November 25, 2020

Download Ebook Free Genomic Biomarkers For Pharmaceutical Development

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development
Author : Yihong Yao,Bahija Jallal,Koustubh Ranade
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-07-16
Category : Science
Total pages :208
GET BOOK

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development: Advancing Personalized Health Care provides an in-depth review of the state of translational science across all stages of pharmaceutical development with a special focus on personalized health care. This book provides a complete picture of biomarker development and validation in a pharmaceutical setting while addressing the inherent challenges of targeting the appropriate indications, biomarker robustness, regulatory hurdles, commercialization and much more. It features case studies devoted to the applications of pharmacogenomics, toxicogenomics, and other genetic technologies as they support drug discovery and development. With chapters written by international authorities in industry and academia, this work is a truly unique presentation of the thoughts and approaches that lead to the development of personalized medicine. Intended for all those involved in clinical translational research, this book is the ideal resource for scientists searching for the applications, strategies and successful approaches of translational science in pharmaceutical development. Provides case studies in applications of pharmacodynamic and predictive markers in drug development in oncology, autoimmunity, respiratory diseases and infectious diseases Shows how to identify potential new therapeutic targets in different diseases and provides examples of potential new disease indications for life cycle management of drugs Authored by leading international experts from industry and academia

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development
Author : Cornelis L. Verweij,Brandon W. Higgs,Yihong Yao
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :208
GET BOOK

Autoimmune diseases constitute a wide range of mostly complex and multifactorial disorders that are difficult to treat. Increasing insight in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases has led to development of targeted therapies aimed at regulating key components of the disease pathways. In particular, the advent of biologic therapeutics has led to significant advances in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. However, the multifactorial nature of the different clinical entities, reflected by the uniqueness of an individual’s genetic make-up and environmental factors, create a high degree of molecular and clinical heterogeneity within a clinically defined disease. Consequently, targeted therapies are not efficacious for all patients diagnosed with such a disease, and selection of therapies is still conducted on a trial-and-error basis. With the rapid advances in modern genomics and genetics technology, there has been some encouraging progress made in the last several years in developing genomic biomarkers as pharmacodynamics markers to evaluate target neutralization for dose selection in pivotal trials, and to identify and evaluate potential predictive markers for efficacy in targeted therapies. This chapter provides highlights and case studies in this field.

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development
Author : Nicholas C. Dracopoli,Katie Streicher
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :208
GET BOOK

The goal of personalized healthcare in the treatment of cancer is to reduce the attrition of novel oncology drugs and improve patient outcomes. The discovery and application of novel biomarkers is essential for the successful implementation of personalized healthcare for cancer patients. This chapter focuses on the types of biomarkers that can be utilized clinically to guide treatment decisions in multiple cancer indications, including pharmacodynamic, predictive, prognostic, resistance, and surrogate biomarkers. Furthermore, multiple distinct examples highlight how the successful implementation of these biomarkers into clinical practice has benefited particular subsets of patients. Although these successful examples represent important first steps in using simple biomarkers to predict patient response, significant challenges still exist in prospectively identifying or co-developing biomarkers as companion diagnostics. The roles next generation sequencing and innovative biomarker-driven clinical trial design may play in overcoming these challenges are discussed.

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development
Author : Elizabeth Mambo,Anna E. Szafranska-Schwarzbach,Gary Latham,Alex Adai,Annette Schlageter,Bernard Andruss
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :208
GET BOOK

The focus of this chapter is on the development of miRNA diagnostics and the process for miRNA biomarker development. We discuss pancreatic cancer as a model for the application of miRNA-based tests in different clinical biopsy specimen types. Asuragen’s miRInform® Pancreas test illustrates the development of a laboratory developed test (LDT) that was validated in compliance with Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) and College of American Pathologists (CAP) regulations. We provide an overview of work on miRNA-based signatures which is focused on resolving clinical dilemmas in solid and cystic pancreatic lesions. We also review some of the promising miRNA candidates identified in biofluids from other cancer types. These studies highlight the emergence of miRNA-based diagnostic tools which have the potential to impact the clinical management of cancer by guiding early diagnosis, aiding in the assessment of patients’ prognosis, and enabling the identification of novel, more effective therapeutic targets.

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development
Author : Philip Brohawn,Brandon W. Higgs,Koustubh Ranade,Bahija Jallal,Yihong Yao
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :208
GET BOOK

This chapter presents the processes required for the translation of a biomarker discovery from the research laboratory into a validated diagnostic for clinical application. To fully investigate the topic of assay validation, a brief review of the current regulatory guidance will be discussed, and thereafter this is used as the framework for topics surrounding assay validation. The time-sensitive stages in the assay development process and agreement with clinical development timelines are critical to delivering a viable clinic-ready assay. Methods to best maneuver this are presented to help emphasize the necessary level of validation for use of an assay in a clinical setting. Each pertinent stage is then described, and key focus areas are highlighted. For certain stages of the development process, such as cut-point determination, multiple vs. single analyte, classifier training/testing, and precision determination, various statistical arguments are presented to illustrate common misconceptions or potential pitfalls.

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development

Genomic Biomarkers for Pharmaceutical Development
Author : Joseph R. Arron,Jeffrey M. Harris
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :208
GET BOOK

Asthma is a heterogeneous disorder on molecular, cellular, physiological, and clinical levels, but there is a lack of consensus on how discrete subtypes of asthma should be defined. Gene expression profiling of bronchial samples from asthma patients and healthy controls has enabled the definition of molecular subtypes of asthma which correspond to distinct pathophysiological features. Genomic data from bronchial samples has been used to identify non-invasive biomarkers such as serum periostin, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and blood eosinophil counts which correspond to these molecular subtypes. These biomarkers have been used in recent proof-of-concept clinical trials of investigational biologic therapies directed at the type 2 cytokines interleukin (IL) 5 and 13 to stratify patients according to the activity of the targeted pathways, enabling the enrichment of subsets of patients most likely to show clinical benefit from those interventions. However, translating these biomarkers into companion diagnostic tests subject to regulatory approval will be a complex process, and intriguing initial findings must be verified prospectively in pivotal clinical trials.

Biomarkers in Drug Development

Biomarkers in Drug Development
Author : Michael R. Bleavins,Claudio Carini,Mallé Jurima-Romet,Ramin Rahbari
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-09-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :784
GET BOOK

Discover how biomarkers can boost the success rate of drugdevelopment efforts As pharmaceutical companies struggle to improve the success rateand cost-effectiveness of the drug development process, biomarkershave emerged as a valuable tool. This book synthesizes and reviewsthe latest efforts to identify, develop, and integrate biomarkersas a key strategy in translational medicine and the drugdevelopment process. Filled with case studies, the bookdemonstrates how biomarkers can improve drug development timelines,lower costs, facilitate better compound selection, reducelate-stage attrition, and open the door to personalizedmedicine. Biomarkers in Drug Development is divided into eightparts: Part One offers an overview of biomarkers and their role in drugdevelopment. Part Two highlights important technologies to help researchersidentify new biomarkers. Part Three examines the characterization and validation processfor both drugs and diagnostics, and provides practical advice onappropriate statistical methods to ensure that biomarkers fulfilltheir intended purpose. Parts Four through Six examine the application of biomarkers indiscovery, preclinical safety assessment, clinical trials, andtranslational medicine. Part Seven focuses on lessons learned and the practical aspectsof implementing biomarkers in drug development programs. Part Eight explores future trends and issues, including dataintegration, personalized medicine, and ethical concerns. Each of the thirty-eight chapters was contributed by one or moreleading experts, including scientists from biotechnology andpharmaceutical firms, academia, and the U.S. Food and DrugAdministration. Their contributions offer pharmaceutical andclinical researchers the most up-to-date understanding of thestrategies used for and applications of biomarkers in drugdevelopment.

Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development

Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development
Author : Dimitri Semizarov,Eric Blomme
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-11-03
Category : Medical
Total pages :480
GET BOOK

Early characterization of toxicity and efficacy would significantly impact the overall productivity of pharmaceutical R&D and reduce drug candidate attrition and failure. By describing the available platforms and weighing their relative advantages and disadvantages, including microarray data analysis, Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development introduces readers to the biomarker, pharmacogenomic, and toxicogenomics toolbox. The authors provide a valuable resource for pharmaceutical discovery scientists, preclinical drug safety department personnel, regulatory personnel, discovery toxicologists, and safety scientists, drug development professionals, and pharmaceutical scientists.

Biomarkers in Drug Discovery and Development

Biomarkers in Drug Discovery and Development
Author : Ramin Rahbari,Jonathan Van Niewaal,Michael R. Bleavins
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2020-03-17
Category : Medical
Total pages :608
GET BOOK

This book continues the legacy of a well-established reference within the pharmaceutical industry – providing perspective, covering recent developments in technologies that have enabled the expanded use of biomarkers, and discussing biomarker characterization and validation and applications throughout drug discovery and development. • Explains where proper use of biomarkers can substantively impact drug development timelines and costs, enable selection of better compounds and reduce late stage attrition, and facilitate personalized medicine • Helps readers get a better understanding of biomarkers and how to use them, for example which are accepted by regulators and which still non-validated and exploratory • Updates developments in genomic sequencing, and application of large data sets into pre-clinical and clinical testing; and adds new material on data mining, economics, and decision making, personal genetic tools, and wearable monitoring • Includes case studies of biomarkers that have helped and hindered decision making • Reviews of the first edition: “If you are interested in biomarkers, and it is difficult to imagine anyone reading this who wouldn't be, then this book is for you." (ISSX) and “…provides a good introduction for those new to the area, and yet it can also serve as a detailed reference manual for those practically involved in biomarker implementation.” (ChemMedChem)

The Path from Biomarker Discovery to Regulatory Qualification

The Path from Biomarker Discovery to Regulatory Qualification
Author : Federico Goodsaid,William B. Mattes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013-07-16
Category : Medical
Total pages :206
GET BOOK

The Path from Biomarker Discovery to Regulatory Qualification is a unique guide that focuses on biomarker qualification, its history and current regulatory settings in both the US and abroad. This multi-contributed book provides a detailed look at the next step to developing biomarkers for clinical use and covers overall concepts, challenges, strategies and solutions based on the experiences of regulatory authorities and scientists. Members of the regulatory, pharmaceutical and biomarker development communities will benefit the most from using this book—it is a complete and practical guide to biomarker qualification, providing valuable insight to an ever-evolving and important area of regulatory science. For complimentary access to chapter 13, 'Classic' Biomarkers of Liver Injury, by John R. Senior, Associate Director for Science, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA, please visit the following site: http://tinyurl.com/ClassicBiomarkers Contains a collection of experiences of different groups taking different types of biomarkers to different levels of qualification and provides insightful case studies of an important area of regulatory science Focuses on practical advice, concepts, strategies and overall outcomes to support those working toward biomarker qualification for clinical use Offers a valuable resource for members of the regulatory, pharmaceutical and biomarker development communities.

Predictive Approaches in Drug Discovery and Development

Predictive Approaches in Drug Discovery and Development
Author : J. Andrew Williams,Richard Lalonde,Jeffrey R. Koup,David D. Christ
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-02-14
Category : Medical
Total pages :408
GET BOOK

Practical Utility of Biomarkers in Drug Discovery and Development covers all aspects of biomarker research applied to drug discovery and development and contains state-of-the-art appraisals on the practical utility of genomic, biochemical, and protein biomarkers. Case histories and lessons from successful and unsuccessful applications of biomarkers are included along with key chapters on GLP validation, safety biomarkers and proteomics biomarkers. Regulatory agency perspectives and initiatives both in the US and internationally are also discussed.

Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Methods in Clinical Pharmacology

Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Methods in Clinical Pharmacology
Author : H.Gerhard Vogel,Jochen Maas,Alexander Gebauer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-12-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :564
GET BOOK

Drug Discovery and Evaluation has become a more and more difficult, expensive and time-consuming process. The effect of a new compound has to be detected by in vitro and in vivo methods of pharmacology. The activity spectrum and the potency compared to existing drugs have to be determined. As these processes can be divided up stepwise we have designed a book series "Drug Discovery and Evaluation" in the form of a recommendation document. The methods to detect drug targets are described in the first volume of this series "Pharmacological Assays" comprising classical methods as well as new technologies. Before going to man, the most suitable compound has to be selected by pharmacokinetic studies and experiments in toxicology. These preclinical methods are described in the second volume „Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays". Only then are first studies in human beings allowed. Special rules are established for Phase I studies. Clinical pharmacokinetics are performed in parallel with human studies on tolerability and therapeutic effects. Special studies according to various populations and different therapeutic indications are necessary. These items are covered in the third volume: „Methods in Clinical Pharmacology".

Drug Discovery and Development - E-Book

Drug Discovery and Development - E-Book
Author : Raymond G Hill
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-07-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :368
GET BOOK

The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Author : Carlos A. Guzmán,Giora Z. Feuerstein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-01-01
Category : Medical
Total pages :276
GET BOOK

Pharmaceutical Biotechnology is a unique compilation of reviews addressing frontiers in biologicals as a rich source for innovative medicines. This book fulfills the needs of a broad community of scientists interested in biologicals from diverse perspectives—basic research, biotechnology, protein engineering, protein delivery, medicines, pharmaceuticals and vaccinology. The diverse topics range from advanced biotechnologies aimed to introduce novel, potent engineered vaccines of unprecedented efficacy and safety for a wide scope of human diseases to natural products, small peptides and polypeptides engineered for discrete prophylaxis and therapeutic purposes. Modern biologicals promise to dramatically expand the scope of preventive medicine beyond the infectious disease arena into broad applications in immune and cancer treatment, as exemplified by anti-EGFR receptors antibodies for the treatment of breast cancer. The exponential growth in biologicals such as engineered proteins and vaccines has been boosted by unprecedented scientific breakthroughs made in the past decades culminating in an in-depth fundamental understanding of the scientific underpinnings of immune mechanisms together with knowledge of protein and peptide scaffolds that can be deliberately manipulated. This has in turn led to new strategies and processes. Deciphering the human, mammalian and numerous pathogens’ genomes provides opportunities that never before have been available—identification of discrete antigens (genomes and antigenomes) that lend themselves to considerably improved antigens and monoclonal antibodies, which with more sophisticated engineered adjuvants and agonists of pattern recognition receptors present in immune cells, deliver unprecedented safety and efficacy. Technological development such a nanobiotechnologies (dendrimers, nanobodies and fullerenes), biological particles (viral-like particles and bacterial ghosts) and innovative vectors (replication-competent attenuated, replication-incompetent recombinant and defective helper-dependent vectors) fulfill a broad range of cutting-edge research, drug discovery and delivery applications. Most recent examples of breakthrough biologicals include the human papilloma virus vaccine (HPV, prevention of women genital cancer) and the multivalent Pneumoccocal vaccines, which has virtually eradicated in some populations a most prevalent bacterial ear infection (i.e., otitis media). It is expected that in the years to come similar success will be obtained in the development of vaccines for diseases which still represent major threats for human health, such as AIDS, as well as for the generation of improved vaccines against diseases like pandemic flu for which vaccines are currently available. Furthermore, advances in comparative immunology and innate immunity revealed opportunities for innovative strategies for ever smaller biologicals and vaccines derived from species such as llama and sharks, which carry tremendous potential for innovative biologicals already in development stages in many pharmaceutical companies. Such recent discoveries and knowledge exploitations hold the promise for breakthrough biologicals, with the coming decade. Finally, this book caters to individuals not directly engaged in the pharmaceutical drug discovery process via a chapter outlining discovery, preclinical development, clinical development and translational medicine issues that are critical the drug development process. The authors and editors hope that this compilation of reviews will help readers rapidly and completely update knowledge and understanding of the frontiers in pharmaceutical biotechnologies.

Toxicologic Biomarkers

Toxicologic Biomarkers
Author : Anthony P. DeCaprio
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-04-18
Category : Medical
Total pages :312
GET BOOK

Responding to the explosion of advances in the use of biomarkers to efficiently, rapidly, and economically evaluate the health effects of chemical entities, this authoritative reference provides a detailed overview of the theory, development, and practical application of biomarkers in the toxicological, environmental, forensic, and pharmaceutical sciences. Compiling the most recent studies on the generation and utilization of biomarkers for toxicant exposure, environmental and human health risk assessment, occupational safety, drug development, and the detection of biological and chemical warfare agents, this guide supplies numerous examples, figures, tables, and comprehensive reference listings within each chapter to provide the reader with an in-depth understanding of the subject.