November 25, 2020

Download Ebook Free Handbook Of UV Degradation And Stabilization

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-03-09
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :518
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Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization, Third Edition, discusses different aspects of UV-related phenomena that occur when polymeric materials are exposed to UV radiation. It reviews existing literature, looking at how plants, animals and humans protect themselves against UV radiation. This review permits evaluation of mechanisms of protection against UV used by living things and potential application of these mechanisms in the protection of natural and synthetic polymeric materials. Other chapters look at more specific aspects of UV degradation and stabilization, such as specific polymers and rubbers, analytical methods used in UV stabilization, health and safety, and more. This book is an excellent companion to the Databook of UV stabilizers which has also been published recently. Both books supplement each other without repeating the same information – one contains data another theory, mechanisms of action, practical effects and implications of application. Provides a practical reference guide for engineers and scientists who design with plastics and formulate plastic materials Explains the effect of UV light on plastics and how to mitigate its effects through the use of UV stabilizers Surveys the range of UV stabilizers on the market and provides advice on their selection and use

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization

Handbook of UV Degradation and Stabilization
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-03-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :430
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This book, the second edition of the first monograph fully devoted to UV degradation and stabilization ever published in English, has 12 chapters discussing different aspects of UV related phenomena occurring when polymeric materials are exposed to UV radiation. In the introduction the existing literature has been reviewed to find out how plants, animals and humans protect themselves against UV radiation. This review permits evaluation of mechanisms of protection against UV used by living things and potential application of these mechanisms in protection of natural and synthetic polymeric materials. This is followed by chapters with a more detailed look at more specific aspects of UV degradation and stabilization. A practical and up-to-date reference guide for engineers and scientists designing with plastics, and formulating plastics materials Explains the effects of UV light on plastics, and how to mitigate its effects through the use of UV stabilizers Surveys the range of UV stabilizers on the market, and provides advice on their selection and use

Fundamentals of Polymer Degradation and Stabilization

Fundamentals of Polymer Degradation and Stabilization
Author : N.S. Allen,M. Edge
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1992-10-31
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :201
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During the past decade, the field of polymer degradation and stabilization has become a subject of central importance in polymer science and technology. This book provides a fundamental source of information designed for those with only a basic understanding of the background of the field.

Degradation and Stabilisation of Polyolefins

Degradation and Stabilisation of Polyolefins
Author : Norman S. Allen
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1983
Category : Plastics
Total pages :384
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Handbook of Polymer Degradation

Handbook of Polymer Degradation
Author : S. Halim Hamid
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-06-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :800
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"Covers recent advances in polymer degradation and stabilization. Focuses on the basics of photo- and bio-degradability. Delineates special and general environmental parameters such as solar irradiation, temperature, and agrochemical exposure. Surveys plastic waste disposal strategies such as recycling, incineration, chemical recovery by pyrolysis,

Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, First Edition

Szycher's Handbook of Polyurethanes, First Edition
Author : Michael Szycher, Ph.D
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-04-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :696
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Handbook of Polyurethanes serves as the first source of information of useful polymers. This new book thoroughly covers the entire spectrum of polyurethanes - from current technology to buyer's information. Discussions include: block and heteroblock systems rubber plasticity structure-property relations microphase separation catalysis of isocyanate reactions synthesis of polyurethanes for thermoplastics, thermosets, and curable compositions by either heat or U.V. energy biomedical applications of urethane elastomers castables, sealants, and caulking compounds flexible and semi-flexible foams health and safety This handbook compiles data from many sources, exhaustively illustrating the complex principles involved in polyurethane chemistry and technology. Handbook of Polyurethanes represents invaluable information for corporations, universities, or independent inventors.

Handbook of Polymer Degradation

Handbook of Polymer Degradation
Author : S. Halim Hamid
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2000-06-30
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :800
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"Covers recent advances in polymer degradation and stabilization. Focuses on the basics of photo- and bio-degradability. Delineates special and general environmental parameters such as solar irradiation, temperature, and agrochemical exposure. Surveys plastic waste disposal strategies such as recycling, incineration, chemical recovery by pyrolysis,

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2012-10-08
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :936
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Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Photochemical Behavior of Multicomponent Polymeric-based Materials

Photochemical Behavior of Multicomponent Polymeric-based Materials
Author : Dan Rosu,Visakh P. M.
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-11-21
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :405
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This book offers in-depth insights into the photochemical behavior of multicomponent polymeric-based materials, with a particular emphasis on the photodegradation and photostabilization of these materials. Studying various classes of materials bases such as polysaccharides, wood, synthetic polymers, rubber blends, and nanocomposites, it offers a valuable reference source for graduate and postgraduate students, engineering students, research scholars and polymer engineers working in industry.

Handbook of Material Weathering

Handbook of Material Weathering
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-02-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :982
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Handbook of Material Weathering, Sixth Edition, is an essential guide to the effects of weathering on polymers and industrial products, presenting theory, stress factors, methods of weathering and testing and the effects of additives and environmental stress cracking. The book provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products, including mechanisms of degradation, effect of thermal processes, and characteristic changes in properties. The book also discusses recycling, corrosion and weathering, and the weathering of stone. This sixth edition updates this seminal work with recent developments and the latest data. Polymers and industrial plastics products are widely used in environments where they are vulnerable to the effects of weathering. Weathering stress factors can lead to deterioration or even complete failure. Material durability is therefore vital, and products for outdoor usage or actinic exposure are designed so that the effects of artificial and natural weathering are minimized. This book is an important reference source for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials. Offers detailed coverage of theory, stress factors and methods of weathering Provides specific information and numerical data for 52 polymers and 42 groups of industrial products, including characteristic changes and degradation mechanisms Discusses major additional topics, such as weathered materials for recycling and the interrelation between corrosion and weathering Provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products

Photostabilization of Polymers

Photostabilization of Polymers
Author : J.F. Rabek
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :596
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During the last two decades, the production of polymers and plastics has been increasing rapidly. In spite of developing new polymers and polymeric materials, only 40-60 are used commercially on a large scale. It has been estimated that half of the annual production of polymers is employed outdoors. Increasing the stability of polymers and plastics towards heat, light, atmospheric oxygen and other environmental agents and weathering conditions has always been a very important problem. The photochemical instability of most of polymers limits them to outdoor application, where they are photo degraded fast over periods ranging from months to a few years. To the despair of technologists and consumers alike, photodegrada tion and environmental ageing of polymers occur much faster than can be expected from knowledge collected in laboratories. In many cases, improved methods of preparation and purification of both monomers and polymers yield products of better quality and higher resistance to heat and light. However, without stabilization of polymers by applica tion of antioxidants (to decrease thermal oxidative degradation) and photostabilizers (to decrease photo-oxidative degradation) it would be impossible to employ polymers and plastics in everyday use.

Additives for Plastics Handbook

Additives for Plastics Handbook
Author : J. Murphy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2001-11-22
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :484
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Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2013-07-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :300
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Several reasons are behind formation of odors in materials, including the following: Use of other materials than polymer, especially materials required in processing Use of various process parameters and their severity in degradation of components of formulation Recycling of polymeric materials Contact with natural products (food, cosmetics, etc.) Storage Migration-evaporation Storage in the same space Diffusion-related properties The above reasons are analyzed for different materials to find out the best methods to prevent odor formation. The book also contains information on testing of odor changes, relationship between odor and toxicity, and the selection of raw materials for fog-free products. The first book in this field, the Handbook of Odors in Materials is needed by anyone interested in materials. The first book of its kind in this field Analyzes the reasons behind odor formation and provides the best methods to prevent odors in various materials Contains information on testing of odor changes and the relationship between odor and toxicity

Handbook of Fillers

Handbook of Fillers
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2016-02-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :938
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Handbook of Fillers, Fourth Edition, discusses the rapidly advancing field of fillers, the substances added to plastics and composites that add value by improving and modifying the properties of materials and reducing costs. This new edition is an essential reference for engineers and scientists using fillers in a range of materials, including plastics, rubber, adhesives, and paper. The book is designed to be a comprehensive reference for both experienced practitioners and those new to fields where fillers are used. It covers available fillers and their properties, their effect on filled materials, such as mechanical properties, rheology, morphology, flammability, and recycling, and their use in practical applications. In particular, this new edition provides extensive coverage of nanofillers, along with the practical information needed to deploy these new technologies in the real world. The book includes the latest advances in filler technology, with consolidated technical information from over 4,000 research papers, data from over 160 filler and equipment manufacturers, and a thorough review of the patent literature. Provides up-to-date, applicable information on the use of fillers in plastics, rubber, adhesives, and paper Presents comprehensive coverage on the effect of fillers on materials, including their mechanical properties, their effects on material rheology, the morphology of the filled system, material durability, and more Includes essential guidance on the industrial scale use of fillers and their transportation, storage, processing, equipment, quality control, and health and safety considerations

Plastics Additives and Modifiers Handbook

Plastics Additives and Modifiers Handbook
Author : Jesse Edenbaum
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 1992-03-26
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Total pages :1113
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Presents the basic principles of the four compoundable plastic families, and concentrates on the additives and modifiers needed to make high-volume thermoplastics perform in various applications over a wide range of processes, products, temperature ranges and environmental conditions.