December 3, 2020

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Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Nano-technology

Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Nano-technology
Author : Vijay Kumar Sharma,Maulin P. Shah,Shobhika Parmar,Ajay Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-09
Category : Science
Total pages :560
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Fungi bio-prospects in sustainable agriculture, environment and nanotechnology is a three-volume series that has been designed to explore the huge potential of the many diverse applications of fungi to human life. The series unveils the latest developments and scientific advances in the study of the biodiversity of fungi, extremophilic fungi, and fungal secondary metabolites and enzymes, while also presenting cutting-edge molecular tools used to study fungi. Readers will learn all about the recent progress and future potential applications of fungi in agriculture, environmental remediation, industry, food safety, medicine, and nanotechnology. Volume 1 will cover the biodiversity of fungi and the associated biopotential applications. This volume offers insights into both basic and advanced biotechnological applications in human welfare and sustainable agriculture. The chapters shed light on the different roles of fungi as a bio-fertilizer, a bio-control agent, and a component of microbial inoculants. They also focus on the various applications of fungi in bio-fuel production, nano-technology, and in the management of abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity, and metal toxicity. Provides a deep understanding of fungi and summarizes fungi’s various applications in the fields of microbiology and sustainable agriculture Describes the role of fungal inoculants as biocontrol agents, and in improved stress tolerance and growth of plants

Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Nano-technology

Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Nano-technology
Author : Vijay Kumar Sharma,Maulin P. Shah,Shobhika Parmar,Ajay Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-24
Category : Science
Total pages :498
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Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Nanotechnology, Volume Two: Extremophilic Fungi and Myco-mediated Environmental Management explores varied aspects of fungal biology and their relevance in microbiology and agriculture, thus allowing for better insights on basic and advanced biotechnological application in human welfare and sustainable agriculture. Chapters throw light on different sectors of fungi, including fungi in extreme circumstances, bioremediation, complex and toxic effluents, and mycoremediation. The book was designed to explore the possibility of huge fungal diversity for present and future generation in different sectors of human life. Volume Two focuses on extremophilic fungi and myco-mediated environmental management. Summarizes various aspects of fungi in the field of microbiology, sustainable agriculture, nano-technology and environment Describes the molecular approaches and gene expression of fungi Provides a deeper understanding of fungi that could be articulated in various fields

Nanotechnology for Agriculture

Nanotechnology for Agriculture
Author : Deepak G Panpatte,Yogeshvari K Jhala
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :305
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The emergence of nanotechnology and the development of new nano-devices and nanomaterials open up opportunities for novel applications in agriculture and biotechnology. Nanotechnology has the potential to modernize the agricultural research and practice. Nanotechnology has gained momentum in agriculture sector during last decade, but still there are knowledge gap between scientific communities. This book comprise of holistic coverage about current developments in nanotechnology based sustainable agriculture. It contains sections focusing on each aspect of the implications of nanotechnology in different sectors of agriculture from crop production, soil fertility management, crop improvement etc. It also provides insight into the current trends and future prospects of nanotechnology along with the benefits and risks and their impact on agricultural ecosystems. This book emphasize on use of nanotechnology to reduce agrochemical usage via smart delivery system, increase nutrient use efficiency, improved water and nutrient management, nano-biosensors for management of plant diseases etc. The book provides thorough knowledge for dealing with current challenges of agricultural sector using nanotechnology based agricultural interventions. It will serve as reference literature for scientists, policymakers, students and researchers who are engaged in development of strategies to cope up with challenges of current agricultural systems and society.

Fungal Nanotechnology

Fungal Nanotechnology
Author : Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-11-25
Category : Science
Total pages :295
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Fungal nanotechnology has great prospects for developing new products with industrial, agricultural, medicinal, and consumer applications in a wide range of sectors. The fields of chemical engineering, agri-food, biochemistry, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics, and medical device development all employ fungal products, with fungal nanomaterials currently used in applications ranging from drug development to the food industry and agricultural biotechnology. Fungal agents are an environmentally friendly, clean, non‐toxic agent for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles and employ both intracellular and extracellular methods. The simplicity of scaling up and downstream processing and the presence of fungal mycelia which afford an increased surface area provide key advantages. In addition, the large spectrum of synthesized nanoparticle morphologies and the substantially faster biosynthesis rate in cell-free filtrate (due to the higher amount of proteins secreted in fungi) make this a particularly enticing route. Understanding the diversity of fungi in assorted ecosystems, as well as their interactions with other microorganisms, animals, and plants, underpins real and innovative technological developments and the applications of metal nanoparticles in many disciplines including agriculture, catalysis, and biomedical biosensors. Importantly, biogenic fungal nanoparticles show significant synergistic characteristics when combined with antibiotics and fungicides to offer substantially greater resistance to microbial growth and applications in nanomedicine ranging from topical ointments and bandages for wound healing to coated stents.

Biofertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture and Environment

Biofertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture and Environment
Author : Bhoopander Giri,Ram Prasad,Qiang-Sheng Wu,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-08-09
Category : Science
Total pages :544
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the benefits of biofertilizers as an alternative to chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Agricultural production has increased massively over the last century due to increased use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, but these gains have come at a price. The chemicals are not only expensive; they also reduce microbial activity in agricultural soils and accumulate in the food chain, with potentially harmful effects for humans. Accordingly, it is high time to explore alternatives and to find solutions to overcome our increasing dependence on these chemicals. Biofertilizers, which consist of plant remains, organic matter and microorganisms, might offer an alternative. They are natural, organic, biodegradable, eco-friendly and cost-effective. Further, the microbes present in the biofertilizers are important, because they produce nutrients required for plant growth (e.g., nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium), as well as substances essential for plant growth and development (e.g., auxins and cytokinins). Biofertilizers also improve the physical properties, fertility and productivity of soil, reducing the need for chemical fertilizers while maintaining high crop yield. This makes biofertilizers a powerful tool for sustainable agriculture and a sustainable environment. The book covers the latest research on biofertilizers, ranging from beneficial fungal, bacterial and algal inoculants; to microbes for bioremediation, wastewater treatment; and recycling of biodegradable municipal, agricultural and industrial waste; as well as biocontrol agents and bio-pesticides. As such, it offers a valuable resource for researchers, academics and students in the broad fields of microbiology and agriculture.

Microbial Endophytes

Microbial Endophytes
Author : Ajay Kumar,Radhakrishnan E K
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-03-15
Category :
Total pages :345
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The need for sustainable agricultural practices and the changing agro-climatic conditions demand intensive research on endophytic microorganisms. Endophytes have been demonstrated to have significant applications in managing the challenges associated with increasing population, polluted lands and other harsh environmental conditions. Microbial Endophytes: Functional Biology and Application focuses on endophytic bacteria and fungi from introducing foundational endophytes information, to the latest advances in relevant genomics, proteomics, and nano technological aspects. Providing insights into the molecular aspects of plant endophytes interaction, applications, this book also explores the potential commercialization of endophytic microorganism or their products as bio fertilizers, biocontrol, bioactive compounds and other sustainable applications. Microbial Endophytes: Functional Biology and Application also includes coverage of important and emerging legal considerations relevant to those working to implement these important bacteria in production processes. Presents entry, colonization and distribution of endophytic microorganisms Explores phyto immunological functions of endophytic microorganisms Provides genomic insights of plant endophyte interaction: prospective and impact on plant health Identifies bio-commercial aspects of microbial endophytes for sustainable agriculture including potential legal issues and IPR in microbial research

Nanotechnology for Agriculture: Crop Production & Protection

Nanotechnology for Agriculture: Crop Production & Protection
Author : Deepak G. Panpatte,Yogeshvari K. Jhala
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-12-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :337
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The emergence of nanotechnology and the development of new nanodevices and nanomaterials have opened up exciting opportunities for novel applications in agriculture and biotechnology. Nanotechnology has the potential to modernize agricultural research and practice, but although it has gained momentum in the agriculture sector over last decade, there are still knowledge gaps between scientific communities. This book presents a comprehensive overview of current developments in nanotechnology-based sustainable agriculture. Focusing on various aspects of nanotechnology in different sectors of agriculture, such as crop production, soil fertility management and crop improvement, it offers insights into the current trends and future prospects of nanotechnology, along with the benefits and risks and their impact on agricultural ecosystems. It also highlights the use of nanotechnology to reduce agrochemical usage, to increase nutrient uptake efficiency and to improve water and nutrient management, and the use of nano-biosensors to manage plant diseases. The book is a valuable reference resource for scientists, policymakers, students and researchers who are engaged in developing strategies to cope with current agricultural challenges.

Microbial Endophytes

Microbial Endophytes
Author : Ajay Kumar,Vipin Kumar Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-09-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :409
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Microbial Endophytes: Prospects for Sustainable Agriculture discusses the practical and theoretical aspects regarding the use of endophytic microorganisms in agriculture, providing insights on the biotechnological applications associated with long-term crop production. Chapters deal with the various aspects of endophytic microorganisms, including isolation, enumeration, characterization procedures, diversity analysis, and their role as biofertilizer, biocontrol agent and microbial inoculants. Framed to discuss the present and future potential of microbial endophytes in biotic and abiotic stress management, bioremediation, bioactive compounds production, and in nanotechnology, this book provides a single-volume resource that will be valuable to academics and researchers interested in microbiology, agricultural sciences and biotechnology. Explores aspects of sustainable agriculture by using endophytic microorganism such as bacteria, fungi and actinobacteria Presents insights into the use of endophytes as biofertilizer and biocontrol agents in sustainable agriculture Relates endophyte organisms and nano-technology

Intellectual Property Issues in Nanotechnology

Intellectual Property Issues in Nanotechnology
Author : Chetan Keswani
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-09-09
Category : Science
Total pages :376
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Intellectual Property Issues in Nanotechnology focuses on the integrated approach for sustained innovation in various areas of nanotechnology. The theme of this book draws to a great extent on the industrial and socio-legal implications of intellectual property rights for nanotechnology-based advances. The book takes a comprehensive look not only at the role of intellectual property rights in omics-based research but also at the ethical and intellectual standards and how these can be developed for sustained innovation. This book attempts to collate and organize information on current attitudes and policies in several emerging areas of nanotechnology. Adopting a unique approach, this book integrates science and business for an inside view of the industry. Peering behind the scenes, it provides a thorough analysis of the foundations of the present day industry for students and professionals alike.

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri-food and Ecosystems

Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri-food and Ecosystems
Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-04-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :730
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Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agrifood and Ecosystems shows how hybrid nanomaterials (HNMs) are being used to enhance agriculture, food and environmental science. The book discusses the synthesis and characterization of HNMs before exploring agrifoods and environmental functions. It shows how novel HNMs are being used for the detection and separation of heavy metal ions, for destroying and sensing of insecticides, in managed release fertilizer and pesticide formulations, plant protection, plant promotions, purification, detection, and to control mycotoxins. Further, the book describes the use of silica-based total nanosystems, carbon nanotubes, nanocellulose-based, and polymer nanohybrids for agricultural and biological applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and food scientists who want to gain a greater understanding on how multifunctional nanomaterials are being used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications. Outlines the major nanomaterial types that are being used in agriculture Explains why the properties of multifunctional nanomaterials are particularly efficient for use in agriculture Assesses the major challenges of using multifunctional nanomaterials on an industrial scale

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Author : Jay Shankar Singh,DP Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-03-29
Category : Science
Total pages :329
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biotechnology in Agro-environmental Sustainability describes, in detail, the various roles of microbial resources in the management of crop diseases and how microbes can be used as a source of income for biomass and bioenergy production. In addition, the book covers microbial inoculants as bio-fertilizers to enhance crop productivity, along with degraded land restoration. Users will find the latest information in the field of microbial biotechnology and its further applications in bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, its generation as an alternative source of energy, restoration degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and more. Describes microbial biotechnology and its applications in sustainable agriculture Provides information on the use of a variety of microbes for crop production Outlines microbe-based separation techniques for the removal of metal contaminants from soil Describes the role of microbial agents in the generation of alternative sources of energy Includes microbial tools and technologies for the restoration of degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and the bioremediation of polluted sites

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-Food and Environmental Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-Food and Environmental Applications
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Micro & Nano Technologies
Release Date : 2019-11
Category :
Total pages :652
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Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments

Controlled Release Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture

Controlled Release Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture
Author : F.B Lewu,Tatiana Volova,Sabu Thomas,R.K. Rakhimol
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :266
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Controlled Release Fertilizers for Sustainable Agriculture provides a comprehensive examination of precision fertilizer applications using the 4-R approach—the right amount of fertilizer at the right time to the right plant at the correct stage of plant growth. This volume consolidates detailed information on each aspect of controlled release fertilizers, including up-to-date literature citations, the current market for controlled release fertilizers and patents. Presenting the tremendous advances in experimental and theoretical studies on sustainable agriculture and related areas, this book provides in-depth insight into state-of-the-art controlled release mechanisms of fertilizers, techniques, and their use in sustainable agriculture. Conventional release mechanisms have historically meant waste of fertilizers and the adverse effects of that waste on the environment. Controlled release delivery makes significant strides in enhancing fertilizer benefit to the target plant, while protecting the surrounding environment and increasing sustainability. Presents cutting-edge interdisciplinary insights specifically focused on the controlled release of fertilizers Explores the benefits and challenges of 4-R fertilizer use Includes expertise from leading researchers in the fields of agriculture, polymer science, and nanotechnology working in industry, academics, government, and private research institutions across the globe Presents the tremendous advances in experimental and theoretical studies on sustainable agriculture and related areas

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture
Author : Ajoy Kumar Singh,Vishwa Bandhu Patel
Publisher : Apple Academic Press
Release Date : 2020
Category : Sustainable agriculture
Total pages :560
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This new volume looks at the evolution and challenges of sustainable agriculture, a field that is growing in use and popularity. Sustainable Agriculture: Advances in Technological Interventions discusses some of the important ideas, practices, and policies that are essential to an effective sustainable agriculture strategy. The book features 25 chapters written by experts in related fields, including crop improvement, natural resource management, crop protection, social sciences, and product development. The volume aims to provide a good understanding of the use of sustainable agriculture and the sustainable management of agri-horticultural crops, focusing on eco-friendly approaches, such as the utilization of waste materials. Topics include eco-friendly plant protection measures, climate change and natural resource management, tools to mitigate the effect of extreme weather events, agrochemical research and regulation, soil carbon sequestration, water and nutrient management in agricultural systems, and more.

Developments in Fungal Biology and Applied Mycology

Developments in Fungal Biology and Applied Mycology
Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana,Sunil K. Deshmukh,B.N. Johri
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-12-29
Category : Science
Total pages :605
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This book explores the developments in important aspects of fungi related to the environment, industrial mycology, microbiology, biotechnology, and agriculture. It discusses at length both basic and applied aspects of fungi and provides up-to-date laboratory-based data. Of the estimated three million species of fungi on Earth, according to Hawksworth and coworkers, more than 100,000 have been described to date. Many fungi produce toxins, organic acids, antibiotics and other secondary metabolites, and are sources of useful biocatalysts such as cellulases, xylanases, proteases and pectinases, to mention a few. They can also cause diseases in animals as well as plants and many are able to break down complex organic molecules such as lignin and pollutants like xenobiotics, petroleum and polycyclic aromatic compounds. Current research on mushrooms focuses on their hypoglycemic, anti-cancer, anti-pathogenic and immunity-enhancing activities. This ready-reference resource on various aspects of fungi is intended for graduate and post-graduate students as well as researchers in life sciences, microbiology, botany, environmental sciences and biotechnology.