December 1, 2020

Download Ebook Free Handbook Of Quantum Logic And Quantum Structures

Handbook of Quantum Logic and Quantum Structures

Handbook of Quantum Logic and Quantum Structures
Author : Kurt Engesser,Dov M. Gabbay,Daniel Lehmann
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-08-11
Category : Computers
Total pages :818
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Since its inception in the famous 1936 paper by Birkhoff and von Neumann entitled “The logic of quantum mechanics quantum logic, i.e. the logical investigation of quantum mechanics, has undergone an enormous development. Various schools of thought and approaches have emerged and there are a variety of technical results. Quantum logic is a heterogeneous field of research ranging from investigations which may be termed logical in the traditional sense to studies focusing on structures which are on the border between algebra and logic. For the latter structures the term quantum structures is appropriate. The chapters of this Handbook, which are authored by the most eminent scholars in the field, constitute a comprehensive presentation of the main schools, approaches and results in the field of quantum logic and quantum structures. Much of the material presented is of recent origin representing the frontier of the subject. The present volume focuses on quantum structures. Among the structures studied extensively in this volume are, just to name a few, Hilbert lattices, D-posets, effect algebras MV algebras, partially ordered Abelian groups and those structures underlying quantum probability. - Written by eminent scholars in the field of logic - A comprehensive presentation of the theory, approaches and results in the field of quantum logic - Volume focuses on quantum structures

Reasoning in Quantum Theory

Reasoning in Quantum Theory
Author : Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara,Roberto Giuntini,Richard Greechie
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2004-03-31
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :298
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"Is quantum logic really logic?" This book argues for a positive answer to this question once and for all. There are many quantum logics and their structures are delightfully varied. The most radical aspect of quantum reasoning is reflected in unsharp quantum logics, a special heterodox branch of fuzzy thinking. For the first time, the whole story of Quantum Logic is told; from its beginnings to the most recent logical investigations of various types of quantum phenomena, including quantum computation. Reasoning in Quantum Theory is designed for logicians, yet amenable to advanced graduate students and researchers of other disciplines.

Quantum Measure Theory

Quantum Measure Theory
Author : Jan Hamhalter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2003-10-31
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :410
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This book is the first systematic treatment of measures on projection lattices of von Neumann algebras. It presents significant recent results in this field. One part is inspired by the Generalized Gleason Theorem on extending measures on the projection lattices of von Neumann algebras to linear functionals. Applications of this principle to various problems in quantum physics are considered (hidden variable problem, Wigner type theorems, decoherence functional, etc.). Another part of the monograph deals with a fascinating interplay of algebraic properties of the projection lattice with the continuity of measures (the analysis of Jauch-Piron states, independence conditions in quantum field theory, etc.). These results have no direct analogy in the standard measure and probability theory. On the theoretical physics side, they are instrumental in recovering technical assumptions of the axiomatics of quantum theories only by considering algebraic properties of finitely additive measures (states) on quantum propositions.

Logic and Algebraic Structures in Quantum Computing

Logic and Algebraic Structures in Quantum Computing
Author : Jennifer Chubb,Ali Eskandarian,Valentina Harizanov
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2016-02-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :354
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Experts in the field explore the connections across physics, quantum logic, and quantum computing.

Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication:

Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication:
Author : Mladen Pavicic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006
Category : Computers
Total pages :221
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The field of quantum computing has experienced rapid development and many different experimental and theoretical groups have emerged worldwide.This book presents the key elements of quantum computation and communication theories and their implementation in an easy-to-read manner for readers coming from physics, mathematics and computer science backgrounds. Integrating both theoretical aspects and experimental verifications of developing quantum computers, the author explains why particular mathematical methods, physical models and realistic implementations might provide critical steps towards achieving the final goal - constructing quantum computers and quantum networks. The book serves as an excellent introduction for new researchers and also provides a useful review for specialists in the field.

Quantum Logic

Quantum Logic
Author : Karl Svozil
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1998-09-01
Category : Science
Total pages :216
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Quantum Logic deals with the foundations of quantum mechanics and, related to it, the behaviour of finite, discrete deterministic systems. The quantum logical approach is particulalry suitable for the investigation and exclusion of certain hidden parameter models of quantum mechanics. Conversely, it can be used to embed quantum universes into classical ones. It is also highly relevant for the characterization of finite automation. This book has been written with a broad readership in mind. Great care has been given to the motivation of the concepts and to the explicit and detailed discussions of examples.

Quantum Interaction

Quantum Interaction
Author : Dawei Song,Massimo Melucci,Ingo Frommholz,Peng Zhang,Lei Wang,Sachi Arafat
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2011-10-20
Category : Computers
Total pages :229
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Quantum Interaction, QI 2011, held in Aberdeen, UK, in June 2011. The 26 revised full papers and 6 revised poster papers, presented together with 1 tutorial and 1 invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers show the cross-disciplinary nature of quantum interaction covering topics such as computation, cognition, mechanics, social interaction, semantic space and information representation and retrieval.

How Humans Recognize Objects: Segmentation, Categorization and Individual Identification

How Humans Recognize Objects: Segmentation, Categorization and Individual Identification
Author : Chris Fields
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2016-08-18
Category :
Total pages :129
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Human beings experience a world of objects: bounded entities that occupy space and persist through time. Our actions are directed toward objects, and our language describes objects. We categorize objects into kinds that have different typical properties and behaviors. We regard some kinds of objects – each other, for example – as animate agents capable of independent experience and action, while we regard other kinds of objects as inert. We re-identify objects, immediately and without conscious deliberation, after days or even years of non-observation, and often following changes in the features, locations, or contexts of the objects being re-identified. Comparative, developmental and adult observations using a variety of approaches and methods have yielded a detailed understanding of object detection and recognition by the visual system and an advancing understanding of haptic and auditory information processing. Many fundamental questions, however, remain unanswered. What, for example, physically constitutes an “object”? How do specific, classically-characterizable object boundaries emerge from the physical dynamics described by quantum theory, and can this emergence process be described independently of any assumptions regarding the perceptual capabilities of observers? How are visual motion and feature information combined to create object information? How are the object trajectories that indicate persistence to human observers implemented, and how are these trajectory representations bound to feature representations? How, for example, are point-light walkers recognized as single objects? How are conflicts between trajectory-driven and feature-driven identifications of objects resolved, for example in multiple-object tracking situations? Are there separate “what” and “where” processing streams for haptic and auditory perception? Are there haptic and/or auditory equivalents of the visual object file? Are there equivalents of the visual object token? How are object-identification conflicts between different perceptual systems resolved? Is the common assumption that “persistent object” is a fundamental innate category justified? How does the ability to identify and categorize objects relate to the ability to name and describe them using language? How are features that an individual object had in the past but does not have currently represented? How are categorical constraints on how objects move or act represented, and how do such constraints influence categorization and the re-identification of individuals? How do human beings re-identify objects, including each other, as persistent individuals across changes in location, context and features, even after gaps in observation lasting months or years? How do human capabilities for object categorization and re-identification over time relate to those of other species, and how do human infants develop these capabilities? What can modeling approaches such as cognitive robotics tell us about the answers to these questions? Primary research reports, reviews, and hypothesis and theory papers addressing questions relevant to the understanding of perceptual object segmentation, categorization and individual identification at any scale and from any experimental or modeling perspective are solicited for this Research Topic. Papers that review particular sets of issues from multiple disciplinary perspectives or that advance integrative hypotheses or models that take data from multiple experimental approaches into account are especially encouraged.

Algebraic Methods in General Rough Sets

Algebraic Methods in General Rough Sets
Author : A. Mani,Gianpiero Cattaneo,Ivo Düntsch
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-01-11
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :733
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This unique collection of research papers offers a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to algebraic approaches to rough sets and reasoning with vagueness. It bridges important gaps, outlines intriguing future research directions, and connects algebraic approaches to rough sets with those for other forms of approximate reasoning. In addition, the book reworks algebraic approaches to axiomatic granularity. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers and teachers in the areas of rough sets and algebras of rough sets, algebraic logic, non classical logic, fuzzy sets, possibility theory, formal concept analysis, computational learning theory, category theory, and other formal approaches to vagueness and approximate reasoning. Consultants in AI and allied fields will also find the book to be of great practical value.

Handbook of Spatial Logics

Handbook of Spatial Logics
Author : Marco Aiello,Ian Pratt-Hartmann,Johan van Benthem
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-09-04
Category : Science
Total pages :1058
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The aim of this handbook is to create, for the first time, a systematic account of the field of spatial logic. The book comprises a general introduction, followed by fourteen chapters by invited authors. Each chapter provides a self-contained overview of its topic, describing the principal results obtained to date, explaining the methods used to obtain them, and listing the most important open problems. Jointly, these contributions constitute a comprehensive survey of this rapidly expanding subject.

Elements of Quantum Computing

Elements of Quantum Computing
Author : Seiki Akama
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-07-14
Category : Computers
Total pages :126
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A quantum computer is a computer based on a computational model which uses quantum mechanics, which is a subfield of physics to study phenomena at the micro level. There has been a growing interest on quantum computing in the 1990's and some quantum computers at the experimental level were recently implemented. Quantum computers enable super-speed computation and can solve some important problems whose solutions were regarded impossible or intractable with traditional computers. This book provides a quick introduction to quantum computing for readers who have no backgrounds of both theory of computation and quantum mechanics. “Elements of Quantum Computing” presents the history, theories and engineering applications of quantum computing. The book is suitable to computer scientists, physicists and software engineers.

The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science

The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science
Author : Emmanuel Haven,Andrei Khrennikov
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-02-06
Category : Business & Economics
Total pages :365
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It is not intuitive to accept that there exists a link between quantum physical systems and cognitive systems. However, recent research has shown that cognitive systems and collective (social) systems, including biology, exhibit uncertainty which can be successfully modelled with quantum probability. The use of such probability allows for the modelling of situations which typically violate the laws of classical probability. The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science is is a unique volume that brings together contributions from leading experts on key topics in this new and emerging field. Completely self-contained, it begins with an introductory section which gathers all the fundamental notions required to be able to understand later chapters. The handbook then moves on to address some of the latest research and applications for quantum methods in social science disciplines, including economics, politics and psychology. It begins with the issue of how the quantum mechanical framework can be applied to economics. Chapters devoted to this topic range from how Fisher information can be argued to play a role in economics, to the foundations and application of quantum game theory. The handbook then progresses in considering how belief states can be updated with the theory of quantum measurements (and also with more general methods). The practical use of the Hilbert space (and Fock space) in decision theory is then introduced, and open quantum systems are also considered. The handbook also treats a model of neural oscillators that reproduces some of the features of quantum cognition. Other contributions delve into causal reasoning using quantum Bayes nets and the role of quantum probability in modelling so called affective evaluation. The handbook is rounded off with two chapters which discuss the grand challenges which lie ahead of us. How can the quantum formalism be justified in social science and is the traditional quantum formalism too restrictive? Finally, a question is posed: whether there is a necessary role for quantum mathematical models to go beyond physics. This book will bring the latest and most cutting edge research on quantum theory to social science disciplines. Students and researchers across the discipline, as well as those in the fields of physics and mathematics will welcome this important addition to the literature.

Horizons of the Mind. A Tribute to Prakash Panangaden

Horizons of the Mind. A Tribute to Prakash Panangaden
Author : Franck van Breugel,Elham Kashefi,Catuscia Palamidessi,Jan Rutten
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-05-23
Category : Computers
Total pages :499
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This Festschrift volume contains papers presented at a conference, Prakash Fest, held in honor of Prakash Panangaden, in Oxford, UK, in May 2014, to celebrate his 60th birthday. Prakash Panangaden has worked on a large variety of topics including probabilistic and concurrent computation, logics and duality and quantum information and computation. Despite the enormous breadth of his research, he has made significant and deep contributions. For example, he introduced logic and a real-valued interpretation of the logic to capture equivalence of probabilistic processes quantitatively. The 25 papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed. They cover a large variety of topics in theoretical computer science.

Orthomodular Lattices

Orthomodular Lattices
Author : Gudrun Kalmbach
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :390
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This book has evolved from a set of lecture notes of a course on orthomodular lattices given at the University of Ulm. Most concepts are developed from their very first notions, but in some instances basic set theory and Hilbert space theory may be needed. The text is in general independent of the exercises and supplementary remarks. The book can be used for a general lecture on orthomodular lattices and also for seminars on special geometrical or logical topics. As the first monograph in the field it makes the widely spread results on orthomodular lattices more easily accessible for researchers.

The Concise Handbook of Algebra

The Concise Handbook of Algebra
Author : Aleksandr Vasilʹevich Mikhalev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :618
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Provides a succinct, but thorough treatment of algebra. In a collection that spans about 150 sections, organized in 9 chapters, algebraists are provided with a standard knowledge set for their areas of expertise.