January 17, 2021

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Flexible Robotics in Medicine

Flexible Robotics in Medicine
Author : Hongliang Ren
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-06-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :518
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Flexible Robotics in Medicine: A Design Journey of Motion Generation Mechanisms and Biorobotic System Development provides a resource of knowledge and successful prototypes regarding flexible robots in medicine. With specialists in the medical field increasingly utilizing robotics in medical procedures, it is vital to improve current knowledge regarding technologies available. This book covers the background, medical requirements, biomedical engineering principles, and new research on soft robots, including general flexible robotic systems, design specifications, design rationale, fabrication, verification experiments, actuators and sensors in flexible medical robotic systems. Presenting several projects as examples, the authors also discuss the pipeline to develop a medical robotic system, including important milestones such as involved regulations, device classifications and medical standards. Covers realistic prototypes, experimental protocols and design procedures for engineering flexible medical robotics Covers the full product development pipeline for engineering new flexible robots for medical applications, including design principles and design verifications Includes detailed information for application and development of several types of robots, including Handheld Concentric-Tube Flexible Robot for Intraocular Procedures, a Preliminary Robotic Surgery Platform with Multiple Section Tendon-Driven Mechanism, a Flexible Drill for Minimally Invasive Transoral Surgical Robotic System, Four-Tendon-Driven Flexible Manipulators, Slim Single-port Surgical Manipulator with Spring Backbones and Catheter-size Channels, and much more

Encyclopedia of Medical Robotics

Encyclopedia of Medical Robotics
Author : Rajni V. Patel,Antoine Ferreira,Sunil Kumar Agrawal
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2018-08-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :1560
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The Encyclopedia of Medical Robotics combines contributions in four distinct areas of Medical robotics, namely: Minimally Invasive Surgical Robotics, Micro and Nano Robotics in Medicine, Image-guided Surgical Procedures and Interventions, and Rehabilitation Robotics. The volume on Minimally Invasive Surgical Robotics focuses on robotic technologies geared towards challenges and opportunities in minimally invasive surgery and the research, design, implementation and clinical use of minimally invasive robotic systems. The volume on Micro and Nano robotics in Medicine is dedicated to research activities in an area of emerging interdisciplinary technology that is raising new scientific challenges and promising revolutionary advancement in applications such as medicine and biology. The size and range of these systems are at or below the micrometer scale and comprise assemblies of micro and nanoscale components. The volume on Image-guided Surgical Procedures and Interventions focuses primarily on the use of image guidance during surgical procedures and the challenges posed by various imaging environments and how they related to the design and development of robotic systems as well as their clinical applications. This volume also has significant contributions from the clinical viewpoint on some of the challenges in the domain of image-guided interventions. Finally, the volume on Rehabilitation Robotics is dedicated to the state-of-the-art of an emerging interdisciplinary field where robotics, sensors, and feedback are used in novel ways to re-learn, improve, or restore functional movements in humans. Volume 1, Minimally Invasive Surgical Robotics, focuses on an area of robotic applications that was established in the late 1990s, after the first robotics-assisted minimally invasive surgical procedure. This area has since received significant attention from industry and researchers. The teleoperated and ergonomic features of these robotic systems for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) have been able to reduce or eliminate most of the drawbacks of conventional (laparoscopic) MIS. Robotics-assisted MIS procedures have been conducted on over 3 million patients to date — primarily in the areas of urology, gynecology and general surgery using the FDA approved da Vinci® surgical system. The significant commercial and clinical success of the da Vinci® system has resulted in substantial research activity in recent years to reduce invasiveness, increase dexterity, provide additional features such as image guidance and haptic feedback, reduce size and cost, increase portability, and address specific clinical procedures. The area of robotic MIS is therefore in a state of rapid growth fueled by new developments in technologies such as continuum robotics, smart materials, sensing and actuation, and haptics and teleoperation. An important need arising from the incorporation of robotic technology for surgery is that of training in the appropriate use of the technology, and in the assessment of acquired skills. This volume covers the topics mentioned above in four sections. The first section gives an overview of the evolution and current state the da Vinci® system and clinical perspectives from three groups who use it on a regular basis. The second focuses on the research, and describes a number of new developments in surgical robotics that are likely to be the basis for the next generation of robotic MIS systems. The third deals with two important aspects of surgical robotic systems — teleoperation and haptics (the sense of touch). Technology for implementing the latter in a clinical setting is still very much at the research stage. The fourth section focuses on surgical training and skills assessment necessitated by the novelty and complexity of the technologies involved and the need to provide reliable and efficient training and objective assessment in the use of robotic MIS systems. In Volume 2, Micro and Nano Robotics in Medicine, a brief historical overview of the field of medical nanorobotics as well as the state-of-the-art in the field is presented in the introductory chapter. It covers the various types of nanorobotic systems, their applications and future directions in this field. The volume is divided into three themes related to medical applications. The first theme describes the main challenges of microrobotic design for propulsion in vascular media. Such nanoscale robotic agents are envisioned to revolutionize medicine by enabling minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. To be useful, nanorobots must be operated in complex biological fluids and tissues, which are often difficult to penetrate. In this section, a collection of four papers review the potential medical applications of motile nanorobots, catalytic-based propelling agents, biologically-inspired microrobots and nanoscale bacteria-enabled autonomous drug delivery systems. The second theme relates to the use of micro and nanorobots inside the body for drug-delivery and surgical applications. A collection of six chapters is presented in this segment. The first chapter reviews the different robot structures for three different types of surgery, namely laparoscopy, catheterization, and ophthalmic surgery. It highlights the progress of surgical microrobotics toward intracorporeally navigated mechanisms for ultra-minimally invasive interventions. Then, the design of different magnetic actuation platforms used in micro and nanorobotics are described. An overview of magnetic actuation-based control methods for microrobots, with eventually biomedical applications, is also covered in this segment. The third theme discusses the various nanomanipulation strategies that are currently used in biomedicine for cell characterization, injection, fusion and engineering. In-vitro (3D) cell culture has received increasing attention since it has been discovered to provide a better simulation environment of in-vivo cell growth. Nowadays, the rapid progress of robotic technology paves a new path for the highly controllable and flexible 3D cell assembly. One chapter in this segment discusses the applications of micro-nano robotic techniques for 3D cell culture using engineering approaches. Because cell fusion is important in numerous biological events and applications, such as tissue regeneration and cell reprogramming, a chapter on robotic-tweezers cell manipulation system to achieve precise laser-induced cell fusion using optical trapping has been included in this volume. Finally, the segment ends with a chapter on the use of novel MEMS-based characterization of micro-scale tissues instead of mechanical characterization for cell lines studies. Volume 3, Image-guided Surgical Procedures and Interventions, focuses on several aspects ranging from understanding the challenges and opportunities in this domain, to imaging technologies, to image-guided robotic systems for clinical applications. The volume includes several contributions in the area of imaging in the areas of X-Ray fluoroscopy, CT, PET, MR Imaging, Ultrasound imaging, and optical coherence tomography. Ultrasound-based diagnostics and therapeutics as well as ultrasound-guided planning and navigation are also included in this volume in addition to multi-modal imaging techniques and its applications to surgery and various interventions. The application of multi-modal imaging and fusion in the area of prostate biopsy is also covered. Imaging modality compatible robotic systems, sensors and actuator technologies for use in the MRI environment are also included in this work., as is the development of the framework incorporating image-guided modeling for surgery and intervention. Finally, there are several chapters in the clinical applications domain covering cochlear implant surgery, neurosurgery, breast biopsy, prostate cancer treatment, endovascular interventions, neurovascular interventions, robotic capsule endoscopy, and MRI-guided neurosurgical procedures and interventions. Volume 4, Rehabilitation Robotics, is dedicated to the state-of-the-art of an emerging interdisciplinary field where robotics, sensors, and feedback are used in novel ways to relearn, improve, or restore functional movements in humans. This volume attempts to cover a number of topics relevant to the field. The first section addresses an important activity in our daily lives: walking, where the neuromuscular system orchestrates the gait, posture, and balance. Conditions such as stroke, vestibular deficits, or old age impair this important activity. Three chapters on robotic training, gait rehabilitation, and cooperative orthoses describe the current works in the field to address this issue. The second section covers the significant advances in and novel designs of soft actuators and wearable systems that have emerged in the area of prosthetic lower limbs and ankles in recent years, which offer potential for both rehabilitation and human augmentation. These are described in two chapters. The next section addresses an important emphasis in the field of medicine today that strives to bring rehabilitation out from the clinic into the home environment, so that these medical aids are more readily available to users. The current state-of-the-art in this field is described in a chapter. The last section focuses on rehab devices for the pediatric population. Their impairments are life-long and rehabilitation robotics can have an even bigger impact during their lifespan. In recent years, a number of new developments have been made to promote mobility, socialization, and rehabilitation among the very young: the infants and toddlers. These aspects are summarized in two chapters of this volume.

Handbook of Robotic and Image-Guided Surgery

Handbook of Robotic and Image-Guided Surgery
Author : Mohammad H. Abedin-Nasab
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-09-25
Category : Science
Total pages :752
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Handbook of Robotic and Image-Guided Surgery provides state-of-the-art systems and methods for robotic and computer-assisted surgeries. In this masterpiece, contributions of 169 researchers from 19 countries have been gathered to provide 38 chapters. This handbook is 744 pages, includes 659 figures and 61 videos. It also provides basic medical knowledge for engineers and basic engineering principles for surgeons. A key strength of this text is the fusion of engineering, radiology, and surgical principles into one book. A thorough and in-depth handbook on surgical robotics and image-guided surgery which includes both fundamentals and advances in the field A comprehensive reference on robot-assisted laparoscopic, orthopedic, and head-and-neck surgeries Chapters are contributed by worldwide experts from both engineering and surgical backgrounds

New Trends in Medical and Service Robotics

New Trends in Medical and Service Robotics
Author : Giuseppe Carbone,Marco Ceccarelli,Doina Pisla
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-09-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :315
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This book contains the selected papers of the Sixth International Workshop on Medical and Service Robots (MESROB 2018), held in Cassino, Italy, in 2018. The main topics of the workshop include: design of medical devices, kinematics and dynamics for medical robotics, exoskeletons and prostheses, anthropomorphic hands , therapeutic robots and rehabilitation, cognitive robots, humanoid and service robots, assistive robots and elderly assistance, surgical robots, human-robot interfaces, haptic devices, and medical treatments.

Medical Robotics

Medical Robotics
Author : Paula Gomes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-10-18
Category : Computers
Total pages :326
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Advances in research have led to the use of robotics in a range of surgical applications. Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of this enabling technology. Beginning with an introduction to robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), the core technologies of the field are discussed, including localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics. Key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics are considered, as well as applications for ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, vitreoretinal surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Microscale mobile robots for the circulatory system and mesoscale robots for the gastrointestinal tract are investigated, as is MRI-based navigation for in vivo magnetic microrobots. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of ethical issues related to the use of robotics in surgery. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Medical robotics: Minimally invasive surgery is a comprehensive guide for all those working in the research, design, development and application of medical robotics for surgery. It also provides an authoritative introduction for academics and medical practitioners working in this field. Provides authoritative coverage of the core principles, applications and future potential of medical robotics Introduces robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (MIS), including the core technologies of the field and localization and tracking technologies for medical robotics Considers key applications of robotics in laparoscopy, neurology, cardiovascular interventions, urology and orthopaedics

Electromagnetic Actuation and Sensing in Medical Robotics

Electromagnetic Actuation and Sensing in Medical Robotics
Author : Hongliang Ren,Jinji Sun
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-12-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :219
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This book highlights electromagnetic actuation (EMA) and sensing systems for a broad range of applications including targeted drug delivery, drug-release-rate control, catheterization, intravitreal needleless injections, wireless magnetic capsule endoscopy, and micromanipulations. It also reviews the state-of-the-art magnetic actuation and sensing technologies with remotely controlled targets used in biomedicine.

Biomedical Engineering: Frontier Research and Converging Technologies

Biomedical Engineering: Frontier Research and Converging Technologies
Author : Hanjoong Jo,Ho-Wook Jun,Jennifer Shin,SangHoon Lee
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-07-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :511
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This book provides readers with an integrative overview of the latest research and developments in the broad field of biomedical engineering. Each of the chapters offers a timely review written by leading biomedical engineers and aims at showing how the convergence of scientific and engineering fields with medicine has created a new basis for practically solving problems concerning human health, wellbeing and disease. While some of the latest frontiers of biomedicine, such as neuroscience and regenerative medicine, are becoming increasingly dependent on new ideas and tools from other disciplines, the paradigm shift caused by technological innovations in the fields of information science, nanotechnology, and robotics is opening new opportunities in healthcare, besides dramatically changing the ways we actually practice science. At the same time, a new generation of engineers, fluent in many different scientific “languages,” is creating entirely new fields of research that approach the “old” questions from a new and holistic angle. The book reports on the scientific revolutions in the field of biomedicine by describing the latest technologies and findings developed at the interface between science and engineering. It addresses students, fellows, and faculty and industry investigators searching for new challenges in the broad biomedical engineering fields.

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine

Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
Author : Elpida Keravnou-Papailiou,Elpida Keravnou,Catherine Garbay,Robert Baud,Jeremy Wyatt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1997-03-12
Category : Computers
Total pages :526
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Content Description #Includes bibliographical references and index.

Robotics and Automation Handbook

Robotics and Automation Handbook
Author : Thomas R. Kurfess
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :608
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As the capability and utility of robots has increased dramatically with new technology, robotic systems can perform tasks that are physically dangerous for humans, repetitive in nature, or require increased accuracy, precision, and sterile conditions to radically minimize human error. The Robotics and Automation Handbook addresses the major aspects of designing, fabricating, and enabling robotic systems and their various applications. It presents kinetic and dynamic methods for analyzing robotic systems, considering factors such as force and torque. From these analyses, the book develops several controls approaches, including servo actuation, hybrid control, and trajectory planning. Design aspects include determining specifications for a robot, determining its configuration, and utilizing sensors and actuators. The featured applications focus on how the specific difficulties are overcome in the development of the robotic system. With the ability to increase human safety and precision in applications ranging from handling hazardous materials and exploring extreme environments to manufacturing and medicine, the uses for robots are growing steadily. The Robotics and Automation Handbook provides a solid foundation for engineers and scientists interested in designing, fabricating, or utilizing robotic systems.

Digital Surgery

Digital Surgery
Author : Sam Atallah
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-09-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :439
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​This book provides a trove of insightful perspectives on the current state and the realization of digital surgery. Digital surgery entails the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning toward automation in robotic-assisted surgery. More generally, the objective is to digitally define the patient, the surgical field, and the surgical problem or task at hand; to operate based on information, rather than based on anatomic planes alone. But digital surgery has shapeshifted into other, equally intriguing faces – many of which are exemplified by topics throughout this book. Digital surgery is fundamental to 3D-printed organs, mind-controlled limbs, image-guided navigation, and tele-mentoring. It is the key that unlocks the metaphorical doorway to surgical access, thereby creating a global framework for surgical training, education, planning, and much more. This text provides methods of measurement and perception outside of the human umwelt – including the ability to visualize fields beyond the visible light spectrum, via near infrared fluorescent organic dyes which are rapidly being bioengineered to target specific tumors, as well as native anatomic structures of interest. Written by experts in the field, Digital Surgery is designed to help surgeons operate with an enriched understanding of an individual’s specific attributes: including the human phenome, physiome, microbiome, genome, and epigenome. It also aids surgeons in harnessing the power and fluidity of the cloud, which is emerging as a significant resource for surgeons both regionally and globally.

Medical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine

Medical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine
Author : Harry F. Tibbals
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-09-29
Category : Medical
Total pages :527
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Considering the fluid nature of nano breakthroughs—and the delicate balance between benefits and consequences as they apply to medicine—readers at all levels require a practical, understandable base of information about these developments to take greatest advantage of them. Medical Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine meets that need by introducing non-experts to nanomedicine and its evolving organizational infrastructure. This practical reference investigates the impact of nanotechnology on applications in medicine and biomedical sciences, and the broader societal and economic effects. Eschewing technological details, it focuses on enhancing awareness of the business, regulatory, and administrative aspects of medical applications. It gives readers a critical, balanced, and realistic evaluation of existing nanomedicine developments and future prospects—an ideal foundation upon which to plan and make decisions. Covers the use of nanotechnology in medical applications including imaging, diagnosis and monitoring, drug delivery systems, surgery, tissue regeneration, and prosthetics Part of the Perspectives in Nanotechnology series—which contains broader coverage of the societal implications of nanotechnology—this book can be used as a standalone reference. Organized by historical perspective, current status, and future prospects, this powerful book: Explores background, definitions and terms, and recent trends and forces in nanomedicine Surveys the landscape of nanomedicine in government, academia, and the private sector Reviews projected future directions, capabilities, sustainability, and equity of nanomedicine, and choices to be made regarding its use Includes graphical illustrations, references, and keywords to reinforce concepts and aid further research In its assessment of alternative and sometimes conflicting concepts proposed for the application of nanotechnology to medicine, this book surveys major initiatives and the work of leading labs and innovators. It uses informative examples and case summaries to illustrate proven accomplishments and imagined possibilities in research and development.

Computer-integrated Surgery

Computer-integrated Surgery
Author : Russell Taylor,Stéphane Lavallée
Publisher : MIT Press
Release Date : 1996
Category : Medical
Total pages :736
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In Computer-Integrated Surgery leading researchers and clinical practitioners describe the exciting new partnership that is being forged between surgeons and machines such as computers and robots, enabling them to perform certain skilled tasks better than either can do alone.The 19 chapters in part I, Technology, explore the components -- registration, basic tools for surgical planning, human-machine interfaces, robotic manipulators, safety -- that are the basis of computer-integrated surgery. These chapters provide essential background material needed to get up to speed on current work as well as a ready reference for those who are already active in the field.The 39 chapters in part II, Applications, cover eight clinical areas -- neurosurgery, orthopedics, eye surgery, dentistry, minimal access surgery, ENT surgery, craniofacial surgery, and radiotherapy -- with a concluding chapter on the high-tech operating room. Each section contains a brief introduction as well as at least one "requirements and opportunities" chapter written by a leading clinician in the area under discussion.

Surgical Robotics

Surgical Robotics
Author : Jacob Rosen,Blake Hannaford,Richard M. Satava
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-01-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :819
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Surgical robotics is a rapidly evolving field. With roots in academic research, surgical robotic systems are now clinically used across a wide spectrum of surgical procedures. Surgical Robotics: Systems Applications and Visions provides a comprehensive view of the field both from the research and clinical perspectives. This volume takes a look at surgical robotics from four different perspectives, addressing vision, systems, engineering development and clinical applications of these technologies. The book also: -Discusses specific surgical applications of robotics that have already been deployed in operating rooms -Covers specific engineering breakthroughs that have occurred in surgical robotics -Details surgical robotic applications in specific disciplines of surgery including orthopedics, urology, cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, pediatric surgery and general surgery Surgical Robotics: Systems Applications and Visions is an ideal volume for researchers and engineers working in biomedical engineering.

Flexible Robotics

Flexible Robotics
Author : Mathieu Grossard,Nicolas Chaillet,Stephane Regnier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-08-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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The objective of this book is to provide those interested in thefield of flexible robotics with an overview of several scientificand technological advances in the practical field of roboticmanipulation. The different chapters examine various stages thatinvolve a number of robotic devices, particularly those designedfor manipulation tasks characterized by mechanical flexibility.Chapter 1 deals with the general context surrounding the design offunctionally integrated microgripping systems. Chapter 2 focuses onthe dual notations of modal commandability and observability, whichplay a significant role in the control authority of vibratory modesthat are significant for control issues. Chapter 3 presentsdifferent modeling tools that allow the simultaneous use of energyand system structuring notations. Chapter 4 discusses twosensorless methods that could be used for manipulation in confinedor congested environments. Chapter 5 analyzes several appropriateapproaches for responding to the specific needs required byversatile prehension tasks and dexterous manipulation. After aclassification of compliant tactile sensors focusing on dexterousmanipulation, Chapter 6 discusses the development of a complyingtriaxial force sensor based on piezoresistive technology. Chapter 7deals with the constraints imposed by submicrometric precision inrobotic manipulation. Chapter 8 presents the essential stages ofthe modeling, identification and analysis of control laws in thecontext of serial manipulator robots with flexible articulations.Chapter 9 provides an overview of models for deformable bodymanipulators. Finally, Chapter 10 presents a set of contributionsthat have been made with regard to the development of methodologiesfor identification and control of flexible manipulators based onexperimental data. Contents 1. Design of Integrated Flexible Structures forMicromanipulation, Mathieu Grossard, Mehdi Boukallel, StéphaneRégnier and Nicolas Chaillet. 2. Flexible Structures’ Representation and Notable Propertiesin Control, Mathieu Grossard, Arnaud Hubert, StéphaneRégnier and Nicolas Chaillet. 3. Structured Energy Approach for the Modeling of FlexibleStructures, Nandish R. Calchand, Arnaud Hubert, Yann Le Gorrec andHector Ramirez Estay. 4. Open-Loop Control Approaches to Compliant Micromanipulators,Yassine Haddab, Vincent Chalvet and Micky Rakotondrabe. 5. Mechanical Flexibility and the Design of Versatile and DexterousGrippers, Javier Martin Amezaga and Mathieu Grossard. 6. Flexible Tactile Sensors for Multidigital Dexterous In-handManipulation, Mehdi Boukallel, Hanna Yousef, Christelle Godin andCaroline Coutier. 7. Flexures for High-Precision Manipulation Robots, Reymond Clavel,Simon Henein and Murielle Richard. 8. Modeling and Motion Control of Serial Robots with FlexibleJoints, Maria Makarov and Mathieu Grossard. 9. Dynamic Modeling of Deformable Manipulators, FrédéricBoyer and Ayman Belkhiri. 10. Robust Control of Robotic Manipulators with StructuralFlexibilities, Houssem Halalchi, Loïc Cuvillon, GuillaumeMercère and Edouard Laroche. About the Authors Mathieu Grossard, CEA LIST, Gif-sur-Yvette, France. Nicolas Chaillet, FEMTO-ST, Besançon, France. Stéphane Régnier, ISIR, UPMC, Paris, France.

Computer-Assisted and Robotic Endoscopy

Computer-Assisted and Robotic Endoscopy
Author : Xiongbiao Luo,Tobias Reichl,Daniel Mirota,Timothy Soper
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-11-22
Category : Computers
Total pages :130
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Workshop on Computer Assisted and Robotic Endoscopy, CARE 2014, held in conjunction with MICCAI 2014, in Boston, MA, USA, in September 2014. The 12 papers presented focus on recent technical advances associated with computer vision; graphics; robotics and medical imaging; external tracking systems; medical device control systems; information processing techniques; endoscopy; planning and simulation.