April 14, 2021

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Assessment Reform in Science

Assessment Reform in Science
Author : Benny B.H.W Yung
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-02-04
Category : Science
Total pages :296
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The conclusions and recommendations made in this book are derived from a study of ten teachers in Hong Kong as they tried to change their practice following a reform of the Hong Kong assessment system. Hong Kong is simply a context that provided the opportunity to gather very rich and informative data on issues pertaining to assessment reforms which also have very wide implications in many countries’ contexts. The text is written in a lucid and easy-to-read style.

Assessment Reform in Education

Assessment Reform in Education
Author : Rita Berry,Bob Adamson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-04-07
Category : Education
Total pages :216
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This book discusses the recent assessment movements in the eastern and western worlds with particular focuses on the policies, implementation, and impacts of assessment reform on education. A new perspective of assessment sees assessment as a means to enhance learning. This book examines the tensions, challenges and outcomes (intended and unintended) of assessment reform arising at the interface of policy and implementation, and implementation and student learning. The book reviews the experiences insights gained from research, and identifies the facilitators and hindrances to effective change. It reflects current thinking of assessment and provides the readers with ample background information of assessment development in many countries including USA, England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, Australia, Singapore, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.

Assessment in Science

Assessment in Science
Author : Daniel Shepardson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2001-07-31
Category : Education
Total pages :264
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A resource for administrators andf staff developers interseted in designing professional development programs, and for science teachers looking for techniques and examples of classroom-based assessments.

Science Assessment in the Service of Reform

Science Assessment in the Service of Reform
Author : Gerald Kulm,Shirley M. Malcom
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Academic achievement
Total pages :400
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Students in America don't measure up in science and mathematics, a problem especially critical in a society which is becoming increasingly technology-based. This authoritative examination of the problem presents useful material to make assessment a tool for the meaningful reform of school science. It also provides some basic guidelines for whatever system of assessment is used. Acidic paper. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Science Education in Context

Science Education in Context
Author : Richard K. Coll,Neil Taylor
Publisher : BRILL
Release Date : 2008-01-01
Category : Education
Total pages :129
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This book presents an international perspective of the influence of educational context on science education. The focus is on the interactions between curriculum development and implementation, particularly in non-Western and non-English-speaking contexts (i.e., outside the UK, USA, Australia, NZ, etc. ).

Blueprints for Reform

Blueprints for Reform
Author : American Association for the Advancement of Science,,Project 2061 (American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 1998-07-30
Category : Education
Total pages :300
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Concerned about the lack of science literacy among today's graduating students, the American Association for the Advancement of Science compiled reports on the education system aimed at the implementation of specific reforms. BLUEPRINTS FOR REFORM is a summation of those reports, offering a starting point for reforming our education system.

Science Assessment in the Service of Reform

Science Assessment in the Service of Reform
Author : Gerald Kulm,Shirley M. Malcom
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1991
Category : Academic achievement
Total pages :400
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Students in America don't measure up in science and mathematics, a problem especially critical in a society which is becoming increasingly technology-based. This authoritative examination of the problem presents useful material to make assessment a tool for the meaningful reform of school science. It also provides some basic guidelines for whatever system of assessment is used. Acidic paper. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Educational Assessment in a Time of Reform

Educational Assessment in a Time of Reform
Author : Coert Loock,Vanessa Scherman
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2019-11-20
Category : Education
Total pages :142
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Educational Assessment in a Time of Reform provides background information on large-scale examination systems more generally and the South African examination specifically. It traces the reforms in the education system of South Africa since 1994 and provides a description of the advances in modern test theory that could be considered for future standard setting endeavours. At the heart of the book is the debate on whether the current standard of education in Africa is good enough . If not, then how can it be improved? The aim of this book is to provide a point of departure for discussions on standard-setting, quality assurance, equating of examinations and assessment approaches. From this point of departure recommendations for practices in general and the exit-level (Grade 12) examination results in particular can be made. This book is ideal reading for principals, teachers, academics and researchers in the fields of educational assessment, measurement, and evaluation.

Teachers, Teaching, and Reform

Teachers, Teaching, and Reform
Author : Ralph P. Ferretti,James Hiebert
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-12-14
Category : Education
Total pages :174
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Comprised of contributions from distinguished education scholars, Teachers, Teaching, and Reform takes a critical look at evidence about systemic efforts to identify excellent teachers and promote excellent teaching practices. Organized to include diverse and often contrasting perspectives on the topic, this book provides insight into some of the most vexing historical issues affecting the policies that shape current reform initiatives focused on teachers, teaching, and educational outcomes. Educational scholars, policy makers, instructors, and graduate students will come away with a keen understanding of different perspectives about the assessment of teachers, teaching, and teacher education programs, as well as strategies for improving educational outcomes for students.

Practical Work in School Science

Practical Work in School Science
Author : Jerry J. Wellington
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 1998
Category : Science
Total pages :293
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Practical work has been part of science education for just over 100 years and is accepted as an essential and exciting part of understanding this discipline. Although it can be costly and sometimes messy, it simply has to be done if students and teachers are to progress in their understanding. Schools and universities invest millions of pounds in it and the National Curriculum reveres it - but what exactly is going on in classrooms around the country and how are the leading practitioners moving with the times? This book attempts to reflect on the value and purpose of practical work as part of the scientific curriculum. Why are practical exercises so necessary and what do they contribute to the learning process? The chapters examine many issues such as: * how practical work is perceived by students and teachers * whether we will move on to the 'virtual lab' * the limitations of current 'hands-on' work and valuable alternatives to it * the connections between practical work in science education and 'authentic' science * what role experimentation plays in current educational practice. Jerry Wellington is Reader in Education at Sheffield University, and has taught science at all academic levels.

Improving Math and Science Assessment

Improving Math and Science Assessment
Author : Nancy Paulu
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1994
Category : Criterion-referenced tests
Total pages :47
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The third conference on improving mathematics and science assessment brought together more than 550 educators, researchers, and policymakers. Recommendations and information from the conference are incorporated into this report. Conference consensus was that students must recognize that there is more to assessment than grades and scores and begin to see assessment as a crucial and integral part of education. They should assume increasing responsibility for documenting and reflecting on their own progress as they move through school. Parents and the public must hold high expectations for instruction and for student participation. Teachers will hold all students, regardless of their backgrounds, to high standards and will recognize that assessment cannot be separated from learning. Principals and other administrators must oversee the reform of mathematics and science assessment and ensure that the curriculum reflects what we want students to know. An 18-item reading list is attached, and an appendix lists conference participants and sessions. (SLD)

The Ambiguity of Teaching to the Test

The Ambiguity of Teaching to the Test
Author : William A. Firestone,Roberta Y. Schorr,Lora F. Monfils
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2004-04-12
Category : Education
Total pages :112
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Testing is one of the most controversial of all state and federal educational policies. The effects of testing are quite ambiguous. The same test may lead to different consequences in different circumstances, and teachers may use very different strategies to prepare students for tests. Although most experts agree that mandatory testing leads to teaching to the test, they disagree about whether it leads to meaningless drill, wasted time, de-professionalizing teachers, and demotivating students, or to more challenging and thoughtful curricula, more engaging teaching, increased student motivation, and increased accountability. To help sort through this ambiguity and provide a firmer basis for decisions, The Ambiguity of Teaching to the Test: Standards, Assessment, and Educational Reform offers a hard look at the effects of state testing, and thoroughly examines the ambiguity of test preparation and how test preparation practices are influenced by what teachers know and the leadership coming from the school and district. Drawing on data from a three-year study of New Jersey's testing policy in elementary mathematics and science, it helps to explain the variety of ways that teachers modify their teaching in response to state tests, raises important questions, and offers useful guidance on how state policymakers and local and district school administrators can implement policies that will improve educational equity and performance for all students. It also offers an in-depth analysis of classroom practices that should inform teachers and teacher educators whose goal is to meaningfully implement conceptually based teaching practices. This comprehensive look at the statewide variation in testing practice features: *a data-based, non-ideological treatment of how testing affects teachers, in a field characterized by ideologically driven beliefs and by anecdotes; *an extensive and well-integrated combination of qualitative and quantitative data sources that provide a statewide overview, as well as an in-depth analysis of teachers and classrooms; *a careful analysis of the variety of forms of teaching to the test; and *a multilevel exploration of how a variety of personal and leadership factors can influence teaching to the test. This is an important book for researchers, professionals, and students in educational testing, educational policy, educational administration, mathematics and science education, educational reform, and the politics and sociology of education. It will also prove useful for state policymakers, school and district leaders, and teacher educators and curriculum specialists who are making decisions about how to design and respond to new testing systems.

Knowing What Students Know

Knowing What Students Know
Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Committee on the Foundations of Assessment
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2001-10-27
Category : Education
Total pages :382
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Education is a hot topic. From the stage of presidential debates to tonight's dinner table, it is an issue that most Americans are deeply concerned about. While there are many strategies for improving the educational process, we need a way to find out what works and what doesn't work as well. Educational assessment seeks to determine just how well students are learning and is an integral part of our quest for improved education. The nation is pinning greater expectations on educational assessment than ever before. We look to these assessment tools when documenting whether students and institutions are truly meeting education goals. But we must stop and ask a crucial question: What kind of assessment is most effective? At a time when traditional testing is subject to increasing criticism, research suggests that new, exciting approaches to assessment may be on the horizon. Advances in the sciences of how people learn and how to measure such learning offer the hope of developing new kinds of assessments-assessments that help students succeed in school by making as clear as possible the nature of their accomplishments and the progress of their learning. Knowing What Students Know essentially explains how expanding knowledge in the scientific fields of human learning and educational measurement can form the foundations of an improved approach to assessment. These advances suggest ways that the targets of assessment-what students know and how well they know it-as well as the methods used to make inferences about student learning can be made more valid and instructionally useful. Principles for designing and using these new kinds of assessments are presented, and examples are used to illustrate the principles. Implications for policy, practice, and research are also explored. With the promise of a productive research-based approach to assessment of student learning, Knowing What Students Know will be important to education administrators, assessment designers, teachers and teacher educators, and education advocates.

Teaching, Learning and Assessing Science 5 - 12

Teaching, Learning and Assessing Science 5 - 12
Author : Wynne Harlen
Publisher : SAGE
Release Date : 2005-11-09
Category : Education
Total pages :264
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`Professor Harlen has, once again, provided the leading text on primary science. This eminently readable book sets out a clear account of our understanding of learning, teaching and assessment and, through the skilful use of examples, explores the implications of this for science teachers of pupils aged five to 12. By emphasizing the importance of research evidence and the way in which it should underpin practice, this new edition challenges everyone involved in science education to reflect again on whether we are providing the most appropriate learning opportunities for our pupils. It is certainly a book which will be highly recommended, referred to on many occasions and used extensively' - Dr Derek Bell, Chief Executive, The Association for Science Education This thoroughly revised and completely up-to-date new edition provides an excellent theoretical framework for teaching science that is firmly grounded in classroom practice and covers all stages of education for students aged five to 12 years. The author details a constructivist view of learning, which recognizes that children already have ideas about the world in which they live, and gives advice on how teachers can help children to develop their understanding and change their perception to a more scientific view. A particular feature is the focus on formative assessment as a framework for discussion on how to help students develop their understanding, enquiry skills and positive attitudes to scientific investigation. The wide range of topics covered include: The nature of students' learning in science The goals of science education Gathering and interpreting information about students' 's ideas Helping development of scientific ideas Gathering and interpreting evidence of students' enquiry skills and attitudes Strategies for helping development of students' qnquiry skills and attitudes The learner's role in learning Summarising and reporting learning Motivating learning Teachers and children's questions Resources for learning science Managing science in the school Each chapter features useful summaries, points for reflection and further reading, making this acclaimed book indispensable reading for all primary and practitioners and students who want a book that will authoritatively inform, inspire and instruct their science teaching.

Valuing Assessment in Science Education: Pedagogy, Curriculum, Policy

Valuing Assessment in Science Education: Pedagogy, Curriculum, Policy
Author : Deborah Corrigan,Richard Gunstone,Alister Jones
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-06-05
Category : Science
Total pages :376
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Assessment is a fundamental issue in research in science education, in curriculum development and implementation in science education as well as in science teaching and learning. This book takes a broad and deep view of research involving assessment in science education, across contexts and cultures (from whole countries to individual classrooms) and across forms and purposes (from assessment in the service of student learning to policy implications of system wide assessment). It examines the relationships between assessment, measurement and evaluation; explores assessment philosophies and practices in relation to curriculum and scientific literacy/learning; and details the relationships between assessment and science education policy. The third in a series, Valuing Assessment in Science Education has chapters from a range of international scholars from across the globe and staff from Monash University, King’s College London and University of Waikato. The two previous books in the series examined research relevant to the re-emergence of values in science education and teaching across the spectrum of science education as well as across cultural contexts through the professional knowledge of science teaching. This third book now moves to examine different aspects of generating understanding about what science is learnt, how it is learnt, and how it is valued. Valuing Assessment in Science Education will appeal to all those with some engagement with and/or use of research in science education, including research students, academics, curriculum development agencies, assessment authorities, and policy makers. It will also be of interest to all classroom science teachers who seek to keep abreast of the latest research and development and thinking in their area of professional concern.