January 18, 2021

Download Ebook Free High Throughput Screening For Food Safety Assessment

High Throughput Screening for Food Safety Assessment

High Throughput Screening for Food Safety Assessment
Author : Arun K. Bhunia,Moon S. Kim,Chris R. Taitt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-09-06
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :550
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Recent advances in array-based detectors and imaging technologies have provided high throughput systems that can operate within a substantially reduced timeframe and other techniques that can detect multiple contaminants at one time. These technologies are revolutionary in terms of food safety assessment in manufacturing, and will also have a significant impact on areas such as public health and food defence. This book summarizes the latest research and applications of sensor technologies for online and high throughput screening of food. The book first introduces high throughput screening strategies and technology platforms, and discusses key issues in sample collection and preparation. The subsequent chapters are then grouped into four sections: Part I reviews biorecognition techniques; Part II covers the use of optical biosensors and hyperspectral imaging in food safety assessment; Part III focuses on electrochemical and mass-based transducers; and finally Part IV deals with the application of these safety assessment technologies in specific food products, including meat and poultry, seafood, fruits and vegetables. Summarises the latest research on sensor technologies for online and high-throughput screening of food Covers high-throughput screening and the current and forecast state of rapid contaminant detection technologies Looks at the use of optical and electrochemical biosensors and hyperspectral imaging in food safety assessment and the application of these technologies in specific food products

Food Authentication and Traceability

Food Authentication and Traceability
Author : Charis M. Galanakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-11-19
Category : Medical
Total pages :414
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Food Authenticity and Traceability covers the most recent trends and important topics in food authentication, with an emphasis on the components of a food traceability systems. The book discusses techniques such as omics-based technologies, chromatographic methods, mass spectrometry, hyperspectral and chemical imaging, molecular and DNA-based techniques, chemometrics and data mining algorithms, high-throughput sequencing, and non-targeted fingerprinting approaches and proteomics. Includes information on blockchain for food traceability analysis Discusses consumer preferences and perceptions regarding food traceability drivers and food fraud Presents approaches of authentication for food of animal origin and omics-based technologies

Live Cell Assays

Live Cell Assays
Author : Christophe Furger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-07-14
Category : Science
Total pages :280
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Cell assays include all methods of measurements on living cells. Confined for a long time to research laboratories, these emerging methods have, in recent years, found industrial applications that are increasingly varied and, from now on, regulatory. Based on the recent explosion of knowledge in cell biology, the measurement of living cells represents a new class of industry-oriented research tests, the applications of which continue to multiply (pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, environment, etc.). Cellular tests are now being positioned as new tools at the interface between chemical methods, which are often obsolete and not very informative, and methods using animal models, which are expensive, do not fit with human data and are widely discussed from an ethical perspective. Finally, the development of cell assays is currently being strengthened by their being put into regulatory application, particularly in Europe through the REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) and cosmetic directives.

Toxicological Risk Assessment for Beginners

Toxicological Risk Assessment for Beginners
Author : José A. Torres,Sol Bobst
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-03-27
Category : Medical
Total pages :250
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This book serves as a comprehensive introductory guide to the practical aspects of risk assessment. Chapters include clearly defined objectives and summaries. The book includes: hazard identification, dose-response, exposure assessment, risk characterization, chemical mixtures, epidemiology, emerging issues and global perspectives with accessible language. The book concludes with a set of hypothetical case studies. Toxicological Risk Assessment for Beginners aims not to create an expert, but rather to provide readers with their first understanding of the risk assessment topic. This book was designed with the student in mind. We simplify a complex process for beginners and balance theory with practical aspects, but remain fluid enough to increase difficulty with case studies. By incorporating an action based, step by step approach to learning the risk assessment process, this book provides its readers with an elementary understanding of how the risk assessment process is initiated, developed and finished, making it a valuable guide for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows and early career scientists in industry.

Risk Assessment of Phytochemicals in Food

Risk Assessment of Phytochemicals in Food
Author : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG),G. Eisenbrand
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-08-24
Category : Science
Total pages :476
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Providing the scientific background on the risk and safety assessment of toxicity in phytochemicals in everyday food, this monograph contains the pros and cons of 20 testing methods, with comments by the internationally acknowledged and independent DFG Senate Commission on Food Safety. Supplemented by 40 poster contributions on phytochemicals and their effects.

High-Throughput Screening Methods in Toxicity Testing

High-Throughput Screening Methods in Toxicity Testing
Author : Pablo Steinberg
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-02-26
Category : Science
Total pages :570
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Explores the benefits and limitations of the latesthigh-throughput screening methods With its expert coverage of high-throughput in vitroscreening methods for toxicity testing, this book makes it possiblefor researchers to accelerate and streamline the evaluation andrisk assessment of chemicals and drugs for toxicity. Moreover, itenables them to comply with the latest standards set forth by theU.S. National Research Council's "Toxicity Testing in the 21stCentury: A Vision and Strategy" and the E.U.'s REACH legislation.Readers will discover a variety of state-of-the-science,high-throughput screening methods presented by a group of leadingauthorities in toxicology and toxicity testing. High-Throughput Screening Methods in Toxicity Testing isdivided into five parts: General aspects, including predicting the toxicity potential ofchemicals and drugs via high-throughput bioactivity profiling Assessing different cytotoxicity endpoints Assessing DNA damage and carcinogenesis Assessing reproductive toxicity, cardiotoxicity, andhaematotoxicity Assessing drug metabolism and receptor-related toxicity Each chapter describes method principles and includes detailedinformation about data generation, data analysis, and applicationsin risk assessment. The authors not only enumerate the advantagesof each high-throughput method over comparable conventionalmethods, but also point out the high-throughput method'slimitations and potential pitfalls. In addition, the authorsdescribe current research efforts to make high-throughput toxicityscreening even more cost effective and streamlined. Throughout the book, readers will find plenty of figures andillustrations to help them understand and perform the latesthigh-throughput toxicity screening methods. This book is ideal for toxicologists and other researchers whoneed to implement high-throughput screening methods for toxicitytesting in their laboratories as well as for researchers who needto evaluate the data generated by these methods.

Applications of Toxicogenomics in Safety Evaluation and Risk Assessment

Applications of Toxicogenomics in Safety Evaluation and Risk Assessment
Author : Darrell R. Boverhof,B. Bhaskar Gollapudi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-10-11
Category : Science
Total pages :392
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This book provides a timely overview of toxicogenomics, with special emphasis on the practical applications of this technology to the risk assessment process. Introductory sections are followed by a series of chapters highlighting practical and systematic applications of toxicogenomics in informing the risk assessment process – including the areas of mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, endocrine toxicity, organ-specific toxicity, population monitoring, and ecotoxicology. The book concludes with approaches for the integration of this technology in safety evaluation studies, and an outlook on how toxicogenomics and complementary technologies can reframe the current risk assessment paradigm.

Animal Feed Contamination

Animal Feed Contamination
Author : J Fink-Gremmels
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-06-11
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :704
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The production of animal feed increasingly relies on the global acquisition of feed material, increasing the risk of chemical and microbiological contaminants being transferred into food-producing animals. Animal feed contamination provides a comprehensive overview of recent research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health. Part one focuses on the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products. Analysis of contamination by persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals follows in part two, before the problem of natural toxins is considered in part three. Veterinary medicinal products as contaminants are explored in part four, along with a discussion of the use of antimicrobials in animal feed. Part five goes on to highlight the risk from emerging technologies. Finally, part six explores feed safety and quality management by considering the safe supply and management of animal feed, the process of sampling for contaminant analysis, and the GMP+ feed safety assurance scheme. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Animal feed contamination is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for food safety control in the food and feed industries, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Provides a comprehensive review of research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health Examines the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products Analyses contamination by persistant organic pollutants, toxic metals and natural toxins

Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry

Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry
Author : Fidel Toldrá
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-10-27
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :528
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Fermented meat products have been consumed for centuries in many different parts of the world and constitute one of the most important groups of food. Bacterial cultures are used in their manufacture to preserve the meat and confer particular textures and sensory attributes. Examples of fermented meats include salami, chorizo, pepperoni and saucisson. This fully revised and expanded reference book on meat fermentation presents all the principle fermented meat products and the processing technologies currently used in their manufacture. The 54 chapters of this substantial book are grouped into the following sections: Meat fermentation worldwide: overview, production and principles Raw materials Microbiology and starter cultures for meat fermentation Sensory attributes Product categories: general considerations Semidry-fermented sausages Dry-fermented sausages Other fermented meats and poultry Ripened meat products Biological and chemical safety of fermented meat products Processing sanitation and quality assurance There are five new chapters in the second edition that address the following topics: Smoking and new smoke flavourings; Probiotics; Methodologies for the study of the microbial ecology in fermented sausages; Low sodium in meat products; and Asian sausages. Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry, Second Edition provides readers with a full overview of meat fermentation, the role of microorganisms naturally present and/or added as starter cultures, safety aspects and an account of the main chemical, biochemical, physical and microbiological changes that occur in processing and how they affect final quality. Finally, readers will find the main types of worldwide fermented meat products, typically produced in different areas, with the description of their main characteristics.

Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's State-of-the-Science Evaluation of Nonmonotonic Dose-Response Relationships as they Apply to Endocrine Disruptors

Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's State-of-the-Science Evaluation of Nonmonotonic Dose-Response Relationships as they Apply to Endocrine Disruptors
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee to Review EPA's State of the Science Paper on Nonmonotonic Dose Reponse
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2014-05-27
Category : Nature
Total pages :64
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Potential health effects from chemicals that disrupt endocrine function pose an environmental health concern because of their ability to interfere with normal hormone function in human and wildlife populations. The endocrine system regulates biological processes throughout the body and is sensitive to small changes in hormone concentrations. Endocrine-disruptor research has focused primarily on chemicals that affect three hormone pathways that play important roles in reproduction and development - the estrogen, androgen, and thyroid hormone pathways. Some of this research has identified dose-response relationships that have nonmonotonic curves. Nonmonotonic dose-response curves (NMDRs) are of concern because they do not follow the usual assumption made in toxicology that as dose decreases the response also decreases. The existence of NMDRs has been a controversial topic for decades, and there has been considerable debate about their implications for how chemicals are tested and for how risks from such chemicals are assessed. Toxicity tests are designed to identify hazards and to characterize dose-response relationships, so tests are aimed at finding a (high) dose that elicits a response, and dose-response is explored by testing lower doses spaced to identify statistically a no- or lowest-observed-adverse-effect level. The concern for NMDRs is that such studies, as currently designed, might not detect the inflection of the dose-response curve if only a few doses are tested or if the change in inflection occurs below the range of doses tested. Another concern is that some NMDRs are found for biological effects that are not usually evaluated in toxicity tests. If current testing strategies are inadequate to account for NMDRs, changes to risk assessment practices might be necessary. To help address these issues, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed a draft State-of-the-Science Evaluation: Nonmonotonic Dose Responses as they Apply to Estrogen, Androgen, and Thyroid Pathways and EPA Testing and Assessment Procedures. EPA asked the National Research Council to conduct an independent review of this evaluation to ensure that it is scientifically sound and of high quality. Review of Environmental Protection Agency's State-of-the-Science Evaluation of Nonmonotonic Dose-Response as they Apply to Endocrine Disrupters evaluates whether EPA's evaluation presents a scientifically sound and high-quality analysis of the literature on NMDRs. This report reviews how well the EPA evaluation described how the assessment was performed, whether consistent methods and criteria were applied in the analysis of different evidence streams, and whether appropriate methods were applied to evaluating the evidence. The report makes recommendations to improve EPA's process and strengthen the evaluation.

Drug Discovery and Development - E-Book

Drug Discovery and Development - E-Book
Author : Raymond G Hill
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2012-07-20
Category : Medical
Total pages :368
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The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Optical Sensors and Sensing Systems for Natural Resources and Food Safety and Quality

Optical Sensors and Sensing Systems for Natural Resources and Food Safety and Quality
Author : Yud-Ren Chen,George E. Meyer,Shu-I. Tu
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release Date : 2005
Category : Technology & Engineering
Total pages :522
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition

Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release Date : 2012-01-09
Category : Medical
Total pages :4229
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Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation. The editors have built Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Pharmacology, Pharmacy, Drug Research, and Drug Innovation: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease

Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease
Author : Donald C. Lo,Robert E. Hughes
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-07-02
Category : Science
Total pages :338
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In 1993, the genetic mutation responsible for Huntington’s disease (HD) was identified. Considered a milestone in human genomics, this discovery has led to nearly two decades of remarkable progress that has greatly increased our knowledge of HD, and documented an unexpectedly large and diverse range of biochemical and genetic perturbations that seem to result directly from the expression of the mutant huntingtin gene. Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease: Applications to Drug Discovery presents a thorough review of the issues surrounding drug discovery and development for the treatment of this paradigmatic neurodegenerative disease. Drawing on the expertise of key researchers in the field, the book discusses the basic neurobiology of Huntington’s disease and how its monogenic nature confers enormous practical advantages for translational research, including the creation of robust experimental tools, models, and assays to facilitate discovery and validation of molecular targets and drug candidates for HD. Written to support future basic research as well as drug development efforts, this volume: Covers the latest research approaches in genetics, genomics, and proteomics, including high-throughput and high-content screening Highlights advances in the discovery and development of new drug therapies for neurodegenerative disorders Examines the practical realities of preclinical testing, clinical testing strategies, and, ultimately, clinical usage While the development of effective drug treatments for Huntington's disease continues to be tremendously challenging, a highly interactive and cooperative community of researchers and clinical investigators now brings us to the threshold of potential breakthroughs in the quest for therapeutic agents. The impressive array of drug discovery resources outlined in the text holds much promise for treating this devastating disease, providing hope to long-suffering Huntington’s disease patients and their families.

New Scientist

New Scientist
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release Date : 2009
Category : Electronic journals
Total pages :129
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