April 17, 2021

Download Ebook Free Handbook Of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing

Handbook of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing

Handbook of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing
Author : Arvi Kruusing
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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Laser processing of solid materials has been commonly performed in gas ambient. Having the workpiece immersed into liquid, having a liquid film on it, or soaking the material with liquid gives several advantages such as removal of the debris, lowering the heat load on the workpiece, and confining the vapour and plasma, resulting in higher shock pressure on the surface. Introduced in the 1980s, neutral liquids assisted laser processing (LALP) has proved to be advantageous in the cutting of heat-sensitive materials, shock peening of machine parts, cleaning of surfaces, fabrication of micro-optical components, and for generation of nanoparticles in liquids. The liquids used range from water through organic solvents to cryoliquids. The primary aim of Handbook of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing is to present the essentials of previous research (tabulated data of experimental conditions and results), and help researchers develop new processing and diagnostics techniques (presenting data of liquids and a review of physical phenomena associated with LALP). Engineers can use the research results and technological innovation information to plan their materials processing tasks. Laser processing in liquids has been applied to a number of different tasks in various fields such as mechanical engineering, microengineering, chemistry, optics, and bioscience. A comprehensive glossary with definitions of the terms and explanations has been added. The book covers the use of chemically inert liquids under normal conditions. Laser chemical processing examples are presented for comparison only. First book in this rapidly growing field impacting mechanical and micro/nano-engineering Covers different kinds of liquid-assisted laser processing of a large variety of materials Covers lasers emitting from UV to IR with pulse lengths down to femtoseconds Reviews over 500 scientific articles and 300 inventions and tabulates their main features Gives a qualitative and quantitative description of the physical phenomena associated with LALP Tabulates 61 parameters for 100 liquids Glossary of over 200 terms and abbreviations

Laser Surface Engineering

Laser Surface Engineering
Author : Jonathan R. Lawrence,D Waugh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-10-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :718
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Lasers can alter the surface composition and properties of materials in a highly controllable way, which makes them efficient and cost-effective tools for surface engineering. This book provides an overview of the different techniques, the laser-material interactions and the advantages and disadvantages for different applications. Part one looks at laser heat treatment, part two covers laser additive manufacturing such as laser-enhanced electroplating, and part three discusses laser micromachining, structuring and surface modification. Chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering are explored in part four, including ways to improve the surface corrosion properties of metals. Provides an overview of thermal surface treatments using lasers, including the treatment of steels, light metal alloys, polycrystalline silicon and technical ceramics Addresses the development of new metallic materials, innovations in laser cladding and direct metal deposition, and the fabrication of tuneable micro- and nano-scale surface structures Chapters also cover laser structuring, surface modification, and the chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering

Laser Ablation in Liquids

Laser Ablation in Liquids
Author : Guowei Yang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-02-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1192
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This book focuses on the fundamental concepts and physical and chemical aspects of pulsed laser ablation of solid targets in liquid environments and its applications in the preparation of nanomaterials and fabrication of nanostructures. The areas of focus include basic thermodynamic and kinetic processes of laser ablation in liquids, and its applications in metal and metal oxides nanocrystals synthesis and semiconductor nanostructures fabrication. The book comprises theoretical and experimental analysis of laser ablation in liquids, research methods, and preparation techniques.

Application of Lasers in Manufacturing

Application of Lasers in Manufacturing
Author : Uday Shanker Dixit,Shrikrishna N. Joshi,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-06-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :253
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This book mainly addresses the applications of lasers in the manufacture of various industrial components. The technologies presented here have scopes of application ranging from the macro to meso and micro level of components and features. This book includes chapters on the basic and advanced applications of lasers in the manufacturing domain. They present theoretical and practical aspects of laser technology for various applications such as laser-based machining, micro-scribing, texturing, machining of micro-sized channels; laser welding; laser-based correction of sheet metal, i.e. straightening; laser forming; and laser technology for 3-D printing. Lasers have various applications such as the production of powerful lights for illumination or decoration; measurement of velocity (transportation) and length; interferometry; printing; recording; communication; bio-medical instrumentation and pollution detection. A significant body of literature is available on the physics of lasers and types of lasers. However it has been noted there are a few books published on the “applications of lasers in manufacturing domain,” a gap that this book remedies. Gathering contributions by leading engineers and academicians in this area, it offers a valuable source of information for young scientists and research students.

Handbook of Inorganic Compounds

Handbook of Inorganic Compounds
Author : Dale L. Perry
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1995-05-17
Category : Science
Total pages :578
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The Handbook of Inorganic Compounds consists of basic chemistry data for more than 3000 selected gases, liquids, and solid compounds. The compounds are listed alphabetically and indexes located at the back of the book provide the CAS Registry number, molecular formula, and name/synonym. The format for presenting information has both numerical data and descriptive information. The data include: Molecular weight Melting and boiling points Solubility Density Viscosity Hardness Vapor pressure Reactivity Thermal conductivity Thermal expansion coefficient Lattice parameters Electrical resistivity Poisson's ratio Dielectric constant The material in this work includes the mainly the chemical elements, binary compounds of the elements with axions such as sulfate and chloride, and metal salts of some simple organic acids. If a compound has more than one form, then each form may be listed individually. If you need: property data for compounds, CAS RN numbers for computer or other searches, a consistent tabulation of molecular weights, to synthesize inorganic materials on a laboratory scale, information on commercial and other uses for many compounds then the Handbook of Inorganic Compounds is the perfect reference to have on your shelf.

Laser and Plasma Applications in Materials Science

Laser and Plasma Applications in Materials Science
Author : El-Hachemi Amara,Saïd Boudjemai,Said Boudjemai,Djamila Doumaz
Publisher : American Institute of Physics
Release Date : 2008-10-16
Category : Science
Total pages :307
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All papers were peer-reviewed. In the industry, the laser is placed like a tool having shown its effectiveness from the point of view of the tasks execution speed, the accuracy and the quality of the obtained result. Beside, the plasmas obtained by laser, by discharge, or the dusty plasmas are now intensively studied both by theoretical and experimental approaches since their applications are very promising in many fields. The First International Conference on Laser and Plasma Applications in Materials Science (LAPAMS’08) organized by the Centre de Développement des Technologies Avancées (CDTA) of Algiers. Its objective was to present the state of the art, the trends, the fundamental aspects of the interaction between a laser beam and material, and the modelling and simulation of laser and plasma for the applications. The conference gathered 16 eminent invited speakers in different research fields related to laser and plasma technologies and applications. These invited speakers known for their international notoriety were from Canada, USA, France, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, South Africa, and Algeria. Beside about 120 scientists, researchers, engineers and students from ten countries of the African, European and American continents have participated to the conference. More than 100 contributions have been submitted, and the accepted ones were selected by LAPAMS’08 scientific committee.

Ultrafast Laser Processing

Ultrafast Laser Processing
Author : Koji Sugioka,Ya Cheng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-06-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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Over the past few decades, the rapid development of ultrafast lasers, such as femtosecond lasers and picosecond lasers, has opened up new avenues for material processing due to their unique features such as ultrashort pulse width and extremely high peak intensity. These techniques have become a common tool for micro- and nanoprocessing of a variety of materials and are now widely used for both fundamental researches and practical applications. This book is composed of 12 chapters covering relevant topics of ultrafast laser processing, including laser itself and novel beam manipulation methods for processing, fundamentals of ultrafast laser processing, nanomaterial synthesis, surface micro- and nanostructuring, micromachining, two-photon photopolymerization, internal modification/fabrication of transparent materials, applications to photonic devices and microchips for biological analysis, industrial applications, and so on. Each chapter is written by world-leading scientists in the related field so as to give comprehensive reviews in the field of ultrafast laser micro- and nanoprocessing.

The Industrial Laser Annual Handbook

The Industrial Laser Annual Handbook
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1990
Category : Laser industry
Total pages :129
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Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology

Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology
Author : P. Misaelides
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1995-01-31
Category : Science
Total pages :678
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The development of advanced materials with preselected properties is one of the main goals of materials research. Of especial interest are electronics, high-temperature and superhard materials for various applications, as well as alloys with improved wear, corrosion and mechanical resistance properties. The technical challenge connected with the production of these materials is not only associated with the development of new specialised preparation techniques but also with quality control. The energetic charged particle, electron and photon beams offer the possibility of modifying the properties of the near-surface regions of materials without seriously affecting their bulk, and provide unique analytical tools for testing their quality. Application of Particle and Laser Beams in Materials Technology provides an overview of this rapidly expanding field. Fundamental aspects concerning the interactions and collisions on atomic, nuclear and solid state scale are presented in a didactic way, along with the application of a variety of techniques for the solution of problems ranging from the development of electronics materials to corrosion research and from archaeometry to environmental protection. The book is divided into six thematic units: Fundamentals, Surface Analysis Techniques, Laser Beams in Materials Technology, Accelerator-Based Techniques in Materials Technology, Materials Modification and Synchrotron Radiation.

Chemical Processing Handbook

Chemical Processing Handbook
Author : John J. McKetta Jr
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1993-04-30
Category : Science
Total pages :992
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Written by more than 40 world renowned authorities in the field, this reference presents information on plant design, significant chemical reactions, and processing operations in industrial use - offering shortcut calculation methods wherever possible.

Laser shock peening Performance and process simulation

Laser shock peening Performance and process simulation
Author : K. Ding,L. Ye
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2006-01-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :162
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Laser shock peening (LSP) is a process for inducing compressive residual stresses using shock waves generated by laser pulses. It is a relatively new surface treatment for metallic materials that can greatly improve their resistance to crack initiation and propagation brought on by cyclic loading and fatigue. This book, the first of its kind, consolidates the scattered knowledge about LSP into one comprehensive volume. It describes the mechanisms of LSP and its substantial role in improving fatigue performance in terms of modification of microstructure, surface morphology, hardness, and strength. In particular, it describes numerical simulation techniques and procedures that can be adopted by engineers and research scientists to design, evaluate, and optimize LSP processes in practical applications.

Handbook of Process Chromatography

Handbook of Process Chromatography
Author : Gail K. Sofer,Lars Hagel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 1997-07-08
Category : Science
Total pages :387
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With examples from companies with establised processes and approved biotherapeutics, this pack considers the entire scope of process chromatography, including scale-up, regulatory issues, equipment, evaluation studies, scheduling and cost effectiveness.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth
Author : Peter Rudolph
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-04
Category : Science
Total pages :1418
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Vol 2A: Basic Technologies Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIA (Basic Technologies) presents basic growth technologies and modern crystal cutting methods. Particularly, the methodical fundamentals and development of technology in the field of bulk crystallization on both industrial and research scales are explored. After an introductory chapter on the formation of minerals, ruling historically the basic crystal formation parameters, advanced basic technologies from melt, solution, and vapour being applied for research and production of the today most important materials, like silicon, semiconductor compounds and oxides are presented in detail. The interdisciplinary and general importance of crystal growth for human live are illustrated. Vol 2B: Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIB (Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics) deals with characteristic mechanisms and dynamics accompanying each bulk crystal growth method discussed in Volume IIA. Before the atoms or molecules pass over from a position in the fluid medium (gas, melt or solution) to their place in the crystalline face they must be transported in the fluid over macroscopic distances by diffusion, buoyancy-driven convection, surface-tension-driven convection, and forced convection (rotation, acceleration, vibration, magnetic mixing). Further, the heat of fusion and the part carried by the species on their way to the crystal by conductive and convective transport must be dissipated in the solid phase by well-organized thermal conduction and radiation to maintain a stable propagating interface. Additionally, segregation and capillary phenomena play a decisional role for chemical composition and crystal shaping, respectively. Today, the increase of high-quality crystal yield, its size enlargement and reproducibility are imperative conditions to match the strong economy. Volume 2A Presents the status and future of Czochralski and float zone growth of dislocation-free silicon Examines directional solidification of silicon ingots for photovoltaics, vertical gradient freeze of GaAs, CdTe for HF electronics and IR imaging as well as antiferromagnetic compounds and super alloys for turbine blades Focuses on growth of dielectric and conducting oxide crystals for lasers and non-linear optics Topics on hydrothermal, flux and vapour phase growth of III-nitrides, silicon carbide and diamond are explored Volume 2B Explores capillarity control of the crystal shape at the growth from the melt Highlights modeling of heat and mass transport dynamics Discusses control of convective melt processes by magnetic fields and vibration measures Includes imperative information on the segregation phenomenon and validation of compositional homogeneity Examines crystal defect generation mechanisms and their controllability Illustrates proper automation modes for ensuring constant crystal growth process Exhibits fundamentals of solution growth, gel growth of protein crystals, growth of superconductor materials and mass crystallization for food and pharmaceutical industries

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices: High Tc superconductors and organic conductors

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices: High Tc superconductors and organic conductors
Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Electric conductors
Total pages :129
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Electronic and photonic materials discussed in this handbook are the key elements of continued scientific and technological advances in the 21st century. The electronic and photonic materials comprising this handbook include semiconductors, superconductors, ferroelectrics, liquid crystals, conducting polymers, organic and superconductors, conductors, nonlinear optical and optoelectronic materials, electrochromic materials, laser materials, photoconductors, photovoltaic and electroluminescent materials, dielectric materials, nanostructured materials, supramolecular and self-asemblies, silicon and glasses, photosynthetic and respiratory proteins, etc, etc. Some of these materials have already been used and will be the most important components of the semiconductor and photonic industries, computers, internet, information processing and storage, telecommunications, satellite communications, integrated circuits, photocopiers, solar cells, batteries, light-emitting diodes, liquid crystal displays, magneto-optic memories, audio and video systems, recordable compact discs, video cameras, X-ray technology, color imaging, printing, flat-panel displays, optical waveguides, cable televisions, computer chips, molecular-sized transistors and switches, as well as other emerging cutting edge technologies. Electronic and photonic materials are expected to grow to a trillion-dollar industry in the new millennium and will be the most dominating forces in the emerging new technologies in the fields of science and engineering. This handbook is a unique source of the in-depth knowledge of synthesis, processing, fabrication, spectroscopy, physical properties and applications of electronic and photonic materials covering everything for today's and developing future technologies. This handbook consists of over one hundred state-of-the-art review chapters written by more than 200 world leading experts from 25 different countries. With more than 23,000 bibliographic citations and several thousands of figures, tables, photographs, chemical structures and equations, this handbook is an invaluable major reference source for scientists and students working in the field of materials science, solid-state physics, chemistry, electrical and optical engineering, polymer science, device engineering and computational engineering, photophysics, data storage and information technology and technocrats, everyone who is involved in science and engineering of electronic and photonic materials. Key Features * This is the first handbook ever published on electronic and photonic materials * 10 volumes summarize the advances in electronic and photonic materials made over past the two decades * This handbook is a unique source of the in-depth knowledge of synthesis, processing, spectroscopy, physical properties and applications of electronic and photonic materials * Over 100 state-of-the-art review chapters written by more than 200 leading experts from 25 different countries * About 25,000 bibliographic citations and several thousand figures, tables, photographs, chemical structures and equations * Easy access to electronic and photonic materials from a single reference * Each chapter is self-contained with cross references * Single reference having all inorganic, organic and biological materials * Witten in very clear and concise fashion for easy understanding of structure property relationships in electronic and photonic materials

Welding Handbook: Welding processes

Welding Handbook: Welding processes
Author : Leonard P. Connor,R. L. O'Brien,William Robert Oates,American Welding Society
Publisher : Amer Welding Society
Release Date : 1987
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :955
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