January 24, 2021

Download Ebook Free Printable Solar Cells

Printable Solar Cells

Printable Solar Cells
Author : Nurdan Demirci Sankir,Mehmet Sankir
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-04-19
Category : Science
Total pages :576
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This book provides an overall view of the new and highly promising materials and thin film deposition techniques for printable solar cell applications. The book is organized in four parts. Organic and inorganic hybrid materials and solar cell manufacturing techniques are covered in Part I. Part II is devoted to organic materials and processing technologies like spray coating. This part also demonstrates the key features of the interface engineering for the printable organic solar cells. The main focus of the Part III is the perovskite solar cells, which is a new and promising family of the photovoltaic applications. Finally, inorganic materials and solution based thin film formation methods using these materials for printable solar cell application is discussed in Part IV.

Raman Spectroscopy for Advanced Study of Printable Solar Cells

Raman Spectroscopy for Advanced Study of Printable Solar Cells
Author : Michael Jack Newman
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category : Raman spectroscopy
Total pages :186
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Fully Printable Hole-conductor-free Mesoscopic Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Mesoporous Anatase Single Crystals1

Fully Printable Hole-conductor-free Mesoscopic Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Mesoporous Anatase Single Crystals1
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :129
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Abstract : Mesoporous anatase single crystal titania with a small particle size was introduced into fully printable hole-conductor-free hybrid solar cells, which shows an optimal electron transport and carrier lifetime, leading to an enhanced device performance. Abstract : Mesoporous anatase singe crystal provides a large surface area and less carrier traps as compared to polycrystals; however, it is generally prepared with a particle size in micrometers by a complex method; this hinders its application as electron transport materials (ETMs) for mesoscopic perovskite solar cells (MPSCs). Herein, we fabricated a small-sized mesoporous anatase single crystal with a large surface area (169 m 2 g −1 ) and an oliver-shape (about 120 nm in length and 60 nm in width) by a simple method and applied it as an ETM into a hole-conductor-free fully printable MPSC. As expected, a high-quality film was formed, and the device showed an obvious increase in efficiency as compared to the P25 (commercial TiO2 )-based device due to the faster electron extraction from perovskite to the ETM. This suggests that the mesoporous anatase single crystal is a promising ETM candidate for producing efficient fully-printable hole-conductor-free MPSCs.

Printable Mesoscopic Perovskite Solar Cells

Printable Mesoscopic Perovskite Solar Cells
Author : H. Han
Publisher : VCH
Release Date : 2021-12-08
Category :
Total pages :300
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Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Author : Wallace C.H. Choy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-11-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :266
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Organic solar cells have emerged as new promising photovoltaic devices due to their potential applications in large area, printable and flexible solar panels. Organic Solar Cells: Materials and Device Physics offers an updated review on the topics covering the synthesis, properties and applications of new materials for various critical roles in devices from electrodes, interface and carrier transport materials, to the active layer composed of donors and acceptors. Addressing the important device physics issues of carrier and exciton dynamics and interface stability and novel light trapping structures, the potential for hybrid organic solar cells to provide high efficiency solar cells is examined and discussed in detail. Specific chapters covers key areas including: Latest research and designs for highly effective polymer donors/acceptors and interface materials Synthesis and application of highly transparent and conductive graphene Exciton and charge dynamics for in-depth understanding of the mechanism underlying organic solar cells. New potentials and emerging functionalities of plasmonic effects in OSCs Interface Degradation Mechanisms in organic photovoltaics improving the entire device lifetime Device architecture and operation mechanism of organic/ inorganic hybrid solar cells for next generation of high performance photovoltaics This reference can be practically and theoretically applied by senior undergraduates, postgraduates, engineers, scientists, researchers, and project managers with some fundamental knowledge in organic and inorganic semiconductor materials or devices.

Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells (2 Vols.)

Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells (2 Vols.)
Author : Sining Yun,Anders Hagfeldt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-01-04
Category : Science
Total pages :664
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A guide to one of the most important aspects for affordable and highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells Dye-sensitized solar cells have the potential to be one of the most promising photovoltaic technologies for production of renewable and clean energy. Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells offers an introduction to the various types of counter electrode catalysts for dye-sensitized solar cells and perovskite solar cells, including metal and metal compounds, carbon materials, polymers, and composites. With contributions from an international panel of experts, the book contains a discussion of the design and synthesis of the catalysts, characterization and stability of the devices, as well as calculations on properties. The contributors cover a wide range of topics including information on: carbon nanotubes electrocatalysts for I-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells; Pt-loaded composite electrocatalysts for I-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells; metal contact electrodes for perovskite solar cells; and much more. The book also includes insight into the future developments in the field. This important resource Covers the various types of counter electrode catalysts and presents design strategies, synthesis methods, theoretical calculation and stability evaluation Includes information on low-cost counter electrode catalysts and commercial applications of dye-sensitized sensitized solar cells Disscuses how electrode catalysts can be applied in a range of fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen production, and photocatalysis Offers contributions from leading experts in the field including Anders Hagfeldt, one of the world's leading researchers in this field Written for materials scientists, solid state chemists, electrochemists, catalytic chemists, solid state physicists, and chemical industry professionals, Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells is a comprehensive and authoritative guide to dye-sensitized solar cells.

Improved Performance of Printable Perovskite Solar Cells with Bifunctional Conjugated Organic Molecule

Improved Performance of Printable Perovskite Solar Cells with Bifunctional Conjugated Organic Molecule
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :129
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Abstract: A bifunctional conjugated organic molecule 4‐(aminomethyl) benzoic acid hydroiodide (AB) is designed and employed as an organic cation in organic–inorganic halide perovskite materials. Compared with the monofunctional cation benzylamine hydroiodide (BA) and the nonconjugated bifunctional organic molecule 5‐ammonium valeric acid, devices based on AB‐MAPbI3 show a good stability and a superior power conversion efficiency of 15.6% with a short‐circuit current of 23.4 mA cm −2, an open‐circuit voltage of 0.94 V, and a fill factor of 0.71. The bifunctional conjugated cation not only benefits the growth of perovskite crystals in the mesoporous network, but also facilitates the charge transport. This investigation helps explore new approaches to rational design of novel organic cations for perovskite materials. Abstract : A bifunctional conjugated organic molecule AB is designed and employed as an organic cation in perovskite materials. Compared with the monofunctional cation BA and the nonconjugated bifunctional cation AVA, the devices based on AB‐MAPbI3 show superior efficiency with good stability. The bifunctional‐conjugated cation not only benefits the growth of perovskite crystals in the mesoporous network, but also facilitates the charge transport.

Nanostructured Solar Cells

Nanostructured Solar Cells
Author : Narottam Das
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-02-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :314
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Nanostructured solar cells are very important in renewable energy sector as well as in environmental aspects, because it is environment friendly. The nano-grating structures (such as triangular or conical shaped) have a gradual change in refractive index which acts as a multilayer antireflective coating that is leading to reduced light reflection losses over broadband ranges of wavelength and angle of incidence. There are different types of losses in solar cells that always reduce the conversion efficiency, but the light reflection loss is the most important factor that decreases the conversion efficiency of solar cells significantly. The antireflective coating is an optical coating which is applied to the surface of lenses or any optical devices to reduce the light reflection losses. This coating assists for the light trapping capturing capacity or improves the efficiency of optical devices, such as lenses or solar cells. Hence, the multilayer antireflective coatings can reduce the light reflection losses and increases the conversion efficiency of nanostructured solar cells.

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin-Film Solar Cells

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin-Film Solar Cells
Author : Kentaro Ito
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-12-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :440
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Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground-mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth-abundant, low-cost and non-toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS-based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS-based solar cells have the potential to be used for large-scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.

Nanostructured Solar Cells

Nanostructured Solar Cells
Author : Narottam Das
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :129
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Nanostructured solar cells are very important in renewable energy sector as well as in environmental aspects, because it is environment friendly. The nano-grating structures (such as triangular or conical shaped) have a gradual change in refractive index which acts as a multilayer antireflective coating that is leading to reduced light reflection losses over broadband ranges of wavelength and angl ...

Printed Electronics

Printed Electronics
Author : Zheng Cui
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-09-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :450
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This book provides an overview of the newly emerged and highly interdisciplinary field of printed electronics • Provides an overview of the latest developments and research results in the field of printed electronics • Topics addressed include: organic printable electronic materials, inorganic printable electronic materials, printing processes and equipments for electronic manufacturing, printable transistors, printable photovoltaic devices, printable lighting and display, encapsulation and packaging of printed electronic devices, and applications of printed electronics • Discusses the principles of the above topics, with support of examples and graphic illustrations • Serves both as an advanced introductory to the topic and as an aid for professional development into the new field • Includes end of chapter references and links to further reading

Stable Large‐Area (10 × 10 Cm2) Printable Mesoscopic Perovskite Module Exceeding 10% Efficiency

Stable Large‐Area (10 × 10 Cm2) Printable Mesoscopic Perovskite Module Exceeding 10% Efficiency
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2017
Category :
Total pages :129
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Abstract : The commercial manufacturing of perovskite solar modules (PSM) suffers from stability concerns and scalability issues. We demonstrate a hole‐conductor‐free printable solar module embodiment, which employs a triple layer of mesoporous TiO2 /ZrO2 /carbon as scaffold, and is infiltrated by a mixed cation lead halide perovskite (5‐AVA)x (MA)1−x PbI3 as a light harvester. Here, hole conductor or Au reflector are not employed, and instead, the back contact comprises simply a printed carbon layer. Upon optimizing the thickness alignment of the triple mesoscopic layer and the design of the active area, the unit cell shows 14.02% power conversion efficiency (PCE) under 100 mW cm −2 condition, while a larger area of 10 serially connected cells module (10 × 10 cm 2 ), shows a 10.4% PCE on an active area of 49 cm 2 . Light‐soaking stability of 1000 h has been demonstrated, as well as local outdoor stability of 1 month and a shelf‐life stability of over 1 year. This paves the way for the realization of efficient and stable large‐area PSMs for industrial deployment. Abstract : The low‐cost hole‐conductor free, printable mesoscopic perovskite solar cell with carbon counter electrode has been successfully up‐scaled to 100 cm 2, and achieved the highest PCE of 10.4%. A 7 m 2 fully printable perovskite solar panel is presented, showing reproducibility of screen‐printing technique in manufacturing of high‐performance perovskite solar modules. The modules show good stability under continuous illumination and in local outdoor environment.

Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials

Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials
Author : Safa Kasap,Peter Capper
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-10-04
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1536
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The second, updated edition of this essential reference book provides a wealth of detail on a wide range of electronic and photonic materials, starting from fundamentals and building up to advanced topics and applications. Its extensive coverage, with clear illustrations and applications, carefully selected chapter sequencing and logical flow, makes it very different from other electronic materials handbooks. It has been written by professionals in the field and instructors who teach the subject at a university or in corporate laboratories. The Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials, second edition, includes practical applications used as examples, details of experimental techniques, useful tables that summarize equations, and, most importantly, properties of various materials, as well as an extensive glossary. Along with significant updates to the content and the references, the second edition includes a number of new chapters such as those covering novel materials and selected applications. This handbook is a valuable resource for graduate students, researchers and practicing professionals working in the area of electronic, optoelectronic and photonic materials.

A New Sight towards Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Material and Theoretical

A New Sight towards Dye-sensitized Solar Cells: Material and Theoretical
Author : Hong Lin
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2010-11-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :150
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) technology is emerging, against the current background of drastic consumption-rates of irreplaceable natural resources, as the Cinderella solution to many energy-related problems, Almost since its first appearance, it has been regarded as being the most promising alternative to conventional silicon solar cell technology due to the tremendous advantages of low cost and high theoretical energy-conversion efficiency.

Photoenergy and Thin Film Materials

Photoenergy and Thin Film Materials
Author : Xiao-Yu Yang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2019-03-19
Category : Science
Total pages :500
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This book provides a fundamental discussion, latest research & developments, and the future of thin films and photoenergy materials, two developing areas that have the potential to spearhead the future of industry. Photoenergy materials are expected to be a next generation key material to provide secure, safe, sustainable and affordable energy. Photoenergy devices are known to convert the sunlight into electricity. This type of devices is very much simple in design with having a major advantage with their structure as stand-alone systems to provide outputs up to megawatts. They have been applied as a power source, solar home systems, remote buildings, water pumping, megawatt scale power plants, satellites, communications, and space vehicles. With such a list of enormous applications, the demand for photoenergy devices is growing every year. On the other hand, thin films coating, which can be defined as fusion of surface science, materials science, and applied physics, are progressing as a unified discipline of scientific industry. A thin film can be termed as a very fine or thin layer of material coated on a particular surface, that can be in the range of a nanometer in thickness to several micrometers in size. Thin films are being applied it a number of fields ranging from protection purposes to electronic semiconductor devices.