January 26, 2021

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Correlations, Coherence, and Order

Correlations, Coherence, and Order
Author : Diana V. Shopova,Dimo I. Uzunov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :364
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This volume contains a collection of review articles that are extended versions of invited lectures given at the First Pamporovo Winter Workshop on Cooperative Phe nomena in Condensed Matter held in villa "Orlitza" (7th-15th March 1998, Pamporovo Ski Resort, Bulgaria). Selected research works reported at the Workshop have been published in the Journal of Physical Studies - a new International Journal for research papers in experimental and theoretical physics (Lviv University, Lviv, Ukraine). These reviews are supposed to be status reports and present new insights gained from the rapidly developing research of outstanding problems in condensed matter physics such as structural properties and phase transitions in fullerene crystals, super conductivity ofstrongly interacting electrons in copper oxides, spin polarized Fermi liq uids, chaotic vortex filaments in superfluid turbulent Helium-II, desorption induced by electronic transitions in ionic compounds, fluctuation phenomena in superconductors, and quantum critical phenomena in low dimensional magnets and quantum liquids. We have set the material according to the alphabetic order of authors' names although the high temperature superconductivity seems to be the hard kernel in condensed matter physics. The authors have taken care to present the recent advances in their research in a form which is readable and useful not only to experts in the respective field, but also to young scientists. That is why the lectures include a comprehensive introduction to the matter and also an extended discussion of methodical details.

Coherence of Light

Coherence of Light
Author : Jan Perina
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1985-08-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :350
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Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics

Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics
Author : Leonard Mandel,Emil Wolf
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1995-09-29
Category : Science
Total pages :1166
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The advent of lasers in the 1960s led to the development of many new fields in optical physics. This book is a systematic treatment of one of these fields--the broad area that deals with the coherence and fluctuation of light. The authors begin with a review of probability theory and random processes, and follow this with a thorough discussion of optical coherence theory within the framework of classical optics. They next treat the theory of photoelectric detection of light and photoelectric correlation. They then discuss in some detail quantum systems and effects. The book closes with two chapters devoted to laser theory and one on the quantum theory of nonlinear optics. The sound introduction to coherence theory and the quantum nature of light and the chapter-end exercises will appeal to graduate students and newcomers to the field. Researchers will find much of interest in the new results on coherence-induced spectral line shifts, nonclassical states of light, higher-order squeezing, and quantum effects of down-conversion. Written by two of the world's most highly regarded optical physicists, this book is required reading of all physicists and engineers working in optics.

Strongly Correlated Systems, Coherence and Entanglement

Strongly Correlated Systems, Coherence and Entanglement
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2021
Category :
Total pages :129
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Quantum Nonlinear Optics

Quantum Nonlinear Optics
Author : Eiichi Hanamura,Yutaka Kawabe,Akio Yamanaka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-07-04
Category : Science
Total pages :231
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This graduate-level textbook gives an introductory overview of the fundamentals of quantum nonlinear optics. It deals with the organization of radiation field, interaction between electronic system and radiation field, statistics of light, and mutual manipulation of light and matter. It also covers laser oscillation, dynamics of light, nonlinear optical response, and nonlinear spectroscopy, as well as ultrashort and ultrastrong laser pulse. In addition, latest results of the frontier of this science are presented. Problems and solutions help the reader to master and review the material.

Coherence and Quantum Optics VIII

Coherence and Quantum Optics VIII
Author : N.P. Bigelow,J.H. Eberly,C.R. Stroud Jr.,I.A. Walmsley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003
Category : Science
Total pages :710
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The Eighth Rochester Conference on Coherence and Quantum Optics was held on the campus of the University of Rochester during the period June 13-16, 2001. This volume contains the proceedings of the meeting. This Conference differed from the previous seven in the CQO series in several ways, the most important of which was the absence of Leonard Mandel. A special memorial symposium in his honor was held at the end of the conference. The presentations from that symposium are included in this proceedings volume. An innovation in this meeting was the inclusion of a series of invited lectures chaired by CQO founder Emil Wolf, reviewing the history of the fields of coherence and quantum optics before about 1970. These were given by three prominent participants in the development of the field, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J.F. Clauser, and R.J. Glauber. Their lectures are included in the proceedings and should provide a valuable resource for historians of science.

Quantum Coherence

Quantum Coherence
Author : Walter Pötz,Jaroslav Fabian,Ulrich Hohenester
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-02-21
Category : Science
Total pages :191
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Quantum coherence plays a crucial role in various forms of matter. The thriving field of quantum information as well as unconventional approaches to using mesoscopic systems in future optoelectronic devices provide the exciting background for this set of lectures. The lectures originate from the Schladming Winter Schools and are edited to address a broad readership ranging from the graduate student up to the senior scientist.

Aperture Synthesis

Aperture Synthesis
Author : Swapan Kumar Saha
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-17
Category : Science
Total pages :466
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This book deals with the fundamentals of stellar interferometry with emphasis on aperture synthesis using sparse array of telescopes particularly at optical/IR wavelengths, the origin, properties, and optical effects of turbulence in the Earth's atmosphere, techniques developed to overcome image degradation. Studded with more than one hundred and fifty illustrations and tens of footnotes, it addresses the basic tricks of trade, current trend, motivation, methods, and path to future promise of true interferometry both from the ground and space. Also discussed are the technical challenge involved, such as beam transportation and recombination, detecting fringes using modern sensors, and image synthesis. Astronomical science that benefits from aperture synthesis imaging are highlighted as well.

Pair Correlations in Many-Fermion Systems

Pair Correlations in Many-Fermion Systems
Author : Vladimir Z. Kresin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1998-02-28
Category : Science
Total pages :296
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At first glance, the articles in this book may appear to have nothing in common. They cover such seemingly disparate subjects as the properties of small metallic clusters and the behavior of superfluid He3, nuclear physics and organic materials, copper oxides and mag netic resonance. Why have they been brought together, particUlarly in our time of narrow spe cialization? In fact, the properties and effects described in this book touch upon one and the same fundamental phenomenon: pair correlation. Introduced in the theory of superconductivity by J. Bardeen, L. Cooper, and J. Schrieffer (BCS), this effect plays a key role in various Fermi systems. The book consists of several sections. The first chapter is concerned with conven tional and high Tc superconductors. The second chapter describes two relatively young fami lies of superconductors: organics and fullerenes. Chapter III addresses the superfluidity of 3 He • The discovery of this phenomenon in 1971 was a big event in physics and last year was acknowledged by a Nobel prize. This book contains the text of the Nobel lecture. Chapters IV and V are devoted to correlations in finite Fermi systems such as small metallic clusters, C 60 anions, and atomic nuclei. The book thus covers a broad range of problems, illuminating the close ties between various areas of physics.

Nonrelativistic Quantum X-Ray Physics

Nonrelativistic Quantum X-Ray Physics
Author : Stefan P. Hau-Riege
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-10-06
Category : Science
Total pages :320
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Providing a solid theoretical background in photon-matter interaction, Nonrelativistic Quantum X-Ray Physics enables readers to understand experiments performed at XFEL-facilities and x-ray synchrotrons. As a result, after reading this book, scientists and students will be able to outline and perform calculations of some important x-ray-matter interaction processes. Key features of the contents are that the scope reaches beyond the dipole approximation when necessary and that it includes short-pulse interactions. To aid the reader in this transition, some relevant examples are discussed in detail, while non-relativistic quantum electrodynamics help readers to obtain an in-depth understanding of the formalisms and processes. The text presupposes a basic (undergraduate-level) understanding of mechanics, electrodynamics, and quantum mechanics. However, more specialized concepts in these fields are introduced and the reader is directed to appropriate references. While primarily benefiting users of x-ray light-sources, the material is equally of relevance to researchers in various disciplines, such as life sciences, biology, materials science, physics, and chemistry that plan on applying these new facilities in their respective fields.

Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures
Author : Toshihide Takagahara
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2003-02-10
Category : Science
Total pages :496
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Semiconductor nanostructures are attracting a great deal of interest as the most promising device with which to implement quantum information processing and quantum computing. This book surveys the present status of nanofabrication techniques, near field spectroscopy and microscopy to assist the fabricated nanostructures. It will be essential reading for academic and industrial researchers in pure and applied physics, optics, semiconductors and microelectronics. The first up-to-date review articles on various aspects on quantum coherence, correlation and decoherence in semiconductor nanostructures

The Quantum Theory of Light

The Quantum Theory of Light
Author : Rodney Loudon
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2000-09-07
Category :
Total pages :448
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This third edition, like its two predecessors, provides a detailed account of the basic theory needed to understand the properties of light and its interactions with atoms, in particular the many nonclassical effects that have now been observed in quantum-optical experiments. The earlier chapters describe the quantum mechanics of various optical processes, leading from the classical representation of the electromagnetic field to the quantum theory of light. The later chapters develop the theoretical descriptions of some of the key experiments in quantum optics. Over half of the material in this third edition is new. It includes topics that have come into prominence over the last two decades, such as the beamsplitter theory, squeezed light, two-photon interference, balanced homodyne detection, travelling-wave attenuation and amplification, quantum jumps, and the ranges of nonliner optical processes important in the generation of nonclassical light. The book is written as a textbook, with the treatment as a whole appropriate for graduate or postgraduate students, while earlier chapters are also suitable for final- year undergraduates. Over 100 problems help to intensify the understanding of the material presented.

Neural Network Data Analysis Using Simulnet™

Neural Network Data Analysis Using Simulnet™
Author : Edward J. Rzempoluck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1998
Category : Computers
Total pages :226
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Scope of this Text This text is intended to provide the reader with an introduction to the analysis of numeri cal data using neural networks. Neural networks as data analytic tools allow data to be analyzed in order to discover and model the functional relationships among the recorded variables. Such data may be empirical. It may originate in an experiment in which the values of one or more dependent variables are recorded as one or more independent vari ables are manipulated. Alternatively, the data may be observational rather than empirical in nature, representing historical records of the behavior of some set of variables. An ex ample would be the values of a number of financial commodities, such as stocks or bonds. Finally, the data may originate in a computational model of some physical proc ess. Instead of recording variables of the physical process, the computer model could be run to generate an artificial analog of the physical data. Since data in virtually any native form can be expressed in numerical format, the scope of the analytical techniques and procedures that will be presented in this text is es sentially unlimited. Sources of data include research work in a range of disciplines as di verse as neuroscience, biomedicine, geophysics, psychology, sociology, archeology, eco nomics, and astrophysics. An often fruitful approach to data analysis involves the use of neural network func tions.

Quantum Theory of Optical Coherence

Quantum Theory of Optical Coherence
Author : Roy J. Glauber
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2007-02-27
Category : Science
Total pages :656
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A summary of the pioneering work of Glauber in the field of optical coherence phenomena and photon statistics, this book describes the fundamental ideas of modern quantum optics and photonics in a tutorial style. It is thus not only intended as a reference for researchers in the field, but also to give graduate students an insight into the basic theories of the field. Written by the Nobel Laureate himself, the concepts described in this book have formed the basis for three further Nobel Prizes in Physics within the last decade.

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release Date : 2012-01-09
Category : Science
Total pages :5106
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Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological and Life Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological and Life Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.