November 26, 2020

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GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences

GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences
Author : George Petropoulos,Prashant K. Srivastava
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-02-15
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences offers an interdisciplinary approach to applying advances in GPS/GNSS technology for geoscience research and practice. As GPS/GNSS signals can be used to provide useful information about the Earth's surface characteristics and land surface composition, GPS equipment and services for commercial purposes continues to grow, thus resulting in new expectations and demands. This book provides case studies for a deeper understanding of the operation and principles of widely applied approaches and the benefits of the technology in everyday research and activities. Presents processing, methods and techniques of GPS/GNSS implementation that are utilized in in-situ data collection in design and systems analysis Offers an all-inclusive, critical overview of the state-of-the-art in different algorithms and techniques in GPS/GNSS Addresses both theoretical and applied research contributions on the use of this technology in a variety of geoscience disciplines

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author : B. Bhatta
Publisher : BS Publications
Release Date : 2010
Category : Artificial satellites in navigation
Total pages :438
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Chapter 1 Overview of GNSS Chapter 2 Functional Segments of GNSS Chapter 3 Working Principle of GNSS Chapter 4 GNSS Signals and Range Determination Chapter 5 Errors and Accuracy Issues Chapter 6 Positioning Methods Chapter 7 GNSS Augmentations and Other Navigation Satellite Systems Chapter 8 GNSS Receivers Chapter 9 Geodesy Chapter 10 Applications of GNSS Chapter 11 Surveying with GNSS Appendix A Mapping Issues Glossary References Index

Satellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences

Satellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences
Author : Vladislav Demyanov,Jonathan Becedas
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2020-07-22
Category : Science
Total pages :182
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Being a vital modern technology, satellite systems for navigation, telecommunication, and geosciences have developed rapidly in the last 25 years. Modern satellite technologies have become a base of our civilization and support our day-to-day activity in both practice and geosciences. This book is devoted to GNSS-remote sensing for ionosphere research, modeling and mitigation techniques to diminish the ionosphere and multipath impacts on GNSS, and survey of the modern satellite missions and technologies. We hope that the experts’ opinions presented in the book will be interesting for the research community and students in the area of satellites and space missions as well as in engineering and geoscience research.

Geodetic Time Series Analysis in Earth Sciences

Geodetic Time Series Analysis in Earth Sciences
Author : Jean-Philippe Montillet,Machiel S. Bos
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-08-16
Category : Science
Total pages :422
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This book provides an essential appraisal of the recent advances in technologies, mathematical models and computational software used by those working with geodetic data. It explains the latest methods in processing and analyzing geodetic time series data from various space missions (i.e. GNSS, GRACE) and other technologies (i.e. tide gauges), using the most recent mathematical models. The book provides practical examples of how to apply these models to estimate seal level rise as well as rapid and evolving land motion changes due to gravity (ice sheet loss) and earthquakes respectively. It also provides a necessary overview of geodetic software and where to obtain them.

Satellite Geodesy

Satellite Geodesy
Author : Günter Seeber
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release Date : 2003-01-01
Category : Science
Total pages :608
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Completely revised and updated edition. The book covers the entire field of satellite geodesy (status spring/\break summer 2002). Basic chapters on reference systems, time, signal propagation, and satellite orbits are updated. All currently important observation methods are included and also all newly launched satellites of interest to geodesy. Particular emphasis is given to the current status of the Global Positioning System (GPS), which covers now about one third of the book. A new chapter on Differential GPS and active GPS reference networks is included. The GPS modernization plans, GLONASS, the forthcoming European system GALILEO, modern developments in GPS data analysis, error modelling, precise real time methods and ambiguity resolution are dealt with in detail. New satellite laser ranging missions, new altimetry missions (e.g. TOPEX/Poseidon, ERS-1/2, GFO, JASON), and new and forthcoming gravity field missions (CHAMP, GRACE, GOCE) are also considered. The book serves as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a reference for professionals and scientists in the field of engineering and geosciences such as geodesy, surveying, geo-information, navigation, geophysics and oceanography.

Machine Learning Techniques Applied to Geoscience Information System and Remote Sensing

Machine Learning Techniques Applied to Geoscience Information System and Remote Sensing
Author : Hyung-Sup Jung,Saro Lee
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-09-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :438
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As computer and space technologies have been developed, geoscience information systems (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) technologies, which deal with the geospatial information, have been rapidly maturing. Moreover, over the last few decades, machine learning techniques including artificial neural network (ANN), deep learning, decision tree, and support vector machine (SVM) have been successfully applied to geospatial science and engineering research fields. The machine learning techniques have been widely applied to GIS and RS research fields and have recently produced valuable results in the areas of geoscience, environment, natural hazards, and natural resources. This book is a collection representing novel contributions detailing machine learning techniques as applied to geoscience information systems and remote sensing.

Multifunctional Operation and Application of GPS

Multifunctional Operation and Application of GPS
Author : Rustam B. Rustamov,A.M. Hashimov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :216
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Today, Global Positioning System (GPS) has taken a significant place in human life with wide-scale applications. It is a multi-use, space-based radio-navigation system, embracing defense and security, civil, commercial, and scientific research needs. Taking into account the importance of the system, it has been suggested to present current advances of GPS with attention focused on vital aspects of technology. This book provides a general description of GPS, GNSS, and GLONASS with reference to the improvement of characteristics of the segments, including software applications and the equipment itself containing GPS. The book also provides information on application areas. Equally, a number of common shortcomings and errors are described, and elimination and mnimization of such consequences are demonstrated.

GNSS Remote Sensing

GNSS Remote Sensing
Author : Shuanggen Jin,Estel Cardellach,Feiqin Xie
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-10-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :276
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The versatile and available GNSS signals can detect the Earth’s surface environments as a new, highly precise, continuous, all-weather and near-real-time remote sensing tool. This book presents the theory and methods of GNSS remote sensing as well as its applications in the atmosphere, oceans, land and hydrology. Ground-based atmospheric sensing, space-borne atmospheric sensing, reflectometry, ocean remote sensing, hydrology sensing as well as cryosphere sensing with the GNSS will be discussed per chapter in the book.

Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics

Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics
Author : Ivan G. Petrovski,Toshiaki Tsujii
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2012-03-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :321
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Your hands-on guide to GNSS theory and applications, with practical case studies and bundled real-time software receiver and signal simulator.

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences
Author : Zuheir Altamimi,Xavier Collilieux
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-03-13
Category : Science
Total pages :284
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Reference systems and frames are of primary importance for many Earth science applications, satellite navigation as well as for practical applications in geo-information. A precisely defined reference frame is needed for the quantification of, e.g. Earth rotation and its gravity field, global and regional sea level variation, tectonic motion and deformation, post-glacial rebound, geocenter motion, large scale deformation due to Earthquakes, local subsidence and other ruptures and crustal dislocations. All of these important scientific applications fundamentally depend on a truly global reference system that only space geodesy can realize. This volume details the proceedigns of the IAG Symposium REFAG2010 (Marne la Vallée, France, October 4-8, 2010) The primary scope of REFAG2010 was to address today’s achievements on theoretical concepts of reference systems and their practical implementations by individual space geodetic techniques and their combinations, underlying limiting factors, systematic errors and novel approaches for future improvements.

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences
Author : Ching-Hua Lo,Kenji Satake
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2011
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :128
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This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are conducting cutting edge studies in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science.

Accuracy of GNSS Methods

Accuracy of GNSS Methods
Author : Dogan Ugur Sanli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-01-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :150
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Following the GPS, new GNSS techniques are emerging today. Various surveying and processing methods are available for the analysis of GNSS data. Equipment and software are also varied. The orbit quality, controlled by the system designer, and the IGS are continuously improved. The user is mainly interested in the quality of position and of the deformation rates produced by the GNSS. Hence, research needs to guide the user in terms of selecting the best combination of the available methods and instrumentation to produce the desired accuracy. This book reviews the current available accuracy obtainable using the GNSS methods. In fact, the main aim of this book is to make an impact on young researchers so that they keep updating the accuracy of GNSS for future generations.

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Seismology and Geodynamics,Committee on the National Requirements for Precision Geodetic Infrastructure
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2010-10-25
Category : Science
Total pages :156
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Geodesy is the science of accurately measuring and understanding three fundamental properties of Earth: its geometric shape, its orientation in space, and its gravity field, as well as the changes of these properties with time. Over the past half century, the United States, in cooperation with international partners, has led the development of geodetic techniques and instrumentation. Geodetic observing systems provide a significant benefit to society in a wide array of military, research, civil, and commercial areas, including sea level change monitoring, autonomous navigation, tighter low flying routes for strategic aircraft, precision agriculture, civil surveying, earthquake monitoring, forest structural mapping and biomass estimation, and improved floodplain mapping. Recognizing the growing reliance of a wide range of scientific and societal endeavors on infrastructure for precise geodesy, and recognizing geodetic infrastructure as a shared national resource, this book provides an independent assessment of the benefits provided by geodetic observations and networks, as well as a plan for the future development and support of the infrastructure needed to meet the demand for increasingly greater precision. Precise Geodetic Infrastructure makes a series of focused recommendations for upgrading and improving specific elements of the infrastructure, for enhancing the role of the United States in international geodetic services, for evaluating the requirements for a geodetic workforce for the coming decades, and for providing national coordination and advocacy for the various agencies and organizations that contribute to the geodetic infrastructure.

Applications of Spatial Statistics

Applications of Spatial Statistics
Author : Ming Hung
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-11-02
Category : Science
Total pages :156
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Spatial statistics has been widely used in many environmental studies. This book is a collection of recent studies on applying spatial statistics in subjects such as demography, transportation, precision agriculture and ecology. Different subjects require different aspects of spatial statistics. In addition to quantitative statements from statistics and tests, visualization in forms of maps, drawings, and images are provided to illustrate the relationship between data and locations. This book will be valuable to researchers who are interested in applying statistics to spatial data, as well as graduate students who know statistics and want to explore how it can be applied to spatial data. With the processing part being simplified to several mouse clicks by commercial software, one should pay more attention to justification of using spatial statistics, as well as interpretation and assessment of the results. GIScience proves to be a useful tool in visualization of spatial data, and such useful technology should be utilized, as part, for the interpretation and assessment of the results.

Multi-purposeful Application of Geospatial Data

Multi-purposeful Application of Geospatial Data
Author : Rustam B. Rustamov,Sabina Hasanova,Mahfuza H. Zeynalova
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :224
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This book is dedicated toward space technology application in Earth studies based on the use of a variety of methods for satellite information classification and interpretation. Advantages of geospatial data use in a large-scale area of observation and monitoring as a source of decision-making stage have been demonstrated. The book describes navigation systems providing data estimation method and review of existing data in the literature relevant to remote sensing sensors delivering main information electromagnetic spectrum and a variety of sensor applications. This aspect is important when combining/integrating satellite data processing into the field measurements. Satellites and satellite data application for the study of Earth features have been demonstrated as the next step of geospatial data application. The use of different purposeful processing technology applications of satellite data is one of the vital aspects of space technology advances. The use of GNSS GPS technology in industry and MODIS images and data interpretation for agriculture purposes has been presented. It was the aim of the book to create an attractive environment by presenting space technology application in the wide areas of Earth study. For this purpose, some of the book chapters are dedicated toward space technology advances in climate monitoring, natural disaster factor detection, satellite data processing optimization, and GIS technology for meteorology information with the aim of agriculture developments.