June 12, 2021

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Global Mobility of Research Scientists

Global Mobility of Research Scientists
Author : Aldo Geuna
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-08-03
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :330
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Global Mobility of Research Scientists: The Economics of Who Goes Where and Why brings together information on how the localization and mobility of academic researchers contributes to the production of knowledge. The text answers several questions, including "what characterizes nationally and internationally mobile researchers?" and "what are the individual and social implications of increased mobility of research scientists?" Eight independent, but coordinated chapters address these and other questions, drawing on a set of newly developed databases covering 30 countries, including the US, the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, and China, among others. Combines theoretically sound and empirically fascinating results in one volume that has international and interdisciplinary appeal. Covers topics at the forefront of academic, business, and policy discussions Data used in the chapters available at a freely-accessible website

Which Factors Influence the International Mobility of Research Scientists?

Which Factors Influence the International Mobility of Research Scientists?
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category : Industry and Services
Total pages :31
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This paper investigates the factors that influence the international mobility of research scientists using a new measure of mobility derived from changes in affiliations reported by publishing scientists in a major global index of scholarly publications over the period 1996-2011. Using a gravity-based empirical framework, our research shows that measures of geographic and socioeconomic and scientific distance correlate negatively with scientist mobility between two countries. Scientific collaboration appears to be a major factor associated with the mobility of scientists. The analysis shows that the mobility of scientists particularly relies on flows of tertiary-level students in the opposite direction, from destination to origin country. This provides strong evidence that brain circulation is a complex and multi-directional phenomenon. For a majority of country pairs (dyads) in our sample, the mobility of scientists is generally better described by commensurate knowledge flows in both directions, rather than one dominating the other. The analysis also shows that mobility can be positively influenced by convergence in economic conditions and resources dedicated to R & D, as well as reduced visa-related restrictions.

Social Informatics

Social Informatics
Author : Ingmar Weber,Kareem M. Darwish,Claudia Wagner,Emilio Zagheni,Laura Nelson,Samin Aref,Fabian Flöck
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-14
Category : Computers
Total pages :319
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This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2019, held in Doha, Qatar, in November 2019. The 17 full and 5 short papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 86 submissions. The papers presented in this volume cover a broad range of topics, ranging from the study of socio-technical systems, to computer science methods to analyze complex social processes, as well as social concepts in the design of information systems.

The Psychology of Global Mobility

The Psychology of Global Mobility
Author : Stuart C. Carr
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-07-16
Category : Psychology
Total pages :342
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Human mobility has been a defining feature of human social evolution. In a global community, the term "mobility" captures the full gamut of types, directions, and patterns of human movement. The psychology of mobility is important because movement is inherently behavioral. Much of the behavioral study of mobility has focused on the negative – examining the trauma of forced migration, or the health consequences of the lack of adaptation – but this work looks into the benefits of mobility, such as its impact on career capital and well-being. Recent years have witnessed a phenomenal increase in efforts to understand human mobility, by social scientists, think-tanks, and policymakers alike. The book focuses on the transformational potential of mobility for human development. The book details the historical, methodological, and theoretical trajectory of human mobility (Context), followed by sections on pre-departure incentives and predispositions (Motivation), influences on acculturation, health and community fit (Adjustment), and changes in career capital, overcoming bias, and diaspora networks (Performance).

International Mobility of Scientists and Engineers

International Mobility of Scientists and Engineers
Author : Anonim
Publisher : National Academies
Release Date : 1982
Category : Brain drain
Total pages :165
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The Human Face of Global Mobility

The Human Face of Global Mobility
Author : Adrian Favell
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2017-07-12
Category : Social Science
Total pages :322
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Alongside flows of trade and capital, the free movement of professionals, technical personnel, and students is seen as a key aspect of globalization. Yet not much detailed empirical research has been completed about the trajectories and experiences of these highly skilled or highly educated international migrants. What little is known about these forms of "global mobility," and the politics that surround them, contrasts with the abundant theories and accounts of other types of international migration--such as low income economic migration from less developed to core countries in the international political economy. Drawing on the work of a long-standing discussion group at the Center for Comparative and Global Research of UCLA's International Institute, this collection bridges conventional methodological divides, bringing together political scientists, sociologists, demographers, and ethnographers. It explores the reality behind assumptions about these new global migration trends. It challenges widely held views about the elite characteristics of these migrants, the costs and consequences of the brain drain said to follow from the migration of skilled workers, the determinants of national policies on high skilled migrants, and the presumed "effortlessness" of professional mobility in an integrating world. The volume also sheds new light on international student migration, the politics of temporary, non-immigrant workers in the United States, new international forms of regulating movement, and the realities of the everyday lives of multinational employees in the world's transnational cities. Key differences between the regional contexts of this migration in Europe, North America, and the Asia-Pacific are also emphasized.

2004

2004
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2004
Category : Human capital
Total pages :131
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This report emphasises the development of human capital to respond to future labour market needs in APEC and contributes to collective understanding of the synergies between human capital and innovation in fuelling growth performance. In the paper "International Mobility of Highly-Qualified People in APEC", the study argues that highly-qualified people (HQP) are indispensable to an innovative economy. A more innovative economy requires that the labour force include the right number and types of HQPs. However, for some segments of HQPs, the job market is now international, with the industrialized economies in APEC competing to attract individuals with the most in-demand skills and experience. This means that if APEC economies are to adjust to new skill requirements in order to support a more innovative economy, they must formulate policies to retain domestic talent and attract HQPs from abroad. On the other hand, the mobility of HQPs is a necessary condition for knowledge dissemination and absorption in the new global economy. The second paper, "The Development of Industrial Clusters Towards a Knowledge-based Economy", drawing on the empirical evidence from the Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park (HSIP), finds that human resources are indispensable to the build-up of innovation capability. As an economy develops it may even attract skilled labor from overseas. However, human resources that are repatriated or attracted from abroad are always insufficient to support the operations of an industrial cluster, and they have to be complemented by indigenous skills.

The Global Competition for Talent

The Global Competition for Talent
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category :
Total pages :260
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Career Paths and Mobility of Researchers in Europe

Career Paths and Mobility of Researchers in Europe
Author : Toni Gabaldón
Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
Release Date : 2005
Category :
Total pages :178
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Higher Education Management and Policy

Higher Education Management and Policy
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category : Universities and colleges
Total pages :129
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Developing a Road Map for Engaging Diasporas in Development

Developing a Road Map for Engaging Diasporas in Development
Author : Dovelyn Rannveig Agunias,Kathleen Newland
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2012
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :256
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State governments recognize the value diaspora populations bring to development efforts worldwide. Since 2007, the Global Forum on Migration and Development has examined ways to highlight policies and programs that can magnify the resources, both human and financial, that emigrants and their descendants contribute to development. This handbook continues that effort on the basis of earlier investigations by the book's collaborating institutions, the academic and policy literature, consultations and in-depth interviews with government officials and nongovernmental actors, and input by 62 national governments. The handbook is divided into three major parts. Each part gives concrete examples of policies and programs that have been effective, and pulls out both useful lessons and common challenges associated with the topics at hand. The pivotal question now facing many policymakers is not so much if diasporas can benefit their countries of origin but how they do so and what kinds of government policies and programs can foster these relationships.

The OECD Observer

The OECD Observer
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2002
Category : Europe
Total pages :129
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Trames

Trames
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2008
Category : Humanities
Total pages :129
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Strategic Approaches to Science and Technology in Development

Strategic Approaches to Science and Technology in Development
Author : Robert Watson,Michael F. Crawford,Sara Farley
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2003
Category : Research
Total pages :52
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Watson, Crawford, and Farley examine the ways in which science and technology (S & T) support poverty alleviation and economic development and how these themes have been given emphasis or short shrift in various areas of the World Bank's work. Central to their thesis is the now well-established argument that development will increasingly depend on a country's ability to understand, interpret, select, adapt, use, transmit, diffuse, produce, and commercialize scientific and technological knowledge in ways appropriate to its culture, aspirations, and level of development. The authors go beyond this tenet, analyzing the importance of S & T for development within specific sectors. They present policy options for enhancing the effectiveness of S & T systems in developing countries, review previous experience of the World Bank and other donors in supporting S & T, and suggest changes that the World Bank and its partners can adopt to increase the impact of the work currently undertaken in S & T. The authors' main messages are: * S & T has always been important for development, but the unprecedented pace of advancement of scientific knowledge is rapidly creating new opportunities for and threats to development. * Most developing countries are largely unprepared to deal with the changes that S & T advancement will bring. * The World Bank's numerous actions in various domains of S & T could be more effective in producing the needed capacity improvements in client countries. * The World Bank could have a greater impact if it paid increased attention to S & T in education, health, rural development, private sector development, and the environment. The strategy emphasizes four S & T policy areas: education and human resources development, the private sector, the public sector, and information communications technologies. The paper--a joint product of the Education Team, Human Development Network, and the Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Vice Presidency--is part of a larger effort in the Bank to engage client countries in an active science and technology dialogue while increasing awareness of the centrality of these issues to the Bank's work.

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Science and state
Total pages :129
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Issue for 1980 also includes: Science, technology, and American diplomacy, a supplementary report by the Department of State.