January 21, 2021

Download Ebook Free Non Volatile Memory Database Management Systems

Non-Volatile Memory Database Management Systems

Non-Volatile Memory Database Management Systems
Author : Joy Arulraj,Andrew Pavlo
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2019-02-12
Category : Computers
Total pages :191
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This book explores the implications of non-volatile memory (NVM) for database management systems (DBMSs). The advent of NVM will fundamentally change the dichotomy between volatile memory and durable storage in DBMSs. These new NVM devices are almost as fast as volatile memory, but all writes to them are persistent even after power loss. Existing DBMSs are unable to take full advantage of this technology because their internal architectures are predicated on the assumption that memory is volatile. With NVM, many of the components of legacy DBMSs are unnecessary and will degrade the performance of data-intensive applications. We present the design and implementation of DBMS architectures that are explicitly tailored for NVM. The book focuses on three aspects of a DBMS: (1) logging and recovery, (2) storage and buffer management, and (3) indexing. First, we present a logging and recovery protocol that enables the DBMS to support near-instantaneous recovery. Second, we propose a storage engine architecture and buffer management policy that leverages the durability and byte-addressability properties of NVM to reduce data duplication and data migration. Third, the book presents the design of a range index tailored for NVM that is latch-free yet simple to implement. All together, the work described in this book illustrates that rethinking the fundamental algorithms and data structures employed in a DBMS for NVM improves performance and availability, reduces operational cost, and simplifies software development.

Proceedings of the 2017 ACM International Conference on Management of Data

Proceedings of the 2017 ACM International Conference on Management of Data
Author : Alvin Cheung
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017-05-14
Category :
Total pages :129
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SIGMOD/PODS'17: International Conference on Management of Data May 14, 2017-May 19, 2017 Chicago, USA. You can view more information about this proceeding and all of ACM�s other published conference proceedings from the ACM Digital Library: http://www.acm.org/dl.

Main Memory Database Systems

Main Memory Database Systems
Author : Franz Faerber,Alfons Heinrich Kemper,Justin Levandoski,Thomas Neumann,Andrew Pavlo
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category : Computer storage devices
Total pages :130
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This article provides an overview of recent developments in main-memory database systems. With growing memory sizes and memory prices dropping by a factor of 10 every 5 years, data having a "primary home" in memory is now a reality. Main-memory databases eschew many of the traditional architectural pillars of relational database systems that optimized for disk-resident data. The result of these memory-optimized designs are systems that feature several innovative approaches to fundamental issues (e.g., concurrency control, query processing) that achieve orders of magnitude performance improvements over traditional designs. Our survey covers five main issues and architectural choices that need to be made when building a high performance main-memory optimized database: data organization and storage, indexing, concurrency control, durability and recovery techniques, and query processing and compilation. We focus our survey on four commercial and research systems: H-Store/VoltDB, Hekaton, HyPer, and SAP HANA. These systems are diverse in their design choices and form a representative sample of the state of the art in main-memory database systems. We also cover other commercial and academic systems, along with current and future research trends.

Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM)

Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM)
Author : Shimeng Yu
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date : 2016-03-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :79
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RRAM technology has made significant progress in the past decade as a competitive candidate for the next generation non-volatile memory (NVM). This lecture is a comprehensive tutorial of metal oxide-based RRAM technology from device fabrication to array architecture design. State-of-the-art RRAM device performances, characterization, and modeling techniques are summarized, and the design considerations of the RRAM integration to large-scale array with peripheral circuits are discussed. Chapter 2 introduces the RRAM device fabrication techniques and methods to eliminate the forming process, and will show its scalability down to sub-10 nm regime. Then the device performances such as programming speed, variability control, and multi-level operation are presented, and finally the reliability issues such as cycling endurance and data retention are discussed. Chapter 3 discusses the RRAM physical mechanism, and the materials characterization techniques to observe the conductive filaments and the electrical characterization techniques to study the electronic conduction processes. It also presents the numerical device modeling techniques for simulating the evolution of the conductive filaments as well as the compact device modeling techniques for circuit-level design. Chapter 4 discusses the two common RRAM array architectures for large-scale integration: one-transistor-one-resistor (1T1R) and cross-point architecture with selector. The write/read schemes are presented and the peripheral circuitry design considerations are discussed. Finally, a 3D integration approach is introduced for building ultra-high density RRAM array. Chapter 5 is a brief summary and will give an outlook for RRAM’s potential novel applications beyond the NVM applications.

Fundamentals of Relational Database Management Systems

Fundamentals of Relational Database Management Systems
Author : S. Sumathi,S. Esakkirajan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2007-03-20
Category : Computers
Total pages :776
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This book provides comprehensive coverage of fundamentals of database management system. It contains a detailed description on Relational Database Management System Concepts. There are a variety of solved examples and review questions with solutions. This book is for those who require a better understanding of relational data modeling, its purpose, its nature, and the standards used in creating relational data model.

Data Management on New Hardware

Data Management on New Hardware
Author : Spyros Blanas,Rajesh Bordawekar,Justin Levandoski,Andrew Pavlo,Tirthankar Lahiri
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-04-28
Category : Computers
Total pages :167
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This book contains selected papers from the 7th International Workshop on Accelerating Analytics and Data Management Systems Using Modern Processor and Storage Architectures, ADMS 2016, and the 4th International Workshop on In-Memory Data Management and Analytics, IMDM 2016, held in New Dehli, India, in September 2016. The joint Workshops were co-located with VLDB 2016. The 9 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 18 submissions. They investigate opportunities in accelerating analytics/data management systems and workloads (including traditional OLTP, data warehousing/OLAP, ETL streaming/real-time, business analytics, and XML/RDF processing) running memory-only environments, using processors (e.g. commodity and specialized multi-core, GPUs and FPGAs, storage systems (e.g. storage-class memories like SSDs and phase-change memory), and hybrid programming models like CUDA, OpenCL, and Open ACC. The papers also explore the interplay between overall system design, core algorithms, query optimization strategies, programming approaches, performance modeling and evaluation, from the perspective of data management applications.

Database Management System (DBMS)A Practical Approach

Database Management System (DBMS)A Practical Approach
Author : Rajiv Chopra
Publisher : S. Chand Publishing
Release Date : 2010-01-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :704
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Many books on Database Management Systems (DBMS) are available in the market, they are incomplete very formal and dry. My attempt is to make DBMS very simple so that a student feels as if the teacher is sitting behind him and guiding him. This text is bolstered with many examples and Case Studies. In this book, the experiments are also included which are to be performed in DBMS lab. Every effort has been made to alleviate the treatment of the book for easy flow of understanding of the students as well as the professors alike. This textbook of DBMS for all graduate and post-graduate programmes of Delhi University, GGSIPU, Rajiv Gandhi Technical University, UPTU, WBTU, BPUT, PTU and so on. The salient features of this book are: - 1. Multiple Choice Questions 2. Conceptual Short Questions 3. Important Points are highlighted / Bold faced. 4. Very lucid and simplified approach 5.Bolstered with numerous examples and CASE Studies 6. Experiments based on SQL incorporated. 7. DBMS Projects added Question Papers of various universities are also included.

Modern B-Tree Techniques

Modern B-Tree Techniques
Author : Goetz Graefe
Publisher : Now Publishers Inc
Release Date : 2011
Category : Computers
Total pages :204
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Invented about 40 years ago and called ubiquitous less than 10 years later, B-tree indexes have been used in a wide variety of computing systems from handheld devices to mainframes and server farms. Over the years, many techniques have been added to the basic design in order to improve efficiency or to add functionality. Examples include separation of updates to structure or contents, utility operations such as non-logged yet transactional index creation, and robust query processing such as graceful degradation during index-to-index navigation. Modern B-Tree Techniques reviews the basics of B-trees and of B-tree indexes in databases, transactional techniques and query processing techniques related to B-trees, B-tree utilities essential for database operations, and many optimizations and improvements. It is intended both as a tutorial and as a reference, enabling researchers to compare index innovations with advanced B-tree techniques and enabling professionals to select features, functions, and tradeoffs most appropriate for their data management challenges.

Architecture of a Database System

Architecture of a Database System
Author : Joseph M. Hellerstein,Michael Stonebraker,James Hamilton
Publisher : Now Publishers Inc
Release Date : 2007
Category : Computers
Total pages :123
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Architecture of a Database System presents an architectural discussion of DBMS design principles, including process models, parallel architecture, storage system design, transaction system implementation, query processor and optimizer architectures, and typical shared components and utilities.

High Performance Memory Systems

High Performance Memory Systems
Author : Haldun Hadimioglu,David Kaeli,Jeffrey Kuskin,Ashwini Nanda,Josep Torrellas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-06-27
Category : Computers
Total pages :297
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The State of Memory Technology Over the past decade there has been rapid growth in the speed of micropro cessors. CPU speeds are approximately doubling every eighteen months, while main memory speed doubles about every ten years. The International Tech nology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) study suggests that memory will remain on its current growth path. The ITRS short-and long-term targets indicate continued scaling improvements at about the current rate by 2016. This translates to bit densities increasing at two times every two years until the introduction of 8 gigabit dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips, after which densities will increase four times every five years. A similar growth pattern is forecast for other high-density chip areas and high-performance logic (e.g., microprocessors and application specific inte grated circuits (ASICs)). In the future, molecular devices, 64 gigabit DRAMs and 28 GHz clock signals are targeted. Although densities continue to grow, we still do not see significant advances that will improve memory speed. These trends have created a problem that has been labeled the Memory Wall or Memory Gap.

Programming Persistent Memory

Programming Persistent Memory
Author : Steve Scargall
Publisher : Apress
Release Date : 2020-01-09
Category : Computers
Total pages :438
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Beginning and experienced programmers will use this comprehensive guide to persistent memory programming. You will understand how persistent memory brings together several new software/hardware requirements, and offers great promise for better performance and faster application startup times—a huge leap forward in byte-addressable capacity compared with current DRAM offerings. This revolutionary new technology gives applications significant performance and capacity improvements over existing technologies. It requires a new way of thinking and developing, which makes this highly disruptive to the IT/computing industry. The full spectrum of industry sectors that will benefit from this technology include, but are not limited to, in-memory and traditional databases, AI, analytics, HPC, virtualization, and big data. Programming Persistent Memory describes the technology and why it is exciting the industry. It covers the operating system and hardware requirements as well as how to create development environments using emulated or real persistent memory hardware. The book explains fundamental concepts; provides an introduction to persistent memory programming APIs for C, C++, JavaScript, and other languages; discusses RMDA with persistent memory; reviews security features; and presents many examples. Source code and examples that you can run on your own systems are included. What You’ll Learn Understand what persistent memory is, what it does, and the value it brings to the industry Become familiar with the operating system and hardware requirements to use persistent memory Know the fundamentals of persistent memory programming: why it is different from current programming methods, and what developers need to keep in mind when programming for persistence Look at persistent memory application development by example using the Persistent Memory Development Kit (PMDK)Design and optimize data structures for persistent memoryStudy how real-world applications are modified to leverage persistent memoryUtilize the tools available for persistent memory programming, application performance profiling, and debugging Who This Book Is For C, C++, Java, and Python developers, but will also be useful to software, cloud, and hardware architects across a broad spectrum of sectors, including cloud service providers, independent software vendors, high performance compute, artificial intelligence, data analytics, big data, etc.

Beginning SQL Queries

Beginning SQL Queries
Author : Clare Churcher
Publisher : Apress
Release Date : 2008-05-30
Category : Computers
Total pages :240
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Beginning Queries with SQL is a friendly and easily read guide to writing queries with the all-important — in the database world — SQL language. Anyone who does any work at all with databases needs to know something of SQL, and that is evidenced by the strong sales of such books as Learning SQL (O'Reilly) and SQL Queries for Mere Mortals (Pearson). Beginning Queries with SQL is written by the author of Beginning Database Design, an author who is garnering great reviews on Amazon due to the clarity and succinctness of her writing.

Database Machines

Database Machines
Author : Haran Boral,Pascal Faudemay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1989
Category : Computers
Total pages :386
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This volume contains 24 papers presented at the Sixth International Workshop on Database Machines. The papers cover a wide spectrum of topics including: system architectures, storage structures, associative memory architectures, memory resident systems, deduction and retrospectives on maturing projects. The nature of the papers is highly technical and presumes knowledge of database management systems and familiarity with database machines. The book is representative of the dual trend in the field towards (1) search for new functionability and (2) attention to detail, completeness and performance of prototype implementations.

Database Systems

Database Systems
Author : Paul Beynon-Davies
Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
Release Date : 2017-04-25
Category : Computer science
Total pages :601
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Most modern-day organizations have a need to record data relevant to their everyday activities and many choose to organise and store some of this information in an electronic database. Database Systems provides an essential introduction to modern database technology and the development of database systems. This new edition has been fully updated to include new developments in the field, and features new chapters on: e-business, database development process, requirements for databases, and distributed processing. In addition, a wealth of new examples and exercises have been added to each chapter to make the book more practically useful to students, and full lecturer support will be available online.

Physical Database Design

Physical Database Design
Author : Sam S. Lightstone,Toby J. Teorey,Tom Nadeau
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release Date : 2010-07-26
Category : Computers
Total pages :448
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The rapidly increasing volume of information contained in relational databases places a strain on databases, performance, and maintainability: DBAs are under greater pressure than ever to optimize database structure for system performance and administration. Physical Database Design discusses the concept of how physical structures of databases affect performance, including specific examples, guidelines, and best and worst practices for a variety of DBMSs and configurations. Something as simple as improving the table index design has a profound impact on performance. Every form of relational database, such as Online Transaction Processing (OLTP), Enterprise Resource Management (ERP), Data Mining (DM), or Management Resource Planning (MRP), can be improved using the methods provided in the book. The first complete treatment on physical database design, written by the authors of the seminal, Database Modeling and Design: Logical Design, Fourth Edition Includes an introduction to the major concepts of physical database design as well as detailed examples, using methodologies and tools most popular for relational databases today: Oracle, DB2 (IBM), and SQL Server (Microsoft) Focuses on physical database design for exploiting B+tree indexing, clustered indexes, multidimensional clustering (MDC), range partitioning, shared nothing partitioning, shared disk data placement, materialized views, bitmap indexes, automated design tools, and more!