January 16, 2021

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Forensic Investigations

Forensic Investigations
Author : Brent E. Turvey,Stan Crowder
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-01-05
Category : Law
Total pages :414
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The terms forensic investigator and forensic investigation are part of our cultural identity. They can be found in the news, on television, and in film. They are invoked, generally, to imply that highly trained personnel will be collecting some form of physical evidence with eventual scientific results that cannot be questioned or bargained with. In other words, they are invoked to imply the reliability, certainty, and authority of a scientific inquiry. Using cases from the authors’ extensive files, Forensic Investigations: An Introduction provides an overview of major subjects related to forensic inquiry and evidence examination. It will prepare Criminal Justice and Criminology students in forensic programs for more specialized courses and provide a valuable resource to newly employed forensic practitioners. Written by practicing and testifying forensic professionals from law enforcement, academia, mental health and the forensic sciences, this work offers a balanced scientific approach, based on the established literature, for broad appeal. The purpose of this book is to help students and professionals rid themselves of the myths and misconceptions they have accumulated regarding forensic investigators and the subsequent forensic investigations they help to conduct. It will help the reader understand the role of the forensic investigator; the nature and variety of forensic investigations that take place in the justice system; and the mechanisms by which such investigations become worthy as evidence in court. Its goals are no loftier than that. However, they could not be more necessary to our understanding of what justice is, how it is most reliably achieved, and how it can be corrupted by those who are burdened with apathy and alternative motives. A primary text for instructors teaching forensic courses related to criminal and forensic investigation Written by forensic professionals, currently in practice and testifying in court Offers applied protocols for a broad range of forensic investigations Augments theoretical constructs with recent, and relevant case studies and forensic reports Based on the most recent scientific research, practice, and protocols related to forensic inquiry

Guide for Conducting Forensic Investigations of Highway Pavements (with supplemental material on CD-ROM)

Guide for Conducting Forensic Investigations of Highway Pavements (with supplemental material on CD-ROM)
Author : Gonzalo R. Rada
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release Date : 2013
Category : Pavements
Total pages :151
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"TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report 747: Guide for Conducting Forensic Investigations of Highway Pavements explores a process for conducting forensic investigations of pavements that is designed to help understand the reasons behind premature failures or exceptionally good performance. The process also allows for the collection of data for use in developing or calibrating performance-prediction models. The report includes example forms and checklists for use during the conduct of an investigation. These forms can be modified to suit the particular requirements and procedures for the agency. The example forms are included with the print version of the report in CD-ROM format." --Publisher description.

Practical Psychology for Forensic Investigations and Prosecutions

Practical Psychology for Forensic Investigations and Prosecutions
Author : Mark R. Kebbell,Graham M. Davies
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2006-08-14
Category : Psychology
Total pages :248
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This book it is a comprehensive guide, aimed at professionals, that starts with the interview of the victim of the crime, moving through the interviewing of suspects, to the decision to prosecute and enhancing the quality of evidence presented in court. Other topics discussed include: false allegations, false confessions, offender profiling and victim support. Throughout, the theme of the book is that the chain of events leading to the successful investigation and prosecution of offences is only as strong as the weakest link, and should be considered as a coherent whole.

Forensic Investigations, Grades 6 - 8

Forensic Investigations, Grades 6 - 8
Author : Schyrlet Cameron,Janie Doss,Suzanne Myers
Publisher : Mark Twain Media
Release Date : 2008-09-03
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :80
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Students build unmatched deductive-reasoning skills as they become crime-solving stars. Most scenarios have more than one plausible outcome, allowing individuals or groups to broadly interpret evidence. Includes interpretive handwriting, body language, fingerprinting, and many more activities. Meets NSE correlated standards

Big Data Analytics and Computing for Digital Forensic Investigations

Big Data Analytics and Computing for Digital Forensic Investigations
Author : Suneeta Satpathy,Sachi Nandan Mohanty
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-04-07
Category : Computers
Total pages :214
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Digital forensics has recently gained a notable development and become the most demanding area in today’s information security requirement. This book investigates the areas of digital forensics, digital investigation and data analysis procedures as they apply to computer fraud and cybercrime, with the main objective of describing a variety of digital crimes and retrieving potential digital evidence. Big Data Analytics and Computing for Digital Forensic Investigations gives a contemporary view on the problems of information security. It presents the idea that protective mechanisms and software must be integrated along with forensic capabilities into existing forensic software using big data computing tools and techniques. Features Describes trends of digital forensics served for big data and the challenges of evidence acquisition Enables digital forensic investigators and law enforcement agencies to enhance their digital investigation capabilities with the application of data science analytics, algorithms and fusion technique This book is focused on helping professionals as well as researchers to get ready with next-generation security systems to mount the rising challenges of computer fraud and cybercrimes as well as with digital forensic investigations. Dr Suneeta Satpathy has more than ten years of teaching experience in different subjects of the Computer Science and Engineering discipline. She is currently working as an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, College of Bhubaneswar, affiliated with Biju Patnaik University and Technology, Odisha. Her research interests include computer forensics, cybersecurity, data fusion, data mining, big data analysis and decision mining. Dr Sachi Nandan Mohanty is an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at ICFAI Tech, ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education, Hyderabad, India. His research interests include data mining, big data analysis, cognitive science, fuzzy decision-making, brain–computer interface, cognition and computational intelligence.

Handbook of Forensic Science

Handbook of Forensic Science
Author : Jim Fraser,Robin Williams
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2013-01-11
Category : Law
Total pages :696
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Forensic science has become increasingly important within contemporary criminal justice, from criminal investigation through to courtroom deliberations, and an increasing number of agencies and individuals are having to engage with its contribution to contemporary justice. This Handbook aims to provide an authoritative map of the landscape of forensic science within the criminal justice system of the UK. It sets out the essential features of the subject, covering the disciplinary, technological, organizational and legislative resources that are brought together to make up contemporary forensic science practice. It is the first full-length publication which reviews forensic science in a wider political, economic, social, technological and legal context, identifying emerging themes on the current status and potential future of forensic science as part of the criminal justice system. With contributions from many of the leading authorities in the field it will be essential reading for both students and practitioners.

Computational Intelligence in Digital Forensics: Forensic Investigation and Applications

Computational Intelligence in Digital Forensics: Forensic Investigation and Applications
Author : Azah Kamilah Muda,Yun-Huoy Choo,Ajith Abraham,Sargur N. Srihari
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-04-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :455
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Computational Intelligence techniques have been widely explored in various domains including forensics. Analysis in forensic encompasses the study of pattern analysis that answer the question of interest in security, medical, legal, genetic studies and etc. However, forensic analysis is usually performed through experiments in lab which is expensive both in cost and time. Therefore, this book seeks to explore the progress and advancement of computational intelligence technique in different focus areas of forensic studies. This aims to build stronger connection between computer scientists and forensic field experts. This book, Computational Intelligence in Digital Forensics: Forensic Investigation and Applications, is the first volume in the Intelligent Systems Reference Library series. The book presents original research results and innovative applications of computational intelligence in digital forensics. This edited volume contains seventeen chapters and presents the latest state-of-the-art advancement of Computational Intelligence in Digital Forensics; in both theoretical and application papers related to novel discovery in intelligent forensics. The chapters are further organized into three sections: (1) Introduction, (2) Forensic Discovery and Investigation, which discusses the computational intelligence technologies employed in Digital Forensic, and (3) Intelligent Forensic Science Applications, which encompasses the applications of computational intelligence in Digital Forensic, such as human anthropology, human biometrics, human by products, drugs, and electronic devices.

Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations

Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations
Author : Adrian Linacre
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-03-12
Category : Law
Total pages :178
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The range of species that fall within the realm of wildlife crimes is extensive, ranging from ferns and orchids to bald eagles and great whales. Solving these crimes is rarely dependent on the testimony of witnesses or victims. An ever-increasing number of research groups are applying scientific tests to animal and plant studies alike. However, until now, whatever progress is available in this area has remained scattered through the literature. Forensic Science in Wildlife Investigations focuses on the developing test methods that can be applied to wildlife crimes. In large part, the tests described are drawn from human-based research. Edited by Adrian Linacre, a noted forensic researcher and one of the principal pioneers active in wildlife forensics, this volume collects the work of others working across the world with both plant and animal investigations. While the book contains valuable approaches that lab investigators can employ, the scientific material is written at a level that requires no more than a fundamental knowledge of biology. Any required scientific information is provided in separate boxes. Offering practical guidance, it helps investigators and lab technicians decide on best methods, including a determination of when basic microscopy is sufficient, when DNA testing should occur, and what tests or combination of tests should be executed in a particular circumstance. The text illustrates how to identify the species and geographic region of origin of an unknown sample. Demonstrating the latest methods through real-world case studies, this volume provides the direction and practical advice needed by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes.

Standards-Based Investigations Forensic Science

Standards-Based Investigations Forensic Science
Author : Jeanette Jolley,John Powrie
Publisher : Shell Education
Release Date : 2008-03-14
Category : Education
Total pages :176
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Applications of Basic Chemical and Biological Principles in Forensic Science Investigations

Applications of Basic Chemical and Biological Principles in Forensic Science Investigations
Author : Jason Rauceo
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release Date : 2011
Category :
Total pages :129
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Wildlife Forensic Investigation

Wildlife Forensic Investigation
Author : John E. Cooper,Margaret E. Cooper
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-04-25
Category : Law
Total pages :770
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Wildlife forensics is the application of forensic science to the conservation and protection of non-domesticated animals, both in the wild and in captivity. Providing an in-depth introduction to this rapidly evolving field, Wildlife Forensic Investigation: Principles and Practice also chronicles aspects of the history of management, conservation, and environmental protection, with an emphasis on their global importance in the twenty-first century. The book examines the crucial role of wildlife forensic investigation with regard to live animals, dead animals and samples and covers national, regional, and international legislation. While the text particularly focuses on forensic science as it relates to wild animals, it also includes mention of plants and habitats because of their relevance to conservation. The book discusses animal welfare as well as the damage that can be inflicted on humans and property by wildlife. Offering access to sound evidence based on good science and obtained using the best available practices, the book is enhanced by case studies from experts who describe some of their own work. This resource is essential for those involved in a range of endeavours, including investigating wildlife crime, identifying animal remains, ascertaining the circumstances of death of wild species, and other legal proceedings and activities concerning wildlife. The forensic skills described in this book can be applied to a wide range of activities (not necessarily involving the legal process), including environmental impact assessments, insurance claims, governmental and other enquiries, checking of trading standards and the inspection of (for instance) pet-shops, animal boarding establishments, and zoological collections. The authors point out that one of the most important requirements of those persons involved in wildlife forensic work is to retain an open mind. Such personnel should also be conscious of new developments and evolving techniques and be able to anticipate situations where their investigative and scientific skills might be used to advantage—so-called "horizon scanning". Examples of these are given.

Underwater Forensic Investigation

Underwater Forensic Investigation
Author : Ronald F. Becker,Stuart H. Nordby,Jon J.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-05-23
Category : Law
Total pages :371
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The evidence discovered at underwater crime scenes must be handled with the same attention to proper chain of custody procedures as with any other type of investigation. Improper handling of these scenes can lead to evidence being lost, unrecognizable, destroyed, contaminated, or rendered inadmissible at the time of trial. Updated and expanded, Und

Wireless Crime and Forensic Investigation

Wireless Crime and Forensic Investigation
Author : Gregory Kipper
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-02-26
Category : Computers
Total pages :280
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Security is always a concern with any new technology. When we think security we typically think of stopping an attacker from breaking in or gaining access. From short text messaging to investigating war, this book explores all aspects of wireless technology, including how it is used in daily life and how it might be used in the future. It provides a one-stop resource on the types of wireless crimes that are being committed and the forensic investigation techniques that are used for wireless devices and wireless networks. The author provides a solid understanding of modern wireless technologies, wireless security techniques, and wireless crime techniques, and shows how to conduct forensic analysis on wireless devices and networks. Each chapter, while part of a greater whole, is self-contained for quick comprehension.

Forensic Science

Forensic Science
Author : Stuart H. James,Jon J. Nordby Ph.D.,Suzanne Bell,Lana J Williams
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2014-01-13
Category : Law
Total pages :614
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Covering a range of fundamental topics essential to modern forensic investigation, the fourth edition of the landmark text Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques presents contributions from experts in the field who discuss case studies from their own personal files. This edition has been thoroughly updated to r

Forensic Investigation of Explosions, Second Edition

Forensic Investigation of Explosions, Second Edition
Author : Alexander Beveridge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-11-02
Category : Law
Total pages :830
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Now in its second edition, Forensic Investigation of Explosions draws on the editor’s 30 years of explosives casework experience, including his work on task forces set up to investigate major explosives incidents. Dr. Alexander Beveridge provides a broad, multidisciplinary approach, assembling the contributions of internationally recognized experts who present the definitive reference work on the subject. Topics discussed include: The physics and chemistry of explosives and explosions The detection of hidden explosives The effect of explosions on structures and persons Aircraft sabotage investigations Explosion scene investigations Casework management The role of forensic scientists Analysis of explosives and their residues Forensic pathology as it relates to explosives Presentation of expert testimony With nearly 40 percent more material, this new edition contains revised chapters and several new topics, including: A profile of casework management in the UK Forensic Explosives Laboratory, one of the world’s top labs, with a discussion of their management system, training procedures, and practical approaches to problem solving Properties and analysis of improvised explosives An examination of the Bali bombings and the use of mobile analytical techniques and mobile laboratories The collection, analysis, and presentation of evidence in vehicle-borne improvised explosive device cases, as evidenced in attacks on US overseas targets This volume offers valuable information to all members of prevention and post-blast teams. Each chapter was written by an expert or experts in a specific field and provides well-referenced information underlying best practices that can be used in the field, laboratory, conference room, classroom, or courtroom.