November 26, 2020

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Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes
Author : Sid Becker,Andrey Kuznetsov
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-12-31
Category : Science
Total pages :428
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Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes covers emerging areas in fluid flow and heat transfer relevant to biosystems and medical technology. This book uses an interdisciplinary approach to provide a comprehensive prospective on biofluid mechanics and heat transfer advances and includes reviews of the most recent methods in modeling of flows in biological media, such as CFD. Written by internationally recognized researchers in the field, each chapter provides a strong introductory section that is useful to both readers currently in the field and readers interested in learning more about these areas. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Biological Processes is an indispensable reference for professors, graduate students, professionals, and clinical researchers in the fields of biology, biomedical engineering, chemistry and medicine working on applications of fluid flow, heat transfer, and transport phenomena in biomedical technology. Provides a wide range of biological and clinical applications of fluid flow and heat transfer in biomedical technology Covers topics such as electrokinetic transport, electroporation of cells and tissue dialysis, inert solute transport (insulin), thermal ablation of cancerous tissue, respiratory therapies, and associated medical technologies Reviews the most recent advances in modeling techniques

Biological Process Engineering

Biological Process Engineering
Author : Arthur T. Johnson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 1998-12-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :752
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A unique, accessible guide to the application of engineering methods to biological systems. Presenting for the first time a practical, design-oriented, interdisciplinary approach to transport phenomena involving biological systems, Biological Process Engineering emphasizes the common aspects of the three main transport processes-fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer. In clear and simple terms, it explores the relevance of these processes to broadly defined biological systems such as the growth of microbes in bioreactors, the leaching of pollutants into groundwater, and the chemistry of food manufacturing. Reaching well beyond standard applications in medicine and the environment to areas of biotechnology, aquaculture, agriculture, and food processing, this book promotes analogical thinking that will lead to creative solutions. While keeping the mathematics to a minimum, it explains principles of effective system modeling and demonstrates a wide variety of problem-solving techniques. Readers will find: * Systems diagrams comparing and contrasting different transport processes * Biological examples for all types of systems, including metabolic pathways, locomotion, reproduction, responses to thermal conditions, and more * Numerous design charts and procedures * An extensive collection of tables of parameter values, not found in any other text. An ideal undergraduate text for biological engineering students taking courses in transport processes, Biological Process Engineering is also an excellent reference for practicing engineers. It introduces the reader to diverse biological phenomena, serves as a stepping-stone to more theoretical topics, and provides important insights into the fast-growing arena of biological engineering.

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes
Author : Sid Becker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-12-27
Category : Science
Total pages :394
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Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale. The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations. The biological processes covered in this book include digestion, molecular transport, microbial swimming, cilia mediated flow, microscale heat transfer, micro-vascular flow, vesicle dynamics, transport through bio-films and bio-membranes, and microscale growth dynamics. The book is written for an advanced academic research audience in the fields of engineering (encompassing biomedical, chemical, biological, mechanical, and electrical), biology and mathematics. Although written for, and by, expert researchers, each chapter provides a strong introductory section to ensure accessibility to readers at all levels. Features recent developments in theoretical and computational modeling for clinical researchers and engineers Furthers researcher understanding of fluid flow in biological media and focuses on biofluidics at the microscale Includes chapters expertly authored by internationally recognized authorities in the fundamental and applied fields that are associated with microscale transport in living media

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine
Author : Abram S. Dorfman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-02-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :456
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Applications of mathematical heat transfer and fluid flow models in engineering and medicine Abram S. Dorfman, University of Michigan, USA Engineering and medical applications of cutting-edge heat and flow models This book presents innovative efficient methods in fluid flow and heat transfer developed and widely used over the last fifty years. The analysis is focused on mathematical models which are an essential part of any research effort as they demonstrate the validity of the results obtained. The universality of mathematics allows consideration of engineering and biological problems from one point of view using similar models. In this book, the current situation of applications of modern mathematical models is outlined in three parts. Part I offers in depth coverage of the applications of contemporary conjugate heat transfer models in various industrial and technological processes, from aerospace and nuclear reactors to drying and food processing. In Part II the theory and application of two recently developed models in fluid flow are considered: the similar conjugate model for simulation of biological systems, including flows in human organs, and applications of the latest developments in turbulence simulation by direct solution of Navier-Stokes equations, including flows around aircraft. Part III proposes fundamentals of laminar and turbulent flows and applied mathematics methods. The discussion is complimented by 365 examples selected from a list of 448 cited papers, 239 exercises and 136 commentaries. Key features: Peristaltic flows in normal and pathologic human organs. Modeling flows around aircraft at high Reynolds numbers. Special mathematical exercises allow the reader to complete expressions derivation following directions from the text. Procedure for preliminary choice between conjugate and common simple methods for particular problem solutions. Criterions of conjugation, definition of semi-conjugate solutions. This book is an ideal reference for graduate and post-graduate students and engineers.

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
Author : Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-03-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :160
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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow focuses on the use of nanoparticles for bio application and bio-fluidics from an engineering perspective. It introduces the mechanisms underlying thermal and fluid interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems. This book will help readers translate theory into real world applications, such as drug delivery and lab-on-a-chip. The content covers how transport at the nano-scale differs from the macro-scale, also discussing what complications can arise in a biologic system at the nano-scale. It is ideal for students and early career researchers, engineers conducting experimental work on relevant applications, or those who develop computer models to investigate/design these systems. Content coverage includes biofluid mechanics, transport phenomena, micro/nano fluid flows, and heat transfer. Discusses nanoparticle applications in drug delivery Covers the engineering fundamentals of bio heat transfer and fluid flow Explains how to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the transportation of heat and mass problems in bio-systems

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
Author : Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-03-15
Category : Medical
Total pages :160
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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow focuses on the use of nanoparticles for bio application and bio-fluidics from an engineering perspective. It introduces the mechanisms underlying thermal and fluid interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems. This book will help readers translate theory into real world applications, such as drug delivery and lab-on-a-chip. The content covers how transport at the nano-scale differs from the macro-scale, also discussing what complications can arise in a biologic system at the nano-scale. It is ideal for students and early career researchers, engineers conducting experimental work on relevant applications, or those who develop computer models to investigate/design these systems. Content coverage includes biofluid mechanics, transport phenomena, micro/nano fluid flows, and heat transfer. Discusses nanoparticle applications in drug delivery Covers the engineering fundamentals of bio heat transfer and fluid flow Explains how to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the transportation of heat and mass problems in bio-systems

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels
Author : Satish Kandlikar,Srinivas Garimella,Dongqing Li,Stephane Colin,Michael R. King
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-10-25
Category : Science
Total pages :592
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Heat exchangers with minichannel and microchannel flow passages are becoming increasingly popular due to their ability to remove large heat fluxes under single-phase and two-phase applications. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels methodically covers gas, liquid, and electrokinetic flows, as well as flow boiling and condensation, in minichannel and microchannel applications. Examining biomedical applications as well, the book is an ideal reference for anyone involved in the design processes of microchannel flow passages in a heat exchanger. Each chapter is accompanied by a real-life case study New edition of the first book that solely deals with heat and fluid flow in minichannels and microchannels Presents findings that are directly useful to designers; researchers can use the information in developing new models or identifying research needs

Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
Author : W. J. Minkowycz,E M Sparrow,J. P. Abraham
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-04-19
Category : Science
Total pages :342
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Featuring contributions by leading researchers in the field, Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow explores heat transfer and fluid flow processes in nanomaterials and nanofluids, which are becoming increasingly important across the engineering disciplines. The book covers a wide range, from biomedical and energy conversion applications to materials properties, and addresses aspects that are essential for further progress in the field, including numerical quantification, modeling, simulation, and presentation. Topics include: A broad review of nanofluid applications, including industrial heat transfer, biomedical engineering, electronics, energy conversion, membrane filtration, and automotive An overview of thermofluids and their importance in biomedical applications and heat-transfer enhancement A deeper look at biomedical applications such as nanoparticle hyperthermia treatments for cancers Issues in energy conversion from dispersed forms to more concentrated and utilizable forms Issues in nanofluid properties, which are less predictable and less repeatable than those of other media that participate in fluid flow and heat transfer Advances in computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling of membrane filtration at the microscale The role of nanofluids as a coolant in microchannel heat transfer for the thermal management of electronic equipment The potential enhancement of natural convection due to nanoparticles Examining key topics and applications in nanoscale heat transfer and fluid flow, this comprehensive book presents the current state of the art and a view of the future. It offers a valuable resource for experts as well as newcomers interested in developing innovative modeling and numerical simulation in this growing field.

Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer

Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer
Author : K. S. Raju
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-04-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :736
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This broad-based book covers the three major areas of Chemical Engineering. Most of the books in the market involve one of the individual areas, namely, Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer or Mass Transfer, rather than all the three. This book presents this material in a single source. This avoids the user having to refer to a number of books to obtain information. Most published books covering all the three areas in a single source emphasize theory rather than practical issues. This book is written with emphasis on practice with brief theoretical concepts in the form of questions and answers, not adopting stereo-typed question-answer approach practiced in certain books in the market, bridging the two areas of theory and practice with respect to the core areas of chemical engineering. Most parts of the book are easily understandable by those who are not experts in the field. Fluid Mechanics chapters include basics on non-Newtonian systems which, for instance find importance in polymer and food processing, flow through piping, flow measurement, pumps, mixing technology and fluidization and two phase flow. For example it covers types of pumps and valves, membranes and areas of their use, different equipment commonly used in chemical industry and their merits and drawbacks. Heat Transfer chapters cover the basics involved in conduction, convection and radiation, with emphasis on insulation, heat exchangers, evaporators, condensers, reboilers and fired heaters. Design methods, performance, operational issues and maintenance problems are highlighted. Topics such as heat pipes, heat pumps, heat tracing, steam traps, refrigeration, cooling of electronic devices, NOx control find place in the book. Mass transfer chapters cover basics such as diffusion, theories, analogies, mass transfer coefficients and mass transfer with chemical reaction, equipment such as tray and packed columns, column internals including structural packings, design, operational and installation issues, drums and separators are discussed in good detail. Absorption, distillation, extraction and leaching with applications and design methods, including emerging practices involving Divided Wall and Petluk column arrangements, multicomponent separations, supercritical solvent extraction find place in the book.

Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Natural and Industrial Processes

Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Natural and Industrial Processes
Author : Giulio Lorenzini
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2018-10-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :446
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Modern Engineering and Physics very often deal with the need for the design of natural or induced phenomena and processes and this is especially true in the problems involving heat transfer or fluid flows, often on the basis of a Thermodynamic viewpoint or of the Constructal Law. These broad areas of research are presented in this special issue of the journal "Defect and Diffusion Forum".

Selected Problems in Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer

Selected Problems in Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer
Author : Artur J. Jaworski
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-09-20
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :460
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Fluid flow and heat transfer processes play an important role in many areas of science and engineering, from the planetary scale (e.g., influencing weather and climate) to the microscopic scales of enhancing heat transfer by the use of nanofluids; understood in the broadest possible sense, they also underpin the performance of many energy systems. This topical Special Issue of Energies is dedicated to the recent advances in this very broad field. This book will be of interest to readers not only in the fields of mechanical, aerospace, chemical, process and petroleum, energy, earth, civil ,and flow instrumentation engineering but, equally, biological and medical sciences, as well as physics and mathematics; that is, anywhere that “fluid flow and heat transfer” phenomena may play an important role or be a subject of worthy research pursuits.

Computational Methods in Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Computational Methods in Environmental Fluid Mechanics
Author : Olaf Kolditz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2002-01-01
Category : Computers
Total pages :378
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Fluids play an important role in environmental systems appearing as surface water in rivers, lakes, and coastal regions or in the subsurface as well as in the atmosphere. Mechanics of environmental fluids is concerned with fluid motion, associated mass and heat transport as well as deformation processes in subsurface systems. In this reference work the fundamental modelling approaches based on continuum mechanics for fluids in the environment are described, including porous media and turbulence. Numerical methods for solving the process governing equations as well as its object-oriented computer implementation are discussed and illustrated with examples. Finally, the application of computer models in civil and environmental engineering is demonstrated.

Microscale Energy Transfer

Microscale Energy Transfer
Author : Chan L. Tien
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1997-11-01
Category : Science
Total pages :400
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This text explores the field of microscale heat transfer in mechanical engineering. Experts from a wide range of science and engineering disciplines present topics that are built from simple macroscopic concepts and gradually lead into microscopic concepts. The book begins with an introductory chapter which discusses the history and the future directions of microscale heat transfer. It is then divided into two sections: the Fundamentals and the Applications.

Introduction to Thermo-Fluids Systems Design

Introduction to Thermo-Fluids Systems Design
Author : Andrè Garcia McDonald,Hugh Magande
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-08-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :448
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A fully comprehensive guide to thermal systems designcovering fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, heat transfer andthermodynamic power cycles Bridging the gap between the fundamental concepts of fluidmechanics, heat transfer and thermodynamics, and the practicaldesign of thermo-fluids components and systems, this textbookfocuses on the design of internal fluid flow systems, coiled heatexchangers and performance analysis of power plant systems. Thetopics are arranged so that each builds upon the previous chapterto convey to the reader that topics are not stand-alone itemsduring the design process, and that they all must come together toproduce a successful design. Because the complete design or modification of modern equipmentand systems requires knowledge of current industry practices, theauthors highlight the use of manufacturer’s catalogs toselect equipment, and practical examples are included throughout togive readers an exhaustive illustration of the fundamental aspectsof the design process. Key Features: Demonstrates how industrial equipment and systems are designed,covering the underlying theory and practical application ofthermo-fluid system design Practical rules-of-thumb are included in the text as‘Practical Notes’ to underline their importance incurrent practice and provide additional information Includes an instructor’s manual hosted on thebook’s companion website

The Annual Guides to Graduate Study

The Annual Guides to Graduate Study
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 1974
Category : Universities and colleges
Total pages :129
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