January 23, 2021

Download Ebook Free Spectroscopic Ellipsometry For Photovoltaics

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry for Photovoltaics

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry for Photovoltaics
Author : Hiroyuki Fujiwara,Robert W. Collins
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-01-10
Category : Science
Total pages :594
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This book provides a basic understanding of spectroscopic ellipsometry, with a focus on characterization methods of a broad range of solar cell materials/devices, from traditional solar cell materials (Si, CuInGaSe2, and CdTe) to more advanced emerging materials (Cu2ZnSnSe4, organics, and hybrid perovskites), fulfilling a critical need in the photovoltaic community. The book describes optical constants of a variety of semiconductor light absorbers, transparent conductive oxides and metals that are vital for the interpretation of solar cell characteristics and device simulations. It is divided into four parts: fundamental principles of ellipsometry; characterization of solar cell materials/structures; ellipsometry applications including optical simulations of solar cell devices and online monitoring of film processing; and the optical constants of solar cell component layers.

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry for Photovoltaics

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry for Photovoltaics
Author : Hiroyuki Fujiwara,Robert W. Collins
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-01-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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Spectroscopic ellipsometry has been applied to a wide variety of material and device characterizations in solar cell research fields. In particular, device performance analyses using exact optical constants of component layers and direct analyses of complex solar cell structures are unique features of advanced ellipsometry methods. This second volume of Spectroscopic Ellipsometry for Photovoltaics presents various applications of the ellipsometry technique for device analyses, including optical/recombination loss analyses, real-time control and on-line monitoring of solar cell structures, and large-area structural mapping. Furthermore, this book describes the optical constants of 148 solar cell component layers, covering a broad range of materials from semiconductor light absorbers (inorganic, organic and hybrid perovskite semiconductors) to transparent conductive oxides and metals. The tabulated and completely parameterized optical constants described in this book are the most current resource that is vital for device simulations and solar cell structural analyses.

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry
Author : Hiroyuki Fujiwara
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2007-09-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :388
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Ellipsometry is a powerful tool used for the characterization of thin films and multi-layer semiconductor structures. This book deals with fundamental principles and applications of spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). Beginning with an overview of SE technologies the text moves on to focus on the data analysis of results obtained from SE, Fundamental data analyses, principles and physical backgrounds and the various materials used in different fields from LSI industry to biotechnology are described. The final chapter describes the latest developments of real-time monitoring and process control which have attracted significant attention in various scientific and industrial fields.

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells
Author : Daniel Abou-Ras,Thomas Kirchartz,Uwe Rau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-07-13
Category : Science
Total pages :760
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The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Ellipsometry

Ellipsometry
Author : Faustino Wahaia
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-11-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :162
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Ellipsometry is rapidly emerging as a popular solution addressed to new materials science challenges and technological pitfalls hindering its effective application on modern problems. Amid the nowadays active development of materials of top notch, ellipsometry is also evolving rapidly both in the academic and industry sectors. The global industry strategies, introduce the latest scientific advances at manufacturing new, more accurate, and reliable ellipsometry systems to tackle emerging challenges. The book provides a comprehensive overview on the principles and technical capabilities of the modern ellipsometry highlighting its versatility in materials characterization.

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry
Author : Harland G. Tompkins,James N. Hilfiker
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015-12-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :159
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Ellipsometry is an experimental technique for determining the thickness and optical properties of thin films. It is ideally suited for films ranging in thickness from subnanometer to several microns. Spectroscopic measurements have greatly expanded the capabilities of this technique and introduced its use into all areas where thin films are found: semiconductor devices, flat panel and mobile displays, optical coating stacks, biological and medical coatings, protective layers, and more. While several scholarly books exist on the topic, this book provides a good introduction to the basic theory of the technique and its common applications. It follows in the footsteps of two previous books written by one of the authors with important updates to emphasize modern instrumentation and applications. The target audience is not the ellipsometry scholar, but process engineers and students of materials science who are experts in their own fields and wish to use ellipsometry to measure thin film properties without becoming an expert in ellipsometry itself.

Photovoltaic Solar Energy

Photovoltaic Solar Energy
Author : Angèle Reinders,Pierre Verlinden,Wilfried van Sark,Alexandre Freundlich
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-01-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :720
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Solar PV is now the third most important renewable energy source, after hydro and wind power, in terms of global installed capacity. Bringing together the expertise of international PV specialists Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of existing PV technologies in conjunction with an assessment of technological developments. Key features: Written by leading specialists active in concurrent developments in material sciences, solar cell research and application-driven R&D. Provides a basic knowledge base in light, photons and solar irradiance and basic functional principles of PV. Covers characterization techniques, economics and applications of PV such as silicon, thin-film and hybrid solar cells. Presents a compendium of PV technologies including: crystalline silicon technologies; chalcogenide thin film solar cells; thin-film silicon based PV technologies; organic PV and III-Vs; PV concentrator technologies; space technologies and economics, life-cycle and user aspects of PV technologies. Each chapter presents basic principles and formulas as well as major technological developments in a contemporary context with a look at future developments in this rapidly changing field of science and engineering. Ideal for industrial engineers and scientists beginning careers in PV as well as graduate students undertaking PV research and high-level undergraduate students.

McEvoy's Handbook of Photovoltaics

McEvoy's Handbook of Photovoltaics
Author : Soteris Kalogirou
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-08-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1340
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Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics, Third Edition, is a 'benchmark' publication for those involved in the design, manufacture and use of these devices. This fully revised handbook includes brand new sections on smart grids, net metering and the modeling of photovoltaic systems, as well as fully revised content on developments in photovoltaic applications, the economics of PV manufacturing and updated chapters on solar cell function, raw materials, photovoltaic standards, calibration and testing, all with new examples and case studies. The editor has assembled internationally-respected contributors from industry and academia around the world to make this a truly global reference. It is essential reading for electrical engineers, designers of systems, installers, architects, policymakers and physicists working with photovoltaics. Presents a cast of international experts from industry and academia to ensure the highest quality information from multiple stakeholder perspectives Covers all things photovoltaics, from the principles of solar cell function and their raw materials, to the installation and design of full photovoltaic systems Includes case studies, practical examples, and reports on the latest advances and worldwide applications

Tenth E.C. Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference

Tenth E.C. Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference
Author : A. Luque,G. Sala,Willeke Palz,G. dos Santos,P. Helm
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :1435
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I have great pleasure in presenting the Proceedings of the 10th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference held in Lisbon from 8 to 12 April 1991. These Proceedings contain all the scientific papers delivered at the Conference. The following is a short summary of the Conference activities. The Conference was opened by the Minister of Industry and Energy of Portugal, Eng. Luis Mira do Amaral. At the opening ceremony the Becquerel Prize, created by the Commission of the European Communities, was awarded to Professor Werner Bloss of the University of Stuttgart, and presented by Professor Philippe Bourdeau, Director at the Directorate-General for Science, Research and Development. The Becquerellecture delivered by Professor Bloss constituted the scientific opening to the conference. About 760 delegates from 53 countries presented around 350 contributions, 50 of them as plenary lectures; the contributions were selected among the many papers submitted, this time more strictly than ever before. Also a selected group of scientists were invited to deliver 15 review lectures, to provide an adequate context to the contributions to the Conference. A Symposium on Photovoltaics in Developing Countries, which was very well attended, took place as a parallel event. The Symposium provided an opportunity to hear not only experts of the industrialized countries, but also speakers from the countries where photovoltaics provides services of paramount value.

Ellipsometry at the Nanoscale

Ellipsometry at the Nanoscale
Author : Maria Losurdo,Kurt Hingerl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :730
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This book presents and introduces ellipsometry in nanoscience and nanotechnology making a bridge between the classical and nanoscale optical behaviour of materials. It delineates the role of the non-destructive and non-invasive optical diagnostics of ellipsometry in improving science and technology of nanomaterials and related processes by illustrating its exploitation, ranging from fundamental studies of the physics and chemistry of nanostructures to the ultimate goal of turnkey manufacturing control. This book is written for a broad readership: materials scientists, researchers, engineers, as well as students and nanotechnology operators who want to deepen their knowledge about both basics and applications of ellipsometry to nanoscale phenomena. It starts as a general introduction for people curious to enter the fields of ellipsometry and polarimetry applied to nanomaterials and progresses to articles by experts on specific fields that span from plasmonics, optics, to semiconductors and flexible electronics. The core belief reflected in this book is that ellipsometry applied at the nanoscale offers new ways of addressing many current needs. The book also explores forward-looking potential applications.

Organic Photovoltaics

Organic Photovoltaics
Author : Christoph Joseph Brabec,Vladimir Dyakonov,Jürgen Parisi,Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003-04-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :300
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The present volume describes and explains the fundamentals of organic/plastic solar cells in a manner accessible to both researchers and students. It provides an up-to-date and comprehensive account of these materials and corresponding devices, which will play a key role in future solar energy systems.

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin-Film Solar Cells

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin-Film Solar Cells
Author : Kentaro Ito
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-12-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :440
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Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground-mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth-abundant, low-cost and non-toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS-based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS-based solar cells have the potential to be used for large-scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.

WOLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics

WOLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics
Author : Vivian W. W. Yam
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-11-19
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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A major global issue that the world is facing today is the upcoming depletion of fossil fuels and the energy crisis. In 1998, the global annual energy consumption was 12. 7 TW; of which 80% was generated from fossil fuels. This also translates into huge annual emissions of CO that leads to massive environmental problems, 2 particularly the global warming, which could be disastrous. Future global annual energy needs are also estimated to rise dramatically. A major challenge confronting the world is to ?nd an additional 14–20 TW by 2050 when our energy reserves based on fossil fuels are vanishing. The massive demand for energy would require materials and/or processes that would help to provide new sources of clean ren- able energy or to develop processes that would harvest energy or to better utilize energy in an ef?cient manner. The present monograph, WOLEDs and Organic Photovoltaics – Recent Advances and Applications, focuses on a very important and timely subject of topical interest that deals with the more ef?cient use of energy through white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs) for solid-state lighting and the development of clean sources of renewable energy through the harvesting of light energy for conversion into electrical energy in organic photovoltaics. While LED solid-state lighting and photovoltaics have been dominated by inorganic semiconductor materials and silicon-based solar cells, there have been growing interests in the development of WOLEDs and organic photovoltaics.

Thin-Film Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics: Volume 865

Thin-Film Compound Semiconductor Photovoltaics: Volume 865
Author : William Shafarman,Timothy Gessert,Shigeru Niki,Susanne Siebentritt
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-06-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :564
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This book examines the advances in materials science, chemistry, processing and device issues of thin-film compound semiconductor materials that are used, or have potential use, in photovoltaic solar cells and related applications. In particular, the book focuses on transparent conducting oxides, on chalcogenide semiconductors such as Cu(InGa)(SeS)2, CdTe and CdS, and on photovoltaic devices using these materials. The application of recent advances in materials characterization to compound semiconductor thin films is a theme throughout. Particular highlights include results obtained with photoelectron spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, atomic probe techniques, and spectroscopic ellipsometry. These provide new insights into surface, grain boundary and bulk properties. Results on new materials including different alloys of CuInSe2 and CdTe are also featured. Topics include: optical characterization; electronic structure; defects and impurities; structural characterization; interfaces; TCOs and window layers; back contacts; grain boundaries and inhomogeneities; performance of solar cells; electrical characterization; solar-cell technology; and wide-gap chalcopyrites.

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids
Author : Edward D. Palik
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Science
Total pages :1096
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This handbook--a sequel to the widely used Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids--contains critical reviews and tabulated values of indexes of refraction (n) and extinction coefficients (k) for almost 50 materials that were not covered in the original handbook. For each material, the best known n and k values have been carefully tabulated, from the x-ray to millimeter-wave region of the spectrum by expert optical scientists. In addition, the handbook features thirteen introductory chapters that discuss the determination of n and k by various techniques. * Contributors have decided the best values for n and k * References in each critique allow the reader to go back to the original data to examine and understand where the values have come from * Allows the reader to determine if any data in a spectral region needs to be filled in * Gives a wide and detailed view of experimental techniques for measuring the optical constants n and k * Incorporates and describes crystal structure, space-group symmetry, unit-cell dimensions, number of optic and acoustic modes, frequencies of optic modes, the irreducible representation, band gap, plasma frequency, and static dielectric constant