November 28, 2020

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Heavy Oil Production Processes

Heavy Oil Production Processes
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2013-03-05
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :180
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As conventional-oil resources are depleted worldwide, vast heavy oil reserves available in various parts of the world become increasingly important as a secure future energy source. Brief but readable, Heavy Oil Production Processes discusses the latest improvements in production processes including; thermal methods (steam floods, cyclic steam stimulation, SAGD) as well as non-thermal methods (cold flow with sand production, cyclic solvent process, VAPEX). The book begins with an overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of heavy oil as they evolve into the twenty-first century. The preceding chapters are written to provide a basic understanding of each technology, evolving processes and new processes as well as the various environmental regulations. Clear and rigorous, Heavy Oil Production Processes will prove useful for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of fossil fuels. The not only does the book discuss the production processes but also provides methods which should reduce environmental footprint and improve profitability. Overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of oil sands Updates on the evolving processes and new processes Evolving and new environmental regulations regarding oil sands production

Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading

Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2019-02-28
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :839
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Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading covers properties, factors, methods and all current and upcoming processes, giving engineers, new and experienced, the full spectrum of recovery choices, including SAGD, horizontal well technology, and hybrid approaches. Moving on to the upgrading and refining of the product, the book also includes information on in situ upgrading, refining options, and hydrogen production. Rounding out with environmental effects, management methods on refinery waste, and the possible future configurations within the refinery, this book provides engineers with a single source to make decisions and manage the full range of challenges. Presents the properties, mechanisms, screening criteria and field applications for heavy oil enhanced recovery projects Includes current upgrading options and future methods for refining heavy oil development Fills in the gaps between literature and practical application for everyday industry reference

Modelling of Cold Heavy Oil Production with Sand (CHOPS) Using a Fluidized Sand Algorithm

Modelling of Cold Heavy Oil Production with Sand (CHOPS) Using a Fluidized Sand Algorithm
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2015
Category :
Total pages :129
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Highlights: Cold Heavy Oil Production with Sand (CHOPS) is a non-thermal oil recovery method. Sand production creates high permeability channels (wormholes) for heavy oil flow. Minimum fluidization velocity concept used to model the CHOPS process. Model robustly matches CHOPS field operations in multiple wells. Dynamic growth of wormholes and dilation effects around them control production. Abstract: Cold production has been established as a key recovery process used to recover viscous oil from Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) heavy oil reservoirs. Field production has demonstrated that aggressive sand production improves the recovery performance leading to the Cold Heavy Oil Production with Sand (CHOPS) process. The produced sand volume is speculated to produce wormholes – depleted high permeability sand channels within the heavy oil reservoir. Extensive laboratory experiments, field tracer tests and modelling of CHOPS have demonstrated that high permeability channels are formed but as yet, the mechanisms of the initiation and growth of wormholes remain unclear. These processes are effective for producing fossil fuels, in the form of heavy oil, because they are primary production processes with small amounts of energy used to produce the oil. In this study, we use the minimum fluidization velocity concept to model the CHOPS process in a heavy oil field located in the Cold Lake area. In this model, wormhole growth evolves in the reservoir considering foamy oil flow, sand fluidization, and sand production. The results demonstrate that the model provides a reasonable and robust representation of the production process.

Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands

Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2016-02-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :576
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Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands, Second Edition, explores the importance of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and how it has grown in recent years thanks to the increased need to locate unconventional resources such as heavy oil and shale. Unfortunately, petroleum engineers and managers aren't always well-versed in the enhancement methods that are available when needed or the most economically viable solution to maximize their reservoir’s productivity. This revised new edition presents all the current methods of recovery available, including the pros and cons of each. Expanded and updated as a great preliminary text for the newcomer to the industry or subject matter, this must-have EOR guide teaches all the basics needed, including all thermal and non-thermal methods, along with discussions of viscosity, sampling, and the technologies surrounding offshore applications. Enables users to quickly learn how to choose the most efficient recovery method for their reservoir while evaluating economic conditions Presents the differences between each method of recovery with newly added real-world case studies from around the world Helps readers stay competitive with the growing need of extracting unconventional resources with new content on how these complex reservoirs interact with injected reservoir fluids

Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies

Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2013-04-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :176
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Unconventional reservoirs of oil and gas represent a huge additional global source of fossil fuels. However, there is much still to be done to improve techniques for their processing to make recovery and refining of these particular energy sources more cost-effective. Brief but readable, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies provide readers with a strategy for future production (the up-stream) and upgrading (the down-stream). The book provides the reader with an understandable overview of the chemistry and engineering behind the latest developments and technologies in the industry as well as the various environmental regulations. Clear and rigorous, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies will prove tool for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of unconventional fossil fuels in general and upgrading technologies in particular. The use of microorganisms and a number of physical methods, such as ultrasound, median microwave, cold plasma, electrokinetic and monocrystalline intermetallics, etc., will be discussed for the first time. Overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of oil sands Microorganisms and a number of physical methods such as ultrasound, median microwave, cold plasma, electrokinetic and monocrystalline intermetallics Evolving and new environmental regulations regarding oil sands production processes

Shale Oil and Gas Production Processes

Shale Oil and Gas Production Processes
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2019-11-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :1046
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Shale Oil and Gas Production Processes delivers the basics on current production technologies and the processing and refining of shale oil. Starting with the potential of formations and then proceeding to production and completion, this foundational resource also dives into the chemical and physical nature of the precursor of oil shale, kerogen, to help users understand and optimize its properties in shale. Rounding out with reporting, in situ retorting, refining and environmental aspects, this book gives engineers and managers a strong starting point on how to manage the challenges and processes necessary for the further development of these complex resources. Helps readers grasp current research on production from shale formations, including properties and composition Fill in the gaps between research and practical application, including discussions of existing literature Includes a glossary to help readers fully understand key concepts

Heavy Oils

Heavy Oils
Author : Satinder Chopra
Publisher : SEG Books
Release Date : 2010
Category : Science
Total pages :317
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Oil Sand Production Processes

Oil Sand Production Processes
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2012-10-23
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :188
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The combination of global warming and peak oil has made finding alternative sources of energy more important than ever. Written in an easy-to-read format, Oil Sands Production Processes provide the reader with an understandable overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of oil sands. The various chapters have been written to include the latest developments in the oil sands industry, including evolving and new processes as well as the various environmental regulations. Overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of oil sands Updates on the evolving processes and new processes Evolving and new environmental regulations regarding oil sands production processes

Shale Gas Production Processes

Shale Gas Production Processes
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2013-06-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :170
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The extraction of natural gas from shale formations is no simple task and perhaps the most expensive when compared to over unconventional gases. Although, its popularity has grown over the years, there is much to be done to make their production and processing more cost-effective. Brief but comprehensive, Shale Gas Production Processes begins with an overview of the chemistry, engineering and technology of shale gas. This is quickly followed by self-contained chapters concerning new and evolving process technologies and their applications as well as environmental regulations. Written in an easy to read format, Shale Gas Production Processes will prove useful for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of shale gas. In addition, the book discusses methods used to reduce environmental footprint and improve well performance. Updates on the evolving processes and new processes Provides overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of shale gas Guides the reader through the latest environmental regulation regarding production and processing of shale

Enhanced Oil Recovery, II

Enhanced Oil Recovery, II
Author : E.C. Donaldson,G.V. Chilingarian,T.F. Yen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1989-07-01
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :603
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Written by foremost experts in the field, and formulated with attention to classroom use for advanced studies in reservoir characterization and processes, this book reviews and summarises state-of-the-art progress in the field of enhanced oil recovery (EOR). All of the available techniques: alkaline flooding; surfactant flooding; carbon dioxide flooding; steam flooding; in-situ combustion; gas injection; miscible flooding; microbial recovery; and polymer flooding are discussed and compared. Together with Volume I, it presents a complete text on enhanced recovery technology and, hence, is an almost indispensible reference text. This second volume compliments the first by presenting as complete an analysis as possible of current oilfield theory and technology, for accomplishment of maximum production of oil. Many different processes have been developed and field tested for enhancement of oil recovery. The emerging philosophy is that no single process is applicable to all petroleum reservoirs. Each must be treated as unique, and carefully evaluated for characteristics that are amenable to one or two of the proven technologies of EOR. This book will aid the engineer in field evaluation and selection of the best EOR technology for a given oilfield. Even the emerging technology of microbial applications to enhance oil recovery are reviewed and explained in terms that are easily understood by field engineers. The book is presented in a manner suitable for graduate studies. The only addition required of teachers is to supply example problems for class work. An appendix includes a reservoir mathematic model and program for general application that can also be used for teaching.

Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum

Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum
Author : Jorge Ancheyta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-01-29
Category : Science
Total pages :561
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The worldwide petroleum industry is facing a dilemma: the production level of heavy petroleum is higher than that of light petroleum. Heavy crude oils possess high amounts of impurities (sulfur, nitrogen, metals, and asphaltenes), as well as a high yield of residue with consequent low production of valuable distillates (gasoline and diesel). These characteristics, in turn, are responsible for the low price of heavy petroleum. Additionally, existing refineries are designed to process light crude oil, and heavy oil cannot be refined to 100 percent. One solution to this problem is the installation of plants for heavy oil upgrading before sending this raw material to a refinery. Modeling of Processes and Reactors for Upgrading of Heavy Petroleum gives an up-to-date treatment of modeling of reactors employed in the main processes for heavy petroleum upgrading. The book includes fundamental aspects such as thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, chemistry, and process variables. Process schemes for each process are discussed in detail. The author thoroughly describes the development of correlations, reactor models, and kinetic models with the aid of experimental data collected from different reaction scales. The validation of modeling results is performed by comparison with experimental and commercial data taken from the literature or generated in various laboratory scale reactors. Organized into three sections, this book deals with general aspects of properties and upgrading of heavy oils, describes the modeling of non-catalytic processes, as well as the modeling of catalytic processes. Each chapter provides detailed experimental data, explanations of how to determine model parameters, and comparisons with reactor model predictions for different situations, so that readers can adapt their own computer programs. The book includes rigorous treatment of the different topics as well as the step-by-step description of model formulation and application. It is not only an indispensable reference for professionals working in the development of reactor models for the petroleum industry, but also a textbook for full courses in chemical reaction engineering. The author would like to express his sincere appreciation to the Marcos Moshinsky Foundation for the financial support provided by means of a Cátedra de Investigación.

Primer on Enhanced Oil Recovery

Primer on Enhanced Oil Recovery
Author : Vladimir Vishnyakov,Baghir Suleimanov,Ahmad Salmanov,Eldar Zeynalov
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2019-11-05
Category : Science
Total pages :222
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Primer on Enhanced Oil Recovery gives the oil and gas market the introductory information it needs to cover the physical and chemical properties of hydrocarbon reservoir fluids and rock, drilling operations, rock-fluid interactions, recovery methods, and the economy of enhanced oil recovery projects. Beginning with introductory materials on basic physics and oil-rock interaction, the book then progresses into well-known types of EOR, such as gas injection and microbial EOR. Other sections cover hybrid EOR, smart water/low salinity and solar EOR. Worldwide case study examples give engineers the go-to starting point they need to understand the fundamentals of EOR techniques and data. Discusses basic physics and chemistry in oil, oil-rock interaction, variation of oil, and interaction properties with temperature Helps readers understand why and when EOR can be used Includes data on EOR implementation and economics

Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery (cEOR)

Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery (cEOR)
Author : Laura Romero-Zerón
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-10-19
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :202
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Commercial application of chemical enhanced oil recovery (cEOR) processes is expected to grow significantly over the next decade. Thus, Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery (cEOR): A Practical Overview offers key knowledge and understanding of cEOR processes using an evidence-based approach intended for a broad audience ranging from field operators, researchers, to reservoir engineers dealing with the development and planning of cEOR field applications. This book is structured into three sections; the first section surveys overall EOR processes. The second section focuses on cEOR processes, while the final section describes the electrorheology technology. These sections are presented using a practical and realistic approach tailored for readers looking to improve their knowledge and understanding of cEOR processes in a nutshell.

Oil and Gas Production Handbook: An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production

Oil and Gas Production Handbook: An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production
Author : Havard Devold
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release Date : 2013*
Category : Gas fields
Total pages :82
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Shale Oil Production Processes

Shale Oil Production Processes
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2012-10-18
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :200
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Shale Oil represents a huge additional global fossil fuel resource. However, extracting oil from the shale is no simple task; much still needs to be understood to make the process more cost-effective to increase economic flow rates. Clear and rigorous, Oil Shale Production Process will prove useful for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of fossil fuels. Not only does the book discuss the production processes but also provides methods which should reduce environmental footprint by properly addressing: surface mining and extraction processes, in situ conversion process and hydrotreatment. Covers production processes technologies such as: surface mining and retorting, in Situ Retoring and processes, direct and indirect retorting and hydrotreatment for shale oil. Methods which should reduce environmental footprint Easy-to-read understand overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of shale oil