April 13, 2021

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Fire Debris Analysis

Fire Debris Analysis
Author : Eric Stauffer,Julia A. Dolan,Reta Newman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007-12-10
Category : Law
Total pages :672
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The study of fire debris analysis is vital to the function of all fire investigations, and, as such, Fire Debris Analysis is an essential resource for fire investigators. The present methods of analysis include the use of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, techniques which are well established and used by crime laboratories throughout the world. However, despite their universality, this is the first comprehensive resource that addresses their application to fire debris analysis. Fire Debris Analysis covers topics such as the physics and chemistry of fire and liquid fuels, the interpretation of data obtained from fire debris, and the future of the subject. Its cutting-edge material and experienced author team distinguishes this book as a quality reference that should be on the shelves of all crime laboratories. Serves as a comprehensive guide to the science of fire debris analysis Presents both basic and advanced concepts in an easily readable, logical sequence Includes a full-color insert with figures that illustrate key concepts discussed in the text

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris
Author : Jeanet Hendrikse,Michiel Grutters,Frank Schäfer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-10-05
Category : Law
Total pages :142
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Identifying Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris: A Guideline for Forensic Experts discusses and illustrates the characteristics of different ignitable liquid products. This guideline builds on the minimum criteria of the ignitable liquid classes defined in the internationally accepted standard ASTM E1618 Standard Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. The volume provides information on the origin of the characteristics of these ignitable liquid products and provides a summary of characteristics to demonstrate a positive identification of the particular product class. Topics such as the term ignitable liquid, relevant guidelines for fire debris analysis, production processes of ignitable liquids, fire debris analysis methods, and interferences in fire debris analysis, are briefly discussed as these topics are essential for the understanding of the identification and classification of ignitable liquid residues in fire debris. Discusses the characteristics and variations in chemical composition of different classes of the ignitable liquid products defined by ASTM E1618:14 Covers the General Production Processes of Ignitable Liquid Products Includes a guide for the Identification of Ignitable Liquids in Fire Debris

Forensic Analysis of Fire Debris and Explosives

Forensic Analysis of Fire Debris and Explosives
Author : Kenyon Evans-Nguyen,Katherine Hutches
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-10-08
Category : Science
Total pages :356
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This text provides training on the fundamental tools and methodologies used in active forensic laboratories for the complicated analysis of fire debris and explosives evidence. It is intended to serve as a gateway for students and transitioning forensic science or chemistry professionals. The book is divided between the two disciplines of fire debris and explosives, with a final pair of chapters devoted to the interplay between the two disciplines and with other disciplines, such as DNA and fingerprint analysis. It brings together a multi-national group of technical experts, ranging from academic researchers to active practitioners, including members of some of the premier forensic agencies of the world. Readers will gain knowledge of practical methods of analysis and will develop a strong foundation for laboratory work in forensic chemistry. End-of-chapter questions based on relevant topics and real-world data provide a realistic arena for learners to test newly-acquired techniques.

Chemometric Applications in Fire Debris Analysis

Chemometric Applications in Fire Debris Analysis
Author : Anuradha Gayathri Akmeemana
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2019
Category :
Total pages :181
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One of the major challenges in fire investigation is the determination of the cause of fire. The fire can be accidental or intentional. The determination of ignitable liquid residue (ILR) from fire debris helps the process and this process is called fire debris analysis in forensic science. This is one of the most complex areas in the field of forensics because of the evaporation of the ILR from the debris and the interferences of the substrate matrix with the ILR if present. In the present, the final decisions in fire debris analysis are based on categorical statements and it only represents the qualitative but not the quantitative value of the data. The likelihood ratio approach is one of the most widely used methods in forensic science in expressing the evidentiary value.

Evaluation of the DFLEX Device for Fire Debris Analysis

Evaluation of the DFLEX Device for Fire Debris Analysis
Author : J. F. Demers-Kohls,S. L. Ouderkirk,J. L. Buckle,W. E. Norman,N. S. Cartwright,C. Dagenais
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category :
Total pages :25
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Identification and Characterization of Interfering Products in Fire Debris Analysis

Identification and Characterization of Interfering Products in Fire Debris Analysis
Author : Éric Stauffer
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Arson investigation
Total pages :268
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A Survey on the Interpretive GC/MS Analysis of Fire Debris

A Survey on the Interpretive GC/MS Analysis of Fire Debris
Author : Anthony Thomas Parks
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category : Chemistry
Total pages :43
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The practice of arson analysis in a forensic science laboratory is based upon detecting the presence of ignitable liquids. If an ignitable liquid is present, it is suggestive of arson; if no ignitable liquid is found an arson claim is more difficult to assert. Ignitable liquids are detected using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Instrumental results from a GC/MS can display components of an ignitable liquid but an analyst needs to make the final decision. Even with correct instrumentation and suggested guidelines, ignitable liquid analysis can be subjective and based upon the analysts' education and experience. To better understand the interpretive practices of the fire debris analysis community, a survey consisting of reference samples, mixture standards, and multiple unknowns was created in consultation with the Los Angeles Police Department Arson Unit. The samples consisted of different substrates with varying classes and volumes of ignitable liquid. They were created using a destructive distillation method first developed by the State of Florida Bureau of Forensic Fire and Explosives Analysis. Extraction of the samples was completed using a carbon strip to perform passive headspace absorption following the ASTM E 1412 method. The samples were analyzed with a GC/MS following National Commission on Forensic Science parameters. To maintain confidentiality, participant responses are stripped of identifiers and the results of the survey, details about the procedure, and discussions will be presented.

Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Forensic Aspects of Arson Investigations

Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Forensic Aspects of Arson Investigations
Author : Federal Bureau of Investigation, Laboratory Division
Publisher : Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation
Release Date : 1999
Category : Arson investigation
Total pages :352
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Initial Fire Investigation

Initial Fire Investigation
Author : National Fire Academy
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Arson
Total pages :129
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Crime Laboratory Digest

Crime Laboratory Digest
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category : Crime laboratories
Total pages :129
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Solvent Desorption of Charcoal Strips (DFLEX). in the Analysis of Fire Debris Samples

Solvent Desorption of Charcoal Strips (DFLEX). in the Analysis of Fire Debris Samples
Author : D. Massey,E. Du Pasquier,C. Lennard
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category :
Total pages :13
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Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence

Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence
Author : Jose R. Almirall,Kenneth G. Furton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-19
Category : Law
Total pages :272
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Ongoing advances in arson detection tools and techniques increase the importance of scientific evidence in related court proceedings. In order to assemble an airtight case, investigators and forensic scientists need a resource that assists them in properly conducting the chemical analysis and interpretation of physical evidence found at scenes of suspected arson. Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence introduces the techniques that determine the presence of ignitable liquid residues (ILRs) at fire scenes. It bridges the disciplines of investigation and forensic chemistry, enabling effective communication during critical periods of evidence detection, collection, packaging, and transport. The initial chapters are written from an investigator's perspective, allowing forensic specialists to understand fire dynamics, ignition, heat transfer, and investigations. Later chapters include a comparison of the use of canines versus new detection techniques, and an examination of laboratory facilities, equipment, and procedures that are essential to organizing a new lab or upgrading an existing one. By detailing the methods used to identify potential evidence at the scene of suspected arson fires, this volume also benefits attorneys and judges in preparing for prosecution and defense of arson cases.

Kirk's Fire Investigation

Kirk's Fire Investigation
Author : Paul Leland Kirk,John David DeHaan
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release Date : 2007
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :762
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Written by a forensic scientist with extensive education and training experience in all phases of fire and explosion investigation, this widely used book details all essential information. Now updated and expanded, it is in closer accordance to the NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 921 Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigation, which is used at the National Fire Academy. This revision will help enhance the accuracy and reliability of your investigation. Chapter topics examine the elementary chemistry of combustion; the nature and behavior of fire; combustion properties of liquid, gaseous, and solid fuels; sources of ignition; structure fires and their investigation; grass and wildland fires and their investigation; automobile, motor vehicle, and ship fires; electrical causes of fire; clothing and fabric fires; explosions and explosive combustion; chemical fires and hazardous materials; laboratory services; fire-related deaths and injuries; arson as a crime; and other investigative topics. For public fire investigators, arson investigators, bomb/arson specialists, special investigations units, and fraud specialists.

ASTM Standardization News

ASTM Standardization News
Author : American Society for Testing and Materials
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Standardization
Total pages :129
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Forensic Science Review

Forensic Science Review
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1999
Category : Criminal investigation
Total pages :129
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