outcomes for reproductive senescence, endocrine disruption, testicular cancer, prostrate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian, cancer, endometrial cancer and cervical cancers Features chapter contributions from international researchers in the field

Epigenetics in Allergy and Autoimmunity

Epigenetics in Allergy and Autoimmunity
Author : Christopher Chang,Qianjin Lu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-05-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :403
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This book will address the growing roles of epigenetics in disease pathogenesis, and review the contribution of epigenetic modifications to disease onset and progression. The roles that epigenetics plays in facilitating effects of the environment on allergy and immunologic diseases will be reviewed. The book is divided into three parts – the first is an introduction to epigenetics and the methods that have been developed to study epigenetics, the second addresses epigenetics in allergic diseases and the third part will cover epigenetics in autoimmune diseases. With the rapid expansion of knowledge of how genes are regulated and how this regulation affects disease phenotypes, this book will be attractive to experienced researchers as well as those just launching an epigenetics research program. It will also be of interest to allergist, immunologists, rheumatologists and dermatologist who are engaged in clinical practice as a resource for understanding the basis for personalized and precision medicine. For example, the role that epigenetics plays in the pathogenesis in various allergic and autoimmune disorders and how this determines disease phenotypes will be covered extensively in this book. This book will thus help fill the gap in available resources on epigenetics in allergy and autoimmune diseases.

Year Book of Dermatology and Dermatological Surgery 2012 - E-Book

Year Book of Dermatology and Dermatological Surgery 2012 - E-Book
Author : James Q. Del Rosso
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-07-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :496
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There's no faster or easier way to stay informed! The Year Book of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery brings you abstracts of articles carefully selected from more than 100 journals worldwide. Expert commentaries evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to your practice.

Gender and Dermatology

Gender and Dermatology
Author : Ethel Tur,Howard I. Maibach
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-05-07
Category : Medical
Total pages :309
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This book comprehensively reviews the characteristics of the body reflected in the skin due to differences in gender. It investigates the genetic and hormonal differences that can affect skin structure and function, and resulting in variations between women and men. The aging process and exogenous factors that differ according to differences in lifestyle between the sexes are also covered. Gender and Dermatology comprehensively outlines the various aspects of physiological differences between the skin of women and men using practical examples and review of the basic science. It is therefore an important clinically-relevant review for both the trainee and experienced practitioner in dermatology, primary care, geriatrics and immunology, while also being of interest to researchers in genetics and metabolic medicine.

Dermatology E-Book

Dermatology E-Book
Author : Jean L. Bolognia,Joseph L. Jorizzo,Julie V. Schaffer
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-06-08
Category : Medical
Total pages :2776
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Dermatology, edited by world authorities Jean L. Bolognia, MD, Joseph L. Jorizzo, MD, and Julie V. Schaffer, MD, is an all-encompassing medical reference book that puts the latest practices in dermatologic diagnosis and treatment at your fingertips. It delivers more comprehensive coverage of basic science, clinical practice, pediatric dermatology, and dermatologic surgery than you’ll find in any other source. Whether you’re a resident or an experienced practitioner, you’ll have the in-depth, expert, up-to-the-minute answers you need to overcome any challenge you face in practice. Find answers fast with a highly user-friendly, "easy-in-easy-out" format and a wealth of tables and algorithms for instant visual comprehension. Get full exposure to core knowledge with coverage of dermatology’s entire spectrum of subspecialties. See just the essential information with "need-to-know" basic science information and key references. Expedite decision making and clarify complex concepts with logical tables, digestible artwork, and easy-to-grasp schematics. Visualize more of the conditions you see in practice with over 3500 illustrations, of which over 1,400 are new: 1,039 clinical images, 398 pathology slides, and 152 schematics. Stay at the forefront of your field with updated treatment methods throughout, as well as an increased focus on patients with skin of color. Get an enhanced understanding of the foundations of dermatology in pathology, the clinical setting, and dermoscopy with a completely rewritten introductory chapter. Better comprehend the clinical-pathological relationship of skin disease with increased histologic coverage. Bolognia’s Dermatology is the ultimate multimedia reference for residents in training AND the experienced practitioner.

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics
Author : Trygve Tollefsbol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-06-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :924
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Medical Epigenetics provides a comprehensive analysis of the importance of epigenetics to health management. The purpose of this book is to fill a current need for a comprehensive volume on the medical aspects of epigenetics with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems and modes of treating epigenetic-based disorders and diseases. The intent of this book is to provide a stand-alone comprehensive volume that will cover all human systems relevant to epigenetic maladies and all major aspects of medical epigenetics. The overall goal is to provide the leading book on medical epigenetics that will be useful not only to physicians, nurses, medical students and many others directly involved with health care, but also investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students and many others who are interested in more applied aspects of epigenetics. Research in the area of translational epigenetics is a cornerstone of this volume. Critical reviews dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Coverage of emerging topics including twin epigenetics as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Encompasses a disease-oriented perspective of medical epigenetics as well as diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches to applied medicine

Human Skin Cancers

Human Skin Cancers
Author : Miroslav Blumenberg
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :212
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Human skin cancers, the most common type of tumors, represent a significant health burden. The deadliest is unquestionably melanoma. Half of melanomas have an activating mutation in the BRAF gene, prompting development of novel drugs, vemurafenib and dabrafenib, specifically targeting mutated BRAF. Trametinib and cobimetinib, which block MEK, a BRAF effector protein, have been used in combination with BRAF inhibitors. A promising new melanoma treatment is immunotherapy, approach that boosts patient's own immune system to attack cancer. Pembrolizumab and nivolumab inhibit PD-1, whereas Ipilimumab targets CTLA-4, another immunity check point, to boost the immune response. Here we focus on pathways, mechanisms, targets and treatments of human skin cancers, with particular emphasis on the new developments in the research on melanomas.

The Pigmentary System

The Pigmentary System
Author : James J. Nordlund,Raymond E. Boissy,Vincent J. Hearing,Richard A. King,William S. Oetting,Jean-Paul Ortonne
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-04-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :1248
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The most comprehensive and integrated book on pigmentation The Pigmentary System, Second Edition, gathers into one convenient, all-inclusive volume a wealth of information about the science of pigmentation and all the common and rare clinical disorders that affect skin color. The two parts, physiology (science) and pathophysiology (clinical disorders), are complementary and annotated so that those reading one part can easily refer to relevant sections in the other. For the clinician interested in common or rare pigment disorders or the principles of teaching about such disorders, this book provides an immediate and complete resource on the biologic bases for these disorders. For the scientist studying the biology of melanocyte function, the book provides a list of disorders that are related to basic biological functions of melanocytes. New features of this Second Edition include: Completely new section on the basic science of pigmentation – explaining the integration of melanocyte functions with other epidermal cells and with various organ systems like the immune system New chapters on pigmentary disorders related to intestinal diseases, the malignant melanocyte, benign proliferations of melanocytes (nevi) and phototherapy with narrow band UV All clinical chapters include the latest genetic findings and advances in therapy More than 400 color images of virtually all clinical disorders The book is ideal for all dermatologists and especially those interested in disorders of pigmentation. It is of particular use for pediatric dermatologists and medical geneticists caring for patients with congenital and genetic pigmentary disorders. This authoritative volume will fill the gap for dermatology training programs that do not have local experts on pigmentation. Basic and cosmetic scientists studying pigmentation and melanocytes will find the science and clinical correlations very useful in showing human significance and relevance to the results of their studies.

Taylor and Kelly's Dermatology for Skin of Color 2/E

Taylor and Kelly's Dermatology for Skin of Color 2/E
Author : Susan C. Taylor,A. Paul Kelly,Henry Lim,Ana Maria Anido Serrano
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2016-01-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :800
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The highly anticipated update of the complete textbook of dermatologic science and practice focusing on the care of patients with moderately to heavily pigmented skin – 21 new chapters with more than 900 photographs! Dermatology for Skin of Color, Second Edition is a comprehensive reference that thoroughly details every aspect of dermatologic science as it applies to skin of color – from the development of the skin to the biology of hair and nails. All commonly encountered dermatologic problems of Africans, Asians, Arabs, Native Americans, and other peoples are covered, as are other diseases with significant skin manifestations. This second edition is significantly expanded with 21 new chapters covering dermatology for geriatric, adolescent, and pregnant patients, as well as depigmenting agents, viral infections, cutaneous manifestation of internal malignancy, neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, photoaging, photosensivity, laser treatment for skin-tightening, toxins and fillers, cosmetic practices in Mexico, effects of tattooing and piercing, sickle cell disease, drug eruptions, and the biology of oral mucosa. It also features many more clinical pictures and improved organization. Extensively illustrated with more than 900 full-color photos, Dermatology for Skin of Color provides comprehensive coverage of medical, surgical, and cosmetic treatment options, pediatric dermatology, differences between skin of color and Caucasian skin, differences between ethnic groups with skin of color, and important basic science information on the structure and function of skin of color. In addition, folk remedies and over-the-counter treatments specifically targeting this population are covered.

Livestock Epigenetics

Livestock Epigenetics
Author : Hasan Khatib
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-02-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :182
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Livestock Epigenetics reviews advances in the understanding of the molecular basis of epigenetic mechanisms in gene expression in livestock species. Epigenetics impact many economically important traits from growth and development to more efficient reproduction and breeding strategies. The book opens with a broad introductory chapter that discusses the importance of an understanding of epigenetics to efficient and sustainable livestock production. In subsequent chapters the role of epigenetics in specific aspects of animal production are reviewed. The final chapter provides researchers with a valuable basis for the use of comparative epigenetics research to allow research to apply advances across organisms. Livestock Epigenetics provides detailed information on this rapidly expanding field of research with contributions from a global team of experts.

Personalized Treatment Options in Dermatology

Personalized Treatment Options in Dermatology
Author : Thomas Bieber,Frank Nestle
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-02-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :146
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This book is a quick reference guide to the new, more personalized approaches to the management of skin disorders that have emerged as a result of progress in our understanding of the genetic background and pathophysiology of skin diseases and the diversity of mechanisms underlying their clinical heterogeneity. A wide range of personalized and targeted therapies are described, including those for different skin cancers, chronic inflammatory skin diseases, and autoimmune diseases. In addition, readers will find that the book documents how research results in personalized medicine can be effectively transferred to dermatological practice and looks forward to future treatments that might be developed on the basis of recent research findings. The authors are all recognized experts in the field, and the text is presented in a reader-friendly format and well illustrated.

Epigenetics In Human Reproduction And Development

Epigenetics In Human Reproduction And Development
Author : Naumova Anna K,Taketo-hosotani Teruko
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2016-12-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :304
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Epigenetics is defined as heritable changes that do not affect the DNA sequence but influence gene expression. Epigenetic changes occur at the levels of DNA, histone, protein, and chromatin structures. Proper epigenetic modifications are essential for cell differentiation and function during development, while some epigenetic modifications are passed on from parents to offspring through gametes. Therefore, alterations of epigenetic states would have serious consequences for human development and health. This realization and the advent of new technologies have encouraged the advance of epigenetic studies in recent years. Nonetheless, many aspects of epigenetics, such as regulatory mechanisms and evolutional advantages, remain to be better understood. Written by 26 scientists at the forefront of epigenetics research, this book discusses the different facets of epigenetics: from gametogenesis to child development, as well as from mechanistic studies in animal models to reviews of human clinical data.

Integrative Dermatology

Integrative Dermatology
Author : Robert A. Norman,Philip D. Shenefelt,Reena N. Rupani
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2014-04
Category : Medical
Total pages :529
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Integrative Dermatology combines conventional treatment options with time tested alternative treatment options for skin disorders. By integrating the best of Western and Eastern medicine, it aims to broaden the armamentarium of clinicians treating skin diseases.