November 23, 2020

Download Ebook Free Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics
Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :230
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Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics
Author : Surya R. Kalidindi, Ph.D.
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2015-08-26
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :230
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Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures
Author : Krishnan K. Sankaran,Rajiv S. Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-06-14
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :506
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Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Architecting Robust Co-Design of Materials, Products, and Manufacturing Processes

Architecting Robust Co-Design of Materials, Products, and Manufacturing Processes
Author : Anand Balu Nellippallil,Janet K. Allen,B. P. Gautham,Amarendra K. Singh,Farrokh Mistree
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-06-13
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :344
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This book explores systems-based, co-design, introducing a “Decision-Based, Co-Design” (DBCD) approach for the co-design of materials, products, and processes. In recent years there have been significant advances in modeling and simulation of material behavior, from the smallest atomic scale to the macro scale. However, the uncertainties associated with these approaches and models across different scales need to be addressed to enable decision-making resulting in designs that are robust, that is, relatively insensitive to uncertainties. An approach that facilitates co-design is needed across material, product design and manufacturing processes. This book describes a cloud-based platform to support decisions in the design of engineered systems (CB-PDSIDES), which feature an architecture that promotes co-design through the servitization of decision-making, knowledge capture and use templates that allow previous solutions to be reused. Placing the platform in the cloud aids mass collaboration and open innovation. A valuable reference resource reference on all areas related to the design of materials, products and processes, the book appeals to material scientists, design engineers and all those involved in the emerging interdisciplinary field of integrated computational materials engineering (ICME).

Handbook On Big Data And Machine Learning In The Physical Sciences (In 2 Volumes)

Handbook On Big Data And Machine Learning In The Physical Sciences (In 2 Volumes)
Author : Anonim
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2020-03-10
Category : Computers
Total pages :1000
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This compendium provides a comprehensive collection of the emergent applications of big data, machine learning, and artificial intelligence technologies to present day physical sciences ranging from materials theory and imaging to predictive synthesis and automated research. This area of research is among the most rapidly developing in the last several years in areas spanning materials science, chemistry, and condensed matter physics.Written by world renowned researchers, the compilation of two authoritative volumes provides a distinct summary of the modern advances in instrument — driven data generation and analytics, establishing the links between the big data and predictive theories, and outlining the emerging field of data and physics-driven predictive and autonomous systems.

Computational Materials System Design

Computational Materials System Design
Author : Dongwon Shin,James Saal
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-11-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :233
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This book provides state-of-the-art computational approaches for accelerating materials discovery, synthesis, and processing using thermodynamics and kinetics. The authors deliver an overview of current practical computational tools for materials design in the field. They describe ways to integrate thermodynamics and kinetics and how the two can supplement each other.

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :542
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Materials informatics: a ‘hot topic’ area in materials science, aims to combine traditionally bio-led informatics with computational methodologies, supporting more efficient research by identifying strategies for time- and cost-effective analysis. The discovery and maturation of new materials has been outpaced by the thicket of data created by new combinatorial and high throughput analytical techniques. The elaboration of this "quantitative avalanche"—and the resulting complex, multi-factor analyses required to understand it—means that interest, investment, and research are revisiting informatics approaches as a solution. This work, from Krishna Rajan, the leading expert of the informatics approach to materials, seeks to break down the barriers between data management, quality standards, data mining, exchange, and storage and analysis, as a means of accelerating scientific research in materials science. This solutions-based reference synthesizes foundational physical, statistical, and mathematical content with emerging experimental and real-world applications, for interdisciplinary researchers and those new to the field. Identifies and analyzes interdisciplinary strategies (including combinatorial and high throughput approaches) that accelerate materials development cycle times and reduces associated costs Mathematical and computational analysis aids formulation of new structure-property correlations among large, heterogeneous, and distributed data sets Practical examples, computational tools, and software analysis benefits rapid identification of critical data and analysis of theoretical needs for future problems

Nanoinformatics

Nanoinformatics
Author : Isao Tanaka
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-01-15
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :298
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This open access book brings out the state of the art on how informatics-based tools are used and expected to be used in nanomaterials research. There has been great progress in the area in which “big-data” generated by experiments or computations are fully utilized to accelerate discovery of new materials, key factors, and design rules. Data-intensive approaches play indispensable roles in advanced materials characterization. "Materials informatics" is the central paradigm in the new trend. "Nanoinformatics" is its essential subset, which focuses on nanostructures of materials such as surfaces, interfaces, dopants, and point defects, playing a critical role in determining materials properties. There have been significant advances in experimental and computational techniques to characterize individual atoms in nanostructures and to gain quantitative information. The collaboration of researchers in materials science and information science is growing actively and is creating a new trend in materials science and engineering. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

Optimization Algorithms

Optimization Algorithms
Author : Ozgur Baskan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-09-21
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :324
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This book covers state-of-the-art optimization methods and their applications in wide range especially for researchers and practitioners who wish to improve their knowledge in this field. It consists of 13 chapters divided into two parts: (I) Engineering applications, which presents some new applications of different methods, and (II) Applications in various areas, where recent contributions of state-of-the-art optimization methods to diverse fields are presented.

Methods in Medical Informatics

Methods in Medical Informatics
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-09-22
Category : Mathematics
Total pages :413
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Too often, healthcare workers are led to believe that medical informatics is a complex field that can only be mastered by teams of professional programmers. This is simply not the case. With just a few dozen simple algorithms, easily implemented with open source programming languages, you can fully utilize the medical information contained in clini

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2008-10-24
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :152
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Integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) is an emerging discipline that can accelerate materials development and unify design and manufacturing. Developing ICME is a grand challenge that could provide significant economic benefit. To help develop a strategy for development of this new technology area, DOE and DoD asked the NRC to explore its benefits and promises, including the benefits of a comprehensive ICME capability; to establish a strategy for development and maintenance of an ICME infrastructure, and to make recommendations about how best to meet these opportunities. This book provides a vision for ICME, a review of case studies and lessons learned, an analysis of technological barriers, and an evaluation of ways to overcome cultural and organizational challenges to develop the discipline.

Computational Approaches to Materials Design: Theoretical and Practical Aspects

Computational Approaches to Materials Design: Theoretical and Practical Aspects
Author : Datta, Shubhabrata,Davim, J. Paulo
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2016-06-16
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :475
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The development of new and superior materials is beneficial within industrial settings, as well as a topic of academic interest. By using computational modeling techniques, the probable application and performance of these materials can be easily evaluated. Computational Approaches to Materials Design: Theoretical and Practical Aspects brings together empirical research, theoretical concepts, and the various approaches in the design and discovery of new materials. Highlighting optimization tools and soft computing methods, this publication is a comprehensive collection for researchers, both in academia and in industrial settings, and practitioners who are interested in the application of computational techniques in the field of materials engineering.

Tutorials in Chemoinformatics

Tutorials in Chemoinformatics
Author : Alexandre Varnek
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-06-22
Category : Science
Total pages :488
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30 tutorials and more than 100 exercises in chemoinformatics, supported by online software and data sets Chemoinformatics is widely used in both academic and industrial chemical and biochemical research worldwide. Yet, until this unique guide, there were no books offering practical exercises in chemoinformatics methods. Tutorials in Chemoinformatics contains more than 100 exercises in 30 tutorials exploring key topics and methods in the field. It takes an applied approach to the subject with a strong emphasis on problem-solving and computational methodologies. Each tutorial is self-contained and contains exercises for students to work through using a variety of software packages. The majority of the tutorials are divided into three sections devoted to theoretical background, algorithm description and software applications, respectively, with the latter section providing step-by-step software instructions. Throughout, three types of software tools are used: in-house programs developed by the authors, open-source programs and commercial programs which are available for free or at a modest cost to academics. The in-house software and data sets are available on a dedicated companion website. Key topics and methods covered in Tutorials in Chemoinformatics include: Data curation and standardization Development and use of chemical databases Structure encoding by molecular descriptors, text strings and binary fingerprints The design of diverse and focused libraries Chemical data analysis and visualization Structure-property/activity modeling (QSAR/QSPR) Ensemble modeling approaches, including bagging, boosting, stacking and random subspaces 3D pharmacophores modeling and pharmacological profiling using shape analysis Protein-ligand docking Implementation of algorithms in a high-level programming language Tutorials in Chemoinformatics is an ideal supplementary text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in chemoinformatics, bioinformatics, computational chemistry, computational biology, medicinal chemistry and biochemistry. It is also a valuable working resource for medicinal chemists, academic researchers and industrial chemists looking to enhance their chemoinformatics skills.

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering

Informatics for Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release Date : 2013-07-10
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :542
GET BOOK

Materials informatics: a ‘hot topic’ area in materials science, aims to combine traditionally bio-led informatics with computational methodologies, supporting more efficient research by identifying strategies for time- and cost-effective analysis. The discovery and maturation of new materials has been outpaced by the thicket of data created by new combinatorial and high throughput analytical techniques. The elaboration of this "quantitative avalanche"—and the resulting complex, multi-factor analyses required to understand it—means that interest, investment, and research are revisiting informatics approaches as a solution. This work, from Krishna Rajan, the leading expert of the informatics approach to materials, seeks to break down the barriers between data management, quality standards, data mining, exchange, and storage and analysis, as a means of accelerating scientific research in materials science. This solutions-based reference synthesizes foundational physical, statistical, and mathematical content with emerging experimental and real-world applications, for interdisciplinary researchers and those new to the field. Identifies and analyzes interdisciplinary strategies (including combinatorial and high throughput approaches) that accelerate materials development cycle times and reduces associated costs Mathematical and computational analysis aids formulation of new structure-property correlations among large, heterogeneous, and distributed data sets Practical examples, computational tools, and software analysis benefits rapid identification of critical data and analysis of theoretical needs for future problems

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design

Information Science for Materials Discovery and Design
Author : Turab Lookman,Francis J. Alexander,Krishna Rajan
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-12-12
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :307
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This book deals with an information-driven approach to plan materials discovery and design, iterative learning. The authors present contrasting but complementary approaches, such as those based on high throughput calculations, combinatorial experiments or data driven discovery, together with machine-learning methods. Similarly, statistical methods successfully applied in other fields, such as biosciences, are presented. The content spans from materials science to information science to reflect the cross-disciplinary nature of the field. A perspective is presented that offers a paradigm (codesign loop for materials design) to involve iteratively learning from experiments and calculations to develop materials with optimum properties. Such a loop requires the elements of incorporating domain materials knowledge, a database of descriptors (the genes), a surrogate or statistical model developed to predict a given property with uncertainties, performing adaptive experimental design to guide the next experiment or calculation and aspects of high throughput calculations as well as experiments. The book is about manufacturing with the aim to halving the time to discover and design new materials. Accelerating discovery relies on using large databases, computation, and mathematics in the material sciences in a manner similar to the way used to in the Human Genome Initiative. Novel approaches are therefore called to explore the enormous phase space presented by complex materials and processes. To achieve the desired performance gains, a predictive capability is needed to guide experiments and computations in the most fruitful directions by reducing not successful trials. Despite advances in computation and experimental techniques, generating vast arrays of data; without a clear way of linkage to models, the full value of data driven discovery cannot be realized. Hence, along with experimental, theoretical and computational materials science, we need to add a “fourth leg’’ to our toolkit to make the “Materials Genome'' a reality, the science of Materials Informatics.