November 27, 2020

Download Ebook Free GNSS Seismogeodesy

GNSS Seismogeodesy

GNSS Seismogeodesy
Author : Jianghui Geng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-12-15
Category : Science
Total pages :320
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GNSS Seismogeodesy: Theory and Applications combines GNSS and seismology theory and applications to offer both disciplines the background information needed to combine forces. It explores the opportunities for integrating GNSS and seismometers, as well as applications for earthquake and tsunami early warning applications. It allows seismologists to better understand how GNSS positions are computed and how they can be combined with seismic data and allows geodesists to better understand how to apply GNSS to monitoring of crustal motion. GNSS Seismogeodesy is a valuable reference for researchers and students studying the interdisciplinary connection between GNSS geodesy and strong-motion seismology, as well as working on new approaches for monitoring and predicting geologic hazards. Bridges the gap for geodesists and seismologists to better understand how their fields can be complementary Offers an interdisciplinary approach to GNSS geodesy and strong-motion seismology, showing how high-precision GNSS positions can be combined with seismic data Covers the applications of seismogeodesy to earthquake early warning (EEW) and tsunami early warning (TEW) Includes algorithms and source code examples, as well as links to open source software and data sets

Seismogeodetic Methods for Earthquake and Tsunami Warning and Response

Seismogeodetic Methods for Earthquake and Tsunami Warning and Response
Author : Dara Elyse Goldberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category :
Total pages :227
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This dissertation presents a series of algorithms and plans for implementation of a prototype earthquake early warning system by merging two seismic observation tools: strong motion accelerometers and Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). The seismogeodetic approach, that which optimally merges these disparate data types, allows a reliable estimation of the earthquake source for early warning procedures from event detection to magnitude estimation and higher order products. We address implementation of this system in a real-time, automated environment, designed to operate without manual oversight. We assess the capabilities of low-cost micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) accelerometers merged with observatory-grade GNSS for seismic P-wave detection, and suggest statistical methods to determine whether P-wave detections are consistent between stations, which allows for the automated removal of poor quality detections to avoid propagating these errors to higher order warning products. In line with these goals, we demonstrate how seismogeodetic observations contribute to our view of initial rupture dynamics of large earthquakes. We address an open question in seismology regarding the deterministic nature of earthquakes, assessing how early it is possible to fully characterize the source parameters of large, damaging earthquakes. Our seismogeodetic observations suggest that final earthquake magnitude is not discernable from the first few seconds of observation and therefore the earthquake rupture process is not strongly deterministic. We further investigate the complete temporal evolution of seismic moment release to identify the earliest magnitude-dependent features in our observational dataset. We create synthetic rupture models to identify the physical basis responsible for the timing of observed magnitude-dependent qualities. Our findings suggest that earthquake magnitude can be estimated prior to rupture completion, consistent with a weakly deterministic rupture process. These results provide new insights into the best practices for early warning and rapid response, and suggest limitations on the timeliness of earthquake source characterization. Finally, we turn to the built environment to demonstrate the applicability of these multi-instrument sensors to long-term structural health and seismic monitoring, to bolster earthquake and other natural hazard response practices. We describe efforts to characterize local buildings by creating a baseline model for the healthy structure and propose methods by which structural health can be evaluated over time or following a major seismic event to assess building safety without the need for manual inspection. We again assess the capabilities of low-cost MEMS accelerometers and describe the limitations of this lower-quality instrumentation for structural monitoring applications.

China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2017 Proceedings:

China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2017 Proceedings:
Author : Jiadong Sun,Jingnan Liu,Yuanxi Yang,Shiwei Fan,Wenxian Yu
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-05-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :647
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These proceedings present selected research papers from CSNC2017, held during 23th-25th May in Shanghai, China. The theme of CSNC2017 is Positioning, Connecting All. These papers discuss the technologies and applications of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), and the latest progress made in the China BeiDou System (BDS) especially. They are divided into 12 topics to match the corresponding sessions in CSNC2017, which broadly covered key topics in GNSS. Readers can learn about the BDS and keep abreast of the latest advances in GNSS techniques and applications.

International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH)

International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH)
Author : Manabu Hashimoto
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-12-09
Category : Science
Total pages :168
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These proceedings contain a selection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH), Matsushima, Japan, 22-26 July, 2014. The scientific sessions focused on monitoring temporal and spatial changes in Earth's lithosphere and atmosphere using geodetic satellite systems, high rate GNSS as well as high resolution imaging (InSAR, Lidar). Researchers in various fields of geodesy discussed the role of geodesy in disaster mitigation and how groups with different techniques can collaborate toward such a goal.

China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings:

China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings:
Author : Jiadong Sun,Wenhai Jiao,Haitao Wu,Mingquan Lu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release Date : 2014-04-25
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :499
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China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings presents selected research papers from CSNC2014, held on 21-23 May in Nanjing, China. The theme of CSNC2014 is 'BDS Application: Innovation, Integration and Sharing'. These papers discuss the technologies and applications of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and the latest progress made in the China BeiDou System (BDS) especially. They are divided into 9 topics to match the corresponding sessions in CSNC2014, which broadly covered key topics in GNSS. Readers can learn about the BDS and keep abreast of the latest advances in GNSS techniques and applications. SUN Jiadong is the Chief Designer of the Compass/ BDS and the Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); JIAO Wenhai is a researcher at China Satellite Navigation Office; WU Haitao is a professor at Navigation Headquarters, CAS; LU Mingquan is a professor at Department of Electronic Engineering of Tsinghua University.

Earth Observations for Geohazards

Earth Observations for Geohazards
Author : Zhenhong Li,Roberto Tomás
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2018-07-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :500
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Earth Observations for Geohazards" that was published in Remote Sensing

Early Warning for Geological Disasters

Early Warning for Geological Disasters
Author : Friedemann Wenzel,Jochen Zschau
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-08-13
Category : Science
Total pages :379
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The past years have seen new technologies that could be utilized for early warning and real-time loss estimation. They include self-organizing sensor networks, new satellite imagery with high resolution, multi-sensor observational capacities, and crowd sourcing. From this and improved physical models, data processing and communication methodologies a significant step towards better early warning technologies has been achieved by research. At the same time, early warning systems became part of the disaster management practice for instance in Japan and Indonesia. This book marks the important point where: Research activities continue to improve early warning Experience with applications is expanding At this critical point in development of early warning for geological disasters it is timely to provide a volume that documents the state-of-the-art, provides an overview on recent developments and serves as knowledge resource for researcher and practitioners.

Routine Data Processing in Earthquake Seismology

Routine Data Processing in Earthquake Seismology
Author : Jens Havskov,Lars Ottemoller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-06-16
Category : Science
Total pages :347
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The purpose of this book is to get a practical understanding of the most common processing techniques in earthquake seismology. The book deals with manual methods and computer assisted methods. Each topic will be introduced with the basic theory followed by practical examples and exercises. There are manual exercises entirely based on the printed material of the book, as well as computer exercises based on public domain software. Most exercises are computer based. The software used, as well as all test data are available from http://extras.springer.com. This book is intended for everyone processing earthquake data, both in the observatory routine and in connection with research. Using the exercises, the book can also be used as a basis for university courses in earthquake processing. Since the main emphasis is on processing, the theory will only be dealt with to the extent needed to understand the processing steps, however references will be given to where more extensive explanations can be found. Includes: • Exercises • Test data • Public domain software (SEISAN) available from http://extras.springer.com

Volcano Deformation

Volcano Deformation
Author : Daniel Dzurisin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-11-24
Category : Science
Total pages :442
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Volcanoes and eruptions are dramatic surface man telemetry and processing, and volcano-deformation ifestations of dynamic processes within the Earth, source models over the past three decades. There has mostly but not exclusively localized along the been a virtual explosion of volcano-geodesy studies boundaries of Earth's relentlessly shifting tectonic and in the modeling and interpretation of ground plates. Anyone who has witnessed volcanic activity deformation data. Nonetheless, other than selective, has to be impressed by the variety and complexity of brief summaries in journal articles and general visible eruptive phenomena. Equally complex, works on volcano-monitoring and hazards mitiga however, if not even more so, are the geophysical, tion (e. g. , UNESCO, 1972; Agnew, 1986; Scarpa geochemical, and hydrothermal processes that occur and Tilling, 1996), a modern, comprehensive treat underground - commonly undetectable by the ment of volcano geodesy and its applications was human senses - before, during, and after eruptions. non-existent, until now. Experience at volcanoes worldwide has shown that, In the mid-1990s, when Daniel Dzurisin (DZ to at volcanoes with adequate instrumental monitor friends and colleagues) was serving as the Scientist ing, nearly all eruptions are preceded and accom in-Charge of the USGS Cascades Volcano Observa panied by measurable changes in the physical and tory (CVO), I first learned of his dream to write a (or) chemical state of the volcanic system. While book on volcano geodesy.

Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author : Peter Teunissen,Oliver Montenbruck
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-06-16
Category : Science
Total pages :1327
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This Handbook presents a complete and rigorous overview of the fundamentals, methods and applications of the multidisciplinary field of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), providing an exhaustive, one-stop reference work and a state-of-the-art description of GNSS as a key technology for science and society at large. All global and regional satellite navigation systems, both those currently in operation and those under development (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, IRNSS/NAVIC, SBAS), are examined in detail. The functional principles of receivers and antennas, as well as the advanced algorithms and models for GNSS parameter estimation, are rigorously discussed. The book covers the broad and diverse range of land, marine, air and space applications, from everyday GNSS to high-precision scientific applications and provides detailed descriptions of the most widely used GNSS format standards, covering receiver formats as well as IGS product and meta-data formats. The full coverage of the field of GNSS is presented in seven parts, from its fundamentals, through the treatment of global and regional navigation satellite systems, of receivers and antennas, and of algorithms and models, up to the broad and diverse range of applications in the areas of positioning and navigation, surveying, geodesy and geodynamics, and remote sensing and timing. Each chapter is written by international experts and amply illustrated with figures and photographs, making the book an invaluable resource for scientists, engineers, students and institutions alike.

GPS Satellite Surveying

GPS Satellite Surveying
Author : Alfred Leick,Lev Rapoport,Dmitry Tatarnikov
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-04-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :840
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Employ the latest satellite positioning tech with this extensiveguide GPS Satellite Surveying is the classic text on thesubject, providing the most comprehensive coverage of globalnavigation satellite systems applications for surveying. Fullyupdated and expanded to reflect the field's latest developments,this new edition contains new information on GNSS antennas, PrecisePoint Positioning, Real-time Relative Positioning, LatticeReduction, and much more. New contributors offer additional insightthat greatly expands the book's reach, providing readers withcomplete, in-depth coverage of geodetic surveying using satellitetechnologies. The newest, most cutting-edge tools, technologies,and applications are explored in-depth to help readers stay up todate on best practices and preferred methods, giving them theunderstanding they need to consistently produce more reliablemeasurement. Global navigation satellite systems have an array of uses inmilitary, civilian, and commercial applications. In surveying, GNSSreceivers are used to position survey markers, buildings, and roadconstruction as accurately as possible with less room for humanerror. GPS Satellite Surveying provides complete guidancetoward the practical aspects of the field, helping readers to: Get up to speed on the latest GPS/GNSS developments Understand how satellite technology is applied tosurveying Examine in-depth information on adjustments and geodesy Learn the fundamentals of positioning, lattice adjustment,antennas, and more The surveying field has seen quite an evolution of technology inthe decade since the last edition's publication. This new editioncovers it all, bringing the reader deep inside the latest tools andtechniques being used on the job. Surveyors, engineers, geologists,and anyone looking to employ satellite positioning will find GPSSatellite Surveying to be of significant assistance.

Principles and Applications of Microearthquake Networks

Principles and Applications of Microearthquake Networks
Author : William Hung Kan Lee,S. W. Stewart
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1981-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :293
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International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology

International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology
Author : William H.K. Lee,Paul Jennings,Carl Kisslinger,Hiroo Kanamori
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2002-09-27
Category : Science
Total pages :1200
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Modern scientific investigations of earthquakes began in the 1880s, and the International Association of Seismology was organized in 1901 to promote collaboration of scientists and engineers in studying earthquakes. The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, under the auspices of the International Association of Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior (IASPEI), was prepared by leading experts under a distinguished international advisory board and team of editors. The content is organized into 56 chapters and includes over 430 figures, 24 of which are in color. This large-format, comprehensive reference summarizes well-established facts, reviews relevant theories, surveys useful methods and techniques, and documents and archives basic seismic data. It will be the authoritative reference for scientists and engineers and a quick and handy reference for seismologists. Also available is The International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part B. Two CD-ROMs containing additional material packaged with the text

Understanding GPS

Understanding GPS
Author : Elliott Kaplan,Christopher Hegarty
Publisher : Artech House
Release Date : 2005
Category : Electronic books
Total pages :723
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This thoroughly updated second edition of an Artech House bestseller brings together a team of leading experts who provide you with a current and comprehensive treatment of the Global Positioning System (GPS). The book covers all the latest advances in technology, applications, and systems. The second edition includes new chapters that explore the integration of GPS with vehicles and cellular telephones, new classes of satellite broadcast signals, the emerging GALILEO system, and new developments in the GPS marketplace. This single-source reference provides both a quick overview of GPS essentials and an in-depth treatment of advanced topics. The book guides you in developing new applications and shows you how to evaluate their performance. It explains all the differential GPS services available to let you decide which is best for particular applications. You learn how to build GPS receivers and integrate them into navigational and communications equipment. Moreover, this unique volume helps you determine how technology is affecting the marketplace and where best to invest your company's resources.

Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems

Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems
Author : Richard C. Aster,Brian Borchers,Clifford H. Thurber
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2013
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :360
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Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems, Second Edition provides geoscience students and professionals with answers to common questions like how one can derive a physical model from a finite set of observations containing errors, and how one may determine the quality of such a model. This book takes on these fundamental and challenging problems, introducing students and professionals to the broad range of approaches that lie in the realm of inverse theory. The authors present both the underlying theory and practical algorithms for solving inverse problems. The authors' treatment is appropriate for geoscience graduate students and advanced undergraduates with a basic working knowledge of calculus, linear algebra, and statistics. Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems, Second Edition introduces readers to both Classical and Bayesian approaches to linear and nonlinear problems with particular attention paid to computational, mathematical, and statistical issues related to their application to geophysical problems. The textbook includes Appendices covering essential linear algebra, statistics, and notation in the context of the subject. Includes appendices for review of needed concepts in linear, statistics, and vector calculus. Accessible to students and professionals without a highly specialized mathematical background.