November 30, 2020

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Forensic DNA Biology

Forensic DNA Biology
Author : Kelly M. Elkins
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012-08-03
Category : Law
Total pages :224
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DNA typing has revolutionized criminal investigations and has become a powerful tool in the identification of individuals in criminal and paternity cases. Forensic DNA Biology: A Laboratory Manual is comprised of up-to-date and practical experiments and step-by-step instructions on how to perform DNA analysis, including pipetting, microscopy and hair analysis, presumptive testing of body fluids and human DNA typing. Modern DNA typing techniques are provided, reflecting real life, where not all institutions and crime labs can afford the same equipment and software. Real case studies will be used throughout. Provides practical step-by-step instruction on how to perform forensic DNA analysis Includes analysis of hair, presumptive testing of body fluids, human DNA typing and statistics Covers techniques such as pipetting, microscopy and DNA extraction Pre- and post-lab exercises and questions assist the reader in learning the material Report writing templates assure the reader learns real world crime lab procedure

Forensic DNA Biology

Forensic DNA Biology
Author : Kelly M. Elkins
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012
Category : Law
Total pages :198
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A collection of forensic DNA typing laboratory experiments designed for academic and training courses at the collegiate level.

Forensic DNA Typing

Forensic DNA Typing
Author : John M. Butler
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-02-08
Category : Law
Total pages :688
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Forensic DNA Typing, Second Edition, is the only book available that specifically covers detailed information on mitochondrial DNA and the Y chromosome. It examines the science of current forensic DNA typing methods by focusing on the biology, technology, and genetic interpretation of short tandem repeat (STR) markers, which encompass the most common forensic DNA analysis methods used today. The book covers topics from introductory level right up to cutting edge research. High-profile cases are addressed throughout the text, near the sections dealing with the science or issues behind these cases. Ten new chapters have been added to accommodate the explosion of new information since the turn of the century. These additional chapters cover statistical genetic analysis of DNA data, an emerging field of interest to DNA research. Several chapters on statistical analysis of short tandem repeat (STR) typing data have been contributed by Dr. George Carmody, a well-respected professor in forensic genetics. Specific examples make the concepts of population genetics more understandable. This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners in forensic DNA analysis, forensic scientists, population geneticists, military and private and public forensic laboratories (for identifying individuals through remains), and students of forensic science. *The only book available that specifically covers detailed information on mitochondrial DNA and the Y chromosome *Chapters cover the topic from introductory level right up to "cutting edge" research *High-profile cases are addressed throughout the book, near the sections dealing with the science or issues behind these cases *NEW TO THIS EDITION: D.N.A. Boxes--boxed "Data, Notes & Applications" sections throughout the book offer higher levels of detail on specific questions

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing
Author : John M. Butler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2009-09-30
Category : Law
Total pages :520
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Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing is written with a broad viewpoint. It examines the methods of current forensic DNA typing, focusing on short tandem repeats (STRs). It encompasses current forensic DNA analysis methods, as well as biology, technology and genetic interpretation. This book reviews the methods of forensic DNA testing used in the first two decades since early 1980’s, and it offers perspectives on future trends in this field, including new genetic markers and new technologies. Furthermore, it explains the process of DNA testing from collection of samples through DNA extraction, DNA quantitation, DNA amplification, and statistical interpretation. The book also discusses DNA databases, which play an important role in law enforcement investigations. In addition, there is a discussion about ethical concerns in retaining DNA profiles and the issues involved when people use a database to search for close relatives. Students of forensic DNA analysis, forensic scientists, and members of the law enforcement and legal professions who want to know more about STR typing will find this book invaluable. Includes a glossary with over 400 terms for quick reference of unfamiliar terms as well as an acronym guide to decipher the DNA dialect Continues in the style of Forensic DNA Typing, 2e, with high-profile cases addressed in D.N.A.Boxes-- "Data, Notes & Applications" sections throughout Ancillaries include: instructor manual Web site, with tailored set of 1000+ PowerPoint slides (including figures), links to online training websites and a test bank with key

Forensic Biology

Forensic Biology
Author : Richard Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2008-04-24
Category : Law
Total pages :448
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Designed as an accessible introduction to basic scientific principles and their application in professional practice, Forensic Biology provides a concise overview of the field. Focusing solely on the science behind the forensic analysis of biological evidence, this book highlights the principles, methods, and techniques used in forensic serologic and forensic DNA analysis. Divided into two areas, the first addresses the identification of biological fluids including blood, semen, and saliva. Chapters instruct on the identification techniques involved in presumptive and confirmatory tests. The second area covers the individualization of biological evidence using forensic DNA techniques. The book demonstrates extraction methods, quantization methods, DNA profiling analysis, and interpretation of results. Each technique introduced in this text is preceded by a brief background of its development and the basic principles that support the technique and its applications. All methods are discussed in detail and accompanied by schematic illustrations where appropriate. Each chapter presents study questions, and references. Instructors have access to a CD containing PowerPoint lecture slides. Emphasizing the fundamentals of basic science and its application to forensic biology, this book provides a solid scientific grounding and familiarity with not just the principles of biological and biochemical processes that occur in forensic analysis, but also the language and vocabulary of forensic biology. The explanations are accessible and straightforward, and informative to facilitate effective learning.

Forensic Biology, Second Edition

Forensic Biology, Second Edition
Author : Richard Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-03-11
Category : Law
Total pages :567
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Over the last several years, new research and developments in analysis methods and practice have led to rapid advancements in forensic biology. Identifying critical points of knowledge and new methodological approaches in the field, Forensic Biology, Second Edition focuses on forensic serology and forensic DNA analysis. It provides students and professionals with a scientific grounding in biological evidence—both the techniques used to identify it and the methodology to analyze it. This second edition: Introduces the language of forensic biology, enabling students to become comfortable with usage and terminology Provides clear explanations of the principles of forensic identification and analysis of biological evidence Explains forensic serology and DNA techniques used in the field and the laboratory Discusses the benefits and limitations that apply to various forensic biology techniques Includes schematic illustrations to clarify concepts Presents three new chapters created for this edition Adds more than two hundred new color figures Covering the full scope of forensic biology, the book uses an accessible, straightforward style designed to enhance students’ education and training so they are prepared, both in the laboratory and in the field.

Forensic DNA Analysis

Forensic DNA Analysis
Author : J. Thomas McClintock
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2008-02-19
Category : Law
Total pages :176
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In its short but active history, the use of DNA typing has revolutionized criminal investigations. It is almost inconceivable to bring a case to trial without positive identification through what is now our most accurate means. Proficiency with the methodology, principles, and interpretation of DNA evidence is crucial for today‘s criminalist.

Forensic DNA Applications

Forensic DNA Applications
Author : Dragan Primorac,Moses Schanfield
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-01-29
Category : Law
Total pages :647
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Forensic DNA Applications: An Interdisciplinary Perspective was developed as an outgrowth of a conference held by the International Society of Applied Biological Sciences. The topic was human genome–based applications in forensic science, anthropology, and individualized medicine. Assembling the contributions of contributors from numerous regions around the world, this volume is designed as both a textbook for forensic molecular biology students and a reference for practitioners and those in the legal system. The book begins with the history and development of DNA typing and profiling for criminal and civil purposes. It discusses the statistical interpretation of results with case examples, mitochondrial DNA testing, Y single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and short tandem repeats (STRs), and X SNP and STR testing. It also explores low copy number DNA typing, mixtures, and quality assurance and control. The second section examines the collection and preservation of biological evidence under a variety of different circumstances and the identification of human remains—including in mass disaster settings. It discusses applications to bioterrorism investigations, animal DNA testing in criminal cases, pedigree questions and wildlife forensic problems, applications in forensic entomology, and forensic botany. The third section explores recent developments and new technologies, including the rigorous identification of tissue of origin, mtDNA profiling using immobilized probe strips, chips and next-generation sequencing, the use of SNPs to ascertain phenotypic characteristics, and the "molecular autopsy" that looks at aspects of toxicogenetics and pharmacogenetics. The book concludes with a discussion on law, ethics, and policy. It examines the use of DNA evidence in the criminal justice system in both the United States and Europe, ethical issues in forensic laboratory practices, familial searches, DNA databases, ancestry searches, physical phenotyping, and report writing. The contributors also examine DNA applications in immigration and human trafficking cases and international perspectives on DNA databases.

Forensic DNA Evidence Interpretation, Second Edition

Forensic DNA Evidence Interpretation, Second Edition
Author : John S. Buckleton,Jo-Anne Bright,Duncan Taylor
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-21
Category : Law
Total pages :496
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Now in its second edition, Forensic DNA Evidence Interpretation is the most comprehensive resource for DNA casework available today. Written by leaders in the fields of biology and statistics, including a contribution from Peter Gill, the father of DNA analysis, the book emphasizes the interpretation of test results and provides the necessary formulae in an easily accessible manner. This latest edition is fully updated and includes current and emerging techniques in this fast-moving field. The book begins by reviewing all pertinent biology, and then provides information on every aspect of DNA analysis. This includes modern interpretation methods and contemporary population genetic models available for estimating DNA frequencies or likelihood ratios. Following a chapter on procedures for validating databases, the text presents overviews and performance assessments of both modern sampling uncertainty methods and current paternity testing techniques, including new guidelines on paternity testing in alignment with the International Society for Forensic Genetics. Later chapters discuss the latest methods for mixture analysis, LCN (ultra trace) analysis and non-autosomal (mito, X, and Y) DNA analysis. The text concludes with an overview of procedures for disaster victim identification and information on DNA intelligence databases. Highlights of the second edition include: New information about PCR processes, heterozygote balance and back and forward stuttering New information on the interpretation of low template DNA, drop models and continuous models Additional coverage of lineage marker subpopulation effects, mixtures and combinations with autosomal markers This authoritative book provides a link among the biological, forensic, and interpretative domains of the DNA profiling field. It continues to serve as an invaluable resource that allows forensic scientists, technicians, molecular biologists and attorneys to use forensic DNA evidence to its greatest potential.

Forensic DNA Typing Protocols

Forensic DNA Typing Protocols
Author : Angel Carracedo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2005
Category : Law
Total pages :280
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In recent years, the rapid emergence of different markers and technologies for DNA typing has transformed the field of forensic identification with breathtaking speed. In Forensic DNA Typing Protocols, leading forensic geneticists from around the world describe in step-by-step detail the cutting-edge laboratory methods they now use for DNA identity analysis, including Y chromosome haplotyping, mtDNA, and SNP typing. The book offers well-tested protocols for DNA quantification using real-time PCR on forensic samples and for the determination of the number of amelogenine gene copies. Additional chapters address new applications in the forensic genetics lab, such a species identification, ancient DNA, or typing of CYP polymorphisms for the analysis of adverse to drugs. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principle behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Up-to-date and highly practical, Forensic DNA Typing Protocols captures and makes practical for all laboratories the whole array of new technologies and techniques that have revolutionized forensic science.

Forensic DNA Profiling Protocols

Forensic DNA Profiling Protocols
Author : Patrick J. Lincoln,Jim Thomson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1998-01-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :309
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In Forensic DNA Profiling Protocols, leading forensic experts from around the world describe in detail their time-proven methods for identity testing through DNA analysis. Their state-of-the-art collection of easily reproducible methods includes all of the major techniques of DNA analysis currently used in forensic identity testing. The book covers PCR-based test systems, the now widely used STR typing systems (complete with details of both manual and automated detection systems), repeat unit mapping (MVR), direct-phase minisequencing, capillary electrophoresis, and direct blotting. Also fully discussed are the recovery of DNA from a wide range of sample types (blood, semen, skeletal remains, and saliva), species testing, sex determination, and mitochondrial DNA testing. Forensic DNA Profiling Protocols captures and makes practical for all laboratories the whole array of new technologies and techniques that have revolutionized forensic science. The readily reproducible methods elucidated here represent the state-of-the-art for those scientists who want to introduce, establish, and perfect DNA identification techniques in their laboratories.

Exam Prep for: Forensic DNA Biology

Exam Prep for: Forensic DNA Biology
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2020
Category :
Total pages :129
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DNA Technology in Forensic Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on DNA Technology in Forensic Science
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 1992-02-01
Category : Science
Total pages :200
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Matching DNA samples from crime scenes and suspects is rapidly becoming a key source of evidence for use in our justice system. DNA Technology in Forensic Science offers recommendations for resolving crucial questions that are emerging as DNA typing becomes more widespread. The volume addreses key issues: Quality and reliability in DNA typing, including the introduction of new technologies, problems of standardization, and approaches to certification. DNA typing in the courtroom, including issues of population genetics, levels of understanding among judges and juries, and admissibility. Societal issues, such as privacy of DNA data, storage of samples and data, and the rights of defendants to quality testing technology. Combining this original volume with the new update--The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence--provides the complete, up-to-date picture of this highly important and visible topic. This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.

Forensic DNA Typing

Forensic DNA Typing
Author : John Marshall Butler
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2005
Category : DNA
Total pages :660
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A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling

A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling
Author : Scott Bader
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-03-08
Category : Law
Total pages :500
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The increasingly arcane world of DNA profiling demands that those needing to understand at least some of it must find a source of reliable and understandable information. Combining material from the successful Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science with newly commissioned and updated material, the Editors have used their own extensive experience in criminal casework across the world to compile an informative guide that will provide knowledge and thought-provoking articles of interest to anyone involved or interested in the use of DNA in the forensic context. Following extensive introductory chapters covering forensic DNA profiling and forensic genetics, this comprehensive volume presents a substantial breadth of material covering: Fundamental material – including sources of DNA, validation, and accreditation Analysis and interpretation – including, extraction, quantification, amplification and interpretation of electropherograms (epgs) Evaluation – including mixtures, low template, and transfer Applications – databases, paternity and kinship, mitochondrial-DNA, wildlife DNA, single-nucleotide polymorphism, phenotyping and familial searching Court - report writing, discovery, cross examination, and current controversies With contributions from leading experts across the whole gamut of forensic science, this volume is intended to be authoritative but not authoritarian, informative but comprehensible, and comprehensive but concise. It will prove to be a valuable addition, and useful resource, for scientists, lawyers, teachers, criminologists, and judges.