December 3, 2020

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Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides

Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides
Author : Gertjan Koster,M Huijben,Guus Rijnders
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-05-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :504
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The atomic arrangement and subsequent properties of a material are determined by the type and conditions of growth leading to epitaxy, making control of these conditions key to the fabrication of higher quality materials. Epitaxial Growth of Complex Metal Oxides reviews the techniques involved in such processes and highlights recent developments in fabrication quality which are facilitating advances in applications for electronic, magnetic and optical purposes. Part One reviews the key techniques involved in the epitaxial growth of complex metal oxides, including growth studies using reflection high-energy electron diffraction, pulsed laser deposition, hybrid molecular beam epitaxy, sputtering processes and chemical solution deposition techniques for the growth of oxide thin films. Part Two goes on to explore the effects of strain and stoichiometry on crystal structure and related properties, in thin film oxides. Finally, the book concludes by discussing selected examples of important applications of complex metal oxide thin films in Part Three. Provides valuable information on the improvements in epitaxial growth processes that have resulted in higher quality films of complex metal oxides and further advances in applications for electronic and optical purposes Examines the techniques used in epitaxial thin film growth Describes the epitaxial growth and functional properties of complex metal oxides and explores the effects of strain and defects

Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures

Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures
Author : Nini Pryds,Vincenzo Esposito
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-09-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :560
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Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures: Formation, Characterization and Application of Interface-Based Phenomena bridges the gap between thin film deposition and device development by exploring the synthesis, properties and applications of thin film interfaces. Part I deals with theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth, the structure and morphology of oxide-metal interfaces deposited with different deposition techniques and new developments in growth methods. Part II concerns analysis techniques for the electrical, optical, magnetic and structural properties of thin film interfaces. In Part III, the emphasis is on ionic and electronic transport at the interfaces of Metal-oxide thin films. Part IV discusses methods for tailoring metal oxide thin film interfaces for specific applications, including microelectronics, communication, optical electronics, catalysis, and energy generation and conservation. This book is an essential resource for anyone seeking to further their knowledge of metal oxide thin films and interfaces, including scientists and engineers working on electronic devices and energy systems and those engaged in research into electronic materials. Introduces the theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth for the benefit of readers new to the field Explores state-of-the-art analysis techniques and their application to interface properties in order to give a fuller understanding of the relationship between macroscopic properties and atomic-scale manipulation Discusses techniques for tailoring thin film interfaces for specific applications, including information, electronics and energy technologies, making this book essential reading for materials scientists and engineers alike

Epitaxial and Lateral Solid-phase Crystallization of Complex Oxides

Epitaxial and Lateral Solid-phase Crystallization of Complex Oxides
Author : Yajin Chen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category :
Total pages :150
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The crystallization of complex-oxide materials through a transformation from the amorphous to crystalline forms presents a range of new opportunities to synthesize new materials, and simultaneously poses important scientific challenges. New crystallization method complements more conventional vapor-phase epitaxy techniques for epitaxial complex-oxide thin film growth that involve long-range surface diffusion on 2D planar crystal surfaces. The vapor-phase techniques are not readily adaptable to creating nanoscale epitaxial complex-oxide crystals. The alternative synthesis method described in this thesis is solid-phase crystallization, which is the crystallization of amorphous oxides, often in the form of thin films, by post-deposition heating. The creation of epitaxial complex-oxide nanostructures can facilitate their integration in 3D electronic, optoelectronic and ionic devices. Epitaxial complex-oxide crystals in intricate geometries can be created by solid-phase crystallization employing patterned substrates with a distribution of isolated crystalline seeds. This method requires the study of distinct crystal growth and nucleation kinetics on epitaxial and non-epitaxial surfaces. Nanoscale seeded crystallization can be achieved by understanding the relative rates of nucleation and lateral crystal growth processes, and the role of seeds in determining the overall orientation of the resulting crystals. Epitaxial complex-oxide thin films in intricate geometries with an expanded range of compositions can be created by combining the use of atomic layer deposition (ALD) and solid-phase crystallization, with the development of new ALD procedures to deposit amorphous oxide films and the study of the subsequent crystallization processes to select the crystalline structures of the crystallized film. ALD itself allows for the conformal deposition of thin films over non-planar surfaces. Solid-phase crystallization can also be used to deposit epitaxial complex-oxide thin films with a wider range of compositions, including those that cannot be deposited from the vapor phase at high temperatures. Such oxides include the oxides that have complex compositions and volatile components. The different kinetic constraints of solid-phase crystallization allow the epitaxial growth of those oxide thin films because of the slow diffusion in the solid state at relatively low crystallization temperatures. This thesis describes the discovery that, at low crystallization temperatures, epitaxial crystal growth of the model perovskite SrTiO3 on single-crystal SrTiO3 propagates over long distances without nucleation of SrTiO3 on Si with a native oxide. Two kinds of isolated nanoscale seed crystals are employed to study the seeded lateral crystallization of SrTiO3, yielding highly similar results. Micron-scale crystalline regions form surrounding the seeds before encountering separately nucleated crystals away from the seeds. Seed crystals play an important role in determining the orientations of the resulting crystals. New chemical precursors and ALD procedures were developed to grow amorphous PrAlO3 films. An epitaxial [lowercase gamma]-Al2O3 layer formed at the interface between the PrAlO3 film and (001) SrTiO3 substrate during the deposition. Epitaxial PrAlO3 films were achieved on (001) [lowercase gamma]-Al2O3/SrTiO3 by solid-phase epitaxy. The study of SrTiO3 and PrAlO[3] is also applicable to a series of chemically and structurally similar functional ABO3 compounds. The concepts of solid-phase crystallization also apply to oxides with multiple metal ions and more complex crystal structure. The kinetic processes occurring during the crystallization of ScAlMgO4, on (0001) sapphire substrates are quite different at two different temperatures. Epitaxial ScAlMgO4 crystals grow through the film thickness at a crystallization temperature of 950 °C. Solid-state reaction and evaporation of the component Sc prohibits the formation of large ScAlMgO4 crystals at a crystallization temperature of 1400 °C. Low-temperature crystallization can be used to create epitaxial oxide thin films with complex compositions and volatile components.

Magnetic, Ferroelectric, and Multiferroic Metal Oxides

Magnetic, Ferroelectric, and Multiferroic Metal Oxides
Author : Biljana Stojanovic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-01-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :658
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Magnetic, Ferroelectric, and Multiferroic Metal Oxides covers the fundamental and theoretical aspects of ferroics and magnetoelectrics, their properties, and important technological applications, serving as the most comprehensive, up-to-date reference on the subject. Organized in four parts, Dr. Biljana Stojanovic leads expert contributors in providing the context to understand the material (Part I: Introduction), the theoretical and practical aspects of ferroelectrics (Part II: Ferroelectrics: From Theory, Structure and Preparation to Application), magnetic metal oxides (Part III: Magnetic Oxides: Ferromagnetics, Antiferromagnetics and Ferrimagnetics), multiferroics (Part IV: Multiferroic Metal Oxides) and future directions in research and application (Part V: Future of Metal Oxide Ferroics and Multiferroics). As ferroelectric materials are used to make capacitors with high dielectric constant, transducers, and actuators, and in sensors, reed heads, and memories based on giant magnetoresistive effects, this book will provide an ideal source for the most updated information. Addresses ferroelectrics, ferromagnetics and multiferroelectrics, providing a one-stop reference for researchers Provides fundamental theory and relevant, important technological applications Highlights their use in capacitors with high dielectric constant, transducers, and actuators, and in sensors, reed heads, and memories based on giant magnetoresistive effects

Epitaxy

Epitaxy
Author : Miao Zhong
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-03-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :244
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The edited volume "Epitaxy" is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of materials science. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in this research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but are united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts by international authors in the field of materials science as well as opening new possible research paths for further developments.

Noble Metal-Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles

Noble Metal-Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles
Author : Satyabrata Mohapatra,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Phuong Nguyen-Tri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-10-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :674
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Noble Metal-Metal Oxide Hybrid Nanoparticles: Fundamentals and Applications sets out concepts and emerging applications of hybrid nanoparticles in biomedicine, antibacterial, energy storage and electronics. The hybridization of noble metals (Gold, Silver, Palladium and Platinum) with metal-oxide nanoparticles exhibits superior features when compared to individual nanoparticles. In some cases, metal oxides act as semiconductors, such as nano zinc oxide or titanium oxide nanoparticles, where their hybridization with silver nanoparticles, enhanced significantly their photocatalytic efficiency. The book highlights how such nanomaterials are used for practical applications. Examines the properties of metal-metal oxide hybrid nanoparticles that make them so adaptable Explores the mechanisms by which nanoparticles interact with each other, showing how these can be exploited for practical applications Shows how metal oxide hybrid nanomaterials are used in a range of industry sectors, including energy, the environment and healthcare

Recent Developments in Oxide and Metal Epitaxy - Theory and Experiment: Volume 619

Recent Developments in Oxide and Metal Epitaxy - Theory and Experiment: Volume 619
Author : Mark Yeadon,Shirley Chiang,Robin f. C. Farrow,James W. Evans,Orlando Auciello
Publisher : Materials Research Society
Release Date : 2000-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :218
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Author : Mohamed Henini
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012-12-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :744
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This multi-contributor handbook discusses Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), an epitaxial deposition technique which involves laying down layers of materials with atomic thicknesses on to substrates. It summarizes MBE research and application in epitaxial growth with close discussion and a ‘how to’ on processing molecular or atomic beams that occur on a surface of a heated crystalline substrate in a vacuum. MBE has expanded in importance over the past thirty years (in terms of unique authors, papers and conferences) from a pure research domain into commercial applications (prototype device structures and more at the advanced research stage). MBE is important because it enables new device phenomena and facilitates the production of multiple layered structures with extremely fine dimensional and compositional control. The techniques can be deployed wherever precise thin-film devices with enhanced and unique properties for computing, optics or photonics are required. This book covers the advances made by MBE both in research and mass production of electronic and optoelectronic devices. It includes new semiconductor materials, new device structures which are commercially available, and many more which are at the advanced research stage. Condenses fundamental science of MBE into a modern reference, speeding up literature review Discusses new materials, novel applications and new device structures, grounding current commercial applications with modern understanding in industry and research Coverage of MBE as mass production epitaxial technology enhances processing efficiency and throughput for semiconductor industry and nanostructured semiconductor materials research community

Molecular Beam Epitaxial Growth of Complex Novel Oxides

Molecular Beam Epitaxial Growth of Complex Novel Oxides
Author : N. J. C. Ingle
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category :
Total pages :286
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Growth and Properties of Ultrathin Epitaxial Layers

Growth and Properties of Ultrathin Epitaxial Layers
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1997-06-18
Category : Science
Total pages :649
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Although there has been steady progress in understanding aspects of epitaxial growth throughout the last 30 years of modern surface science, work in this area has intensified greatly in the last 5 years. A number of factors have contributed to this expansion. One has been the general trend in surface science to tackle problems of increasing complexity as confidence is gained in the methodology, so for example, the role of oxide/metal interfaces in determining the properties of many practical supported catalysts is now being explored in greater detail. A second factor is the recognition of the potential importance of artificial multilayer materials not only in semiconductor devices but also in metal/metal systems because of their novel magnetic properties. Perhaps even more important than either of these application areas, however, is the newly-discovered power of scanning probe microscopies, and most notably scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), to provide the means to study epitaxial growth phenomena on an atomic scale under a wide range of conditions. These techniques have also contributed to revitalised interest in methods of fabricating and exploiting artificial structures (lateral as well as in layers) on a nanometre scale. This volume, on Growth and Properties of Ultrathin Epitaxial Layers, includes a collection of articles which reflects the present state of activity in this field. The emphasis is on metals and oxides rather than semiconductors.

Molecular Beam Epitaxy Growth and Characterization of ZnO-based Layers and Heterostructures

Molecular Beam Epitaxy Growth and Characterization of ZnO-based Layers and Heterostructures
Author : Abdelhamid Abdelrehim Mahmoud Elshaer
Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
Release Date : 2008
Category :
Total pages :138
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Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth
Author : Tom Kuech
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-02
Category : Science
Total pages :1382
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Volume IIIA Basic Techniques Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIIA (Basic Techniques), edited by chemical and biological engineering expert Thomas F. Kuech, presents the underpinning science and technology associated with epitaxial growth as well as highlighting many of the chief and burgeoning areas for epitaxial growth. Volume IIIA focuses on major growth techniques which are used both in the scientific investigation of crystal growth processes and commercial development of advanced epitaxial structures. Techniques based on vacuum deposition, vapor phase epitaxy, and liquid and solid phase epitaxy are presented along with new techniques for the development of three-dimensional nano-and micro-structures. Volume IIIB Materials, Processes, and Technology Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIIB (Materials, Processes, and Technology), edited by chemical and biological engineering expert Thomas F. Kuech, describes both specific techniques for epitaxial growth as well as an array of materials-specific growth processes. The volume begins by presenting variations on epitaxial growth process where the kinetic processes are used to develop new types of materials at low temperatures. Optical and physical characterizations of epitaxial films are discussed for both in situ and exit to characterization of epitaxial materials. The remainder of the volume presents both the epitaxial growth processes associated with key technology materials as well as unique structures such as monolayer and two dimensional materials. Volume IIIA Basic Techniques Provides an introduction to the chief epitaxial growth processes and the underpinning scientific concepts used to understand and develop new processes. Presents new techniques and technologies for the development of three-dimensional structures such as quantum dots, nano-wires, rods and patterned growth Introduces and utilizes basic concepts of thermodynamics, transport, and a wide cross-section of kinetic processes which form the atomic level text of growth process Volume IIIB Materials, Processes, and Technology Describes atomic level epitaxial deposition and other low temperature growth techniques Presents both the development of thermal and lattice mismatched streams as the techniques used to characterize the structural properties of these materials Presents in-depth discussion of the epitaxial growth techniques associated with silicone silicone-based materials, compound semiconductors, semiconducting nitrides, and refractory materials

The Surface Science of Metal Oxides

The Surface Science of Metal Oxides
Author : Victor E. Henrich,P. A. Cox
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1996-03-14
Category : Science
Total pages :464
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The first book to give a comprehensive account of the fundamental properties of metal-oxide surfaces.

Thin Film Metal-Oxides

Thin Film Metal-Oxides
Author : Shriram Ramanathan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-12-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :337
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Thin Film Metal-Oxides provides a representative account of the fundamental structure-property relations in oxide thin films. Functional properties of thin film oxides are discussed in the context of applications in emerging electronics and renewable energy technologies. Readers will find a detailed description of deposition and characterization of metal oxide thin films, theoretical treatment of select properties and their functional performance in solid state devices, from leading researchers. Scientists and engineers involved with oxide semiconductors, electronic materials and alternative energy will find Thin Film Metal-Oxides a useful reference.

The Heteroepitaxial Growth of YBCO and Other Metal Oxides on Silicon and GaAs by Pulsed Laser Deposition

The Heteroepitaxial Growth of YBCO and Other Metal Oxides on Silicon and GaAs by Pulsed Laser Deposition
Author : David K. Fork
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1992
Category :
Total pages :376
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