November 28, 2020

Download Ebook Free Genomics In Food Safety

Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens

Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens
Author : Martin Wiedmann,Wei Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2011-02-04
Category : Science
Total pages :524
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Foodborne illnesses caused by various bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens lead to a high number of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and throughout the world. Recent advances in microbial genomics have significantly improved our understanding of the physiology, evolution, ecology, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of different foodborne pathogens. This book focuses on the genomics of foodborne bacterial pathogens. It begins with a brief overview of the recent advances in microbial genomics and the impact of genomics on food safety research. Then, eight chapters follow that elaborate some in-depth reviews on the genomics of several common foodborne bacterial pathogens including Bacillus, Campylobacter, Clostridium, Escherichia coli, Listeria, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, and Vibrio. Finally, the last four chapters focus on some current genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic technologies and their applications in studying the epidemiology, evolution, and pathogenesis of foodborne bacterial pathogens. Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens can be used as a reference by scientists and professionals in academia, government, and industry who are interested in understanding microbial genomics and using genomics tools to study foodborne bacterial pathogens. This book can also be used as a textbook for instructors and professors who teach food microbiology or microbial genomics-related courses at the post-graduate level.

Applied Genomics of Foodborne Pathogens

Applied Genomics of Foodborne Pathogens
Author : Xiangyu Deng,Henk C. den Bakker,Rene S. Hendriksen
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-01-23
Category : Science
Total pages :205
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This book provides a timely and thorough snapshot into the emerging and fast evolving area of applied genomics of foodborne pathogens. Driven by the drastic advance of whole genome shot gun sequencing (WGS) technologies, genomics applications are becoming increasingly valuable and even essential in studying, surveying and controlling foodborne microbial pathogens. The vast opportunities brought by this trend are often at odds with the lack of bioinformatics know-how among food safety and public health professionals, since such expertise is not part of a typical food microbiology curriculum and skill set. Further complicating the challenge is the large and ever evolving body of bioinformatics tools that can obfuscate newcomers to this area. Although reviews, tutorials and books are not in short supply in the fields of bioinformatics and genomics, until now there has not been a comprehensive and customized source of information designed for and accessible to microbiologists interested in applying cutting-edge genomics in food safety and public health research. This book fills this void with a well-selected collection of topics, case studies, and bioinformatics tools contributed by experts at the forefront of foodborne pathogen genomics research.

Game Changer-Next Generation Sequencing and Its Impact on Food Microbiology

Game Changer-Next Generation Sequencing and Its Impact on Food Microbiology
Author : Jennifer Ronholm,Sabah Bidawid,Sandra Torriani
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2018-04-26
Category :
Total pages :129
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Advances in next-generation sequencing technologies (NGS) are revolutionizing the field of food microbiology. Microbial whole genome sequencing (WGS) can provide identification, characterization, and subtyping of pathogens for epidemiological investigations at a level of precision previously not possible. This allows for connections and source attribution to be inferred between related isolates that may be overlooked by traditional techniques. The archiving and global sharing of genome sequences allow for retrospective analysis of virulence genes, antimicrobial resistance markers, mobile genetic elements and other novel genes. The advent of high-throughput 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, in combination with the advantages offered by massively parallel second-generation sequencing for metagenomics, enable intensive studies on the microbiomes of food products and the impact of foods on the human microbiome. These studies may one day lead to the development of reliable culture-independent methods for food monitoring and surveillance. Similarly, RNA-seq has provided insights into the transcriptomes and hence the behaviour of bacterial pathogens in food, food processing environments, and in interaction with the host at a resolution previously not achieved through the use of microarrays and/or RT-PCR. The vast un-tapped potential applications of NGS along with its rapidly declining costs, give this technology the ability to contribute significantly to consumer protection, global trade facilitation, and increased food safety and security. Despite the rapid advances, challenges remain. How will NGS data be incorporated into our existing global food safety infrastructure? How will massive NGS data be stored and shared globally? What bioinformatics solutions will be used to analyse and optimise these large data sets? This Research Topic discusses recent advances in the field of food microbiology made possible through the use of NGS.

Applications of Whole Genome Sequencing in food safety management

Applications of Whole Genome Sequencing in food safety management
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,World Health Organization
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release Date : 2018-06-18
Category : Health & Fitness
Total pages :29
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Food safety is a global concern, and consumers have the right to safe and nutritious food (FAO, 1996). Considerable efforts to strengthen food control systems have been made in many countries. However, while progress has been made, the estimated global burden of foodborne diseases: 600 million foodborne illnesses and 420 000 deaths from 31 major food safety hazards in 2010 (WHO, 2015)1 and the related social and economic costs (loss of income, employment and market access) remain unacceptably high. In addition, food safety is an important element in achieving food security, which is negatively impacted by both the health and economic aspects of unsafe food. Within this context, there are ongoing efforts in the way in which the building blocks of food control systems are developed and implemented, from legislative aspects to surveillance and monitoring programmes, and the tools used by laboratories. Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) has recently emerged as a new tool, and offers great potential in the way we investigate, assess and manage microbiological food safety issues and illnesses. It allows the identification and characterization of micro-organisms with a level of precision not previously possible, therefore potentially minimizing much of the uncertainty which impacts our ability to respond and manage microbiological food safety issues effectively and efficiently. This, in addition to its rapidly declining costs, increases the attractiveness of incorporating such a tool in food safety management. While several industrialized countries have been moving forward with the technology, its application is limited, particularly in developing and transitional countries. Information describing the potential benefits, possible drawbacks, infrastructure requirements and technical challenges is urgently needed if countries are to make appropriate decisions about when and where to use this technology to strengthen national food control systems.

Nutritional Genomics

Nutritional Genomics
Author : Wayne R. Bidlack,Raymond L. Rodriguez
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :448
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The notion of matching diet with an individual's genetic makeup is transforming the way the public views nutrition as a means of managing health and preventing disease. To fulfill the promise of nutritional genomics, researchers are beginning to reconcile the diverse properties of dietary factors with our current knowledge of genome structure and g

Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods

Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods
Author : Debasis Bagchi,Francis Lau,Anand Swaroop,Manashi Bagchi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-10-19
Category : Science
Total pages :688
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Functional foods and nutraceuticals have received considerable interest in the past decade, largely due to increasing consumer awareness of the health benefits associated with food. Diet in human health is no longer a matter of simple nutrition: consumers are more proactive and increasingly interested in the health benefits of functional foods and their role in the prevention of illness and chronic conditions. This, combined with an aging population that focuses not only on longevity but also quality of life, has created a market for functional foods and nutraceuticals. A fully updated and revised second edition, "Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods" reflects the recent upsurge in "omics" technologies and features 48 chapters that cover topics including genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenetics, peptidomics, nutrigenomics and human health, transcriptomics, nutri-ethics, and nanotechnology. This cutting-edge volume, written by a panel of experts from around the globe, reviews the latest developments in the field with an emphasis on the application of these novel technologies to functional foods and nutraceuticals. About the editorsDebasis Bagchi, Ph.D., MACN, CNS, MAIChEUniversity of Houston College of Pharmacy, Houston, TX, USA Anand Swaroop, Ph.D.Cepham Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA Manashi Bagchi, Ph.D., FACNCepham Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA Also available from Wiley "Bio-Nanotechnology: A Revolution in Food, Biomedical and Health Sciences"Edited by Debasis Bagchi, Manashi Bagchi, Hiroyoshi Moriyama, Fereidoon ShahidiISBN: 978-0-470-67037-8 "Antioxidants and Functional Components in Aquatic Foods"Edited by Hordur G. KristinssonISBN: 978-0-8138-1367-7 "Nanotechnology and Functional Foods: Effective Delivery of Bioactive Ingredients"Edited by Cristina Sabliov, Hongda Chen, Rickey YadaISBN: 978-1-118-46220-1

The New Science of Metagenomics

The New Science of Metagenomics
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2007-06-24
Category : Science
Total pages :170
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Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of the microbes in an environment at once, providing a "meta" view of the whole microbial community and the complex interactions within it. It's a quantum leap beyond traditional research techniques that rely on studying -- one at a time -- the few microbes that can be grown in the laboratory. At the request of the National Science Foundation, five Institutes of the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy, the National Research Council organized a committee to address the current state of metagenomics and identify obstacles current researchers are facing in order to determine how to best support the field and encourage its success. The New Science of Metagenomics recommends the establishment of a "Global Metagenomics Initiative" comprising a small number of large-scale metagenomics projects as well as many medium- and small-scale projects to advance the technology and develop the standard practices needed to advance the field. The report also addresses database needs, methodological challenges, and the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in supporting this new field.

Compendium of Analytical Methods: HPB methods of microbiological analysis of food

Compendium of Analytical Methods: HPB methods of microbiological analysis of food
Author : Canada. Health and Welfare Canada,Polyscience Publications Inc
Publisher : Polyscience Publications
Release Date : 1989
Category : Ayres, John Clifton
Total pages :100
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Food Safety and Human Health

Food Safety and Human Health
Author : Ram Lakhan Singh,Sukanta Mondal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-07-30
Category : Medical
Total pages :402
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Food Safety and Human Health provides a framework to manage food safety risks and insure safe food system. This reference takes a reader-friendly approach in presenting the entire range of toxic compounds found naturally in foods or introduced by industrial contamination or food processing methods. It provides the basic principles of food toxicology and its processing and safety for human health to help professionals and students better understand the real problems of toxic materials. This essential resource will help readers address problems regarding food contamination and safety. It will be particularly useful for graduate students, researchers and professionals in the agri-food industry. Encompasses the first pedagogic treatment of the entire range of toxic compounds found naturally in foods or introduced by industrial contamination or food processing methods Features areas of vital concern to consumers, such as the toxicological implications of food, implications of food processing and its safety to human health Focuses on the safety aspects of genetically modified foods currently available

Advances in microbial food safety

Advances in microbial food safety
Author : P. Fratamico,N.W. Gunther
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release Date : 2013-07-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :560
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Omic technologies, including genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, are used to study pathogen behavior at the molecular level and develop improved pathogen detection and typing systems. Omic technologies analyze complete or nearly complete expressions of cell functions. DNA sequencing has resulted in complete genomes of foodborne pathogens. Omic-based technologies explore biological processes in a quantitative and integrative manner. They facilitate identification of genes and proteins that contribute to survival and persistence in food and other environments, that play a role in pathogenesis and that are targets for detection methods and control strategies. Challenges that remain are performing genomic and proteomic studies in food and other complex matrices and interpreting and analyzing the data produced from these investigations to enhance food safety.

Comprehensive Foodomics

Comprehensive Foodomics
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-12-01
Category : Science
Total pages :2330
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Comprehensive Foodomics offers a definitive collection of over 150 articles that provide researchers with innovative answers to crucial questions relating to food quality, safety and its vital and complex links to our health. Topics covered include transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, genomics, green foodomics, epigenetics and noncoding RNA, food safety, food bioactivity and health, food quality and traceability, data treatment and systems biology. Logically structured into 10 focused sections, each article is authored by world leading scientists who cover the whole breadth of Omics and related technologies, including the latest advances and applications. By bringing all this information together in an easily navigable reference, food scientists and nutritionists in both academia and industry will find it the perfect, modern day compendium for frequent reference. List of sections and Section Editors: Genomics - Olivia McAuliffe, Dept of Food Biosciences, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland Epigenetics & Noncoding RNA - Juan Cui, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE Transcriptomics - Robert Henry, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia Metabolomics - Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry, Neuherberg, Germany Omics data treatment, System Biology and Foodomics - Carlos Leon Canseco, Visiting Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Green Foodomics - Elena Ibanez, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Food safety and Foodomics - Djuro Josić, Professor Medicine (Research) Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA & Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, University of Rijeka, Department of Biotechnology, Rijeka, Croatia Food Quality, Traceability and Foodomics - Daniel Cozzolino, Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia Food Bioactivity, Health and Foodomics - Miguel Herrero, Department of Bioactivity and Food Analysis, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Brings all relevant foodomics information together in one place, offering readers a ‘one-stop,’ comprehensive resource for access to a wealth of information Includes articles written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions Provides an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals who need to find relevant information quickly and easily Includes content from high quality authors from across the globe

Genomics and Effectomics of the Crop Killer Xanthomonas

Genomics and Effectomics of the Crop Killer Xanthomonas
Author : Nicolas Denancé,Thomas Lahaye,Laurent D. Noël
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2016-08-09
Category :
Total pages :158
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Phytopathogenic bacteria of the Xanthomonas genus cause severe diseases on hundreds of host plants, including economically important crops, such as bean, cabbage, cassava, citrus, hemp, pepper, rice, sugarcane, tomato or wheat. Diseases occurring in nature comprise bacterial blight, canker, necrosis, rot, scald, spot, streak or wilt. Xanthomonas spp. are distributed worldwide and pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains are essentially found in association to plants. Some phytopathogenic strains are emergent or re-emergent and, consequently, dramatically impact agriculture, economy and food safety. During the last decades, massive efforts were undertaken to decipher Xanthomonas biology. So far, more than one hundred complete or draft genomes from diverse Xanthomonas species have been sequenced (http://www.xanthomonas.org), thus providing powerful tools to study genetic determinants triggering pathogenicity and adaptation to plant habitats. Xanthomonas spp. employ an arsenal of virulence factors to invade its host, including extracellular polysaccharides, plant cell wall-degrading enzymes, adhesins and secreted effectors. In most xanthomonads, type III secretion (T3S) system and secreted effectors (T3Es) are essential to bacterial pathogenicity through the inhibition of plant immunity or the induction of plant susceptibility (S) genes, as reported for Transcription Activation-Like (TAL) effectors. Yet, toxins can also be major virulence determinants in some xanthomonads while nonpathogenic Xanthomonas species do live in sympatry with plant without any T3S systems nor T3Es. In a context of ever increasing international commercial exchanges and modifications of the climate, monitoring and regulating pathogens spread is of crucial importance for food security. A deep knowledge of the genomic diversity of Xanthomonas spp. is required for scientists to properly identify strains, to help preventing future disease outbreaks and to achieve knowledge-informed sustainable disease resistance in crops. This Research Topic published in the ‘Plant Biotic Interactions’ section of Frontiers in Plant Science and Frontiers in Microbiology aims at illustrating several of the recent achievements of the Xanthomonas community. We collected twelve manuscripts dealing with comparative genomics or T3E repertoires, including five focusing on TAL effectors which we hope will contribute to advance research on plant pathogenic bacteria.

Genetics and Genomics of Setaria

Genetics and Genomics of Setaria
Author : Andrew Doust,Xianmin Diao
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-19
Category : Science
Total pages :377
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Setaria viridis and S.italica make up a model grass system to investigate C4 photosynthesis, cell wall biosynthesis, responses to drought, herbicide, and other environmental stressors, genome dynamics, developmental genetics and morphology, and interactions with microorganisms. Setaria viridis (green foxtail) is one of the world’s most widespread weeds, and its small size, native variation, rapidly burgeoning genetic and genomic resources, and transformability are making it the system of choice for both basic research and its translation into crop improvement. Its domesticated variant, S. italica (foxtail millet), is a drought-hardy cereal grown in China, India and Africa, and new breeding techniques show great potential for improving yields and nutrition for drought-prone regions. This book brings together for the first time evolutionary, genomic, genetic, and morphological analyses, together with protocols for growing and transforming Setaria, and approaches to high throughput genotyping and candidate gene analysis. Authors include major Setaria researchers from both the USA and overseas.

Food Safety

Food Safety
Author : Steven C Ricke,Janet R Donaldson,Carol A Phillips
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-07-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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Food Safety: Emerging Issues, Technologies and Systems offers a systems approach to learning how to understand and address some of the major complex issues that have emerged in the food industry. The book is broad in coverage and provides a foundation for a practical understanding in food safety initiatives and safety rules, how to deal with whole-chain traceability issues, handling complex computer systems and data, foodborne pathogen detection, production and processing compliance issues, safety education, and more. Recent scientific industry developments are written by experts in the field and explained in a manner to improve awareness, education and communication of these issues. Examines effective control measures and molecular techniques for understanding specific pathogens Presents GFSI implementation concepts and issues to aid in implementation Demonstrates how operation processes can achieve a specific level of microbial reduction in food Offers tools for validating microbial data collected during processing to reduce or eliminate microorganisms in foods

Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era

Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era
Author : Swapan K. Datta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-08-30
Category :
Total pages :504
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Rice is probably the most important food crop in the world, feeding half its population. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era examines the findings in the current studies of rice improvement, using the modern genomic tools available in today's agriculture to better enable food security and human welfare. This comprehensive text describes in detail the latest tools of genomics and the application of biotechnology to improve this crucial food crop that is the most important staple of developing countries. Top respected experts in rice science and genomics offer the latest in cutting-edge science and research based on genome sequencing, gene technology, and molecular biology. Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era provides a wide range of information essential to any professional concerned with food safety, security, and sustainability. This valuable source comprehensively and accurately describes rice science from the basics of modern genomics on up to the application of biotechnology. This text is extensively referenced, and includes photographs, tables, graphs, and figures to clearly present information. Topics discussed include: - rice genome sequencing project and its impact - gene expression using microarray system - haploid breeding - hybrid rice technology - Bt and disease resistance - abiotic stress tolerance - ensuring rice quality - genetically improved nutrition in rice - human milk proteins in rice grains - food safety of transgenic crops - and much more! Rice Improvement in the Genomics Era is an informative resource for educators, students, rice scientists, rice breeders, plant biotechnologists, researchers, and policymakers in agricultural sciences, rice improvement, and biotechnology. This source is a crucial addition to agricultural institutions, libraries, and teaching organizations.