June 12, 2021

Download Ebook Free From Plant Genomics To Plant Biotechnology

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Natalija Burbulis,Corrado Fogher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-08-31
Category : Science
Total pages :274
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With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-01-27
Category : Science
Total pages :356
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Applied plant genomics and biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, investigating epigenetic modifications and epigenetic memory through analysis of DNA methylation states, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics, and plants modified to produce high-value pharmaceutical proteins. The book provides an overview of research advances in application of RNA silencing and RNA interference, through Virus-based transient gene expression systems, Virus induced gene complementation (VIGC), Virus induced gene silencing (Sir VIGS, Mr VIGS) Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) and Virus-based RNA mobility assays (VRMA); RNA based vaccines and expression of virus proteins or RNA, and virus-like particles in plants, the potential of virus vaccines and therapeutics, and exploring plants as factories for useful products and pharmaceuticals are topics wholly deepened. The book reviews and discuss Plant Functional Genomic studies discussing the technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants and the production of plant varieties more resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Several important crops are analysed providing a glimpse on the most up-to-date methods and topics of investigation. The book presents a review on current state of GMO, the cisgenesis-derived plants and novel plant products devoid of transgene elements, discuss their regulation and the production of desired traits such as resistance to viruses and disease also in fruit trees and wood trees with long vegetative periods. Several chapters cover aspects of plant physiology related to plant improvement: cytokinin metabolism and hormone signaling pathways are discussed in barley; PARP-domain proteins involved in Stress-Induced Morphogenetic Response, regulation of NAD signaling and ROS dependent synthesis of anthocyanins. Apple allergen isoforms and the various content in different varieties are discussed and approaches to reduce their presence. Euphorbiaceae, castor bean, cassava and Jathropa are discussed at genomic structure, their diseases and viruses, and methods of transformation. Rice genomics and agricultural traits are discussed, and biotechnology for engineering and improve rice varieties. Mango topics are presented with an overview of molecular methods for variety differentiation, and aspects of fruit improvement by traditional and biotechnology methods. Oilseed rape is presented, discussing the genetic diversity, quality traits, genetic maps, genomic selection and comparative genomics for improvement of varieties. Tomato studies are presented, with an overview on the knowledge of the regulatory networks involved in flowering, methods applied to study the tomato genome-wide DNA methylation, its regulation by small RNAs, microRNA-dependent control of transcription factors expression, the development and ripening processes in tomato, genomic studies and fruit modelling to establish fleshy fruit traits of interest; the gene reprogramming during fruit ripening, and the ethylene dependent and independent DNA methylation changes. provides an overview on the ongoing projects and activities in the field of applied biotechnology includes examples of different crops and applications to be exploited reviews and discusses Plant Functional Genomic studies and the future developments in the field explores the new technologies supporting the genetic improvement of plants

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology

From Plant Genomics to Plant Biotechnology
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Natalija Burbulis,Corrado Fogher
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2017-11-13
Category : Science
Total pages :274
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With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry)Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problemsHighlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics

Plant Biotechnology and Genetics
Author : C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-02-29
Category : Science
Total pages :432
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Focused on basics and processes, this textbook teaches plant biology and agriculture applications with summary and discussion questions in each chapter. Updates each chapter to reflect advances / changes since the first edition, for example: new biotechnology tools and advances, genomics and systems biology, intellectual property issues on DNA and patents, discussion of synthetic biology tools Features autobiographical essays from eminent scientists, providing insight into plant biotechnology and careers Has a companion website with color images from the book and PowerPoint slides Links with author's own website that contains teaching slides and graphics for professors and students: http://bit.ly/2CI3mjp

Plant Genomics and Proteomics

Plant Genomics and Proteomics
Author : Christopher A. Cullis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2004-02-03
Category : Science
Total pages :232
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Plant research has stood at the forefront of the genomicsrevolution. One of the first genome projects, the sequencing of thecommonly used model organism Arabidopsis, has already yieldedimportant results for the study of a broad array of crops such ascorn and soybeans. With crop and food bioengineering only in itsinfancy, the need to understand the fundamental genetic mechanismsof plants will only become more pressing. A comprehensive guide to this fascinating area of genomics,Plant Genomics and Proteomics presents an integrated,broadly accessible treatment of the complex relationship betweenthe genome, transcriptome, and proteome of plants. This clearlywritten text introduces the reader to the range of moleculartechniques applicable to investigating the unique facets of plantgrowth, development, and response to the environment. Coverageincludes: Functional and structural genomics addressed within the contextof current techniques and challenges to come How to utilize DNA and protein sequence data Practical considerations for choosing and employing the mostcommonly available computer applications A review of applications for biotechnology, including geneticmodification and defense against pathogens Bioinformatics tools and Web resources Numerous examples from the latest research throughout Assuming no specialized knowledge of plant biology on the partof its reader, Plant Genomics and Proteomics providesan invaluable resource for students and researchers inbiotechnology, plant biology, genomics, and bioinformatics.

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture

Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture
Author : Arie Altman,Paul M. Hasegawa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2012
Category : Medical
Total pages :586
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As the oldest and largest human intervention in nature, the science of agriculture is one of the most intensely studied practices. From manipulation of plant gene structure to the use of plants for bioenergy, biotechnology interventions in plant and agricultural science have been rapidly developing over the past ten years with immense forward leaps on an annual basis. This book begins by laying the foundations for plant biotechnology by outlining the biological aspects including gene structure and expression, and the basic procedures in plant biotechnology of genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. It then focuses on a discussion of the impacts of biotechnology on plant breeding technologies and germplasm sustainability. The role of biotechnology in the improvement of agricultural traits, production of industrial products and pharmaceuticals as well as biomaterials and biomass provide a historical perspective and a look to the future. Sections addressing intellectual property rights and sociological and food safety issues round out the holistic discussion of this important topic. Includes specific emphasis on the inter-relationships between basic plant biotechnologies and applied agricultural applications, and the way they contribute to each other Provides an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development and crop plant improvement Takes a broad view of the topic with discussions of practices in many countries

PLANT BREEDING IN 21ST CENTURY

PLANT BREEDING IN 21ST CENTURY
Author : B.D. Singh,N.S. Shekhawat
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2019-05-01
Category : Science
Total pages :544
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The discipline of plant breeding has undergone transformation due to the assimilation of the rapid developments in molecular biology. The existing books on plant breeding deal mainly with the classical approaches, while specialized books on molecular approaches usually lack discussion of the classical methods. The book Plant Breeding for 21st Century attempts to present the complete picture of plant breeding ranging from the classical to the molecular approaches applied to crop improvement. The book is divided into four sections: Classical Plant Breeding, Transgenic technology, Molecular Markers, and Miscellaneous. The first section deals with the classical plant breeding and is divided into eight chapters. The second section has four chapters and describes transgenic technology. The third section discusses various aspects of molecular markers and is spread over three chapters. The final section has a single chapter dealing with variety release, seed multiplication and intellectual property rights. This book is designed primarily for graduate students, viz., B.Sc. agriculture and B.Sc. science students with botany as one of the subjects, who would get their first exposure to plant breeding. It would also be useful for the post-graduate students, especially in botany, and to teachers of the subject. The book is written in simple and easy to understand language. Illustrations and photographs have been provided wherever they were expected to facilitate comprehension of the subject under discussion.

Genomics for Biosafety in Plant Biotechnology

Genomics for Biosafety in Plant Biotechnology
Author : Jan-Peter Nap,Atanas Ivanov Atanasov,Willem J. Stiekema
Publisher : NATO Science Series: Life & Behavioural Sciences
Release Date : 2004
Category : Science
Total pages :247
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Currently, there is a clear gap between the issues of biosafety and its regulation on the one hand and the technological developments in genomics on the other. In plant biotechnology, research attention is rapidly shifting towards genomics and its 'omics' offspring. The various 'omics' approaches (transcriptomics, proteomics, etc.) will generate knowledge and technology applicable for the overall assessment of safety of the products made by breeding and biotechnology. Notably, the safety assessment of genetically modified (GM) crops is an issue. The purpose of this book is bridging the conceptual gap between biosafety and genomics. It discusses the use and need of plant genomics in biosafety and offers a wide variety of viewpoints, developments and issues to consider. Plant genomics could and should learn from all previous discussions on GM crops. A major issue still is to establish the limits of genomics in biosafety assessments. Does the technological feasibility that "everything" can be measured automatically imply that "everything" must be measured? Who will pay? This book will be of major interest to all researchers in academia, industry or agriculture with an interest in life sciences or social sciences, genomics and biosafety, as well as to graduate and (advanced) undergraduate students in topics as broad as plant biotechnology, genetics, food science, bioinformatics, philosophy, regulatory science and law. Moreover, the book should appeal to policy makers in governments, non-governmental organisations and other interest groups that are, or want to be, involved in shaping agriculture and food science for the future.

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress

Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improving Resistance to Biotic Stress
Author : Palmiro Poltronieri,Yiguo Hong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-09-17
Category : Science
Total pages :371
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Applied Plant Biotechnology for Improvement of Resistance to Biotic Stress applies biotechnology insights that seek to improve plant genomes, thus helping them achieve higher resistance and optimal hormone signaling to increase crop yield. The book provides an analysis of the current state-of-the-art in plant biotechnology as applied to improving resistance to biotic stress. In recent years, significant progress has been made towards understanding the interplay between plants and their hosts, particularly the role of plant immunity in regulating, attenuating or neutralizing invading pathogens. As a result, there is a great need to integrate these insights with methods from biotechnology. Applies biotechnology insights towards improving plant genomes, achieving higher resistance and optimizing hormone signaling to increase crop yield Presents the most modern techniques, investigations, diagnostic tools and assays to monitor and detect contaminating agents in crops, such as grape, tomato, coffee and stone fruit Provides encyclopedic coverage of genes, proteins, interaction networks and mechanisms by which plants and hosts seek survival Discusses the methods available to make crops resistant and tolerant to disease without decreased yield or food production Provides insights for policymakers into the difficulties faced by scientific researchers in the use of biotechnology intervention, transgenes and genetically modified sequences

History of Plant Breeding

History of Plant Breeding
Author : Rolf H. J. Schlegel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-15
Category : Science
Total pages :312
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While there has been great progress in the development of plant breeding over the last decade, the selection of suitable plants for human consumption began over 13,000 years ago. Since the Neolithic era, the cultivation of plants has progressed in Asia Minor, Asia, Europe, and ancient America, each specific to the locally wild plants as well as the ecological and social conditions. A handy reference for knowing our past, understanding the present, and creating the future, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of the development of crop improvement methods over the centuries. It features an extensive historical treatment of development, including influential individuals in the field, plant cultivation in various regions, techniques used in the Old World, and cropping in ancient America. The advances of scientific plant breeding in the twentieth century is extensively explored, including efficient selection methods, hybrid breeding, induced polyploidy, mutation research, biotechnology, and genetic manipulation. Finally, this book presents information on approaches to the sustainability of breeding and to cope with climatic changes as well as the growing world population.

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding
Author : George Acquaah
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-08-16
Category : Science
Total pages :760
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To respond to the increasing need to feed the world's population as well as an ever greater demand for a balanced and healthy diet there is a continuing need to produce improved new cultivars or varieties of plants, particularly crop plants. The strategies used to produce these are increasingly based on our knowledge of relevant science, particularly genetics, but involves a multidisciplinary understanding that optimizes the approaches taken. Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and more are addressed in the new, updated edition of this text. Industry highlight boxes are included throughout the text to contextualize the information given through the professional experiences of plant breeders. The final chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops. Up-to-date edition of this bestselling book incorporating the most recent technologies in the field Combines both theory and practice in modern plant breeding Updated industry highlights help to illustrate the concepts outlined in the text Self assessment questions at the end of each chapter aid student learning Accompanying website with artwork from the book available to instructors

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology
Author : Adrian Slater,Nigel Scott,Mark Fowler
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2008-03-27
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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Plant Biotechnology presents a balanced, objective exploration of the technology behind genetic manipulation, and its application to the growth and cultivation of plants. The book describes the techniques underpinning genetic manipulation and makes extensive use of case studies to illustrate how this influential tool is used in practice.

Transgenic Technology Based Value Addition in Plant Biotechnology

Transgenic Technology Based Value Addition in Plant Biotechnology
Author : Usha Kiran,Malik Zainul Abdin,Kamaluddin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-06-19
Category : Science
Total pages :342
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Transgenic Technology Based Value Addition in Plant Biotechnology discusses the principles, methodology and applications of transgenic technologies. With step-by-step methods on genome editing techniques and a range of potential applications, from improving crop yield to increasing therapeutic efficacy, this book is a one-stop reference for plant gene editing technologies. It will be of particular interest to researchers interested in plant biotechnology and plant genetics, as well as agricultural scientists and those concerned with medicinal plants. Includes step-by-step methods to assist students and researchers with genome editing and bioinformatics tools Highlights a number of applications of plant biotechnology, including how to achieve desired traits, such as improved crop yield Discusses principles, methodology and applications of transgenic technologies

Dictionary of Plant Genetics and Molecular Biology

Dictionary of Plant Genetics and Molecular Biology
Author : Gurbachan Miglani
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-11-22
Category : Science
Total pages :364
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In the Dictionary of Plant Genetics and Molecular Biology, more than 3,500 technical terms from the fields of plant genetics and molecular biology are defined for students, teachers, and researchers in universities, institutes, and agricultural research stations. An excellent educational tool that will save you time and effort, this dictionary brings together into a single source the meaning and origin of terms from the fields of classical genetics, molecular genetics, mutagenesis, population genetics, statistics, plant biotechnology, evolutionary genetics, plant breeding, and plant biotechnology. Finding and understanding the precise meaning of many terms in genetics is crucial to understanding the foundation of the subject matter. For reasons of space, the glossaries provided at the end of most textbooks are highly inadequate. There is, then, dire need for a dictionary of terms in a single volume. You?ll appreciate the helpful approaches and features of Dictionary of Plant Genetics and Molecular Biology, including: no terms that are of limited use, very general, or self-explanatory cross references for effective access to the materials and economy of space alternate names of terms, denoted with “Also referred to as . . .” or “Also known as . . .” multiple definitions for terms defined by different authors or for terms with different meanings in different contexts authors who coined, described, or contributed toward further understanding of a term are listed and respective publications are included in the Bibliography At last, there is compiled in a single volume the technical terms you need to know in order to understand plant genetics and molecular biology. As your knowledge grows, you?ll uncover even more terms that you need to understand. You?ll find yourself turning to this handy guide time and time again for help on all levels.

Technology Transfer of Plant Biotechnology

Technology Transfer of Plant Biotechnology
Author : Peter M. Gresshoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1996-11-27
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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Plant biotechnology has come of age. Products obtained by genetically engineered methods, once limited to science fiction, have become a reality. This book is an outstanding synthesis of the current status of technology transfer from the laboratory to the marketplace. It discusses the use of genetically engineered crops, with the focus on biotechnology becoming commercially marketable. Technology Transfer of Plant Biotechnology addresses these important new products: