January 26, 2021

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Hidden Semi-Markov Models

Hidden Semi-Markov Models
Author : Shun-Zheng Yu
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release Date : 2015-10-22
Category : Computers
Total pages :208
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Hidden semi-Markov models (HSMMs) are among the most important models in the area of artificial intelligence / machine learning. Since the first HSMM was introduced in 1980 for machine recognition of speech, three other HSMMs have been proposed, with various definitions of duration and observation distributions. Those models have different expressions, algorithms, computational complexities, and applicable areas, without explicitly interchangeable forms. Hidden Semi-Markov Models: Theory, Algorithms and Applications provides a unified and foundational approach to HSMMs, including various HSMMs (such as the explicit duration, variable transition, and residential time of HSMMs), inference and estimation algorithms, implementation methods and application instances. Learn new developments and state-of-the-art emerging topics as they relate to HSMMs, presented with examples drawn from medicine, engineering and computer science. Discusses the latest developments and emerging topics in the field of HSMMs Includes a description of applications in various areas including, Human Activity Recognition, Handwriting Recognition, Network Traffic Characterization and Anomaly Detection, and Functional MRI Brain Mapping. Shows how to master the basic techniques needed for using HSMMs and how to apply them.

Introduction to Hidden Semi-Markov Models

Introduction to Hidden Semi-Markov Models
Author : John Van der Hoek,Robert J. Elliott
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2019
Category : Hidden Markov models
Total pages :129
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Develops the theory of Markov and semi-Markov processes in an elementary setting suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students.

Semi-Markov Chains and Hidden Semi-Markov Models toward Applications

Semi-Markov Chains and Hidden Semi-Markov Models toward Applications
Author : Vlad Stefan Barbu,Nikolaos Limnios
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-01-07
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :226
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Here is a work that adds much to the sum of our knowledge in a key area of science today. It is concerned with the estimation of discrete-time semi-Markov and hidden semi-Markov processes. A unique feature of the book is the use of discrete time, especially useful in some specific applications where the time scale is intrinsically discrete. The models presented in the book are specifically adapted to reliability studies and DNA analysis. The book is mainly intended for applied probabilists and statisticians interested in semi-Markov chains theory, reliability and DNA analysis, and for theoretical oriented reliability and bioinformatics engineers.

Hidden Markov Models for Time Series

Hidden Markov Models for Time Series
Author : Walter Zucchini,Iain L. MacDonald,Roland Langrock
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-19
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :370
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Hidden Markov Models for Time Series: An Introduction Using R, Second Edition illustrates the great flexibility of hidden Markov models (HMMs) as general-purpose models for time series data. The book provides a broad understanding of the models and their uses. After presenting the basic model formulation, the book covers estimation, forecasting, decoding, prediction, model selection, and Bayesian inference for HMMs. Through examples and applications, the authors describe how to extend and generalize the basic model so that it can be applied in a rich variety of situations. The book demonstrates how HMMs can be applied to a wide range of types of time series: continuous-valued, circular, multivariate, binary, bounded and unbounded counts, and categorical observations. It also discusses how to employ the freely available computing environment R to carry out the computations. Features Presents an accessible overview of HMMs Explores a variety of applications in ecology, finance, epidemiology, climatology, and sociology Includes numerous theoretical and programming exercises Provides most of the analysed data sets online New to the second edition A total of five chapters on extensions, including HMMs for longitudinal data, hidden semi-Markov models and models with continuous-valued state process New case studies on animal movement, rainfall occurrence and capture-recapture data

Semi-Markov Models

Semi-Markov Models
Author : Jacques Janssen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-11
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :588
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This book is the result of the International Symposium on Semi Markov Processes and their Applications held on June 4-7, 1984 at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles with the help of the FNRS (Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique, Belgium), the Ministere de l'Education Nationale (Belgium) and the Bernoulli Society for Mathe matical Statistics and Probability. This international meeting was planned to make a state of the art for the area of semi-Markov theory and its applications, to bring together researchers in this field and to create a platform for open and thorough discussion. Main themes of the Symposium are the first ten sections of this book. The last section presented here gives an exhaustive biblio graphy on semi-Markov processes for the last ten years. Papers selected for this book are all invited papers and in addition some contributed papers retained after strong refereeing. Sections are I. Markov additive processes and regenerative systems II. Semi-Markov decision processes III. Algorithmic and computer-oriented approach IV. Semi-Markov models in economy and insurance V. Semi-Markov processes and reliability theory VI. Simulation and statistics for semi-Markov processes VII. Semi-Markov processes and queueing theory VIII. Branching IX. Applications in medicine X. Applications in other fields v PREFACE XI. A second bibliography on semi-Markov processes It is interesting to quote that sections IV to X represent a good sample of the main applications of semi-Markov processes i. e.

Semi-Markov Models and Applications

Semi-Markov Models and Applications
Author : Jacques Janssen,Nikolaos Limnios
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-12-01
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :404
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This book presents a selection of papers presented to the Second Inter national Symposium on Semi-Markov Models: Theory and Applications held in Compiegne (France) in December 1998. This international meeting had the same aim as the first one held in Brussels in 1984 : to make, fourteen years later, the state of the art in the field of semi-Markov processes and their applications, bring together researchers in this field and also to stimulate fruitful discussions. The set of the subjects of the papers presented in Compiegne has a lot of similarities with the preceding Symposium; this shows that the main fields of semi-Markov processes are now well established particularly for basic applications in Reliability and Maintenance, Biomedicine, Queue ing, Control processes and production. A growing field is the one of insurance and finance but this is not really a surprising fact as the problem of pricing derivative products represents now a crucial problem in economics and finance. For example, stochastic models can be applied to financial and insur ance models as we have to evaluate the uncertainty of the future market behavior in order, firstly, to propose different measures for important risks such as the interest risk, the risk of default or the risk of catas trophe and secondly, to describe how to act in order to optimize the situation in time. Recently, the concept of VaR (Value at Risk) was "discovered" in portfolio theory enlarging so the fundamental model of Markowitz.

Hidden Semi-Markov Models for Predictive Maintenance of Rotating Elements

Hidden Semi-Markov Models for Predictive Maintenance of Rotating Elements
Author : Christoph Anger
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2018
Category : Maintenance
Total pages :129
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Hidden Markov Models

Hidden Markov Models
Author : Robert J Elliott,Lakhdar Aggoun,John B. Moore
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-09-27
Category : Science
Total pages :382
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As more applications are found, interest in Hidden Markov Models continues to grow. Following comments and feedback from colleagues, students and other working with Hidden Markov Models the corrected 3rd printing of this volume contains clarifications, improvements and some new material, including results on smoothing for linear Gaussian dynamics. In Chapter 2 the derivation of the basic filters related to the Markov chain are each presented explicitly, rather than as special cases of one general filter. Furthermore, equations for smoothed estimates are given. The dynamics for the Kalman filter are derived as special cases of the authors’ general results and new expressions for a Kalman smoother are given. The Chapters on the control of Hidden Markov Chains are expanded and clarified. The revised Chapter 4 includes state estimation for discrete time Markov processes and Chapter 12 has a new section on robust control.

Inference in Hidden Markov Models

Inference in Hidden Markov Models
Author : Olivier Cappé,Eric Moulines,Tobias Ryden
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2006-04-18
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :653
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This book is a comprehensive treatment of inference for hidden Markov models, including both algorithms and statistical theory. Topics range from filtering and smoothing of the hidden Markov chain to parameter estimation, Bayesian methods and estimation of the number of states. In a unified way the book covers both models with finite state spaces and models with continuous state spaces (also called state-space models) requiring approximate simulation-based algorithms that are also described in detail. Many examples illustrate the algorithms and theory. This book builds on recent developments to present a self-contained view.

Markov Processes for Stochastic Modeling

Markov Processes for Stochastic Modeling
Author : Oliver Ibe
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-05-22
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :514
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Markov processes are processes that have limited memory. In particular, their dependence on the past is only through the previous state. They are used to model the behavior of many systems including communications systems, transportation networks, image segmentation and analysis, biological systems and DNA sequence analysis, random atomic motion and diffusion in physics, social mobility, population studies, epidemiology, animal and insect migration, queueing systems, resource management, dams, financial engineering, actuarial science, and decision systems. Covering a wide range of areas of application of Markov processes, this second edition is revised to highlight the most important aspects as well as the most recent trends and applications of Markov processes. The author spent over 16 years in the industry before returning to academia, and he has applied many of the principles covered in this book in multiple research projects. Therefore, this is an applications-oriented book that also includes enough theory to provide a solid ground in the subject for the reader. Presents both the theory and applications of the different aspects of Markov processes Includes numerous solved examples as well as detailed diagrams that make it easier to understand the principle being presented Discusses different applications of hidden Markov models, such as DNA sequence analysis and speech analysis.

Hidden Markov Models and Dynamical Systems

Hidden Markov Models and Dynamical Systems
Author : Andrew M. Fraser
Publisher : SIAM
Release Date : 2008-01-01
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :132
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Presents algorithms for using HMMs and explains the derivation of those algorithms for the dynamical systems community.

Performance Evaluation of Computer and Communication Systems. Milestones and Future Challenges

Performance Evaluation of Computer and Communication Systems. Milestones and Future Challenges
Author : Karin Anna Hummel,Helmut Hlavacs,Wilfried Gansterer
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2011-12-13
Category : Computers
Total pages :255
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This Festschrift volume is published in honor of Günter Haring on the occasion of his emerital celebration and contains invited papers by key researchers in the field of performance evaluation presented at the workshop Performance Evaluation of Computer and Communication Systems - Milestones and Future Challenges, PERFORM 2010, held in Vienna, Austria, in October 2010. Günter Haring has dedicated most of his scientific professional life to performance evaluation and the design of distributed systems, contributing in particular to the field of workload characterization. In addition to his own contributions and leadership in international research projects, he is and has been an excellent mentor of young researchers demonstrated by their own brilliant scientific careers. The 20 thoroughly refereed papers range from visionary to in-depth research papers and are organized in the following topical sections: milestones and evolutions; trends: green ICT and virtual machines; modeling; mobility and mobile networks; communication and computer networks; and load balancing, analysis, and management.

Hidden Markov Models for Time Series

Hidden Markov Models for Time Series
Author : Walter Zucchini,Iain L. MacDonald,Roland Langrock
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-12-19
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :370
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Hidden Markov Models for Time Series: An Introduction Using R, Second Edition illustrates the great flexibility of hidden Markov models (HMMs) as general-purpose models for time series data. The book provides a broad understanding of the models and their uses. After presenting the basic model formulation, the book covers estimation, forecasting, decoding, prediction, model selection, and Bayesian inference for HMMs. Through examples and applications, the authors describe how to extend and generalize the basic model so that it can be applied in a rich variety of situations. The book demonstrates how HMMs can be applied to a wide range of types of time series: continuous-valued, circular, multivariate, binary, bounded and unbounded counts, and categorical observations. It also discusses how to employ the freely available computing environment R to carry out the computations. Features Presents an accessible overview of HMMs Explores a variety of applications in ecology, finance, epidemiology, climatology, and sociology Includes numerous theoretical and programming exercises Provides most of the analysed data sets online New to the second edition A total of five chapters on extensions, including HMMs for longitudinal data, hidden semi-Markov models and models with continuous-valued state process New case studies on animal movement, rainfall occurrence and capture-recapture data

The Application of Hidden Markov Models in Speech Recognition

The Application of Hidden Markov Models in Speech Recognition
Author : Mark Gales,Steve Young
Publisher : Now Publishers Inc
Release Date : 2008
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :113
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The Application of Hidden Markov Models in Speech Recognition presents the core architecture of a HMM-based LVCSR system and proceeds to describe the various refinements which are needed to achieve state-of-the-art performance.

Semi-Markov Risk Models for Finance, Insurance and Reliability

Semi-Markov Risk Models for Finance, Insurance and Reliability
Author : Jacques Janssen,Raimondo Manca
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-05-15
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :430
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Everyone working in related fields from applied mathematicians to statisticians to actuaries and operations researchers will find this a brilliantly useful practical text. The book presents applications of semi-Markov processes in finance, insurance and reliability, using real-life problems as examples. After a presentation of the main probabilistic tools necessary for understanding of the book, the authors show how to apply semi-Markov processes in finance, starting from the axiomatic definition and continuing eventually to the most advanced financial tools.