January 20, 2021

Download Ebook Free Essentials Of Cancer Genomic Computational Approaches And Precision Medicine

'Essentials of Cancer Genomic, Computational Approaches and Precision Medicine

'Essentials of Cancer Genomic, Computational Approaches and Precision Medicine
Author : Nosheen Masood,Saima Shakil Malik
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :499
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This book concisely describes the role of omics in precision medicine for cancer therapies. It outlines our current understanding of cancer genomics, shares insights into the process of oncogenesis, and discusses emerging technologies and clinical applications of cancer genomics in prognosis and precision-medicine treatment strategies. It then elaborates on recent advances concerning transcriptomics and translational genomics in cancer diagnosis, clinical applications, and personalized medicine in oncology. Importantly, it also explains the importance of high-performance analytics, predictive modeling, and system biology in cancer research. Lastly, the book discusses current and potential future applications of pharmacogenomics in clinical cancer therapy and cancer drug development.

Precision Medicine in Cancer Therapy

Precision Medicine in Cancer Therapy
Author : Daniel D. Von Hoff,Haiyong Han
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :283
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This book presents the latest advances in precision medicine in some of the most common cancer types, including hematological, lung and breast malignancies. It also discusses emerging technologies that are making a significant impact on precision medicine in cancer therapy. In addition to describing specific approaches that have already entered clinical practice, the book explores new concepts and tools that are being developed. Precision medicine aims to deliver personalized healthcare tailored to a patient’s genetics, lifestyle and environment, and cancer therapy is one of the areas in which it has flourished in recent years. Documenting the latest advances, this book is of interest to physicians and clinical fellows in the front line of the war on cancer, as well as to basic scientists working in the fields of cancer biology, drug development, biomarker discovery, and biomedical engineering. The contributing authors include translational physicians with first-hand experience in precision patient care.

Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine
Author : Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2009-10-02
Category : Science
Total pages :850
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Derived from the comprehensive two-volume set, Genomic and Personalized Medicine also edited by Drs. Willard and Ginsburg, this work serves the needs of the evolving population of scientists, researchers, practitioners and students that are embracing one of the most promising avenues for advances in diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human disease. From principles, methodology and translational approaches to genome discoveries and clinical applications, Essentials of Genomic and Personalized Medicine will be a valuable resource for various professionals and students across medical disciplines, including human genetics and genomics, oncology, neuroscience, gene therapy, molecular medicine, pharmacology, and biomedical sciences. Updates with regard to diagnostic testing, pharmacogenetics, predicting disease susceptibility, and other important research components as well as chapters dedicated to cardiovascular disease, oncology, inflammatory disease, metabolic disease, neuropsychiatric disease, and infectious disease, present this book as an essential tool for a variety of professionals and students who are endeavouring into the developing the diverse and practical field of genomic and personalized medicine. * Full color throughout * Includes contributions on genetic counselling, ethical, legal/regulatory, and social issues related to the practice of genomic medicine from leaders in the field * Introductory chapter highlights differences between personalized and traditional medicine, promising areas of current research, and challenges to incorporate the latest research discoveries and practice * Ancillary material includes case studies and lab questions which highlight the collaborative approach to the science

Cancer Genomics

Cancer Genomics
Author : Shile Zhang,Jun S. Wei,Javed Khan
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-11-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :510
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The complexity of the transcriptome has been appreciated in recent years in light of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project. While less than 3% of the genome is annotated with protein-coding genes, 62% of the genome is long RNA molecules (>200 nucleotides). With an increasing sequencing throughput and a decreasing cost, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) is becoming a frequently used technology in transcriptome research. This chapter summarizes the advantages of RNA-seq compared to hybridization-based microarrays, the RNA-seq experiment workflow and reviews current applications of RNA-seq in the field of cancer research. With advantages in expression analysis of non-coding genes, fusion genes, investigation of expressed allelic imbalance, pseudogenes, viral integrated genes, and post-transcriptional regulation analysis including splicing, polyadenylation as well as RNA editing, RNA-seq technology has a tremendous potential to elucidate the complexity of the transcriptome and its working mechanisms in the initiation and development of cancer. Along with expression and pathway analysis, RNA-seq data can clarify the functional consequences of any potential genomic (DNA) variances and thus help to distinguish “driver” from “passenger” genomic events. In summary, RNA-seq allows a genome-wide interrogation of complex transcriptomes and will help elucidate important biological mechanisms linked to cancer phenotypes. In addition, the non-protein-coding transcriptome has the potential to provide novel biomarkers for early detection, diagnostics, prognostics and targets for therapy.

Cancer Genomics

Cancer Genomics
Author : Graham Dellaire,Jason N Berman,Robert J. Arceci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-11-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :510
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Cancer Genomics addresses how recent technological advances in genomics are shaping how we diagnose and treat cancer. Built on the historical context of cancer genetics over the past 30 years, the book provides a snapshot of the current issues and state-of-the-art technologies used in cancer genomics. Subsequent chapters highlight how these approaches have informed our understanding of hereditary cancer syndromes and the diagnosis, treatment and outcome in a variety of adult and pediatric solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. The dramatic increase in cancer genomics research and ever-increasing availability of genomic testing are not without significant ethical issues, which are addressed in the context of the return of research results and the legal considerations underlying the commercialization of genomic discoveries. Finally, the book concludes with "Future Directions", examining the next great challenges to face the field of cancer genomics, namely the contribution of non-coding RNAs to disease pathogenesis and the interaction of the human genome with the environment. Tools such as sidebars, key concept summaries, a glossary, and acronym and abbreviation definitions make this book highly accessible to researchers from several fields associated with cancer genomics. Contributions from thought leaders provide valuable historical perspective to relate the advances in the field to current technologies and literature.

Toward Precision Medicine

Toward Precision Medicine
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on A Framework for Developing a New Taxonomy of Disease
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2012-01-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :142
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Motivated by the explosion of molecular data on humans-particularly data associated with individual patients-and the sense that there are large, as-yet-untapped opportunities to use this data to improve health outcomes, Toward Precision Medicine explores the feasibility and need for "a new taxonomy of human disease based on molecular biology" and develops a potential framework for creating one. The book says that a new data network that integrates emerging research on the molecular makeup of diseases with clinical data on individual patients could drive the development of a more accurate classification of diseases and ultimately enhance diagnosis and treatment. The "new taxonomy" that emerges would define diseases by their underlying molecular causes and other factors in addition to their traditional physical signs and symptoms. The book adds that the new data network could also improve biomedical research by enabling scientists to access patients' information during treatment while still protecting their rights. This would allow the marriage of molecular research and clinical data at the point of care, as opposed to research information continuing to reside primarily in academia. Toward Precision Medicine notes that moving toward individualized medicine requires that researchers and health care providers have access to very large sets of health- and disease-related data linked to individual patients. These data are also critical for developing the information commons, the knowledge network of disease, and ultimately the new taxonomy.

Genomic and Personalized Medicine

Genomic and Personalized Medicine
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-10-30
Category : Science
Total pages :1350
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Genomic and Personalized Medicine, Second Edition — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — is a major discussion of the structure, history, and applications of the field, as it emerges from the campus and lab into clinical action. As with the first edition, leading experts review the development of the new science, the current opportunities for genome-based analysis in healthcare, and the potential of genomic medicine in future healthcare. The inclusion of the latest information on diagnostic testing, population screening, disease susceptability, and pharmacogenomics makes this work an ideal companion for the many stakeholders of genomic and personalized medicine. With advancing knowledge of the genome across and outside protein-coding regions of DNA, new comprehension of genomic variation and frequencies across populations, the elucidation of advanced strategic approaches to genomic study, and above all in the elaboration of next-generation sequencing, genomic medicine has begun to achieve the much-vaunted transformative health outcomes of the Human Genome Project, almost a decade after its official completion in April 2003. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine More than 100 chapters, from leading researchers, review the many impacts of genomic discoveries in clinical action, including 63 chapters new to this edition Discusses state-of-the-art genome technologies, including population screening, novel diagnostics, and gene-based therapeutics Wide and inclusive discussion encompasses the formidable ethical, legal, regulatory and social challenges related to the evolving practice of genomic medicine Clearly and beautifully illustrated with 280 color figures, and many thousands of references for further reading and deeper analysis

Precision Medicine for Investigators, Practitioners and Providers

Precision Medicine for Investigators, Practitioners and Providers
Author : Joel Faintuch,Salomao Faintuch
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-16
Category : Science
Total pages :640
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Precision Medicine for Investigators, Practitioners and Providers addresses the needs of investigators by covering the topic as an umbrella concept, from new drug trials to wearable diagnostic devices, and from pediatrics to psychiatry in a manner that is up-to-date and authoritative. Sections include broad coverage of concerning disease groups and ancillary information about techniques, resources and consequences. Moreover, each chapter follows a structured blueprint, so that multiple, essential items are not overlooked. Instead of simply concentrating on a limited number of extensive and pedantic coverages, scholarly diagrams are also included. Provides a three-pronged approach to precision medicine that is focused on investigators, practitioners and healthcare providers Covers disease groups and ancillary information about techniques, resources and consequences Follows a structured blueprint, ensuring essential chapters items are not overlooked

Cancer Genomics for the Clinician

Cancer Genomics for the Clinician
Author : Ramaswamy Govindan, MD,Ashiq Masood, MD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release Date : 2019-01-28
Category : Medical
Total pages :184
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Cancer Genomics for the Clinician is a practical guide to cancer genomics and its application to cancer diagnosis and care. The book begins with a brief overview of the various types of genetic alterations that are encountered in cancer, followed by accessible and applicable information on next generation sequencing technology and bioinformatics; tumor heterogeneity; whole genome, exome, and transcriptome sequencing; epigenomics; and data analysis and interpretation. Each chapter provides essential explanations of concepts, terminology, and methods. Also included are tips for interpreting and analyzing molecular data, as well as a discussion of molecular predictors for targeted therapies covering hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. The final chapter explains the use of FDA-approved genomic-based targeted therapies for breast cancer, lung cancer, sarcomas, gastrointestinal cancers, urologic cancers, head and neck cancer, thyroid cancer, and many more. Assembled in an accessible format specifically designed for the non-expert, this book provides the clinical oncologist, early career practitioner, and trainee with an essential understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of cancer and the clinical aspects that have led to advancements in diagnosis and treatment. With this resource, physicians and trainees will increase their breadth of knowledge and be better equipped to educate patients and families who want to know more about their genetic predispositions to cancer and the targeted therapies that could be considered and prescribed. Key Features: Describes how cancer genomics and next generation sequencing informs cancer screening, risk factors, therapeutic options, and clinical management across cancer types Explains what mutations are, what tests are needed, and how to interpret the results Provides information on FDA-approved targeted therapies that are being used in the clinic Covers different sequencing platforms and technologies and how they perform in research settings Includes access to the fully searchable eBook

Computational Systems Biology of Cancer

Computational Systems Biology of Cancer
Author : Emmanuel Barillot,Laurence Calzone,Philippe Hupe,Jean-Philippe Vert,Andrei Zinovyev
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-08-25
Category : Science
Total pages :461
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The future of cancer research and the development of new therapeutic strategies rely on our ability to convert biological and clinical questions into mathematical models—integrating our knowledge of tumour progression mechanisms with the tsunami of information brought by high-throughput technologies such as microarrays and next-generation sequencing. Offering promising insights on how to defeat cancer, the emerging field of systems biology captures the complexity of biological phenomena using mathematical and computational tools. Novel Approaches to Fighting Cancer Drawn from the authors’ decade-long work in the cancer computational systems biology laboratory at Institut Curie (Paris, France), Computational Systems Biology of Cancer explains how to apply computational systems biology approaches to cancer research. The authors provide proven techniques and tools for cancer bioinformatics and systems biology research. Effectively Use Algorithmic Methods and Bioinformatics Tools in Real Biological Applications Suitable for readers in both the computational and life sciences, this self-contained guide assumes very limited background in biology, mathematics, and computer science. It explores how computational systems biology can help fight cancer in three essential aspects: Categorising tumours Finding new targets Designing improved and tailored therapeutic strategies Each chapter introduces a problem, presents applicable concepts and state-of-the-art methods, describes existing tools, illustrates applications using real cases, lists publically available data and software, and includes references to further reading. Some chapters also contain exercises. Figures from the text and scripts/data for reproducing a breast cancer data analysis are available at www.cancer-systems-biology.net.

Clinical Precision Medicine

Clinical Precision Medicine
Author : Judy S. Crabtree
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :112
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Clinical Precision Medicine: A Primer offers clinicians, researchers and students a practical, up-to-date resource on precision medicine, its evolving technologies, and pathways towards clinical implementation. Early chapters address the fundamentals of molecular biology and gene regulation as they relate to precision medicine, as well as the foundations of heredity and epigenetics. Oncology, an early adopter of precision approaches, is considered with its relationship to genetic variation in drug metabolism, along with tumor immunology and the impact of DNA variation in clinical care. Contributions by Stephanie Kramer, a Clinical Genetic Counselor, also provide current information on prenatal diagnostics and adult genetics that highlight the critical role of genetic counselors in the era of precision medicine. Includes applied discussions of chromosomes and chromosomal abnormalities, molecular genetics, epigenetic regulation, heredity, clinical genetics, pharmacogenomics and immunogenomics Features chapter contributions from leaders in the field Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practices of precision medicine in one convenient resource

Chemical Genomics

Chemical Genomics
Author : Haian Fu
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2012-02-13
Category : Medical
Total pages :345
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This text covers new techniques and applications in chemical genomics for researchers, professionals and graduates in biology, biomedicine and chemistry.

The Handbook of Cuffless Blood Pressure Monitoring

The Handbook of Cuffless Blood Pressure Monitoring
Author : Josep Solà,Ricard Delgado-Gonzalo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-08-21
Category : Medical
Total pages :239
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This book is the first comprehensive overview of the emerging field of cuffless blood pressure monitoring. Increasing clinical evidence proves that longitudinal measurements of blood pressure allow for earlier detection and better management of multiple medical conditions and for superior prediction of cardiovascular events. Unfortunately, today’s clinical and industry standards for blood pressure monitoring still require the inflation of a pneumatic cuff around a limb each time a measurement is taken. Over the last decades clinicians, scientists and device manufacturers have explored the feasibility of technologies that reduce or even completely eliminate the need of cuffs, initiating the era of cuffless blood pressure monitoring. Among the existing literature, this book is intended to be a practical guide to navigate across this emerging field. The chapters of the handbook have been elaborated by experts and key opinion leaders in the domain, and will guide the reader along the clinical, scientific, technical, and regulatory aspects of cuffless blood pressure monitoring.

Bioinformatics in Cancer and Cancer Therapy

Bioinformatics in Cancer and Cancer Therapy
Author : Gavin J. Gordon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-10-25
Category : Medical
Total pages :198
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Bioinformatics can be loosely defined as the collection, classification, storage, and analysis of biochemical and biological information using computers and mathematical algorithms. Bioinformatics represents a marriage of biology, medicine, computer science, physics, and mathematics, fields of study that have historically existed as mutually exclusive disciplines. Edited by Gavin Gordon, Bioinformatics in Cancer and Cancer Therapy, the focus of this book is to provide a historical and technical perspective on the analytical techniques, methodologies, and platforms used in bioinformatics experiments, to show how a bioinformatics approach has been used to characterize various cancer-related processes, and to demonstrate how a bioinformatics approach is being used to bridge basic science and the clinical arena to positively impact patient care and management.

Translational Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Methods for Personalized Medicine

Translational Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Methods for Personalized Medicine
Author : Qing Yan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-04-18
Category : Computers
Total pages :182
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Translational Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Methods for Personalized Medicine introduces integrative approaches in translational bioinformatics and systems biology to support the practice of personalized, precision, predictive, preventive, and participatory medicine. Through the description of important cutting-edge technologies in bioinformatics and systems biology, readers may gain an essential understanding of state-of-the-art methodologies. The book discusses topics such as the challenges and tasks in translational bioinformatics; pharmacogenomics, systems biology, and personalized medicine; and the applicability of translational bioinformatics for biomarker discovery, epigenomics, and molecular dynamics. It also discusses data integration and mining, immunoinformatics, and neuroinformatics. With broad coverage of both basic scientific and clinical applications, this book is suitable for a wide range of readers who may not be scientists but who are also interested in the practice of personalized medicine. Introduces integrative approaches in translational bioinformatics and systems biology to support the practice of personalized, precision, predictive, preventive, and participatory medicine Presents a problem-solving oriented methodology to deal with practical problems in various applications Covers both basic scientific and clinical applications in order to enhance the collaboration between researchers and clinicians Brings integrative and multidisciplinary approaches to bridge the gaps among various knowledge domains in the field