June 20, 2021

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Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration

Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration
Author : Paul Bolton,Katia Parodi,Jörg Schreiber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-06-04
Category : Science
Total pages :388
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The first book of its kind to highlight the unique capabilities of laser-driven acceleration and its diverse potential, Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration presents the basic understanding of acceleration concepts and envisioned prospects for selected applications. As the main focus, this new book explores exciting and diverse application possibilities, with emphasis on those uniquely enabled by the laser driver that can also be meaningful and realistic for potential users. It also emphasises distinction, in the accelerator context, between laser-driven accelerated particle sources and the integrated laser-driven particle accelerator system (all-optical and hybrid versions). A key aim of the book is to inform multiple, interdisciplinary research communities of the new possibilities available and to inspire them to engage with laser-driven acceleration, further motivating and advancing this developing field. Material is presented in a thorough yet accessible manner, making it a valuable reference text for general scientific and engineering researchers who are not necessarily subject matter experts. Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration is edited by Professors Paul R. Bolton, Katia Parodi, and Jörg Schreiber from the Department of Medical Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München in München, Germany. Features: Reviews the current understanding and state-of-the-art capabilities of laser-driven particle acceleration and associated energetic photon and neutron generation Presents the intrinsically unique features of laser-driven acceleration and particle bunch yields Edited by internationally renowned researchers, with chapter contributions from global experts

Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration

Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration
Author : Paul Bolton,Katia Parodi,Jörg Schreiber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-07-02
Category :
Total pages :404
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"The use of both particle accelerators and lasers is ubiquitous. For example electron accelerators are used to generate X-ray beams for cancer therapy. Lasers are used in vast research programs around the world but also by a large part of the world's population in everyday life. Small systems are used to read product prices at stores and to read/write CDs/DVDs. This book is about using powerful lasers to make accelerators - in others words, combining these two large fields and describing candidate areas of research, development and application that can take advantage of this novel particle acceleration scheme. The book includes a comparison with beams generated by conventional accelerators"--

Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine

Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine
Author : Antonio Giulietti
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-05-04
Category : Science
Total pages :320
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This book deals with the new method of laser-driven acceleration for application to radiation biophysics and medicine. It provides multidisciplinary contributions from world leading scientist in order to assess the state of the art of innovative tools for radiation biology research and medical applications of ionizing radiation. The book contains insightful contributions on highly topical aspects of spatio-temporal radiation biophysics, evolving over several orders of magnitude, typically from femtosecond and sub-micrometer scales. Particular attention is devoted to the emerging technology of laser-driven particle accelerators and their application to spatio-temporal radiation biology and medical physics, customization of non-conventional and selective radiotherapy and optimized radioprotection protocols.

Laser-Driven Sources of High Energy Particles and Radiation

Laser-Driven Sources of High Energy Particles and Radiation
Author : Leonida Antonio Gizzi,Ralph Assmann,Petra Koester,Antonio Giulietti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-09-05
Category : Science
Total pages :254
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This volume presents a selection of articles based on inspiring lectures held at the “Capri” Advanced Summer School, an original event conceived and promoted by Leonida Antonio Gizzi and Ralph Assmann that focuses on novel schemes for plasma-based particle acceleration and radiation sources, and which brings together researchers from the conventional accelerator community and from the high-intensity laser-matter interaction research fields. Training in these fields is highly relevant for ultra-intense lasers and applications, which have enjoyed dramatic growth following the development of major European infrastructures like the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) and the EuPRAXIA project. The articles preserve the tutorial character of the lectures and reflect the latest advances in their respective fields. The volume is mainly intended for PhD students and young researchers getting started in this area, but also for scientists from other fields who are interested in the latest developments. The content will also appeal to radiobiologists and medical physicists, as it includes contributions on potential applications of laser-based particle accelerators.

Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration

Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration
Author : Paul Bolton,Katia Parodi,Jörg Schreiber
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-06-04
Category : Science
Total pages :388
GET BOOK

The first book of its kind to highlight the unique capabilities of laser-driven acceleration and its diverse potential, Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration presents the basic understanding of acceleration concepts and envisioned prospects for selected applications. As the main focus, this new book explores exciting and diverse application possibilities, with emphasis on those uniquely enabled by the laser driver that can also be meaningful and realistic for potential users. It also emphasises distinction, in the accelerator context, between laser-driven accelerated particle sources and the integrated laser-driven particle accelerator system (all-optical and hybrid versions). A key aim of the book is to inform multiple, interdisciplinary research communities of the new possibilities available and to inspire them to engage with laser-driven acceleration, further motivating and advancing this developing field. Material is presented in a thorough yet accessible manner, making it a valuable reference text for general scientific and engineering researchers who are not necessarily subject matter experts. Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration is edited by Professors Paul R. Bolton, Katia Parodi, and Jörg Schreiber from the Department of Medical Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München in München, Germany. Features: Reviews the current understanding and state-of-the-art capabilities of laser-driven particle acceleration and associated energetic photon and neutron generation Presents the intrinsically unique features of laser-driven acceleration and particle bunch yields Edited by internationally renowned researchers, with chapter contributions from global experts

Investigations of Field Dynamics in Laser Plasmas with Proton Imaging

Investigations of Field Dynamics in Laser Plasmas with Proton Imaging
Author : Thomas Sokollik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-01-12
Category : Science
Total pages :126
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Laser-driven proton beams are still in their infancy but already have some outstanding attributes compared to those produced in conventional accelerators. One such attribute is the typically low beam emittance. This allows excellent resolution in imaging applications like proton radiography. This thesis describes a novel imaging technique - the proton streak camera - that the author developed and first used to measure both the spatial and temporal evolution of ultra-strong electrical fields in laser-driven plasmas. Such investigations are of paramount importance for the understanding of laser-plasma interactions and, thus, for optimization of laser-driven particle acceleration. In particular, the present work investigated micrometer-sized spherical targets after laser irradiation. The confined geometry of plasmas and fields was found to influence the kinetic energy and spatial distribution of accelerated ions. This could be shown both in experimental radiography images and and in numerical simulations, one of which was selected for the cover page of Physical Review Letters.

Design and Demonstration of On-chip Integrated Laser-driven Particle Accelerators

Design and Demonstration of On-chip Integrated Laser-driven Particle Accelerators
Author : Neeraj Vipin Sapra
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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In this thesis, I present the first demonstration of a waveguide-integrated dielectric laser accelerators (DLA), designed using a photonic inverse design approach. I first review the operation of DLAs and describe how one can formulate a figure-of-merit for the optimization of these structures. I then briefly introduce the inverse design framework that allows for efficient free-form optimization of these structures, enabling search of a design-space that goes far beyond that of the tuning of a few geometric parameters. With an integrated accelerator design obtained, attention is turned to on-chip coupling methods for DLA applications. Here again, the inverse design framework is employed to produce broadband grating couplers. Experimental results of our single-stage on-chip integrated accelerator are shown, from which a maximum energy gain of 0.915 keV over 30 um, corresponding to an acceleration gradient of 30.5 MeV/m is inferred. Lastly, I explore new directions to reach higher on-chip acceleration gradients and larger energy-gain, including utilizing foundry fabrication for multi-stage accelerators.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology - Volume 9: Technology And Applications Of Advanced Accelerator Concepts

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology - Volume 9: Technology And Applications Of Advanced Accelerator Concepts
Author : Chao Alexander Wu,Chou Weiren
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2017-02-20
Category : Science
Total pages :344
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Since its invention in the 1920s, particle accelerators have made tremendous progress in accelerator science, technology and applications. However, the fundamental acceleration principle, namely, to apply an external radiofrequency (RF) electric field to accelerate charged particles, remains unchanged. As this method (either room temperature RF or superconducting RF) is approaching its intrinsic limitation in acceleration gradient (measured in MeV/m), it becomes apparent that new methods with much higher acceleration gradient (measured in GeV/m) must be found for future very high energy accelerators as well as future compact (table-top or room-size) accelerators. This volume introduces a number of advanced accelerator concepts (AAC) — their principles, technologies and potential applications. For the time being, none of them stands out as a definitive direction in which to go. But these novel ideas are in hot pursuit and look promising. Furthermore, some AAC requires a high power laser system. This has the implication of bringing two different communities — accelerator and laser — to join forces and work together. It will have profound impact on the future of our field. Also included are two special articles, one on "Particle Accelerators in China' which gives a comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing accelerator community in China. The other features the person-of-the-issue who was well-known nuclear physicist Jerome Lewis Duggan, a pioneer and founder of a huge community of industrial and medical accelerators in the US.

Radiation Dosimetry of Conventional and Laser-driven Particle Beams

Radiation Dosimetry of Conventional and Laser-driven Particle Beams
Author : Daniel James Kirby
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2011
Category :
Total pages :207
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Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers

Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1998
Category : Lasers
Total pages :129
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Accelerating in the Future

Accelerating in the Future
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category :
Total pages :129
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Twenty-five years ago, a new method was proposed for the acceleration of electrons to high energies using lasers. The simplest implementation of a so-called laser wakefield accelerator involves sending an intense laser pulse through a gas to ionize it and form a plasma of dissociated electrons and ions. The radiation pressure of the laser pushes the plasma electrons aside, creating a density modulation, or 'wake'. This changing electron density can result in fields that accelerate particles thousands of times more strongly than in conventional machines, accelerating electrons to high energies in short distances. The compactness of these accelerators would allow higher energies for the frontiers of fundamental physics and make clinical and laboratory applications of accelerators practical. In work that brings the promise of laser-driven particle accelerators dramatically closer to reality, we have produced high-quality electron beams in a plasma channel based accelerating structure akin to an optical fiber of only a few millimeters long.

Application of Picosecond CO2 Lasers to Particle Accelerators

Application of Picosecond CO2 Lasers to Particle Accelerators
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1987
Category :
Total pages :129
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Various advanced accelerator concepts invoke lasers for the generation of very-high-gradient accelerating fields. We introduce the subject and review the application of picosecond CO2 lasers to one such scheme: laser-driven open microstructures.

High-Power Laser-Plasma Interaction

High-Power Laser-Plasma Interaction
Author : C. S. Liu,V. K. Tripathi,Bengt Eliasson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019-05-23
Category : Science
Total pages :129
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The field of high-power laser-plasma interaction has grown in the last few decades, with applications ranging from laser-driven fusion and laser acceleration of charged particles to laser ablation of materials. This comprehensive text covers fundamental concepts including electromagnetics and electrostatic waves, parameter instabilities, laser driven fusion,charged particle acceleration and gamma rays. Two important techniques of laser proton interactions including target normal sheath acceleration (TNSA) and radiation pressure acceleration (RPA) are discussed in detail, along with their applications in the field of medicine. An analytical framework is developed for laser beat-wave and wakefield excitation of plasma waves and subsequent acceleration of electrons. The book covers parametric oscillator model and studies the coupling of laser light with collective modes.

Annual Report of the Earth Simulator Center

Annual Report of the Earth Simulator Center
Author : Kaiyō Kenkyū Kaihatsu Kikō (Japan). Chikyū Shimurēta Sentā
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Climatic changes
Total pages :129
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Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves and Electron Beams with Plasmas

Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves and Electron Beams with Plasmas
Author : D. N. Gupta
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release Date : 2012-03
Category :
Total pages :104
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With the advent of laser and maser, the wave-plasma interaction emerged as a major rich field of research. To explore the possibility of laser driven fusion, laser-plasma interaction became a subject of worldwide research, revealing many novel nonlinear phenomena including generation and saturation of plasma instabilities, electron acceleration, and ion Coulomb explosion. The work presented in this thesis is related to intense laser-plasma and electron beam-plasma interaction. The development of intense short pulse laser and high current, high-energy electron beams has allowed exploration of new regimes of laser and beam plasma interaction. Enormous progress has been made in inertial confinement fusion, plasma heating, X-ray lasers, free electron laser and charged particle accelerators. In these applications parametric instabilities, self-focusing, self phase modulation and other non-linear phenomena are important. The present thesis deals with these phenomena. This work is relevant to laser-driven fusion, charged particle acceleration, and laboratory plasma heating.