November 24, 2020

Download Ebook Free Handbook Of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing

Handbook of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing

Handbook of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing
Author : Arvi Kruusing
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-07-07
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :464
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Laser processing of solid materials has been commonly performed in gas ambient. Having the workpiece immersed into liquid, having a liquid film on it, or soaking the material with liquid gives several advantages such as removal of the debris, lowering the heat load on the workpiece, and confining the vapour and plasma, resulting in higher shock pressure on the surface. Introduced in the 1980s, neutral liquids assisted laser processing (LALP) has proved to be advantageous in the cutting of heat-sensitive materials, shock peening of machine parts, cleaning of surfaces, fabrication of micro-optical components, and for generation of nanoparticles in liquids. The liquids used range from water through organic solvents to cryoliquids. The primary aim of Handbook of Liquids-Assisted Laser Processing is to present the essentials of previous research (tabulated data of experimental conditions and results), and help researchers develop new processing and diagnostics techniques (presenting data of liquids and a review of physical phenomena associated with LALP). Engineers can use the research results and technological innovation information to plan their materials processing tasks. Laser processing in liquids has been applied to a number of different tasks in various fields such as mechanical engineering, microengineering, chemistry, optics, and bioscience. A comprehensive glossary with definitions of the terms and explanations has been added. The book covers the use of chemically inert liquids under normal conditions. Laser chemical processing examples are presented for comparison only. First book in this rapidly growing field impacting mechanical and micro/nano-engineering Covers different kinds of liquid-assisted laser processing of a large variety of materials Covers lasers emitting from UV to IR with pulse lengths down to femtoseconds Reviews over 500 scientific articles and 300 inventions and tabulates their main features Gives a qualitative and quantitative description of the physical phenomena associated with LALP Tabulates 61 parameters for 100 liquids Glossary of over 200 terms and abbreviations

Laser Surface Engineering

Laser Surface Engineering
Author : Jonathan R. Lawrence,D Waugh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-10-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :718
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Lasers can alter the surface composition and properties of materials in a highly controllable way, which makes them efficient and cost-effective tools for surface engineering. This book provides an overview of the different techniques, the laser-material interactions and the advantages and disadvantages for different applications. Part one looks at laser heat treatment, part two covers laser additive manufacturing such as laser-enhanced electroplating, and part three discusses laser micromachining, structuring and surface modification. Chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering are explored in part four, including ways to improve the surface corrosion properties of metals. Provides an overview of thermal surface treatments using lasers, including the treatment of steels, light metal alloys, polycrystalline silicon and technical ceramics Addresses the development of new metallic materials, innovations in laser cladding and direct metal deposition, and the fabrication of tuneable micro- and nano-scale surface structures Chapters also cover laser structuring, surface modification, and the chemical and biological applications of laser surface engineering

Laser Ablation in Liquids

Laser Ablation in Liquids
Author : Guowei Yang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-02-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1192
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This book focuses on the fundamental concepts and physical and chemical aspects of pulsed laser ablation of solid targets in liquid environments and its applications in the preparation of nanomaterials and fabrication of nanostructures. The areas of focus include basic thermodynamic and kinetic processes of laser ablation in liquids, and its applications in metal and metal oxides nanocrystals synthesis and semiconductor nanostructures fabrication. The book comprises theoretical and experimental analysis of laser ablation in liquids, research methods, and preparation techniques.

Application of Lasers in Manufacturing

Application of Lasers in Manufacturing
Author : Uday Shanker Dixit,Shrikrishna N. Joshi,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-06-29
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :253
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This book mainly addresses the applications of lasers in the manufacture of various industrial components. The technologies presented here have scopes of application ranging from the macro to meso and micro level of components and features. This book includes chapters on the basic and advanced applications of lasers in the manufacturing domain. They present theoretical and practical aspects of laser technology for various applications such as laser-based machining, micro-scribing, texturing, machining of micro-sized channels; laser welding; laser-based correction of sheet metal, i.e. straightening; laser forming; and laser technology for 3-D printing. Lasers have various applications such as the production of powerful lights for illumination or decoration; measurement of velocity (transportation) and length; interferometry; printing; recording; communication; bio-medical instrumentation and pollution detection. A significant body of literature is available on the physics of lasers and types of lasers. However it has been noted there are a few books published on the “applications of lasers in manufacturing domain,” a gap that this book remedies. Gathering contributions by leading engineers and academicians in this area, it offers a valuable source of information for young scientists and research students.

Handbook of Inorganic Compounds

Handbook of Inorganic Compounds
Author : Dale L. Perry
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1995-05-17
Category : Science
Total pages :578
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The Handbook of Inorganic Compounds consists of basic chemistry data for more than 3000 selected gases, liquids, and solid compounds. The compounds are listed alphabetically and indexes located at the back of the book provide the CAS Registry number, molecular formula, and name/synonym. The format for presenting information has both numerical data and descriptive information. The data include: Molecular weight Melting and boiling points Solubility Density Viscosity Hardness Vapor pressure Reactivity Thermal conductivity Thermal expansion coefficient Lattice parameters Electrical resistivity Poisson's ratio Dielectric constant The material in this work includes the mainly the chemical elements, binary compounds of the elements with axions such as sulfate and chloride, and metal salts of some simple organic acids. If a compound has more than one form, then each form may be listed individually. If you need: property data for compounds, CAS RN numbers for computer or other searches, a consistent tabulation of molecular weights, to synthesize inorganic materials on a laboratory scale, information on commercial and other uses for many compounds then the Handbook of Inorganic Compounds is the perfect reference to have on your shelf.

Laser and Plasma Applications in Materials Science

Laser and Plasma Applications in Materials Science
Author : El-Hachemi Amara,Saïd Boudjemai,Said Boudjemai,Djamila Doumaz
Publisher : American Institute of Physics
Release Date : 2008-10-16
Category : Science
Total pages :307
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All papers were peer-reviewed. In the industry, the laser is placed like a tool having shown its effectiveness from the point of view of the tasks execution speed, the accuracy and the quality of the obtained result. Beside, the plasmas obtained by laser, by discharge, or the dusty plasmas are now intensively studied both by theoretical and experimental approaches since their applications are very promising in many fields. The First International Conference on Laser and Plasma Applications in Materials Science (LAPAMS’08) organized by the Centre de Développement des Technologies Avancées (CDTA) of Algiers. Its objective was to present the state of the art, the trends, the fundamental aspects of the interaction between a laser beam and material, and the modelling and simulation of laser and plasma for the applications. The conference gathered 16 eminent invited speakers in different research fields related to laser and plasma technologies and applications. These invited speakers known for their international notoriety were from Canada, USA, France, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, South Africa, and Algeria. Beside about 120 scientists, researchers, engineers and students from ten countries of the African, European and American continents have participated to the conference. More than 100 contributions have been submitted, and the accepted ones were selected by LAPAMS’08 scientific committee.

The Industrial Laser Annual Handbook

The Industrial Laser Annual Handbook
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1990
Category : Laser industry
Total pages :129
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Ultrafast Laser Processing

Ultrafast Laser Processing
Author : Koji Sugioka,Ya Cheng
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-06-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :616
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Over the past few decades, the rapid development of ultrafast lasers, such as femtosecond lasers and picosecond lasers, has opened up new avenues for material processing due to their unique features such as ultrashort pulse width and extremely high peak intensity. These techniques have become a common tool for micro- and nanoprocessing of a variety of materials and are now widely used for both fundamental researches and practical applications. This book is composed of 12 chapters covering relevant topics of ultrafast laser processing, including laser itself and novel beam manipulation methods for processing, fundamentals of ultrafast laser processing, nanomaterial synthesis, surface micro- and nanostructuring, micromachining, two-photon photopolymerization, internal modification/fabrication of transparent materials, applications to photonic devices and microchips for biological analysis, industrial applications, and so on. Each chapter is written by world-leading scientists in the related field so as to give comprehensive reviews in the field of ultrafast laser micro- and nanoprocessing.

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

Mass Spectrometry Handbook
Author : Mike S. Lee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-05-08
Category : Science
Total pages :1368
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Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

Small Scale Structures

Small Scale Structures
Author : N.F. de Rooij,J.-M. Moret,H. Schmidt,K. Samwer,C.V. Thompson,W. Göpel,Alan Lindsay Greer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-12-02
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :290
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This book contains the proceedings of 3 symposia dealing with various aspects of small scale structures. Symposium A deals with the development of new materials, including ceramics, polymers, metals, etc., their microstructuring as well as their potential for application in microsystems. All kinds of microsystems are considered, e.g. mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, biochemical and issues related to assembly and packaging were also covered. Symposium B deals with four topics: synthesis and preparation of nanostructured ceramics and composites with well-controlled geometric order and chemical composition; coupling of these structures to transducers for current and future chemical and biochemical devices based upon microoptics, microelectronics, microionics, microelectrodes or molecular cages; planar thin film structures and the control of covalent thin film/transducer couplings, the control of selective, stable and sensitive recognition centers at the surface, at grain boundaries or in the bulk of selected nanostructured materials with extremely narrow particle size distributions; analysis of these structures and sensor functions by means of techniques utilizing photons, electrons, ions, or atomic particle beam probes. Symposium E examines the structure-property relationships in thin films and multilayers, from the point of view of both fundamental studies and practical applications.

Chemical Processing Handbook

Chemical Processing Handbook
Author : John J. McKetta Jr
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1993-04-30
Category : Science
Total pages :992
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Written by more than 40 world renowned authorities in the field, this reference presents information on plant design, significant chemical reactions, and processing operations in industrial use - offering shortcut calculation methods wherever possible.

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices: High Tc superconductors and organic conductors

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices: High Tc superconductors and organic conductors
Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2001
Category : Electric conductors
Total pages :129
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The Proteomics Protocols Handbook

The Proteomics Protocols Handbook
Author : John M. Walker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-10-09
Category : Science
Total pages :988
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Hands-on researchers describe in step-by-step detail 73 proven laboratory methods and bioinformatics tools essential for analysis of the proteome. These cutting-edge techniques address such important tasks as sample preparation, 2D-PAGE, gel staining, mass spectrometry, and post-translational modification. There are also readily reproducible methods for protein expression profiling, identifying protein-protein interactions, and protein chip technology, as well as a range of newly developed methodologies for determining the structure and function of a protein. The bioinformatics tools include those for analyzing 2D-GEL patterns, protein modeling, and protein identification. All laboratory-based protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principle behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth
Author : Peter Rudolph
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-11-04
Category : Science
Total pages :1418
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Vol 2A: Basic Technologies Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIA (Basic Technologies) presents basic growth technologies and modern crystal cutting methods. Particularly, the methodical fundamentals and development of technology in the field of bulk crystallization on both industrial and research scales are explored. After an introductory chapter on the formation of minerals, ruling historically the basic crystal formation parameters, advanced basic technologies from melt, solution, and vapour being applied for research and production of the today most important materials, like silicon, semiconductor compounds and oxides are presented in detail. The interdisciplinary and general importance of crystal growth for human live are illustrated. Vol 2B: Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIB (Growth Mechanisms and Dynamics) deals with characteristic mechanisms and dynamics accompanying each bulk crystal growth method discussed in Volume IIA. Before the atoms or molecules pass over from a position in the fluid medium (gas, melt or solution) to their place in the crystalline face they must be transported in the fluid over macroscopic distances by diffusion, buoyancy-driven convection, surface-tension-driven convection, and forced convection (rotation, acceleration, vibration, magnetic mixing). Further, the heat of fusion and the part carried by the species on their way to the crystal by conductive and convective transport must be dissipated in the solid phase by well-organized thermal conduction and radiation to maintain a stable propagating interface. Additionally, segregation and capillary phenomena play a decisional role for chemical composition and crystal shaping, respectively. Today, the increase of high-quality crystal yield, its size enlargement and reproducibility are imperative conditions to match the strong economy. Volume 2A Presents the status and future of Czochralski and float zone growth of dislocation-free silicon Examines directional solidification of silicon ingots for photovoltaics, vertical gradient freeze of GaAs, CdTe for HF electronics and IR imaging as well as antiferromagnetic compounds and super alloys for turbine blades Focuses on growth of dielectric and conducting oxide crystals for lasers and non-linear optics Topics on hydrothermal, flux and vapour phase growth of III-nitrides, silicon carbide and diamond are explored Volume 2B Explores capillarity control of the crystal shape at the growth from the melt Highlights modeling of heat and mass transport dynamics Discusses control of convective melt processes by magnetic fields and vibration measures Includes imperative information on the segregation phenomenon and validation of compositional homogeneity Examines crystal defect generation mechanisms and their controllability Illustrates proper automation modes for ensuring constant crystal growth process Exhibits fundamentals of solution growth, gel growth of protein crystals, growth of superconductor materials and mass crystallization for food and pharmaceutical industries

Manufacturing Engineering Handbook

Manufacturing Engineering Handbook
Author : Hwaiyu Geng
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2004-07-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1088
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Let our teams of experts help you to stay competitive in a global marketplace. It is every company's goal to build the highest quality goods at the lowest price in the shortest time possible. With the Manufacturing Engineering Handbook you'll have access to information on conventional and modern manufacturing processes and operations management that you didn't have before. For example, if you are a manufacturing engineer responding to a request for proposal (RFP), you will find everything you need for estimating manufacturing cost, labor cost and overall production cost by turning to chapter 2, section 2.5, the manufacturing estimating section. The handbook will even outline the various manufacturing processes for you. If you are a plant engineer working in an automotive factory and find yourself in the hot working portion of the plant, you should look up section 6 on hot work and forging processing. You will find it very useful for learning the machines and processes to get the job done. Likewise, if you are a Design Engineer and need information regarding hydraulics, generators & transformers, turn to chapter 3, section 3.2.3, and you’ll find generators & transformers. Covering topics from engineering mathematics to warehouse management systems, Manufacturing Engineering Handbook is the most comprehensive single-source guide to Manufacturing Engineering ever published.