January 21, 2021

Download Ebook Free Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials
Author : Likun Pan,Guang Zhu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-02-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :650
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The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.

Hybrid Perovskite Composite Materials

Hybrid Perovskite Composite Materials
Author : Imran Khan,Anish Khan,Mohammad Mujahid Ali Khan,Shakeel Khan,Francis Verpoort,Arshad Umar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-10-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :456
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Hybrid Composite Perovskite Materials: Design to Applications discusses the manufacturing, design and characterization of organic-inorganic perovskite composite materials. The book goes beyond the basics of characterization and discusses physical properties, surface morphology and environmental stability. Users will find extensive examples of real-world products that are suitable for the needs of the market. Following a logical order, the book begins with mathematical background and then covers innovative approaches to physical modeling, analysis and design techniques. Numerous examples illustrate the proposed methods and results, making this book a sound resource on the modern research application of perovskite composites with real commercial value. Discusses the composition of perovskite materials and their properties, manufacturing and environmental stability Includes both fundamentals and state-of-the-art developments Features the main types of applications, including solar cells, photovoltaics, sensors and optoelectronic devices

Synthesis, Properties, and Crystal Chemistry of Perovskite-Based Materials

Synthesis, Properties, and Crystal Chemistry of Perovskite-Based Materials
Author : Winnie Wong-Ng,Amit Goyal,Ruyan Guo,Amar S. Bhalla
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-04-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :208
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The number of ceramic materials with a perovskite type structure islarge and of considerable technological importance due to theirrich crystal chemistry and structure-property relationships.Applications include multilayer capacitators, piezoelectrictransducers, PTC thermistors, electrooptical modulators, opticalswitches, dielectric resonators, thick film resistors, electronicsensors, electrorestrictive actuators, magnetic bubble memorydevices, laser host materials, ferromagnetic materials, refractoryelectrodes, second harmonic generators, batteries, ceramicelectrodes, thermoelectric devices, and high temperaturesuperconductors. This volume contains papers on the research and development of newperovskite materials for various applications including doping ofexisting perovskite materials as well as processing for improvedproperties.

Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials

Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials
Author : Meysam Pazoki,Anders Hagfeldt,Tomas Edvinsson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-11-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :276
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Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials: Characterization of Recently Emerged Perovskite Solar Cell Materials to Provide an Understanding of the Fundamental Physics on the Nano Scale and Optimize the Operation of the Device Towards Stable and Low-Cost Photovoltaic Technology explores the characterization of nanocrystals of the perovskite film, related interfaces, and the overall impacts of these properties on device efficiency. Included is a collection of both main and research techniques for perovskite solar cells. For the first time, readers will have a complete reference of different characterization techniques, all housed in a work written by highly experienced experts. Explores various characterization techniques for perovskite solar cells and discusses both their strengths and weaknesses Discusses material synthesis and device fabrication of perovskite solar cells Includes a comparison throughout the work on how to distinguish one perovskite solar cell from another

Perovskite Solar Cells: Principle, Materials And Devices

Perovskite Solar Cells: Principle, Materials And Devices
Author : Diau Eric Wei-guang,Chen Peter Chao-yu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2017-09-04
Category : Science
Total pages :244
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Energy and climate change are two of the most critical issues nowadays. These two topics are also correlated to each other. Fossil fuels are the main energy supplies that have been used in modern history since the industrial revolution. The impact of CO2 emission has been a major concern for its effect on global warming and other consequences. In addition, fossil fuels are not unlimited. Due to the increasing demands for energy supplies, alternative renewable, sustainable, environmentally friendly energy resources are desirable. Solar energy is an unlimited, clean, and renewable energy source, which can be considered to replace the energy supply of fossil fuel. The silicon solar cell is one of the dominant photovoltaic technologies currently, which converting sunlight directly into electric power with around 20% efficiency. This technique was been widely used in mainstream solar energy applications for decades, though the relatively energy-demanding production process remained with challenges to be resolved. Recently, emerging photovoltaic technologies such as organometal halide hybrid perovskite solar cell has attracted tremendous attention due to their promising power conversion efficiencies (over 22%) and ease of fabrication. Their progress roadmap is unprecedented in photovoltaic history from the material development and efficiency advancement perspective. Beyond the rapid progress achieved in the last few years, it is expected that this novel technology would make an impact on the future solar cell market providing long-term stability and Pb content issues are addressed. These challenges rely on a better understanding of materials and device function principles. The scope of this book is to provide a collection on the recent investigations from fundamental process, materials development to device optimization for perovskite solar cells. Contents: Additive-Assisted Controllable Growth of Perovskites (Yixin Zhao and Kai Zhu)Control of Film Morphology for High Performance Perovskite Solar Cells (Cheng-Min Tsai, Hau-Shiang Shiu, Hui-Ping Wu and Eric Wei-Guang Diau)Sensitization and Functions of Porous Titanium Dioxide Electrodes in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells and Organolead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells (Seigo Ito)P-Type and Inorganic Hole Transporting Materials for Perovskite Solar Cells (Ming-Hsien Li, Yu-Hsien Chiang, Po-Shen Shen, Sean Sung-Yen Juang and Peter Chao-Yu Chen)Hole Conductor Free Organometal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells: Properties and Different Architectures (Sigalit Aharon and Lioz Etgar)Stability Issues of Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Lead Perovskite Solar Cells (Dan Li and Mingkui Wang)Time-Resolved Photoconductivity Measurements on Organometal Halide Perovskites (Eline M Hutter, Tom J Savenije and Carlito S Ponseca Jr) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in chemistry, materials science and photovoltaics. Keywords: Perovskite Solar Cells;Hole Transporting Materials;Stability;THz SpectroscopyReview:0

Dielectric Materials for Wireless Communication

Dielectric Materials for Wireless Communication
Author : Mailadil T. Sebastian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :688
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Microwave dielectric materials play a key role in our global society with a wide range of applications, from terrestrial and satellite communication including software radio, GPS, and DBS TV to environmental monitoring via satellite. A small ceramic component made from a dielectric material is fundamental to the operation of filters and oscillators in several microwave systems. In microwave communications, dielectric resonator filters are used to discriminate between wanted and unwanted signal frequencies in the transmitted and received signal. When the wanted frequency is extracted and detected, it is necessary to maintain a strong signal. For clarity it is also critical that the wanted signal frequencies are not affected by seasonal temperature changes. In order to meet the specifications of current and future systems, improved or new microwave components based on dedicated dielectric materials and new designs are required. The recent progress in microwave telecommunication, satellite broadcasting and intelligent transport systems (ITS) has resulted in an increased demand for Dielectric Resonators (DRs). With the recent revolution in mobile phone and satellite communication systems using microwaves as the propagation media, the research and development in the field of device miniaturization has been a major challenge in contemporary Materials Science. In a mobile phone communication, the message is sent from a phone to the nearest base station, and then on via a series of base stations to the other phone. At the heart of each base station is the combiner/filter unit which has the job of receiving the messages, keeping them separate, amplifying the signals and sending then onto the next base station. For such a microwave circuit to work, part of it needs to resonate at the specific working frequency. The frequency determining component (resonator) used in such a high frequency device must satisfy certain criteria. The three important characteristics required for a dielectric resonator are (a) a high dielectric constant which facilitates miniaturization (b) a high quality factor (Qxf) which improves the signal-to-noise ratio, (c) a low temperature coefficient of the resonant frequency which determines the stability of the transmitted frequency. During the past 25 years scientists the world over have developed a large number of new materials (about 3000) or improved the properties of known materials. About 5000 papers have been published and more than 1000 patents filed in the area of dielectric resonators and related technologies. This book brings the data and science of these several useful materials together, which will be of immense benefit to researchers and engineers the world over. The topics covered in the book includes factors affecting the dielectric properties, measurement of dielectric properties, important low loss dielectric material systems such as perovskites, tungsten bronze type materials, materials in BaO-TiO2 system, (Zr,Sn)TiO4, alumina, rutile, AnBn-1O3n type materials, LTCC, ceramic-polymer composites etc. The book also has a data table listing all reported low loss dielectric materials with properties and references arranged in the order of increasing dielectric constant. Collects together in one source data on all new materials used in wireless communication Includes tabulated properties of all reported low loss dielectric materials In-depth treatment of dielectric resonator materials

Revolution of Perovskite

Revolution of Perovskite
Author : Narayanasamy Sabari Arul,Vellalapalayam Devaraj Nithya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-01-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :320
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This volume presents advanced synthesis techniques for fabricating Perovskite materials with enhanced properties for applications such as energy storage devices, photovoltaics, electrocatalysis, electronic devices, photocatalysts, sensing, and biomedical instruments. The book attempts to fill a gap in the published literature and provide a detailed reference on Perovskite materials. This book will be of use to graduate students and academic and industrial researchers in the fields of solid-state chemistry, physics, materials science, and chemical engineering.

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials
Author : Renata M. Wentzcovitch,Alexandra Navrotsky,Kenneth Reinhard Poeppelmeier
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category : Ferroelectricity
Total pages :358
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Perovskites form a large class of materials, deceptively simple in basic structure but immensely complex in compositional variations, symmetry changes, and physical properties. They include ferroelectrics, magnetoresistive materials, oxide ion and proton conductors, superconductors, and an abundant phase in the Earth's lower mantle. This volume brings together researchers operating in diverse areas with the common goal of understanding perovskite's intrinsic and extrinsic properties and their potential use. A recurring theme is the interplay of theory and experiment in understanding and predicting properties. Sessions on theory and modeling are featured, emphasizing phase changes and elasticity of Earth materials such as MgSiO3, and CaSiO3, and underscoring new magnetic and ferroelectric materials, including thin films and multilayers. These are complemented by experimental studies of the synthesis of new families of perovskites and property measurements. The volume shows the diversity of materials, measurements, and ideas being studied at present.

Local Structure, Distortions and Disorder in Advanced Perovskite Materials

Local Structure, Distortions and Disorder in Advanced Perovskite Materials
Author : Corwin Hammond Booth
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1996
Category : Jahn-Teller effect
Total pages :364
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Materials Science and Engineering Serving Society

Materials Science and Engineering Serving Society
Author : R.P.H. Chang,R. Roy,M. Doyama,S. Somiya
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1998-12-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :340
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This symposium was organised with the aim of encouraging collaboration in international science and engineering communities for the benefit of human kind. It consisted of invited talks by experts on materials and poster presentation papers. Approximately 140 scientists participated and the resulting proceedings present an up-to-date review of the research in this area.

Lead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells

Lead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells
Author : David J. Fisher
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release Date : 2020-06-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :130
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Lead halide perovskite materials have a huge potential in solar cell technology. They offer the combined advantages of low-cost preparation and high power-conversion efficiency. The present review focusses on the following topics: Power Conversion Efficiency; Electron Transport, Hole Transport and Interface Layers; Material Preparation; Cesium-Doped Lead-Halide Perovskites; Formamidinium-Doped Lead-Halide Perovskites; Methylammonium Lead-Halide Perovskites; Hysteresis, Stability and Toxicity Problems. The book references 334 original resources and includes their direct web link for in-depth reading. Keywords: Solar Cells, Lead Halide Perovskite Materials, Cesium-Doped Lead-Halide Perovskites, Formamidinium-Doped Lead-Halide Perovskites, Methylammonium Lead-Halide Perovskites, Electron-Transport Layer, Hole-Transport Layer, Interface Layers, Hysteresis Problem, Stability Problem, Toxicity Problem.

Materials for Modern Technologies III

Materials for Modern Technologies III
Author : Yue Li,Rolin Zhang,Zhenli Gong
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2017-03-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :232
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MST-S 2017 Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2017 Spring International Conference on Material Sciences and Technology (MST-S), April 18-20, 2017, Chengdu, China

Electronic and Optical Properties of d-Band Perovskites

Electronic and Optical Properties of d-Band Perovskites
Author : Thomas Wolfram,Sinasi Ellialtioglu
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2006-10-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :129
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The perovskite family of oxides includes a vast array of insulators, metals, and semiconductors. Current intense scientific interest stems from the large number of diverse phenomena exhibited by these materials including pseudo two-dimensional electronic energy bands, high temperature superconductivity, metal-insulator transitions, piezoelectricity, magnetism, photochromic, and catalytic activity. This book is the first text devoted to a comprehensive theory of the solid-state properties of these fascinating materials. The text includes complete descriptions of the important energy bands, photoemission, surface states, and the chapter on high-temperature superconductors explores the electronic states in typical copper-oxide materials. Theoretical results are compared to experiment and discussed throughout the book. With problem sets included, this is a unified, logical treatment of fundamental perovskite solid-state chemistry which will appeal to graduate students and researchers alike.

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author : Tatsumi Ishihara
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-06-12
Category : Science
Total pages :302
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Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Solar Panels and Photovoltaic Materials

Solar Panels and Photovoltaic Materials
Author : Beddiaf Zaidi
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-07-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :158
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Despite their wide availability and relatively low prices, the conventional energy sources have harmful consequences on the environment and are exhaustible. In order to circumvent these negative effects, the renewable energies in general and the photovoltaic energy in particular are becoming more and more attractive. Solar cell is an electrical device that converts light into electricity at the atomic level. These devices use inorganic or organic semiconductor materials that absorb photons with energy greater than their bandgap to promote energy carriers into their conduction band. They do not pollute the atmosphere by releasing harmful gases, do not require any fuel to produce electricity, and do not move parts so they are rugged. Solar panels have a very long life and do not need much maintenance.