May 11, 2021

Download Ebook Free Handbook Of UV Degradation And Stabilization

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-03-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :518
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Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization, Third Edition, discusses different aspects of UV-related phenomena that occur when polymeric materials are exposed to UV radiation. It reviews existing literature, looking at how plants, animals and humans protect themselves against UV radiation. This review permits evaluation of mechanisms of protection against UV used by living things and potential application of these mechanisms in the protection of natural and synthetic polymeric materials. Other chapters look at more specific aspects of UV degradation and stabilization, such as specific polymers and rubbers, analytical methods used in UV stabilization, health and safety, and more. This book is an excellent companion to the Databook of UV stabilizers which has also been published recently. Both books supplement each other without repeating the same information – one contains data another theory, mechanisms of action, practical effects and implications of application. Provides a practical reference guide for engineers and scientists who design with plastics and formulate plastic materials Explains the effect of UV light on plastics and how to mitigate its effects through the use of UV stabilizers Surveys the range of UV stabilizers on the market and provides advice on their selection and use

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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This book, the second edition of the first monograph fully devoted to UV degradation and stabilization ever published in English, has 12 chapters discussing different aspects of UV related phenomena occurring when polymeric materials are exposed to UV radiation. In the introduction the existing literature has been reviewed to find out how plants, animals and humans protect themselves against UV radiation. This review permits evaluation of mechanisms of protection against UV used by living things and potential application of these mechanisms in protection of natural and synthetic polymeric materials. This is followed by chapters with a more detailed look at more specific aspects of UV degradation and stabilization. A practical and up-to-date reference guide for engineers and scientists designing with plastics, and formulating plastics materials Explains the effects of UV light on plastics, and how to mitigate its effects through the use of UV stabilizers Surveys the range of UV stabilizers on the market, and provides advice on their selection and use

PVC Degradation and Stabilization

PVC Degradation and Stabilization
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :500
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PVC stabilization, the most important aspect of formulation and performance of this polymer, is discussed in details. This book contains all information required to design successful stabilization formula for any product made out of PVC. Separate chapters review information on chemical structure, PVC manufacturing technology, morphology, degradation by thermal energy, UV, gamma, other forms of radiation, mechanodegradation, and chemical degradation. The chapter on analytical methods used in studying of degradative and stabilization processes helps in establishing system of checking results of stabilization with different stabilizing systems. Stabilization and stabilizers are discussed in full detail in the most important chapter of this book. The final chapter contains information on the effects of PVC and its additives on health, safety and environment. This book contains analysis of all essential papers and patents published until recently on the above subject. It either locates the answers to relevant questions and offers solutions or gives references in which such answers can be found. PVC Degradation and Stabilization is must to have for chemists, engineers, scientists, university teachers and students, designers, material scientists, environmental chemists, and lawyers who work with polyvinyl chloride and its additives or have any interest in these products. This book is the one authoritative source on the subject. A practical and up-to-date reference guide for engineers and scientists designing with PVC Covers thermal, UV, gamma radiation, chemical, and other forms of degradation Includes a critical discussion of the sustainability issues faced by PVC and its additives, as well as health and safety concerns

Fundamentals of Polymer Degradation and Stabilization

Fundamentals of Polymer Degradation and Stabilization
Author : N.S. Allen,M. Edge
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1992-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :201
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During the past decade, the field of polymer degradation and stabilization has become a subject of central importance in polymer science and technology. This book provides a fundamental source of information designed for those with only a basic understanding of the background of the field.

Handbook of Polymer Degradation

Handbook of Polymer Degradation
Author : S. Halim Hamid
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-06-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :800
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"Covers recent advances in polymer degradation and stabilization. Focuses on the basics of photo- and bio-degradability. Delineates special and general environmental parameters such as solar irradiation, temperature, and agrochemical exposure. Surveys plastic waste disposal strategies such as recycling, incineration, chemical recovery by pyrolysis,

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2012-10-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :936
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Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Plastics Additives and Modifiers Handbook

Plastics Additives and Modifiers Handbook
Author : Jesse Edenbaum
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 1992-03-26
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :1113
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Presents the basic principles of the four compoundable plastic families, and concentrates on the additives and modifiers needed to make high-volume thermoplastics perform in various applications over a wide range of processes, products, temperature ranges and environmental conditions.

Handbook of Fillers

Handbook of Fillers
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-01-28
Category : Science
Total pages :1184
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Covers available fillers and their properties, their effect on filled materials such as mechanical properties, rheology, morphology, flammability, and recycling, and their use in practical applications

Polymer Additives

Polymer Additives
Author : Jiri E. Kresta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Science
Total pages :408
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Ever since the beginning of the plastics and rubber industry, it was realized that useful products could be produced only if cer tain additives were incorporated into polymers. With the help of these additives, when physically dispersed in a polymer matrix, it has been possible to improve stability against thermal, oxidative, UV, hydrolytic and biological degradation, mechanical properties, flammability, cost, and processibility of plastics. The enormous growth of the volume of plastics consumed by modern society, and new application areas for plastics, have created a demand for new, better additives and better understanding of their functions in polymer systems. As a result of these trends there is a need for sharing of information on progress achieved in the area of polymer additives among engineers and scientists of the plastics industry and academia. This book is based on expanded and updated papers originally presented at the International Symposium on Polymer Additives, which was held in Las Vegas, Nevada, and was sponsored by the American Chemical Society, Division of Polymeric Materials Science and Engi neering. The book is divided into five parts which cover advances in various areas of polymer additives. The first part is devoted to the progress in understanding of UV degradation and stabilization of various polymers. Oxidation degradation and stabilization of plastic materials is covered in the second part. New developments in the stabilization of PVC are presented in the third part.

Handbook of material weathering

Handbook of material weathering
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2013
Category : Environmental testing
Total pages :828
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The fifth edition of this seminal work provides comprehensive and current information on material weathering for over forty families of polymers. It presents discussions on formulating mechanisms of degradation, effect of thermal processes, present characteristic changes in properties, and tables of available numerical data. This single source reference will dramatically reduce the time used searching for answers in many different sources. This book is an important reference monograph for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products, and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials.

Databook of UV Stabilizers

Databook of UV Stabilizers
Author : Anna Wypych,George Wypych
Publisher : Chemtec Publishing
Release Date : 2020-03
Category :
Total pages :644
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The databook contains information on the most frequently used UV stabilizers. Current UV stabilizers are the result of many recent changes, especially in application to cosmetics, polymers, and plastics.

Photostabilization of Polymers

Photostabilization of Polymers
Author : J.F. Rabek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :596
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During the last two decades, the production of polymers and plastics has been increasing rapidly. In spite of developing new polymers and polymeric materials, only 40-60 are used commercially on a large scale. It has been estimated that half of the annual production of polymers is employed outdoors. Increasing the stability of polymers and plastics towards heat, light, atmospheric oxygen and other environmental agents and weathering conditions has always been a very important problem. The photochemical instability of most of polymers limits them to outdoor application, where they are photo degraded fast over periods ranging from months to a few years. To the despair of technologists and consumers alike, photodegrada tion and environmental ageing of polymers occur much faster than can be expected from knowledge collected in laboratories. In many cases, improved methods of preparation and purification of both monomers and polymers yield products of better quality and higher resistance to heat and light. However, without stabilization of polymers by applica tion of antioxidants (to decrease thermal oxidative degradation) and photostabilizers (to decrease photo-oxidative degradation) it would be impossible to employ polymers and plastics in everyday use.

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition
Author : Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-02-03
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :994
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This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Extrusion

Extrusion
Author : Harold F. Giles Jr,John R. Wagner, Jr.,Eldridge M. Mount
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2013-09-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :636
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The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Plastics Additives Handbook

Plastics Additives Handbook
Author : Hans Zweifel,Ralph D. Maier,Michael Schiller
Publisher : Hanser Gardner Publications
Release Date : 2009
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1222
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Plastics without additives are not viable. Additives are essential to make plastics processable and to assure their end-use properties. The demands on additives have continued to evolve, not only because of changes in processing conditions and production techniques but also because plastics are being used in more demanding applications. This revised and updated edition, described earlier by one reviewer as the "bible" for anyone involved in the chemistry and technology of plastics additives, again provides an excellent overview of the complex science and technology of plastics additives and their industry. It offers guidance for all professionals involved in the development of new thermoplastic resin grades and novel end-use applications.