June 20, 2021

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A Guide to Human Gene Therapy

A Guide to Human Gene Therapy
Author : Roland W. Herzog,Sergei Zolotukhin
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2010
Category : Medical
Total pages :388
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Ever since the birth of molecular biology, the tantalizing possibility of treating disease at its genetic roots has become increasingly feasible. Gene therapy - though still in its infancy - remains one of the hottest areas of research in medicine. Its approach utilizes a gene transfer vehicle ( vector) to deliver therapeutic DNA or RNA to cells of the body in order to rectify the defect that is causing the disease. Successful therapies have been reported in humans in recent years such as cures in boys with severe immune deficiencies. Moreover, gene therapy strategies are being adapted in numerous biomedical laboratories to obtain novel treatments for a variety of diseases and to study basic biological aspects of disease. Correction of disease in animal studies, is steadily gaining ground, highlighting the immense potential of gene therapy in the medical profession. This book will cover topics that are at the forefront of biomedical research such as RNA interference, viral and non-viral gene transfer systems, treatment of hematological diseases and disorders of the central nervous system.Leading experts on the respective vector or disease will contribute the individual chapters and explain cutting-edge technologies. It also gives a broad overview of the most important gene transfer vectors and most extensively studied target diseases. This comprehensive guide is therefore a must-read for anyone in the biotechnology, biomedical or medical industries seeking to further their knowledge in the area of human gene therapy.

Gene Therapy of Cancer

Gene Therapy of Cancer
Author : Edmund C. Lattime,Stanton L. Gerson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-08-28
Category : Science
Total pages :554
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Gene therapy as a treatment for cancer is at a critical point in its evolution. Exciting new developments in gene targeting and vector technology, coupled with results from the first generation of preclinical and clinical studies have led to the design and testing of new therapeutic approaches. The Third Edition of Gene Therapy of Cancer provides crucial updates on the basic and applied sciences of gene therapy. It offers a comprehensive assessment of the field including the areas of suicide gene therapy, oncogene and suppressor gene targeting, immunotherapy, drug resistance gene therapy, and the genetic modification of stem cells. Researchers at all levels of development, from basic laboratory investigators to clinical practitioners, will find this book to be instructive. Cancer gene therapy, like cancer therapy in general, is evolving rapidly, testing new concepts, targets and pathways, evoking new technologies, and passing new regulatory hurdles. Its essence, however, has not changed: the hope and challenges of returning altered genes to normal, using targeted gene expression to alter the function of both tumor and microenvironment, and in some cases normal cells, and delivering functionally important genes to specific cell types to increase sensitivity to killing or to protect normal cells from cancer therapies. In some instances, gene therapy for cancer forms a continuum from gene repair through the use of molecularly modified cells; the use of viral and non-viral vector based gene delivery to both tumor and tumor microenvironment; the use of viral and gene based vaccines; and development of new gene-based therapeutics. The unique mechanistically chosen vector platforms are at the heart of this technology because they allow for direct and selective cell death and transient to sustained delivery of vaccine molecules or molecules that affect the microenvironment, vasculature, or the immune response. Explains the underlying cancer biology necessary for understanding proposed therapeutic approaches Presents in-depth description of targeting systems and treatment strategies Covers the breadth of gene therapy approaches including immunotherapeutic, drug resistance,oncolytic viruses, as well as regulatory perspectives from both the NCI and FDA

Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy
Author : Evelyn B. Kelly
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date : 2007
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :198
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Presents an introduction to gene therapy, discussing its scientific background, the types of disorders which it can potentially treat, the ethical, social, and religious issues surrounding its use, and the role of government regulation.

Gene Therapy Methods

Gene Therapy Methods
Author : M. Ian Phillips
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2002
Category : Science
Total pages :728
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This volume in the prestigious Methods in Enzymology series discusses methods currently used in preclinical and clinical gene therapy. Subjects covered in this book, such as the use of adeno-associated virus delivery for treatment of Parkinson's disease, are topical and are presented in the methods-oriented style popularized by this series. This volume in the prestigious Methods in Enzymology series discusses methods currently used in preclinical and clinical gene therapy. Subjects covered in this book, such as the use of adeno-associated virus delivery for treatment of Parkinson's disease, are topical and are presented in the methods-oriented style popularized by this series.

Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy
Author : Mauro Giacca
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-11-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :303
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I entered the gene therapy field in the mid-1990s, being fascinated by the immense potential of genes as drugs for the treatment of human disease. Since then, I have experienced the ups and downs of this discipline, and tried to contribute with my work and that of my laboratory to the development of innovative approaches to the treatment of cardiovascular disorders. During these years, I have had several opp- tunities to speak on gene therapy at lectures and academic lessons, and have often noticed that the field is very attractive to scientists of all disciplines. However, as yet no comprehensive book on the subject has been published. Indeed, most books in the field are either a collection of gene transfer laboratory protocols or deal with the subject in a rather superficial manner. Hence the idea to write a gene therapy textbook that is broad and comprehensive, but at the same time provides sufficient molecular and clinical detail to be of interest to students, professors, and specialists in the various disciplines that contribute to gene therapy. I have tried to keep the language plain and, whenever possible, non-technical. Since the book is intended to be a textbook in the field of gene therapy in both the basic science and clinical areas, whenever technical descriptions are required, they are provided.

Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy
Author : Blankenstein
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :380
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K. Sikora Gene therapy is one of the fastest developing areas in modern medical research. Transcending the classical preclinical and clinical disciplines, it is likely to have far reaching consequences in the practice of medicine, as we enter the next millennium. Currently, there are over 200 seperate active clinical trials with over 2,500 patients entered. These studies involve over 20 countries and include patients with a wide range of diseases, including cancer, HIV infection; cystic fibrosis (CF), haemophilia, diabetes, immune deficiencies, metabolic disorders, ischaemic heart disease and arthritis. Gene therapy can be defined as the deliberate transfer of DNA for therapeutic purposes. There is a further implication that only specific sequences containing rel evant genetic information are used; otherwise, transplantation procedures involving bone marrow, kidney or liver could be considered a form of gene therapy. The con cept of transfer of genetic information as a practical clinical tool arose from the gene-cloning technology, developed during the 1970s. Without the ability to isolate and replicate defined genetic sequences, it would be impossible to produce purified material for clinical use. The drive for the practical application of this technology came from the biotechnology industry with its quest for complex human biomole cules produced by recombinant techniques in bacteria. Within a decade, pharma ceutical-grade insulin, interferon, interleukin 2 and tumour necrosis factor were all involved in clinical trials. The next step was to obtain gene expression in vivo.

Muscle Gene Therapy

Muscle Gene Therapy
Author : Dongsheng Duan,Jerry R. Mendell
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-03-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :811
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About 7 million people worldwide are suffering from various inherited neuromuscular diseases. Gene therapy brings the hope of treating these diseases at their genetic roots. Muscle Gene Therapy is the only book dedicated to this topic. The first edition was published in 2010 when the field was just about to enter its prime time. The progress made since then has been unprecedented. The number of diseases that have been targeted by gene therapy has increased tremendously. The gene therapy toolbox is expanded greatly with many creative novel strategies (such as genome editing and therapy with disease-modifying genes). Most importantly, clinical benefits have begun to emerge in human patients. To reflect rapid advances in the field, we have compiled the second edition of Muscle Gene Therapy with contributions from experts that have conducted gene therapy studies either in animal models and/or in human patients. The new edition offers a much needed, up-to-date overview and perspective on the foundation and current status of neuromuscular disease gene therapy. It provides a framework to the development and regulatory approval of muscle gene therapy drugs in the upcoming years. This book is a must-have for anyone who is interested in neuromuscular disease gene therapy including those in the research arena (established investigators and trainees in the fields of clinical practice, veterinary medicine and basic biomedical sciences), funding and regulatory agencies, and patient community.

Stem Cell Biology and Gene Therapy

Stem Cell Biology and Gene Therapy
Author : Peter J. Quesenberry,Gary S. Stein,Bernard G. Forget,Sherman M. Weissman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 1998-09-10
Category : Science
Total pages :588
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STEM CELL BIOLOGY AND GENE THERAPY Edited by Peter J. Quesenberry, Gary S. Stein, Bernard Forget, and Sherman Weissman Advances in molecular genetics and recombinant DNA technology have ushered in a new era in medical therapeutic research. New insights into the molecular basis of human disease and the role played by biological regulatory mechanisms have precipitated tremendous drug development efforts backed by intensive research into human gene therapy worldwide. Stem Cell Biology and Gene Therapy is the first book to thoroughly cover major advances in the field and their applications to novel molecular therapies. This self-contained volume integrates biological and clinical components of stem cell biology, examines some of the most difficult aspects of gene therapy, and provides a systematic review of advanced gene modification techniques. Twenty essays by leading researchers address some of the most compelling topics in contemporary medical research, including: * Fundamental regulatory mechanisms that operate in stem cells * Stem cells from a therapeutic perspective, including preparations of stem cells and their therapeutic potential as vehicles for gene therapy * Delivery systems for therapeutic genes, including an overview of the most promising vectors * Clinical applications for gene therapy, covering a broad range of diseases such as hemophilia, cancers, neurological disease, and more Complete with illustrations and real-world examples of a variety of disorders, Stem Cell Biology and Gene Therapy is essential for researchers in gene therapy and members of the biotechnology industry who are developing human molecular therapies for commercial use. It is also an important reference for molecular biologists, cell biologists, immunologists, molecular geneticists, hematologists, cancer researchers, biochemists, and anyone working in internal medicine.

Gene Therapy of Cancer

Gene Therapy of Cancer
Author : Wolfgang Walther,Ulrike Stein
Publisher : Humana Press
Release Date : 2000-02-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :645
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Since the discovery of the molecular structure of genes and the unveiling of the molecular basis of numerous human diseases, scientists have been fas- nated with the possibility of treating certain diseases by transducing foreign DNA into the affected cells. Initially, it was proposed that the foreign DNA could either replace defective nonfunctional genes, or code for therapeutic proteins. This concept has evolved into the rapidly growing field of gene therapy. Even though surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are widely ava- able and routinely used for cancer treatment, these therapies fail to cure approximately 50 percent of cancer patients. Therefore, since it is a disease characterized by aberrant gene expression, cancer has been a target of gene therapy research since the inception of this treatment modality. Numerous cancer gene therapy strategies are currently being investigated, including gene replacement therapy, the regulation of gene expression to modulate immu- logical responses to tumors, the direct killing of tumor cells, and direct int- ference with tumor growth. In this context, gene transfer systems, tumor-specific expression vectors, and novel therapeutic genes have been extensively st- ied. All these strategies aim for the selective destruction of human malignant disease while circumventing the destruction of nonmalignant cells and tissues thereby minimizing toxicity to the patient.

Lentiviral Vectors and Gene Therapy

Lentiviral Vectors and Gene Therapy
Author : David Escors,Karine Breckpot,Frederick Arce,Grazyna Kochan,Holly Stephenson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-03-23
Category : Medical
Total pages :104
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Gene therapy was conceived during the early and mid part of the 20th century. At first, it was considered a revolutionary biomedical procedure, which could potentially cure any disease for which the molecular bases were understood. Since then, gene therapy has gone through many stages and has evolved from a nearly unrealistic perspective to a real life application. Clinical efficacy in humans was demonstrated at the beginning of this century after its successful application in small-scale clinical trials to cure severe immunodeficiency in children. However, their successes were overshadowed some time later by the occurrence of vector-related leukaemia in a number of treated children. It is in this context that lentiviral vectors have appeared, with improved efficiency and, possibly, increased biosafety. Very recently, the first clinical trials with lentivectors have been carried out with some success. This Brief firstly defines gene therapy, and places lentivectors within this fascinating therapeutic strategy. Then follows a comprehensive description of the development of retroviral and lentiviral vectors and how to specifically target distinct cell types and tissues. The authors also discuss the application of lentivector gene therapy for the treatment of cancer and autoimmune diseases, ending with the application of lentivectors in human gene therapy clinical trials.

Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy
Author : Doaa Hashad
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-11-26
Category : Medical
Total pages :218
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Gene therapy is becoming a promising technology for the management of many human diseases. Hereditary and acquired disorders can both be tackled using the technique of gene therapy. This book provides detailed, up-to-date topics addressing basic principles of gene therapy and discussing some of the challenges encountered by scientists in developing this relatively novel technology. The development of new and efficient gene transfer vectors is of utmost importance in the progress of the field of gene therapy. Both viral and non-viral vectors are extensively discussed. A detailed chapter elaborates the problem of host immune rejection of transplanted donor cells or engineered tissue that can be avoided using the encapsulation of transgenic cells, thus avoiding the use of drugs that achieve immunosuppression.

The Ethics of Human Gene Therapy

The Ethics of Human Gene Therapy
Author : LeRoy Walters,Joseph P Kennedy Professor of Christian Ethics at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics LeRoy Walters,Julie Gage Palmer,Julie G. Palmer
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date : 1997
Category : Medical
Total pages :209
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They start with the current techniques of gene addition, using non-reproductive (somatic) cells in an effort to cure or treat disease. Next they address the technical problems and moral issues facing attempts to prevent disease through genetically modifying early human embryos or sperm and egg cells. These changes would be passed on to future generations. Chapter 4, in many ways the most original part of this volume, confronts the issue of employing genetic means to improve human abilities and appearance.

Genetic Testing and Gene Therapy

Genetic Testing and Gene Therapy
Author : James Wolfe
Publisher : Encyclopaedia Britannica
Release Date : 2015-07-15
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :128
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This book covers the foundations of genes and heredity to give readers a solid understanding of what modern genetics has been built on, before examining the ways in which genetic testing is used to assess genetic risk.

Gene Therapy

Gene Therapy
Author : Mary C. Colavito,Santa Monica College,Michael A. Palladino
Publisher : Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
Release Date : 2006-07-01
Category : Science
Total pages :42
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KEY MESSSAGE: Will gene therapy one day become the ultimate application of genetic technology? Gene Therapy, the newest booklet in the Special Topics in Biology Series, addresses this question by exploring gene therapy as a complex technology for delivering therapeutic genes as a way to treat and cure human genetic diseases. Author Mary Colavito provides an overview of the basic science involved in gene therapy methods and chronicles the history of gene therapy by discussing successful and ongoing gene therapy treatments as well as adverse outcomes in some cases of gene therapy. Also discussed are challenges that must be overcome for gene therapy to become a more reliable and readily accessible approach for treating a multitude of genetic diseases that affect humans. Gene Therapy: Methods Currently Employed, Partial Successes and Ongoing Trials, Setbacks, Challenges, Future Approaches For all readers interested in gene therapy as a complex technology for delivering therapeutic genes as a way to treat and cure human genetic diseases.

Stem Cell and Gene Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease

Stem Cell and Gene Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease
Author : Emerson C. Perin,Leslie W. Miller,Doris Taylor,James T. Willerson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-08-21
Category : Science
Total pages :538
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Stem Cell and Gene Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease is a state-of-the-art reference that combines, in one place, the breadth and depth of information available on the topic. As stem cell and gene therapies are the most cutting-edge therapies currently available for patients with heart failure, each section of the book provides information on medical trials from contributors and specialists from around the world, including not only what has been completed, but also what is planned for future research and trials. Cardiology researchers, basic science clinicians, fellows, residents, students, and industry professionals will find this book an invaluable resource for further study on the topic. Provides information on stem and gene therapy medical trials from contributors and specialists around the world, including not only what has been completed, but also what is planned for future research and trials Presents topics that can be applied to allogeneic cells, mesenchymal cells, gene therapy, cardiomyoctyes, iPS cells, MAPC's, and organogenesis Covers the three areas with the greatest clinical trials to date: chronic limb ischemia, chronic angina, and acute MI Covers the prevailing opinions on how to harness the body’s natural repair mechanisms Ideal resource for cardiology researchers, basic science clinicians, fellows, residents, students, and industry professionals