January 22, 2021

Download Ebook Free Gender Bias, Artificial Intelligence And Healthcare

Gender Bias, Artificial Intelligence and Healthcare

Gender Bias, Artificial Intelligence and Healthcare
Author : Davide Cirillo,Silvina Catuara Solarz,Emre Guney
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-08-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :270
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Gender Bias, Artificial Intelligence and Healthcare details the integration of sex and gender as a factor in exponential technologies (artificial intelligence, digital medicine, robotics) for healthcare applications. By deeply reviewing existing scientific literature, an outstanding group of international experts analyze the multiple aspects of the complex relationship between innovative technologies, wellbeing, and gender, providing a perspective overview of the pressing need of an ethically-informed science. The reader is guided through the latest implementations and insights in technological areas of accelerated growth, putting forward the neglected and overlooked aspects of gendering in healthcare solutions that leverage artificial intelligence, biosensors, and personalized medicine approaches to predict and prevent disease outcomes. The reader comes away with a critical understanding of this fundamental issue for the sake of better future technologies. First comprehensive title addressing the topic of gender biases and artificial intelligence applications to healthcare Co-published by the Women's Brain Project, a leading non-profit organization in this area Guides the reader through important topics like National Language Processing, Digital Biomarkers, and Clinical Trials and the Generation of Clinical Data

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
Author : Adam Bohr,Kaveh Memarzadeh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-06-21
Category : Computers
Total pages :378
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Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Healthcare is more than a comprehensive introduction to artificial intelligence as a tool in the generation and analysis of healthcare data. The book is split into two sections where the first section describes the current healthcare challenges and the rise of AI in this arena. The ten following chapters are written by specialists in each area, covering the whole healthcare ecosystem. First, the AI applications in drug design and drug development are presented followed by its applications in the field of cancer diagnostics, treatment and medical imaging. Subsequently, the application of AI in medical devices and surgery are covered as well as remote patient monitoring. Finally, the book dives into the topics of security, privacy, information sharing, health insurances and legal aspects of AI in healthcare. Highlights different data techniques in healthcare data analysis, including machine learning and data mining Illustrates different applications and challenges across the design, implementation and management of intelligent systems and healthcare data networks Includes applications and case studies across all areas of AI in healthcare data

Image Processing and Capsule Networks

Image Processing and Capsule Networks
Author : Joy Iong-Zong Chen,João Manuel R. S. Tavares,Subarna Shakya,Abdullah M. Iliyasu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-07-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :807
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This book emphasizes the emerging building block of image processing domain, which is known as capsule networks for performing deep image recognition and processing for next-generation imaging science. Recent years have witnessed the continuous development of technologies and methodologies related to image processing, analysis and 3D modeling which have been implemented in the field of computer and image vision. The significant development of these technologies has led to an efficient solution called capsule networks [CapsNet] to solve the intricate challenges in recognizing complex image poses, visual tasks, and object deformation. Moreover, the breakneck growth of computation complexities and computing efficiency has initiated the significant developments of the effective and sophisticated capsule network algorithms and artificial intelligence [AI] tools into existence. The main contribution of this book is to explain and summarize the significant state-of-the-art research advances in the areas of capsule network [CapsNet] algorithms and architectures with real-time implications in the areas of image detection, remote sensing, biomedical image analysis, computer communications, machine vision, Internet of things, and data analytics techniques.

Paging Dr. Within

Paging Dr. Within
Author : Tom Garz
Publisher : Tom Garz - TG Ideas LLC
Release Date : 2020-03-22
Category : Medical
Total pages :129
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As a Patient - Would you like a "Patient Listener"? Are you tired of Medicine/Treatment "Trial and Error", at your expense? Are you tired of being shuffled from one Doctor to another? Do you want to "get better" and "stay better"? As a Doctor – Would you like more good information from Patients, relevant to their symptoms? Would you like to help Patients "get better" and "stay better"? Are you open to venturing out of your "comfort zone" in diagnosing and treating patients? Do you sometimes wonder if there is more to diagnosing/treating than what you were taught in Medical School? As a Health/Medical Innovator, Inventor, Engineer, Writer, other Creative Person – Are you looking for some new ideas? Would you like to "Interface" with the "Dr. Within" each of us? As an Insurance Company - Would you like to "pay out" less? If you answered yes to any of the above, maybe this book is for you. This book describes the Concepts of a "Patient Listener" and a "Super Symptom Checker" – Human, Computer, and/or Computer-Assisted Human – Considering the "Big Picture" around Health and/or Symptoms. This book is about 250 pages, a little over half written text. The remainder contains many Reference Links, from which you can build upon and learn from. The author of this book has set up Discussion Groups for this book to help others share, network, collaborate, etc. *** Use of the Information in this book may help the Patient, Doctor, and/or Others "Get Better". Some common Side Effects may include: A better understanding of what affects Health and Symptoms, Seeing the big picture surrounding Symptoms, Better health, less dependence on medication/treatment, generally "feeling better", Experiencing less perceived stress, more contentment with self and life, Perceiving more control of your life, in general, realizing there are always options no matter what, New insights on what could be done to make "it" better. Note - Continued Use of the Information in this book may result in "Staying Better". Ask your Doctor if "Getting Better" and "Staying Better" are right for you. :-)

Deep Medicine

Deep Medicine
Author : Eric Topol
Publisher : Basic Books
Release Date : 2019-03-12
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :400
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One of America's top doctors reveals how AI will empower physicians and revolutionize patient care Medicine has become inhuman, to disastrous effect. The doctor-patient relationship--the heart of medicine--is broken: doctors are too distracted and overwhelmed to truly connect with their patients, and medical errors and misdiagnoses abound. In Deep Medicine, leading physician Eric Topol reveals how artificial intelligence can help. AI has the potential to transform everything doctors do, from notetaking and medical scans to diagnosis and treatment, greatly cutting down the cost of medicine and reducing human mortality. By freeing physicians from the tasks that interfere with human connection, AI will create space for the real healing that takes place between a doctor who can listen and a patient who needs to be heard. Innovative, provocative, and hopeful, Deep Medicine shows us how the awesome power of AI can make medicine better, for all the humans involved.

Turning Point

Turning Point
Author : Darrell M. West,John R. Allen
Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
Release Date : 2020-07-21
Category : Political Science
Total pages :297
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Artificial Intelligence is here, today. How can society make the best use of it? Until recently, “artificial intelligence” sounded like something out of science fiction. But the technology of artificial intelligence, AI, is becoming increasingly common, from self-driving cars to e-commerce algorithms that seem to know what you want to buy before you do. Throughout the economy and many aspects of daily life, artificial intelligence has become the transformative technology of our time. Despite its current and potential benefits, AI is little understood by the larger public and widely feared. The rapid growth of artificial intelligence has given rise to concerns that hidden technology will create a dystopian world of increased income inequality, a total lack of privacy, and perhaps a broad threat to humanity itself. In their compelling and readable book, two experts at Brookings discuss both the opportunities and risks posed by artificial intelligence—and how near-term policy decisions could determine whether the technology leads to utopia or dystopia. Drawing on in-depth studies of major uses of AI, the authors detail how the technology actually works. They outline a policy and governance blueprint for gaining the benefits of artificial intelligence while minimizing its potential downsides. The book offers major recommendations for actions that governments, businesses, and individuals can take to promote trustworthy and responsible artificial intelligence. Their recommendations include: creation of ethical principles, strengthening government oversight, defining corporate culpability, establishment of advisory boards at federal agencies, using third-party audits to reduce biases inherent in algorithms, tightening personal privacy requirements, using insurance to mitigate exposure to AI risks, broadening decision-making about AI uses and procedures, penalizing malicious uses of new technologies, and taking pro-active steps to address how artificial intelligence affects the workforce. Turning Point is essential reading for anyone concerned about how artificial intelligence works and what can be done to ensure its benefits outweigh its harm.

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology
Author : Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-10-02
Category : Medical
Total pages :602
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This is the very first book to deal with sex and gender differences in drug therapy - an increasingly recognized medical need. It starts with an overview on S/G in clinical syndromes and a documentation of the medical and socioeconomic damage caused by gender specific adverse drug effects. Part I covers S/G differences in pharmacokinetics. Researchers will be satisfied by the detailed discussion of the mechanisms of S/G differences in drug effects that represents cutting edge science and includes interaction of drugs with sex hormones, genomic and epigenetic mechanisms. It also covers S/G in drug development, in animal models and clinical development and S/G in drug prescriptions. Part II targets S/G differences in drug effects in cardiovascular, pulmonary, CNS, neuromuscular, neuropsychiatric and metabolic diseases, in cancer, inflammation, and rheumatic diseases, in bacterial and retroviral infections, thrombosis, embolism. New drugs will be discussed.

Invisible Women

Invisible Women
Author : Caroline Criado Perez
Publisher : Abrams
Release Date : 2019-03-12
Category : Social Science
Total pages :432
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Data is fundamental to the modern world. From economic development, to healthcare, to education and public policy, we rely on numbers to allocate resources and make crucial decisions. But because so much data fails to take into account gender, because it treats men as the default and women as atypical, bias and discrimination are baked into our systems. And women pay tremendous costs for this bias, in time, money, and often with their lives. Celebrated feminist advocate Caroline Criado Perez investigates shocking root cause of gender inequality and research in Invisible Women†‹, diving into women’s lives at home, the workplace, the public square, the doctor’s office, and more. Built on hundreds of studies in the US, the UK, and around the world, and written with energy, wit, and sparkling intelligence, this is a groundbreaking, unforgettable exposé that will change the way you look at the world.

The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI

The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI
Author : Markus D. Dubber,Frank Pasquale,Sunit Das
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2020-06-30
Category : Law
Total pages :1000
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This volume tackles a quickly-evolving field of inquiry, mapping the existing discourse as part of a general attempt to place current developments in historical context; at the same time, breaking new ground in taking on novel subjects and pursuing fresh approaches. The term "A.I." is used to refer to a broad range of phenomena, from machine learning and data mining to artificial general intelligence. The recent advent of more sophisticated AI systems, which function with partial or full autonomy and are capable of tasks which require learning and 'intelligence', presents difficult ethical questions, and has drawn concerns from many quarters about individual and societal welfare, democratic decision-making, moral agency, and the prevention of harm. This work ranges from explorations of normative constraints on specific applications of machine learning algorithms today-in everyday medical practice, for instance-to reflections on the (potential) status of AI as a form of consciousness with attendant rights and duties and, more generally still, on the conceptual terms and frameworks necessarily to understand tasks requiring intelligence, whether "human" or "A.I."

An Intelligence in Our Image

An Intelligence in Our Image
Author : Osonde A. Osoba,William Welser IV
Publisher : Rand Corporation
Release Date : 2017-04-05
Category : Computers
Total pages :44
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Machine learning algorithms and artificial intelligence influence many aspects of life today. This report identifies some of their shortcomings and associated policy risks and examines some approaches for combating these problems.

Artificial Knowing

Artificial Knowing
Author : Alison Adam
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2006-07-13
Category : Philosophy
Total pages :216
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Artificial Knowing challenges the masculine slant in the Artificial Intelligence (AI) view of the world. Alison Adam admirably fills the large gap in science and technology studies by showing us that gender bias is inscribed in AI-based computer systems. Her treatment of feminist epistemology, focusing on the ideas of the knowing subject, the nature of knowledge, rationality and language, are bound to make a significant and powerful contribution to AI studies. Drawing from theories by Donna Haraway and Sherry Turkle, and using tools of feminist epistemology, Adam provides a sustained critique of AI which interestingly re-enforces many of the traditional criticisms of the AI project. Artificial Knowing is an esential read for those interested in gender studies, science and technology studies, and philosophical debates in AI.

AI Narratives

AI Narratives
Author : Stephen Cave,Kanta Dihal,Sarah Dillon
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 2020-02-28
Category : Computers
Total pages :448
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This book is the first to examine the history of imaginative thinking about intelligent machines. As real Artificial Intelligence (AI) begins to touch on all aspects of our lives, this long narrative history shapes how the technology is developed, deployed and regulated. It is therefore a crucial social and ethical issue. Part I of this book provides a historical overview from ancient Greece to the start of modernity. These chapters explore the revealing pre-history of key concerns of contemporary AI discourse, from the nature of mind and creativity to issues of power and rights, from the tension between fascination and ambivalence to investigations into artificial voices and technophobia. Part II focuses on the twentieth and twenty-first-centuries in which a greater density of narratives emerge alongside rapid developments in AI technology. These chapters reveal not only how AI narratives have consistently been entangled with the emergence of real robotics and AI, but also how they offer a rich source of insight into how we might live with these revolutionary machines. Through their close textual engagements, these chapters explore the relationship between imaginative narratives and contemporary debates about AI's social, ethical and philosophical consequences, including questions of dehumanization, automation, anthropomorphisation, cybernetics, cyberpunk, immortality, slavery, and governance. The contributions, from leading humanities and social science scholars, show that narratives about AI offer a crucial epistemic site for exploring contemporary debates about these powerful new technologies.

Doing Harm

Doing Harm
Author : Maya Dusenbery
Publisher : HarperCollins
Release Date : 2018-03-06
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :400
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In this shocking, hard-hitting expose in the tradition of Naomi Klein and Barbara Ehrenreich, the editorial director of Feministing.com, reveals how inadequate, inappropriate, and even dangerous treatment threatens women’s lives and well-being. Editor of the award-winning site Feministing.com, Maya Dusenbery brings together scientific and sociological research, interviews with experts within and outside the medical establishment, and personal stories from women across the country to provide the first comprehensive, accessible look at how sexism in medicine harms women today. Dusenbery reveals how conditions that disproportionately affect women, such as autoimmune diseases, chronic pain conditions, and Alzheimer’s disease, are neglected and woefully under-researched. "Contested" diseases, such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome, that are 70 to 80 percent female-dominated are so poorly understood that they have not yet been fully accepted as "real" conditions by the whole of the profession. Meanwhile, despite a wealth of evidence showing the impact of biological difference between the sexes in everything from drug responses to symptoms to risk factors for various diseases—even the symptoms of a heart attack!—medicine continues to take a one-size-fits-all approach: that of a 70 kilogram white man. In addition, women are negatively impacted by the biases and stereotypes that dismiss them as "chronic complainers," leading to long delays—often years long—to get diagnosed. The consequences are catastrophic. Offering a clear-eyed explanation of the root causes of this insidious and entrenched bias and laying out its effects, Doing Harm will change the way we look at healthcare for women.

Technically Wrong: Sexist Apps, Biased Algorithms, and Other Threats of Toxic Tech

Technically Wrong: Sexist Apps, Biased Algorithms, and Other Threats of Toxic Tech
Author : Sara Wachter-Boettcher
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release Date : 2017-10-10
Category : Computers
Total pages :240
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“An entertaining romp that tells us where and why the tech industry, once America’s darling, went wrong, and what it might do to recover its good graces.” —Tim Wu, author of The Master Switch Buying groceries, tracking our health, finding a date: whatever we want to do, odds are that we can now do it online. But few of us realize just how many oversights, biases, and downright ethical nightmares are baked inside the tech products we use every day. It’s time we change that. In Technically Wrong, Sara Wachter-Boettcher demystifies the tech industry, leaving those of us on the other side of the screen better prepared to make informed choices about the services we use—and to demand more from the companies behind them. A Wired Top Tech Book of the Year A Fast Company Best Business and Leadership Book of the Year

The Ethical Algorithm

The Ethical Algorithm
Author : Michael Kearns,Aaron Roth
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2019-10-04
Category : Computers
Total pages :288
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Over the course of a generation, algorithms have gone from mathematical abstractions to powerful mediators of daily life. Algorithms have made our lives more efficient, more entertaining, and, sometimes, better informed. At the same time, complex algorithms are increasingly violating the basic rights of individual citizens. Allegedly anonymized datasets routinely leak our most sensitive personal information; statistical models for everything from mortgages to college admissions reflect racial and gender bias. Meanwhile, users manipulate algorithms to "game" search engines, spam filters, online reviewing services, and navigation apps. Understanding and improving the science behind the algorithms that run our lives is rapidly becoming one of the most pressing issues of this century. Traditional fixes, such as laws, regulations and watchdog groups, have proven woefully inadequate. Reporting from the cutting edge of scientific research, The Ethical Algorithm offers a new approach: a set of principled solutions based on the emerging and exciting science of socially aware algorithm design. Michael Kearns and Aaron Roth explain how we can better embed human principles into machine code - without halting the advance of data-driven scientific exploration. Weaving together innovative research with stories of citizens, scientists, and activists on the front lines, The Ethical Algorithm offers a compelling vision for a future, one in which we can better protect humans from the unintended impacts of algorithms while continuing to inspire wondrous advances in technology.