November 29, 2020

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Global Mobility of Research Scientists

Global Mobility of Research Scientists
Author : Aldo Geuna
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-08-03
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :330
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Global Mobility of Research Scientists: The Economics of Who Goes Where and Why brings together information on how the localization and mobility of academic researchers contributes to the production of knowledge. The text answers several questions, including "what characterizes nationally and internationally mobile researchers?" and "what are the individual and social implications of increased mobility of research scientists?" Eight independent, but coordinated chapters address these and other questions, drawing on a set of newly developed databases covering 30 countries, including the US, the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and China, among others. Combines theoretically sound and empirically fascinating results in one volume that has international and interdisciplinary appeal. Covers topics at the forefront of academic, business, and policy discussions Data used in the chapters available at a freely-accessible website

The Human Face of Global Mobility

The Human Face of Global Mobility
Author : Adrian Favell
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-07-12
Category : Social Science
Total pages :322
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Alongside flows of trade and capital, the free movement of professionals, technical personnel, and students is seen as a key aspect of globalization. Yet not much detailed empirical research has been completed about the trajectories and experiences of these highly skilled or highly educated international migrants. What little is known about these forms of "global mobility," and the politics that surround them, contrasts with the abundant theories and accounts of other types of international migration--such as low income economic migration from less developed to core countries in the international political economy. Drawing on the work of a long-standing discussion group at the Center for Comparative and Global Research of UCLA's International Institute, this collection bridges conventional methodological divides, bringing together political scientists, sociologists, demographers, and ethnographers. It explores the reality behind assumptions about these new global migration trends. It challenges widely held views about the elite characteristics of these migrants, the costs and consequences of the brain drain said to follow from the migration of skilled workers, the determinants of national policies on high skilled migrants, and the presumed "effortlessness" of professional mobility in an integrating world. The volume also sheds new light on international student migration, the politics of temporary, non-immigrant workers in the United States, new international forms of regulating movement, and the realities of the everyday lives of multinational employees in the world's transnational cities. Key differences between the regional contexts of this migration in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific are also emphasized.

Social Informatics

Social Informatics
Author : Ingmar Weber,Kareem M. Darwish,Claudia Wagner,Emilio Zagheni,Laura Nelson,Samin Aref,Fabian Flöck
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-14
Category : Computers
Total pages :319
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This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2019, held in Doha, Qatar, in November 2019. The 17 full and 5 short papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 86 submissions. The papers presented in this volume cover a broad range of topics, ranging from the study of socio-technical systems, to computer science methods to analyze complex social processes, as well as social concepts in the design of information systems.

The Handbook of Global Science, Technology, and Innovation

The Handbook of Global Science, Technology, and Innovation
Author : Daniele Archibugi,Andrea Filippetti
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-06-29
Category : Political Science
Total pages :624
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This unique Handbook provides an in-depth overview of the themes and direction of science, technology, innovation, and public policy in an increasingly globalized world. Leading authorities discuss current debates, research issues, and prospects, and present a foundation for the development of global policy. Presents a state-of-the-art overview of science, technology, and innovation in the context of globalization and global policy Offers an accessible introduction for students, researchers, and policy makers in the fields of economics, sociology, political science, business studies, global studies, and international relations Addresses emerging issues and provides clear policy implications and analysis in each chapter Includes crucial coverage of the activities of established and emerging geographical areas Explores the ways in which reforms in intellectual property rights and world trade have been affected by the increasingly international flows of knowledge, technology, and innovation Examines major policy trends, including a significant shift toward private scientific research, and a heightened awareness amongst policy-makers of the economic and technological impact of scientific activity

The International Mobility of Talent

The International Mobility of Talent
Author : Andrés Solimano
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release Date : 2008-02-14
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :394
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Entrepreneurs, technical experts, professionals, international students, writers, and artists are among the most highly mobile people in the global economy today. These talented elite often originate from developing countries and migrate to industrial economies. Many return home with new ideas, experiences, and capital useful for national development, whilst others remain to produce quality goods and services that are useful everywhere in the global economy. The economic potential of globalization is ultimately dependent on the international mobility of highly talented individuals that transfer knowledge, new technologies, ideas, business capacities, and other creative capabilities. Developing countries and advanced economies may both gain from this mobility if it is effectively and smartly managed. This volume, with original contributions from outstanding international experts in the subject, provides a novel analysis of the main determinants and development impact of talent mobility in the global economy.

The Psychology of Global Mobility

The Psychology of Global Mobility
Author : Stuart C. Carr
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-07-16
Category : Psychology
Total pages :342
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Human mobility has been a defining feature of human social evolution. In a global community, the term "mobility" captures the full gamut of types, directions, and patterns of human movement. The psychology of mobility is important because movement is inherently behavioral. Much of the behavioral study of mobility has focused on the negative – examining the trauma of forced migration, or the health consequences of the lack of adaptation – but this work looks into the benefits of mobility, such as its impact on career capital and well-being. Recent years have witnessed a phenomenal increase in efforts to understand human mobility, by social scientists, think-tanks, and policymakers alike. The book focuses on the transformational potential of mobility for human development. The book details the historical, methodological, and theoretical trajectory of human mobility (Context), followed by sections on pre-departure incentives and predispositions (Motivation), influences on acculturation, health and community fit (Adjustment), and changes in career capital, overcoming bias, and diaspora networks (Performance).

Career Paths and Mobility of Researchers in Europe

Career Paths and Mobility of Researchers in Europe
Author : Toni Gabaldón
Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
Release Date : 2005
Category :
Total pages :178
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OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2002
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release Date : 2002-10-04
Category :
Total pages :328
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In addition to reviewing recent trends, this report identifies significant changes in science, technology and industry policies in the OECD countries.

International policies and activities of the research councils

International policies and activities of the research councils
Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Science and Technology Committee
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release Date : 2007-07-31
Category : Political Science
Total pages :173
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International policies and activities of the research Councils : Ninth report of session 2006-07, Vol. 2: Oral and written Evidence

Global Mobility and Higher Learning

Global Mobility and Higher Learning
Author : Anatoly Oleksiyenko
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2018-03-14
Category : Education
Total pages :232
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This book examines learning-mobility tensions and ties caused by convergences and divergences of social, organizational and cognitive forces in global higher education. As some of these forces generate status anxiety, and others enhanced self-worth, this volume asks the questions: How can students navigate treacherous education markets to reduce the former and increase the latter? Which specific forces and confluences enhance the quality of self-discovery? Does the search for identity and meaning produce better results when conducted internationally? Which transformative drivers of global mobility enhance social mobility? What allows some students to gain the capacity for impactful higher learning at a time when others lose it? Why are strategically minded students increasingly concerned about equality and the quality of contribution to the common good of education, rather than about their own status? What makes some places of learning stand out when students recount their journeys of self-discovery and roads to self-worth? This book includes a broad range of stories and firsthand perspectives that are often overlooked in the process of internationalization of higher education. The narratives offer important insights to consider, given the ever-increasing disquiets of competitiveness-oriented global higher education.

Mobility, Migration and the Chinese Scientific Research System

Mobility, Migration and the Chinese Scientific Research System
Author : Koen Jonkers
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2010-04-07
Category : Science
Total pages :236
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China’s rise is having a large impact on the global science system. The internalisation of this system in the past two decades would not have been possible without the outbound and especially the return flows of overseas Chinese scientists. This book explores their impact combining macro-level institutional and statistical analysis with an account of how the research culture has changed at the operational level. The theoretical framework used departs from the human capital approach, by building on literature from migration studies and evolutionary theories of the science system. It presents the results of an innovative mix of quantitative and qualitative methodological approaches. Overseas Chinese scientists and returnees are shown to have played an important role in shaping the internal development of the Chinese research system, as well as its relationship with research systems in Western Europe and North America. Now that the situation is improving, return has become an increasingly interesting option for expatriate researchers. This development may result in a virtuous cycle. Based on extensive and original empirical research Mobility, Migration and the Chinese Scientific Research System will be of interest to scholars and postgraduate students of research systems in general and the Chinese research and innovation system in particular.

Does Science Need a Global Language?

Does Science Need a Global Language?
Author : Scott L. Montgomery
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 2013-05-06
Category : Science
Total pages :240
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In early 2012, the global scientific community erupted with news that the elusive Higgs boson had likely been found, providing potent validation for the Standard Model of how the universe works. Scientists from more than one hundred countries contributed to this discovery—proving, beyond any doubt, that a new era in science had arrived, an era of multinationalism and cooperative reach. Globalization, the Internet, and digital technology all play a role in making this new era possible, but something more fundamental is also at work. In all scientific endeavors lies the ancient drive for sharing ideas and knowledge, and now this can be accomplished in a single tongue— English. But is this a good thing? In Does Science Need a Global Language?, Scott L. Montgomery seeks to answer this question by investigating the phenomenon of global English in science, how and why it came about, the forms in which it appears, what advantages and disadvantages it brings, and what its future might be. He also examines the consequences of a global tongue, considering especially emerging and developing nations, where research is still at a relatively early stage and English is not yet firmly established. Throughout the book, he includes important insights from a broad range of perspectives in linguistics, history, education, geopolitics, and more. Each chapter includes striking and revealing anecdotes from the front-line experiences of today’s scientists, some of whom have struggled with the reality of global scientific English. He explores topics such as student mobility, publication trends, world Englishes, language endangerment, and second language learning, among many others. What he uncovers will challenge readers to rethink their assumptions about the direction of contemporary science, as well as its future.

International Students and Global Mobility in Higher Education

International Students and Global Mobility in Higher Education
Author : Rajika Bhandari,Peggy Blumenthal
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2010-12-14
Category : Education
Total pages :243
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This book examines current trends in global student mobility patterns in several key host and destination countries, including the United States, China, India, South Africa, Mexico, Australia, and Germany, among others, and will explore the national and global-level factors that contribute to these trends.

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2001 Towards a Knowledge-based Economy

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2001 Towards a Knowledge-based Economy
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release Date : 2001-09-12
Category :
Total pages :212
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With over 160 indicators, 60% of them new to this edition, the volume provides a comprehensive picture of countries’ performance in the areas of science, technology and industry.

International Mobility of Scientists and Engineers

International Mobility of Scientists and Engineers
Author : Anonim
Publisher : National Academies
Release Date : 1982
Category : Brain drain
Total pages :165
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