January 21, 2021

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Sustainability and Evolution, or why life becomes increasingly complex: The Interaction Theory

Sustainability and Evolution, or why life becomes increasingly complex: The Interaction Theory
Author : Michael J. Ruf
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-12-14
Category : Science
Total pages :192
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Thanks to new, improving experimental techniques, modern biology is discovering a steadily growing body of new facts and data about the living nature. A good example of this advancement is the decryption of the complete genome of a rapidly increasing number of organisms, including humans. Regardless of these impressive results, however, there are still no satisfying answers to very basic questions of biology, such as "What is life?" and "Why does matter organize into biological forms that become more complex in the course of evolution?". The Interaction Theory by Michael J. Ruf assumes that this unsatisfying situation is not simply the consequence that certain experimental data are still missing. The lack of explanation of what life is actually and why simple molecules evolve into complex organisms rather reflects an existing conceptual problem that can only be solved with a radically new conceptual approach. Interaction Theory is the result of such a radically new approach to life and evolution. In contrast to conventional evolutionary theory, the generation sequences of living forms are considered to be the decisive quality of life. By clarifying how the continuation of these generation sequences can be sustainable over billions of years, new fundamental principles become obvious and the phenomenon of an increasing biological complexity understandable. As a result, a law-like process of biological complexity increase can be derived as immanent part of the evolution of life. This allows Interaction Theory to provide new answers to key questions such as why sexual reproduction, what species are and what life is. The theory is, however, not limited to cells and organisms and their evolution. It addresses the self-organization to higher complexity of all kinds of structures that are subject to an evolution through multiplication processes. This means that Interaction Theory also provides an understanding of why and how molecular networks, social communities and even societies become more complex over time.

Performance prediction of a future SiGe HBT technology using a heterogeneous set of simulation tools and approaches

Performance prediction of a future SiGe HBT technology using a heterogeneous set of simulation tools and approaches
Author : Tommy Rosenbaum
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-03-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :264
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Bipolar complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (BiCMOS) processes can be considered as the most general solution for RF products, as they combine the mature manufacturing tools of CMOS with the speed and drive capabilities of silicon-germanium (SiGe) heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs). HBTs in turn are major contenders for partially filling the terahertz gap, which describes the range in which the frequencies generated by transistors and lasers do not overlap (approximately 0.3 THz to 30 THz). To evaluate the capabilities of such future devices, a reliable prediction methodology is desirable. Using a heterogeneous set of simulation tools and approaches allows to achieve this goal successively and is beneficial for troubleshooting. Various scientific fields are combined, such as technology computer-aided design (TCAD), compact modeling and parameter extraction. To create a foundation for the simulation environment and to ensure reproducibility, the used material models of the hydrodynamic and drift-diffusion approaches are introduced in the beginning of this thesis. The physical models are mainly based on literature data of Monte Carlo (MC) or deterministic simulations of the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE). However, the TCAD deck must be calibrated on measurement data too for a reliable performance prediction of HBTs. The corresponding calibration approach is based on measurements of an advanced SiGe HBT technology for which a technology-specific parameter set of the HICUM/L2 compact model is extracted for the high-speed, medium-voltage and high-voltage transistor versions. With the help of the results, one-dimensional transistor characteristics are generated that serve as reference for the doping profile and model calibration. By performing elaborate comparisons between measurement-based reference data and simulations, the thesis advances the state-of-the-art of TCAD-based predictions and proofs the feasibility of the approach. Finally, the performance of a future technology in 28 nm is predicted by applying the heterogeneous methodology. On the basis of the TCAD results, bottlenecks of the technology are identified.

Systems and Models

Systems and Models
Author : Hartmut Bossel
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2007
Category : Science
Total pages :359
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A multitude of complex systems and actors pursuing their own agenda shape the dynamics of our world. Better understanding of their actions and interactions is crucial, and can be achieved by a profound knowledge of systems and their properties, and their representation in models allowing simulation of probable behavior. Drawing on his extensive research and teaching experience in modeling and simulation of a wide range of systems - from engineering to social systems and ecosystems - the author presents the fundamental concepts and approaches for understanding and modeling the complex systems shaping the dynamics of our world. The book applies state space analysis and system dynamics to deal with the dynamic processes of "causal systems," discusses information processing approaches for modeling decision processes of "actors" and "agents," and uses aspects of the coevolutionary development of systems in their environment to deal with normative orientation, ethics, and evaluation of policies and long-term development. The concepts are applied in particular to the issue of sustainable development of human society in an evolving world. The book is complemented by a survey of system topics and of models from many fields, and by an extensive bibliography on the many systems-related subjects covered. Hartmut Bossel is Professor Emeritus of environmental systems analysis. He taught for many years at the University of California in Santa Barbara and the University of Kassel, Germany, where he was director of the Center for Environmental Systems Research until his retirement. He holds an engineering degree from the Technical University of Darmstadt, and a Ph.D. degree from the University of California at Berkeley. With a background in engineering, systems science, and mathematical modeling, he has led many research projects and future studies in different countries, developing computer simulation models and decision support systems in the areas of energy supply policy, global dynamics, orientation of behavior, agricultural policy, and forest dynamics and management. He has written numerous books on modeling and simulation of dynamic systems, social change and future paths, and has published widely in the scientific literature in several fields. Bossel is author of a System Zoo containing over one hundred simulation models of diverse systems.

System Zoo 1 Simulation Models

System Zoo 1 Simulation Models
Author : Hartmut Bossel
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2007
Category : Computers
Total pages :184
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About the book: Mathematical modeling and computer simulation make it possible to understand and control the dynamic processes taking place in complex systems. Simulation provides insights into the often surprising diversity of possible behaviors, and allows identifying possibilities for intervention and options for alternative development. About one hundred simulation models from all areas of life are fully documented in the three volumes of the 'System Zoo'. They can be quickly implemented and easily operated using freely available system dynamics software. Volume 1 of the System Zoo contains simulation models of elementary processes, and of complex systems from physics and engineering, among them: exponential and logistic growth, oscillations, delays, and storage; phenomena of infection, transition, and overload; complex systems with limit cycles, multiple equilibrium points and chaotic attractors; and applications from control engineering, flight dynamics, fluid flow and heat conduction. The System Zoo collection of simulation models is particularly well-suited for teaching, training, and research projects at all levels from high school to university, and for individual study. Volume 2 of the System Zoo contains simulation models related to climate, vegetation, ecosystems and resources. Volume 3 deals with systems and processes found in economy and society, and with long-term global development. About the author: Hartmut Bossel is Professor Emeritus of environmental systems analysis. He taught for many years at the University of California in Santa Barbara and the University of Kassel, Germany, where he was director of the Center for Environmental Systems Research until his retirement. He holds an engineering degree from the Technical University of Darmstadt, and a Ph.D. degree from the University of California at Berkeley. With a background in engineering, systems science, and mathematical modeling, he has led many research projects and future studies in different countries, developing computer simulation models and decision support systems in the areas of energy supply policy, global dynamics, orientation of behavior, agricultural policy, and forest dynamics and management. He has written numerous books on modeling and simulation of dynamic systems, social change and future paths, and has published widely in the scientific literature in several fields.

Transnational Conflicts and International Law

Transnational Conflicts and International Law
Author : Constantin von der Groeben
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-11-06
Category : Law
Total pages :180
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Ever since 9/11 the legal classification of transnational conflicts between states and non-state armed groups, such as Al Qaeda, has become a highly debated topic. While repeatedly referred to as the War on Terror, the legal qualification of the conflict between the US and Al Qaeda remains controversial: US military operations in Afghanistan against Al Qaeda and the use of drones against alleged terrorists in Pakistan, Yemen and other states pose the question as to whether this conflict truly qualifies as one single global war. Similarly, transnational conflicts such as the Colombian operation against a FARC base in Ecuador, Israel’s fight against Hezbollah in Lebanon, and Turkish operations against the PKK in northern Iraq pose difficulties as they transcend individual nations˙ political systems and geographical borders. Whether the law of war (i.e. humanitarian law) is applicable to such conflicts and to what extent human rights law binds the states involved is debated. This work aims to provide structure to the current debate and analyzes the applicability of both humanitarian law and human rights law. Furthermore, it examines and explores approaches to enhance and develop the existing legal framework, including proposed new legal regimes for transnational conflicts. The author argues against the strict separation of international humanitarian law and human rights law and instead borrows from Colombian authorities’ experience in their struggle with the FARC to develop an alternate solution, combining both legal regimes in an integrated approach.

Geospatial Technology in Land Resource Planning and Management

Geospatial Technology in Land Resource Planning and Management
Author : Sheikh Javed Usmani,S.K. Gandhi
Publisher : LAP LAMBERT Publication
Release Date : 2013-01
Category :
Total pages :128
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'Land' plays multidimensional role in maintaining many global processes, therefore sustainable planning and management of land resources is an important issue at the global forum. The process of land resource planning and associated decision-making invariably involves multiple objectives, multiple criteria and multiple social interests and preferences. Such complexity necessitates a systematic approach to the decision-making process to accommodate the multiplicity and multi dimensionality of the problem to improve the reason ability of decisions and to justify the actions to be taken. Application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is widely spread in resource inventory and mapping, however, the potential of GIS for planning and decision-making couldn't be utilized fully due to it's Limited ability to represent judgments, values, arguments and opinions of the decision makers. Integrating GIS and Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) methods can overcome these limitations.

The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law Since 1945

The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law Since 1945
Author : Lawrence Raful
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date : 2006-01-01
Category : History
Total pages :320
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60 years after the trials of the main German war criminals, the articles in this book attempt to assess the Nuremberg Trials from a historical and legal point of view, and to illustrate connections, contradictions and consequences. In view of constantly reoccurring reports of mass crimes from all over the world, we have only reached the halfway point in the quest for an effective system of international criminal justice. With the legacy of Nuremberg in mind, this volume is a contribution to the search for answers to questions of how the law can be applied effectively and those committing crimes against humanity be brought to justice for their actions.

Ultra Hackers Training Kit

Ultra Hackers Training Kit
Author : Anto.Y
Publisher : Lambert Academic Publishing
Release Date : 2012-09-24
Category :
Total pages :129
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This book takes you to fourth level in hacking. if you have read the previous books this book will surely help you to upgrade your knowledge. All SQL injection methods are clearly explained. advanced methods to break high security websites are also demonstrated. So you can make use of this book to upgrade your knowledge.every one knows that hacker is a person who uses his creativity and knowledge to overcome limitations so you can buy this book.

From Conflict to Conciliation

From Conflict to Conciliation
Author : Parshotam Mehra
Publisher : Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Release Date : 2004
Category : History
Total pages :187
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Update of: Tibetan polity, 1904-37. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1976.

Deutsche Nationalbibliografie

Deutsche Nationalbibliografie
Author : Die deutsche Nationalbibliothek
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category :
Total pages :129
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Serials in the British Library

Serials in the British Library
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Periodicals
Total pages :129
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Practical Guide to Machine Vision Software

Practical Guide to Machine Vision Software
Author : Kye-Si Kwon,Steven Ready
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-11-17
Category : Computers
Total pages :296
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For both students and engineers in R&D, this book explains machine vision in a concise, hands-on way, using the Vision Development Module of the LabView software by National Instruments. Following a short introduction to the basics of machine vision and the technical procedures of image acquisition, the book goes on to guide readers in the use of the various software functions of LabView's machine vision module. It covers typical machine vision tasks, including particle analysis, edge detection, pattern and shape matching, dimension measurements as well as optical character recognition, enabling readers to quickly and efficiently use these functions for their own machine vision applications. A discussion of the concepts involved in programming the Vision Development Module rounds off the book, while example problems and exercises are included for training purposes as well as to further explain the concept of machine vision. With its step-by-step guide and clear structure, this is an essential reference for beginners and experienced researchers alike.

Handbook of Spectroscopy

Handbook of Spectroscopy
Author : G¿nter Gauglitz,David S. Moore
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-05-05
Category : Science
Total pages :1993
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This second, thoroughly revised, updated and enlarged edition provides a straightforward introduction to spectroscopy, showing what it can do and how it does it, together with a clear, integrated and objective account of the wealth of information that may be derived from spectra. It also features new chapters on spectroscopy in nano-dimensions, nano-optics, and polymer analysis. Clearly structured into sixteen sections, it covers everything from spectroscopy in nanodimensions to medicinal applications, spanning a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum and the physical processes involved, from nuclear phenomena to molecular rotation processes. In addition, data tables provide a comparison of different methods in a standardized form, allowing readers to save valuable time in the decision process by avoiding wrong turns, and also help in selecting the instrumentation and performing the experiments. These four volumes are a must-have companion for daily use in every lab.

Fringe Pattern Analysis for Optical Metrology

Fringe Pattern Analysis for Optical Metrology
Author : Manuel Servin,J. Antonio Quiroga,Moises Padilla
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-05-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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The main objective of this book is to present the basic theoretical principles and practical applications for the classical interferometric techniques and the most advanced methods in the field of modern fringe pattern analysis applied to optical metrology. A major novelty of this work is the presentation of a unified theoretical framework based on the Fourier description of phase shifting interferometry using the Frequency Transfer Function (FTF) along with the theory of Stochastic Process for the straightforward analysis and synthesis of phase shifting algorithms with desired properties such as spectral response, detuning and signal-to-noise robustness, harmonic rejection, etc.

Nitride Ceramics

Nitride Ceramics
Author : Alexander A. Gromov,Liudmila N. Chukhlomina
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-10-16
Category : Science
Total pages :360
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A comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of non-oxide ceramics with special emphasis placed on the combustion synthesis of group I-VI nitrides and oxynitrides. To ensure the widest possible perspective, the authors are experts in academia, industry, or government research, and each chapter discusses different synthetic methods and process parameters, as well as important material properties and applications. The result is invaluable reading for researchers and practitioners in the industry as well as those looking for an introduction to the field. It is equally of great interest to chemists and materials scientists as well as engineers working in the area of inorganic and solid-state chemistry, structural and functional materials, catalysis, metallurgy, and electrochemistry.