November 29, 2020

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Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems
Author : David A. Perry,Ram Oren,Stephen C. Hart
Publisher : JHU Press
Release Date : 2013-06-17
Category : Science
Total pages :632
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This acclaimed textbook is the most comprehensive available in the field of forest ecology. Designed for advanced students of forest science, ecology, and environmental studies, it is also an essential reference for forest ecologists, foresters, and land managers. The authors provide an inclusive survey of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests with an emphasis on ecological concepts across scales that range from global to landscape to microscopic. Situating forests in the context of larger landscapes, they reveal the complex patterns and processes observed in tree-dominated habitats. The updated and expanded second edition covers • Conservation• Ecosystem services • Climate change• Vegetation classification• Disturbance• Species interactions• Self-thinning• Genetics• Soil influences• Productivity• Biogeochemical cycling• Mineralization• Effects of herbivory• Ecosystem stability

Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems
Author : Richard H. Waring,S. W. Running
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1998
Category : Nature
Total pages :370
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This book provides new methods of analysis by introducing new techniques to explore the changes in climatic cycles, the implications of wide-scale pollution, fire and other ecological disturbances that have a global effect on all life forms. It provides the reader with almost 40 percent new material in an attempt to organize principles and provide examples for expanding the horizon of ecosystem analyses. It also defines terms and explains concepts in a variety of ways by providing models, equations, graphs, and tabular examples. To help facilitate analysis, the book includes a CD-ROM with additional illustrations and Forest BGC software. * Additional coverage of regional and global scaling issues * New chapters on ecosystem modeling, remote sensing and monitoring of atmospheric chemistry added * Includes a CD-ROM with additional illustrations and Forest BGC Software

Invasive Plants and Forest Ecosystems

Invasive Plants and Forest Ecosystems
Author : Ravinder Kumar Kohli,Shibu Jose,Harminder Pal Singh,Daizy Rani Batish
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2008-09-09
Category : Nature
Total pages :456
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As the worldwide human population explodes and trade becomes increasingly globalized, the transboundary movement of plant species from their place of origin to foreign regions is escalating and expected to experience continued growth in the coming decades. Invasive Plants and Forest Ecosystems takes an informed and integrated approach to the current onslaught of invasive species, spotlighting the tremendous challenges they pose for natural resource managers charged with the maintenance of biological diversity and the sustainable production of forest wealth. It addresses the havoc these alien invaders are wrecking on native forest ecosystems and the staggering $300 billion annually in damage and control costs they incur. An Up-to-Date Synthesis of Invasive Plants, Their Impact, and Control Strategies Examining invasion ecology through both synthesis and original research chapters, this compilation gives a bird’s eye view of the ecological impact alien invaders have both in temperate and tropical climates. With internationally recognized contributors, this text explores the socioeconomic and policy aspects of adaptive collaborative management strategies that are crucial to controlling alien invasive plants. This book successfully captures the current state of knowledge surrounding this fast-growing ecological issue, making it an indispensable resource for those committed to the protection of global forestry and natural resources.

Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems
Author : Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2012-03-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :482
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The common idea for many people is that forests are just a collection of trees. However, they are much more than that. They are a complex, functional system of interacting and often interdependent biological, physical, and chemical components, the biological part of which has evolved to perpetuate itself. This complexity produces combinations of climate, soils, trees and plant species unique to each site, resulting in hundreds of different forest types around the world. Logically, trees are an important component for the research in forest ecosystems, but the wide variety of other life forms and abiotic components in most forests means that other elements, such as wildlife or soil nutrients, should also be the focal point in ecological studies and management plans to be carried out in forest ecosystems. In this book, the readers can find the latest research related to forest ecosystems but with a different twist. The research described here is not just on trees and is focused on the other components, structures and functions that are usually overshadowed by the focus on trees, but are equally important to maintain the diversity, function and services provided by forests. The first section of this book explores the structure and biodiversity of forest ecosystems, whereas the second section reviews the research done on ecosystem structure and functioning. The third and last section explores the issues related to forest management as an ecosystem-level activity, all of them from the perspective of the "other" parts of a forest.

Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems
Author : Richard H. Waring,Steven W. Running
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :440
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This revision maintains the position of Forest Ecosystems as the one source for the latest information on the advanced methods that have enhanced our understating of forest ecosystems. Further understanding is given to techniques to explore the changes in climatic cycles, the implications of wide-scale pollution, fire and other ecological disturbances that have a global effect. The inclusion of models, equations, graphs, and tabular examples provides readers with a full understanding of the methods and techniques. Includes a revised section on important advances in regional scale analyses Features an update to global scale analyses including revised color images Provides a detailed comparison of predicted vs. observed tree diversity across 65 eco-regions

Tropical Forest Ecosystems Structure and Function

Tropical Forest Ecosystems Structure and Function
Author : V.P. Singh
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2004-10-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :305
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Tropical forests are vital for social, economic and ecological reasons. They play an important role in ecosystem processes [ such as the biogeochemical and hydrological cycle ] they provide habitat for wildlife and serve as source of biodiversity and they offer protection against soil erosion [Kremen et al., 2000 and Condit et al., 2002]. The forest contains large trees standing, 30 to 50 meters in height, creating continuous canopy of foliage. The enclosed canopy, shades tree forest floor, inhibiting the development of much undergrowth, creating an open forest formation. Piercing into the tree canopy, reveals a multistory appearance of broad leaf, evergreen vegetation. The forest is a treasure trove of different animal and plant species. Forest and woodlands cover nearly 40% of the earth’s land surface and they are the most biologically diverse ecosystems in most part of the world. The tropics consist of a diversity, occurring between the latitudes of the tropic of Cancer and the tropics of Capricon, north and south of the equator. These ecosystems are currently experiencing the highest rates of destruction in the world. More than 90% of dry forests have been destroyed and less than 2% of what remains is protected. Because of the climatic and forest structure, dry forests are easier to clear for agriculture, the soil is more fertile and the land is more suitable for livestock. Forest area has increased slightly since 1980 in industrial countries, but, has declined by almost 10% in developing countries. Tropical deforestation probably exceeds 1,30,000 sq. km a year. Less than 40% of forest globally are relatively undisturbed by human action. Many developing countries today, rely on timber for export earnings, at the same time; millions of people in tropical countries still depend on forests to meet their every need. Since time immemorial, forest has provided a valuable source of economic life for human populations. Yet, the ways in which, forests are used and valued, depends largely on people’s economic needs and priorities in a particular place or at a particular time, balanced against the relative scarcity or abundance of forest resources. Over recent years, a complex array of social, economic and political changes have altered human demands on forest. These changing demands have had devastating impact on forest status and integrity. This book is an outcome of the own work, experience and research on tropical forest for the last 30 years. I hope, this will provide to readers, concise, sufficient and recent information on tropical forest of the world.

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems
Author : Springer-verlag
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2000
Category : Science
Total pages :500
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The storage of carbon in forest ecosystems has received special attention in the Kyoto protocol of the Climate Convention, which attempts to equilibrate fossil fuel emissions with biological sinks. This volume quantifies carbon storage in managed forest ecosystems not only in biomass, but also in all soil compartments. It investigates the interaction between the carbon and nitrogen cycles by working along a north-south transect through Europe which starts in northern Sweden, passes through a N-deposition maximum in central Europe and ends in Italy. Surprisingly, C storage in soils increases with N deposition; in addition, not young reforestations, but old growth forests have the highest rate of carbon sequestration. For the first time biogeochemical processes are linked to biodiversity on a large geographic scale and with special focus on soil organisms. The enclosed CD-ROM provides a complete database of all flux, storage and species observations for modellers.

Effects of Accumulation of Air Pollutants in Forest Ecosystems

Effects of Accumulation of Air Pollutants in Forest Ecosystems
Author : B. Ulrich,J. Pankrath
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :389
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This volume is based on a workshop on "Effects of accumulation of air pollutants in forest ecosystems'; held in GOttingen, Federal Republic of Germany, from May 16-18, 1982. This work'shop was initiated and sponsored by the Environmental Agency of the Federal Republic of Germany (project officer: Dr. J. Pankrath) as part of a research contract (project leader: Dr. B. Ulrich). THE PROBLEM SEEN UNDER THE ASPECT OF ADMINISTRATION The problem of forest damage caused by air pollution is not new in Europe. Already in 1983 a comprehensive report from Schroeder and Reuss about vegetation damages by fume in the Harz mountains was published. In 1923, Prof. Dr. Julius Stocklasa of the Bohemian Technical Highschool in Prague was concerned with research of toxical effects of sulphur dioxide in his publication "The damage of vegetation by flue gas and exhalations of facili ties". This comprehensive and instructive work concludes with the sentence: "It is already high time for the governments of all cultural states to take legal, police and private measures in order to prevent damage by flue gases". In the neighbourhood of industries with high gaseous and dust emissions damages have been shown to occur for a long timei these deleterious effects have influenced the growth of trees and in extreme cases have even caused their early death.

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems
Author : Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-11-25
Category : Science
Total pages :279
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Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems is a comprehensive book describing the basic processes of carbon dynamics in forest ecosystems, their contribution to carbon sequestration and implications for mitigating abrupt climate change. This book provides the information on processes, factors and causes influencing carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems. Drawing upon most up-to-date references, this book summarizes the current understanding of carbon sequestration processes in forest ecosystems while identifying knowledge gaps for future research, Thus, this book is a valuable knowledge source for students, scientists, forest managers and policy makers.

Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems

Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems
Author : Malcolm L. Hunter,Malcolm L. Hunter, Jr.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1999-06-10
Category : Nature
Total pages :698
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Discusses the ways in which we can continue to benefit from forests, while conserving their biodiversity.

Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems

Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems
Author : Malcolm L. Hunter,Malcolm L. Hunter, Jr.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 1999-06-10
Category : Nature
Total pages :698
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Discusses the ways in which we can continue to benefit from forests, while conserving their biodiversity.

Entomological Research in Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems

Entomological Research in Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems
Author : François Lieutier,Driss Ghaioule
Publisher : Editions Quae
Release Date : 2005-06-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :275
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This book presents the state of the art in entomological research in various Mediterranean forest ecosystems in the world. Unique in its field, it fills an important gap in forest and Mediterranean entomology. It is composed of 4 main parts: overviews on research works; entomological biodiversity; life cycles and relations with host trees; survey and control of insect populations. Researchers, teachers and students in universities as well as forest managers will find in it ground for thinking and much recent information.

Research on Coniferous Forest Ecosystems

Research on Coniferous Forest Ecosystems
Author : Jerry F. Franklin,L. J. Dempster,Richard H. Waring
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1972
Category : Aquatic ecology
Total pages :322
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Rehabilitation of Degraded Tropical Forest Ecosystems

Rehabilitation of Degraded Tropical Forest Ecosystems
Author : Shigeo Kobayashi
Publisher : CIFOR
Release Date : 2001-01-01
Category : Forest conservation
Total pages :226
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Rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest ecosystems project. Evaluation of forest harvesting and fire impacts on the forest ecosystems.Development of methods to rehabilitate logged-over forests and degraded forest lands. Development of silvicultural techniques on degraded forest lands. Network of the rehabilitation of degraded forest ecosystems.

Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change

Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change
Author : Felipe Bravo,Valerie LeMay,Robert Jandl,Klaus Gadow
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-05-20
Category : Science
Total pages :340
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Climate changes, particularly warming trends, have been recorded around the globe. For many countries, these changes in climate have become evident through insect epidemics (e.g., Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in Western Canada, bark beetle in secondary spruce forests in Central Europe), water shortages and intense forest fires in the Mediterranean countries (e.g., 2005 droughts in Spain), and unusual storm activities (e.g., the 2004 South-East Asia Tsunami). Climate changes are expected to impact vegetation as manifested by changes in vegetation extent, migration of species, tree species composition, growth rates, and mortality. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has included discussions on how forests may be impacted, and how they may be used to mitigate the impacts of changes in climate, to possibly slow the rate of change. This book provides current scientific information on the biological and economical impacts of climate changes in forest environments, as well as information on how forest management activities might mitigate these impacts, particularly through carbon sequestration. Case studies from a wide geographic range are presented. This information is beneficial to managers and researchers interested in climate change and impacts upon forest environments and economic activities. This volume, which forms part of Springer’s book series Managing Forest Ecosystems, presents state-of-the-art research results, visions and theories, as well as specific methods for sustainable forest management in changing climatic conditions.