January 26, 2021

Download Ebook Free Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories For Data Storage And Neuromorphic Computing

Photo-Electroactive Non-Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing

Photo-Electroactive Non-Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing
Author : Su-Ting Han,Ye Zhou
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-05-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :352
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Photo-Electroactive Non-Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing summarizes advances in the development of photo-electroactive memories and neuromorphic computing systems, suggests possible solutions to the challenges of device design, and evaluates the prospects for commercial applications. Sections covers developments in electro-photoactive memory, and photonic neuromorphic and in-memory computing, including discussions on design concepts, operation principles and basic storage mechanism of optoelectronic memory devices, potential materials from organic molecules, semiconductor quantum dots to two-dimensional materials with desirable electrical and optical properties, device challenges, and possible strategies. This comprehensive, accessible and up-to-date book will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers in solid-state electronics. It is an invaluable systematic introduction to the memory characteristics, operation principles and storage mechanisms of the latest reported electro-photoactive memory devices. Reviews the most promising materials to enable emerging computing memory and data storage devices, including one- and two-dimensional materials, metal oxides, semiconductors, organic materials, and more Discusses fundamental mechanisms and design strategies for two- and three-terminal device structures Addresses device challenges and strategies to enable translation of optical and optoelectronic technologies

Resistive Switching

Resistive Switching
Author : Daniele Ielmini,Rainer Waser
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-12-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :784
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With its comprehensive coverage, this reference introduces readers to the wide topic of resistance switching, providing the knowledge, tools, and methods needed to understand, characterize and apply resistive switching memories. Starting with those materials that display resistive switching behavior, the book explains the basics of resistive switching as well as switching mechanisms and models. An in-depth discussion of memory reliability is followed by chapters on memory cell structures and architectures, while a section on logic gates rounds off the text. An invaluable self-contained book for materials scientists, electrical engineers and physicists dealing with memory research and development.

CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2

CHIPS 2020 VOL. 2
Author : Bernd Höfflinger
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-09-19
Category : Science
Total pages :319
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The release of this second volume of CHIPS 2020 coincides with the 50th anniversary of Moore’s Law, a critical year marked by the end of the nanometer roadmap and by a significantly reduced annual rise in chip performance. At the same time, we are witnessing a data explosion in the Internet, which is consuming 40% more electrical power every year, leading to fears of a major blackout of the Internet by 2020. The messages of the first CHIPS 2020, published in 2012, concerned the realization of quantum steps for improving the energy efficiency of all chip functions. With this second volume, we review these messages and amplify upon the most promising directions: ultra-low-voltage electronics, nanoscale monolithic 3D integration, relevant-data, brain- and human-vision-inspired processing, and energy harvesting for chip autonomy. The team of authors, enlarged by more world leaders in low-power, monolithic 3D, video, and Silicon brains, presents new vistas in nanoelectronics, promising Moore-like exponential growth sustainable through to the 2030s.

Neuro-inspired Computing Using Resistive Synaptic Devices

Neuro-inspired Computing Using Resistive Synaptic Devices
Author : Shimeng Yu
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-05-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :269
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This book summarizes the recent breakthroughs in hardware implementation of neuro-inspired computing using resistive synaptic devices. The authors describe how two-terminal solid-state resistive memories can emulate synaptic weights in a neural network. Readers will benefit from state-of-the-art summaries of resistive synaptic devices, from the individual cell characteristics to the large-scale array integration. This book also discusses peripheral neuron circuits design challenges and design strategies. Finally, the authors describe the impact of device non-ideal properties (e.g. noise, variation, yield) and their impact on the learning performance at the system-level, using a device-algorithm co-design methodology.

Memristors for Neuromorphic Circuits and Artificial Intelligence Applications

Memristors for Neuromorphic Circuits and Artificial Intelligence Applications
Author : Jordi Suñé
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2020-04-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :244
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has found many applications in the past decade due to the ever increasing computing power. Artificial Neural Networks are inspired in the brain structure and consist in the interconnection of artificial neurons through artificial synapses. Training these systems requires huge amounts of data and, after the network is trained, it can recognize unforeseen data and provide useful information. The so-called Spiking Neural Networks behave similarly to how the brain functions and are very energy efficient. Up to this moment, both spiking and conventional neural networks have been implemented in software programs running on conventional computing units. However, this approach requires high computing power, a large physical space and is energy inefficient. Thus, there is an increasing interest in developing AI tools directly implemented in hardware. The first hardware demonstrations have been based on CMOS circuits for neurons and specific communication protocols for synapses. However, to further increase training speed and energy efficiency while decreasing system size, the combination of CMOS neurons with memristor synapses is being explored. The memristor is a resistor with memory which behaves similarly to biological synapses. This book explores the state-of-the-art of neuromorphic circuits implementing neural networks with memristors for AI applications.

Internet of Things in Smart Technologies for Sustainable Urban Development

Internet of Things in Smart Technologies for Sustainable Urban Development
Author : G. R. Kanagachidambaresan,R. Maheswar,V. Manikandan,K. Ramakrishnan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-05-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :248
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This book provides solution for challenges facing engineers in urban environments looking towards smart development and IoT. The authors address the challenges faced in developing smart applications along with the solutions. Topics addressed include reliability, security and financial issues in relation to all the smart and sustainable development solutions discussed. The solutions they provide are affordable, resistive to threats, and provide high reliability. The book pertains to researchers, academics, professionals, and students. Provides solutions to urban sustainable development problems facing engineers in developing and developed countries Discusses results with industrial problems and current issues in smart city development Includes solutions that are reliable, secure and financially sound

Frontiers of Materials Research

Frontiers of Materials Research
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Committee on Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2019-09-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :294
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Modern materials science builds on knowledge from physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer and data science, and engineering sciences to enable us to understand, control, and expand the material world. Although it is anchored in inquiry-based fundamental science, materials research is strongly focused on discovering and producing reliable and economically viable materials, from super alloys to polymer composites, that are used in a vast array of products essential to today's societies and economies. Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey is aimed at documenting the status and promising future directions of materials research in the United States in the context of similar efforts worldwide. This third decadal survey in materials research reviews the progress and achievements in materials research and changes in the materials research landscape over the last decade; research opportunities for investment for the period 2020-2030; impacts that materials research has had and is expected to have on emerging technologies, national needs, and science; and challenges the enterprise may face over the next decade.

Neuromorphic Computing and Beyond

Neuromorphic Computing and Beyond
Author : Khaled Salah Mohamed
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-01-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :233
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This book discusses and compares several new trends that can be used to overcome Moore’s law limitations, including Neuromorphic, Approximate, Parallel, In Memory, and Quantum Computing. The author shows how these paradigms are used to enhance computing capability as developers face the practical and physical limitations of scaling, while the demand for computing power keeps increasing. The discussion includes a state-of-the-art overview and the essential details of each of these paradigms.

Industrial Applications for Intelligent Polymers and Coatings

Industrial Applications for Intelligent Polymers and Coatings
Author : Majid Hosseini,Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-05-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :710
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This book is a comprehensive collaboration on intelligent polymers and coatings for industrial applications by worldwide researchers and specialists. The authors cover the basis and fundamental aspects of intelligent polymers and coatings, challenges, and potential mechanisms and properties. They include recent and emerging industrial applications in medical, smart textile design, oil and gas, electronic, aerospace, and automobile industries as well as other applications including microsystems, sensors, and actuators, among others. The authors discuss the potential for future research in these areas for improvement and growth of marketable applications of intelligent polymers and coatings.

Interfacing Bioelectronics and Biomedical Sensing

Interfacing Bioelectronics and Biomedical Sensing
Author : Hung Cao,Todd Coleman,Tzung K. Hsiai,Ali Khademhosseini
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-02-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :234
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This book addresses the fundamental challenges underlying bioelectronics and tissue interface for clinical investigation. Appropriate for biomedical engineers and researchers, the authors cover topics ranging from retinal implants to restore vision, implantable circuits for neural implants, and intravascular electrochemical impedance to detect unstable plaques. In addition to these chapters, the authors also document the approaches and issues of multi-scale physiological assessment and monitoring in both humans and animal models for health monitoring and biological investigations; novel biomaterials such as conductive and biodegradable polymers to be used in biomedical devices; and the optimization of wireless power transfer via inductive coupling for batteryless and wireless implantable medical devices. In addition to engineers and researchers, this book is also an ideal supplementary or reference book for a number of courses in biomedical engineering programs, such as bioinstrumentation, MEMS/BioMEMS, bioelectronics and sensors, and more. Analyzes and discusses the electrode-tissue interfaces for optimization of biomedical devices. Introduces novel biomaterials to be used in next-generation biomedical devices. Discusses high-frequency transducers for biomedical applications.

Environmental Applications of Instrumental Chemical Analysis

Environmental Applications of Instrumental Chemical Analysis
Author : Mahmood Barbooti
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-04-15
Category : Science
Total pages :604
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This book is a comprehensive review of the instrumental analytical methods and their use in environmental monitoring site assessment and remediation follow-up operations. The increased concern about environmental issues such as water pollution, air pollution, accumulation of pollutants in food, global climate change, and effective remediation processes necessitate the precise determination of various types of chemicals in environmental samples. In general, all stages of environmental work start with the evaluation of organic and inorganic environmental samples. This important book furnishes the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods to various environmental applications and also covers recent developments in instrumental chemical methods. Covering a wide variety of topics in the field, the book: • Presents an introduction to environmental chemistry • Presents the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods that are used mostly in the environmental work. • Examines instrumental methods of analysis including UV/Vis, FTIR, atomic absorption, induced coupled plasma emission, electrochemical methods like potentiometry, voltametry, coulometry, and chromatographic methods such as GC and HPLC • Presents newly introduced chromatographic methodologies such as ion electrophoresis, and combinations of chromatography with pyrolysis methods are given • Discusses selected methods for the determinations of various pollutants in water, air, and land Readers will gain a general review of modern instrumental method of chemical analysis that is useful in environmental work and will learn how to select methods for analyzing certain samples. Analytical instrumentation and its underlying principles are presented, along with the types of sample for which each instrument is best suited. Some noninstrumental techniques, such as colorimetric detection tubes for gases and immnosassays, are also discussed.

Nanotechnology Characterization Tools for Tissue Engineering and Medical Therapy

Nanotechnology Characterization Tools for Tissue Engineering and Medical Therapy
Author : Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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Ninth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Nanotechnology Characterization Tools for Tissue Engineering and Medical Therapy. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Smart Fibres, Fabrics and Clothing

Smart Fibres, Fabrics and Clothing
Author : Xiaoming Tao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2001-10-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :336
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This important book provides a guide to the fundamentals and latest developments in smart technology for textiles and clothing. The contributors represent a distinguished international panel of experts and the book covers many aspects of cutting edge research and development. Smart fibres, fabrics and clothing starts with a review of the background to smart technology and goes on to cover a wide range of the material science and fibre science aspects of the technology including: Electrically active polymeric materials and the applications of nonionic polymer gel and elastomers for artificial muscles; Thermally sensitive fibres and fabrics; Cross-linked polyol fibrous substrates stimuli-responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel; Permeation control through stimuli-responsive polymer membranes; optical fibre sensors, hollow fibre membranes for gas separation; integrating fibre-formed components into textile structures; Wearable electronic and photonic technologies; Adaptive and responsive textile structures (ARTS); Biomedical applications including the applications of scaffolds in tissue engineering It is essential reading for academics in textile and materials science departments, researchers, designers and engineers in the textiles and clothing product design field. Product managers and senior executives within textile and clothing manufacturing will also find the latest insights into technological developments in the field valuable and fascinating.

Transition Metal Oxide Thin Film based Chromogenics and Devices

Transition Metal Oxide Thin Film based Chromogenics and Devices
Author : Ashrit Pandurang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-06-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :416
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Transition Metal Oxide Thin Film based Chromogenics and Devices discusses the recent experimental and theoretical developments in the field of chromogenics based on the transitional metal oxide (TMO) thin films. Understanding the relationship between the switching properties of TMO materials and their nanostructure is of paramount importance in developing efficient chromogenic devices. The tailoring of these switching behaviors is afforded detailed coverage in this book alongside in-depth discussion of a range of chromogenic materials and devices, including photochromics, thermochromics, and electrochromics. The book covers both the theoretical aspects of TMO thin film based chromogenics and their engineering applications in device construction. Academics and professionals in the field of materials science and optics will find this book to be a key resource, whether their focus is low-dimension materials, light-materials interaction, or device development. Enables researchers to keep up with recent developments in thin film based chromogenics Provides detailed coverage of the switching mechanism of the various transitional metal oxide thin films to assist readers in developing more efficient devices Offers in-depth discussion of a range of chromogenic materials and devices, including thermochromics, photochromics and electrochromics

Carbon-Based Smart Materials

Carbon-Based Smart Materials
Author : Constantinos A. Charitidis,Elias P. Koumoulos,Dimitrios A. Dragatogiannis
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date : 2020-04-20
Category : Science
Total pages :194
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Presents technologies and key concepts to produce suitable smart materials and intelligent structures for sensing, information and communication technology, biomedical applications (drug delivery, hyperthermia therapy), self-healing, flexible memories and construction technologies. Novel developments of environmental friendly, cost-effective and scalable production processes are discussed by experts in the field.